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Swabian Nobility

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INTRODUCTION

 

Chapter 1.     GRAFEN von ACHALM

Chapter 2.   FREIHERREN von BALM (BLEM, BLAM, BELM)

Chapter 3.     GRAFEN von BERG

Chapter 4.     GRAFEN von BREGENZ

Chapter 5.     GRAFEN im BREISGAU

Chapter 6.     GRAFEN von CALW

Chapter 7.      FREIHERR von DEGENFELD

Chapter 8.    GRAFEN von DILLINGEN

Chapter 9.       GRAFEN im LINZGAU und in ALTDORF (WELF)

Chapter 10.     GRAFEN in RÄTIEN

Chapter 11.     GRAFEN im THURGAU (UDALRICHINGER)

Chapter 12.     GRAFEN im ZÜRICHGAU

 

 

INTRODUCTION

The Swabian nobility constituted a much less cohesive group than the nobility in neighboring Bavaria.  This was probably due originally to the disparate nature of the territories of which the Swabian duchy was comprised, with the river Rhine providing a significant barrier to cross-activity between Alsace on the west bank and what is now the German state of Baden-Württemberg to the east.  In addition, large parts of the east bank land were heavily forested and uninhabited, colonization only accelerating in the 12th and 13th centuries, while the Alps provided another barrier to the south.  The result was that many local families were at first modest in their ambitions, their activities being restricted to isolated parts of the province.  An example is provided by the Zähringer, which concentrated on building their influence around the town of Freiburg im Breisgau before Duke Konrad extended his ambitions into Burgundy in 1127. 

 

The first dukes of Swabia, following the revival of central authority in the early 10th century, were the Hunfriding rulers from what is now northern Switzerland.  A 903 diploma of Ludwig IV "das Kind" King of Germany refers to the first Hunfriding ruler Burkhard as "marchio Curiensis Rætiæ", indicating the creation of a short-lived march in northern Switzerland.  The Hunfriding were succeeded as rulers by the Franconian Konradiner dynasty in 926, when Hermann was appointed duke by Heinrich I King of Germany.  Over the following 150 years, no single family established itself as dukes of Swabia for more than three generations. 

 

Multiple power bases were over time created in Swabia, another reason for the lack of cohesion within the noble families.  After Berthold von Zähringen lost to Friedrich von Staufen in the power struggle for appointment as duke of Swabia during the investiture crisis, he was compensated by recognition of his personal title of duke, which was also transmitted to his descendants.  This was the first occasion when two individuals both peaceably held the title dux at any one time in any of the original German provinces.  The dukes of Zähringen developed considerable political influence in central Europe before their extinction in the male line in 1218.  In addition, the Welf family, while establishing themselves definitively as dukes of Bavaria in 1096, remained major landowners in Swabia where contemporary sources such as necrologies show that they also used the title dux

 

Besides these major families, numerous lesser noble families enjoyed limited territorial influence in Swabia around the castles which they constructed.  Some of these used their small Swabian bases as a springboard to extend their activities on a broader international scale.  The two most obvious examples are the Staufen and Zollern dynasties.  The former took their name from their castle in Swabia but acquired extensive property in Franconia, bequeathed to Friedrich II Duke of Swabia by his maternal uncle Emperor Heinrich V.  The election of Konrad von Staufen as Konrad III King of Germany in 1138, and that of his nephew as King Friedrich I "Barbarossa" in 1152, signaled the family's definitive transfer out of the local Swabian field of activity.  The Zollern family also took its name from their Swabian castle, but launched themselves on to the wider German stage with a fortunate marriage to the heiress of the Burggrafschaft of the town of Nürnberg in Bavaria, from there becoming electors of Brandenburg in the early 15th century.  A third example is provided by the Grafen von Berg which developed sufficient influence to enable them to arrange the marriages in the early 12th century of the three daughters of Graf Heinrich [I] with the king of Poland and the dukes of Bohemia and Moravia.  Finally, the roots of the Habsburg family, whose later history requires no introduction, are found in the southern part of Swabia in what is now Switzerland. 

 

Other potentially powerful Swabian nobles failed to expand beyond the local level.  A good example is provided by the Grafen von Achalm, who acquired the Alsatian castle of Montbéliard [Mömpelgard] by marriage, and founded the influential monastery of Zwiefalten in 1089.  However, no legitimate descendants are known from a family of eight brothers, the last of whom died in 1098.  

 

During the dispute between Konrad IV King of Germany and the papal party, led by Willem II Count of Holland as its figurehead and anti-king, Swabia was largely anti-Staufen.  The reaction against Staufen control enabled the local nobility to assert their autonomy, the duchy of Swabia virtually disappearing as a territorial unit and dissolving into a collection of territorial fragments[1].  The eventual fall-out was the establishment of the Markgrafen von Baden and the dukes of Württemberg as the major Swabian lords. 

 

An interesting "census" of Swabian nobility is provided by a list in the History of Salem Monastery of those present at a court of "duce Friderico"[2].  The names are (in order) "comite Rodolfo Pregantino, comite Rudolfo de Ramsperc, Ebirhardo comite de Nellinburc, Burcardo, Eginone, Gotfrido, Friderico comitibus de Zolr, Marcquardo comite de Veringin, Diepoldo et fratre eius Rapotone comitibus de Berge, Ebirhardo et Hartmanno comitibus de Killiperc, Ludowico comite de Wirtinberc, Ungone comite palatino de Tuwingen, Bertoldo de Ebirstein, Ulrici et Alberto comitibus de Ahchalm, Alberto et Hartmanno comitibus de Kuiberc, Heinrico comite et Conrado fratre suo, advocato de Sancto-monte, Wernhero, Chunone, Arnoldo comitibus de Badin, Humberto, Ulrico, Rudolfo, Arnoldo comitibus de Lenzeburc, Wernhero comite de Habisburg".  All their families are set out in this document, except for the family of "Heinrico comite et Conrado fratre suo, advocato de Sancto-monte" which has not been identified.  In addition four individuals are listed who are not counts "Manigoldo de Rordorf, Lamperto de Husin, Hugone de Utindorf, Eigilwardo de Nuzdorf".  The list is undated, but the inclusion of the brothers Adalbert and Hartmann Grafen von Dillingen und Kiburg enable the list to be dated to after 11 Sep 1151, when their father died.  Further precision in the dating is possible by identifying which "Friedrich Duke of Swabia" is named.  Duke Friedrich II "der Einäugige" had died in 1147.  The only possibilities are therefore Duke Friedrich III, who resigned the dukedom in Mar 1152 when he was elected as Friedrich I "Barbarossa" King of Germany, or his successor Duke Friedrich III who was installed as duke in 1152.  The close-knit nature of this group of nobles is confirmed by the number of marriages between those named or their immediate families, as can be traced below. 

 

The nobility whose families are set out in this document are those who lived in Swabia east of the river Rhine.  The nobles whose power lay on the left bank of the river are shown in ALSACE. 

 

 

Chapter 1.    GRAFEN von ACHALM

Two brothers, parents not known. 

1.             EGINO (-[1030/39], bur Strasbourg Cathedral).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names "duo germani fratres Egino, Rudolfus"[279]Graf von Achalm

2.             RUDOLF (-24 Sep ----, bur Dettingen, transferred to Zwiefalten).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names "duo germani fratres Egino, Rudolfus"[280]Graf von Achalm.  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "VIII Kal Oct" of "Ruodolfus com pater Liutolfi comitis"[281]m ADELHEID von Wülflingen, daughter of LIUTOLD Comte de Montbéliard [Mömpelgard] & his wife Willibirg von Wülflingen (-29 Aug [1065], bur Strasbourg Cathedral).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names "filiam comitis Liuthoni ac Willibirgæ de Mumpilgart seu de Wulvelingin Adelheidam" as wife of "Rudolfus", specifying that she was sister of "Hunfridi Ravennantiam archiepiscopi"[282].  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "IV Kal Sep" of "Adelheit com mater comitis Liutoldi"[283].  Graf Rudolf & his wife had eleven children: 

a)             KUNO (-Wülflingen 16 Oct 1092, bur Zwiefalten).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names (in order) "Couno primogenitus, secundus Liutoldus, tercio Egino, quartus Roudolfus, quinto Hunfridus, sextus Beringerus, septimus Wernherus postea Strasburgensis episcopus" as the seven sons of "Rudolfus [et] Adelheid"[284].  Berthold's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names "Roudolfo patre de castello Achalmin, Adelheida matre de castello Wulvedingin" parents of "Liutoldus et Couno comites duo germani fratres"[285]Graf von Achalm.  Graf von Wülflingen 1086.  He and his brother Liutold jointly founded Kloster Zwiefalten in 1089.  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten records the death in 1092 of "Couno in castello suo Wulvelingin"" specifying that he was buried at Zwiefalten[286].  The Notæ Zwifaltenses record the death "17 Kal Nov" of "Cono comes"[287]Mistress (1): BERTA, daughter of ---:  Graf Kuno had three illegitimate children by Mistress (1): 

i)               LIUTOLD .  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Theodericum abbas Hirsaugensis", records his ordination in 1086 and refers to his father "Cuono comes", the latter's "concubinam…Berhtam" and their three sons "Litoldus, Marquardum et Theodericum", specifying that after the death of their father Liutold they "in ius Hartmanni comitis de Dilingen cessissent"[288]. 

ii)              MARQUARD .  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Theodericum abbas Hirsaugensis", records his ordination in 1086 and refers to his father "Cuono comes", the latter's "concubinam…Berhtam" and their three sons "Litoldus, Marquardum et Theodericum", specifying that after the death of their father Liutold they "in ius Hartmanni comitis de Dilingen cessissent"[289]. 

iii)            DIETRICH [Theoderich] (-Sutri 2 Aug 1116).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Theodericum abbas Hirsaugensis", records his ordination in 1086 and refers to his father "Cuono comes", the latter's "concubinam…Berhtam" and their three sons "Litoldus, Marquardum et Theodericum", specifying that after the death of their father Liutold they "in ius Hartmanni comitis de Dilingen cessissent"[290].  Monk of St Ulrich and Afra at Augsburg.  Prior at Hirsau.  Abbot of Petershausen, near Konstanz 1086. 

b)             LIUTOLD (-18 Aug 1098, bur Zwiefalten).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names (in order) "Couno primogenitus, secundus Liutoldus, tercio Egino, quartus Roudolfus, quinto Hunfridus, sextus Beringerus, septimus Wernherus postea Strasburgensis episcopus" as the seven sons of "Rudolfus [et] Adelheid"[291].  Berthold's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names "Roudolfo patre de castello Achalmin, Adelheida matre de castello Wulvedingin" parents of "Liutoldus et Couno comites duo germani fratres"[292].  Graf von Achalm.  He and his brother Kuno jointly founded Kloster Zwiefalten in 1089.  He became a monk at Zwiefalten.  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten records the death "15 Kal Sep 1098" of "Liutoldus comes"" specifying that he was buried at Zwiefalten[293].  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "XV Kal Sep" of "Liutoldus com m et fundator huius cenobii"[294]

c)             EGINO (-14 Nov 1077, bur Strasbourg Cathedral).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names (in order) "Couno primogenitus, secundus Liutoldus, tercio Egino, quartus Roudolfus, quinto Hunfridus, sextus Beringerus, septimus Wernherus postea Strasburgensis episcopus" as the seven sons of "Rudolfus [et] Adelheid"[295]m as her first husband, SOPHIE, daughter of ---.  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten specifies that "Sophiæ coniugi Counradi de Habechisburc" was previously wife of "Eginonis fratris Liutolfi comitis"[296].  1092.  She married secondly Konrad von Habsburg

d)             RUDOLF (-1061 or after, bur Strasbourg Cathedral).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names (in order) "Couno primogenitus, secundus Liutoldus, tercio Egino, quartus Roudolfus, quinto Hunfridus, sextus Beringerus, septimus Wernherus postea Strasburgensis episcopus" as the seven sons of "Rudolfus [et] Adelheid"[297]

e)             HUNFRIED (-young, bur Dettingen, transferred to Zwiefalten).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names (in order) "Couno primogenitus, secundus Liutoldus, tercio Egino, quartus Roudolfus, quinto Hunfridus, sextus Beringerus, septimus Wernherus postea Strasburgensis episcopus" as the seven sons of "Rudolfus [et] Adelheid"[298]

f)               BERENGER (-young, bur Dettingen, transferred to Zwiefalten).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names (in order) "Couno primogenitus, secundus Liutoldus, tercio Egino, quartus Roudolfus, quinto Hunfridus, sextus Beringerus, septimus Wernherus postea Strasburgensis episcopus" as the seven sons of "Rudolfus [et] Adelheid"[299]

g)             WERNER (-near Pforzheim 14 Sep 1079, bur Strasbourg Cathedral).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names (in order) "Couno primogenitus, secundus Liutoldus, tercio Egino, quartus Roudolfus, quinto Hunfridus, sextus Beringerus, septimus Wernherus postea Strasburgensis episcopus" as the seven sons of "Rudolfus [et] Adelheid"[300].  Berthold's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names "Wernhero Argentinensi episcope" brother of "Liutoldus et Couno comites duo germani fratres"[301].  Canon at Speyer Cathedral.  Bishop of Strasbourg 1065. 

h)             GOTESCHALK (-2 Jun ----).  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "IV Non Jun" of "Gotescalc frater Liutoldi comitis"[302]

i)               WILLIBIRG (-after 1053).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names (in order) "Willibirc, Mahthilt atque Beatrix" as the three daughters sons of "Rudolfus [et] Adelheid"[303].  Her marriage is deduced from the same source which names "Liutoldus sorore Willibirgæ matri Wernheri comitis [de Grouningin]"[304]m WERNER [III] Graf von Gröningen, son of WERNER [II] Graf im Neckargau & his wife --- (-killed Ingelheim 24 Feb 1065). 

j)               MATHILDE [von Horburg] (-30 Sep [1092/1094]).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names (in order) "Willibirc, Mahthilt atque Beatrix" as the three daughters sons of "Rudolfus [et] Adelheid", in a later passage naming one of them "Mahthildis de Horeburc"[305], although it is not clear whether the latter name relates to her own property or a title of her husband.  Berthold's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names "Mahtilt soror Liutoldi comitis" as wife of "Counoni comiti de Lechisimundi"[306].  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "11 Kal Oct" of "Mahthilt com soror Liutoldi comitis"[307]m KUNO von Lechsgemünd, son of [HEINRICH Graf an der Pegnitz & his wife --- im Sualafeld] (-before [1092/94]). 

k)             BEATRIX (-2 May [1077 or after]).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names (in order) "Willibirc, Mahthilt atque Beatrix" as the three daughters sons of "Rudolfus [et] Adelheid", specifying that Beatrix was "postmodem apud Ascouwam abbatissæ"[308].  Abbess of Essen 1065/77.  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "VI Non May" of "Beatrix abb soror Liutoldi comitis"[309]

[279] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.1, MGH SS X, p. 71. 
[280] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.1, MGH SS X, p. 71. 
[281] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240. 
[282] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.1, MGH SS X, p. 71. 
[283] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240. 
[284] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.1, MGH SS X, p. 71. 
[285] Bertholdi, Zwifaltensis Chronicon 1, MGH SS X, p. 97. 
[286] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.14, MGH SS X, p. 81. 
[287] Notæ Zwifaltenses, MGH SS XXIV, p. 829. 
[288] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis 3.3, MGH SS XX, p. 649. 
[289] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis 3.3, MGH SS XX, p. 649. 
[290] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis 3.3, MGH SS XX, p. 649. 
[291] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.1, MGH SS X, p. 71. 
[292] Bertholdi, Zwifaltensis Chronicon 1, MGH SS X, p. 97. 
[293] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.17, MGH SS X, p. 82.
[294] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240. 
[295] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.1, MGH SS X, p. 71. 
[296] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.5, MGH SS X, p. 75. 
[297] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.1, MGH SS X, p. 71. 
[298] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.1, MGH SS X, p. 71. 
[299] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.1, MGH SS X, p. 71. 
[300] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.1, MGH SS X, p. 71.
[301] Bertholdi, Zwifaltensis Chronicon 1, MGH SS X, p. 97. 
[302] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240. 
[303] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.1, MGH SS X, p. 72.
[304] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.5, MGH SS X, p. 75. 
[305] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.1 and 8, MGH SS X, pp. 72 and 77.
[306] Bertholdi, Zwifaltensis Chronicon 18, MGH SS X, p. 106.  
[307] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.
[308] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.1, MGH SS X, p. 72.  
[309] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240. 

 

 

Chapter 2.    FREIHERREN von BALM (BLEM, BLAM, BELM)

BURKHARD von Balm. m N. von Langenfetine, daughter of ---[von Langenfetine]. Burkhard & his wife had one child:

1)     HEINRICH von Balm.

a)     HEDWIG von Balm (abt 1175 - 1250).

b)     BURKHARD von Balm (1190 - 1270).

i)     RUDOLF von Balm . m ---. Rudolf & his wife had three children:

1)     RUDOLF von Balm (- 1314). Rudolf was co-founder of the Abbey of Ebersecken Monastery in 1274.

2)     ULRICH von Balm (1260 - unknown). Ulrich was co-founder, with his brother, of the Abbey of Ebersecken Monastery in 1274. m ---. Ulrich & his wife had one child:

a)     GERTRUDE von Balm (- Convent in Basel). m RUDOLF III von Wart, son of --- [von Wart].

3)     MECHTILD von Balm. First Abbess of Ebersecken Monastery 1274.

 

 

Chapter 3.    GRAFEN von BERG

1.             POPPO (-11 Jul ----, bur ---, transferred to Zwiefalten).  Graf von BergThe necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "V Id Jul" of "Bobbo com de Berge, pater Hainrici senioris comitis de Berge"[310]m SOPHIE, daughter of --- (-26 Jun [1110], bur ---, transferred to Zwiefalten).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names "Bobbonis comitis et Sophiæ ipsius uxori", when recording that their son Heinrich transferred their remains to Zwiefalten[311].  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "VI Kal Jul" of "Sophia com de Berge"[312]Europäische Stammtafeln[313] shows Sophia, wife of Graf Poppo, as Sophia of Hungary, daughter of Salomon King of Hungary.  The source on which this is based has not so far been identified, but it appears unlikely chronologically.  The granddaughter of Poppo and Sophia, Salome (second wife of Bolesław III Duke of Poland), was born "before 1101" which, assuming she was her parents' oldest child (which is not known), would place the birth of her father in [1080] at the latest.  If it is assumed that her paternal grandmother bore her own first child at the early age of 15, this would still place Sophia's birth in [1065] at the latest, when the wife of King Salamon was only about 11 years old.  Until further evidence comes to light, it is assumed that the Hungarian affiliation of Poppo's wife was originally proposed as a hypothesis to explain the unusual first name "Salome" born by Sophia's daughter and granddaughter.  However, the necrologies of Swabian monasteries show that the name "Salome", although not common, did exist on its own, not as a female form of "Salamon", during this period.  Graf Poppo & his wife had three children: 

a)             HEINRICH (-Zwiefalten 24 Sep before 1116, bur Zwiefalten).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names "Heinricus de Berge" as son of "Bobbonis comitis et Sophiæ ipsius uxori"[314]Graf von BergHe became a monk at Zwiefalten.  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "VIII Kal Oct" of "Heinricus com senior de Berge…sepultus in Capitolio" and his donation "cum patre suo Poppone et fratribus suis"[315]m ADELHEID von Mochental, daughter of [DIEPOLD [II] von Giengen Markgraf im Nordgau & his wife Liutgarde von Zähringen] (-1 Dec [1125]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "Kal Dec" of "Adelheit com de Mochintal et c v, mater Salome ducisse"[316].  It is unusual for a deceased married noble lady to be referred to by her unmarried title in the necrologies.  It is possible that "von Mochental" was the name of a second husband.  Graf Heinrich & his wife had six children: 

i)               HEINRICH [II] (-24 Feb before 1127, bur Zwiefalten).  Berthold's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names "Heinricus comes" as son of "Heinricus senior comes de Monte"[317].  Graf von Berg.  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "VI Kal Mar" of "Heinricus n c m com iunior de Berge…huius sorores Salome ducissa, Richinza ducissa et Sophia ducissa"[318]m [BERTHA von Boll].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

ii)             DIEPOLD [II] (-19 May [1160/65]).  His parentage is proved by the Translatio Manus sancti Stephani which names "Salome uxor [Bolezlai Bolionorum ducis] filia Heinrici comitis de Berge sororque Diepoldi"[319]Graf von Berg

iii)            RAPOTO (-25 Jun [1145] or after).  Berthold's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names "Rapto eius alter filius [=Heinricus senior comes de Monte]"[320].  The History of Salem Monastery lists those present at a court of "duce Friderico", including "Diepoldo et fratre eius Rapotone comitibus de Berge", undated but dateable to [1152][321]Graf von Berg.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, he was possible ancestor of the Grafen von Wartstein[322]m [UODILHILT Gräfin von Wartstein, daughter of --- (-29 Mar ----).  The primary source which confirms her origin and marriage has not yet been identified.]

iv)           SALOME (before 1101-27 Jul 1144).  The Chronica Boemorum names "Almuse" as wife of "dux Bolezlaus"[323].  Berthold's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names (in order) "Richinza ductrix Boemiæ, Sophia ductrix Moraviæ, Salome ductrix Poloniæ" as sisters of "Heinricus comes [et] Rapot", specifying that Salome was "uxor Bolezlaus dux Boloniæ"[324].  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "VI Kal 1144" of "Salome ducisse Bolonie"[325]m ([Mar/Jul] 1115) as his second wife, BOLESŁAW III "Krzywousty/Wrymouth" Duke of Poland, son of WŁADYSŁAW I HERMAN Prince of Poland & his second wife Judith of Bohemia (20 Aug [1086]-28 Oct 1138). 

v)             RICHINZA (-27 Sep 1125).  Berthold's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names (in order) "Richinza ductrix Boemiæ, Sophia ductrix Moraviæ, Salome ductrix Poloniæ" as sisters of "Heinricus comes [et] Rapot", specifying in the subsequent paragraph that Richinza was "uxor Vlatizlaus qui et Lauzlan dux Boemiæ"[326].  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "V Kal Oct" of "Richinza ductrix Boemie filie Heinrici comitis senioris"[327]m ([1110]) VLADISLAV I Duke of the Bohemians, son of VRATISLAV II Duke of the Bohemians & his third wife Swiętoslawa [Svatana] of Poland (-12 Apr 1125, bur Prague St Maria). 

vi)           SOPHIE (-31 May [1126]).  Berthold's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names (in order) "Richinza ductrix Boemiæ, Sophia ductrix Moraviæ, Salome ductrix Poloniæ" as sisters of "Heinricus comes [et] Rapot", specifying in the subsequent paragraph that Sophia was "uxor Ottonis ducis"[328].  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "II Kal Jun" of "Sophia cv et ductrix Moravie, soror Salome ducisse"[329]m (after 1113) OTTO II "Niger" Duke of Moravia in Olmütz und Brünn, son of OTTO I "der Schöne" Duke of Moravia in Olmütz and Brno & his wife Ludmilla [Euphemia] of Hungary (-28 Feb 1126). 

b)             SALOME (-13 Jun ----).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  She became a nun at Zwiefalten.  m (before 1103) HEINRICH von Emerkingen (-5 Aug ----). 

c)             DIEPOLD (-bur ---, transferred to Zwiefalten).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names "parvuli filii [=Bobbonis comitis et Sophiæ ipsius uxori] Diepoldi", when recording that Heinrich transferred his remains to Zwiefalten[330]

DIEPOLD [II] von Berg, son of HEINRICH Graf von Berg & his wife Adelheid von Mochenthal (-19 May [1160/65]).  His parentage is proved by the Translatio Manus sancti Stephani which names "Salome uxor [Bolezlai Bolionorum ducis] filia Heinrici comitis de Berge sororque Diepoldi"[331]Graf von Berg.  Vogt von Urspring 1127.  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "XIV Kal Jun" of "Diepoldus com de Monte…huius fuere sorores Salome, Sophia, Richinza ducisse"[332]

m GISELA von Andechs, daughter of BERTHOLD Graf von Andechs & his first wife Sophie of Istria (-8 Apr after 1150).  The De Fundatoribus Monasterii Diessenses names "Gisilam comitissam de Perg" as one of the daughters of "Bertoldus comes de Andehs" and his wife Sophia, listed her last of their children[333].  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "VI Id Apr" of "Gisila com de Berge"[334]

Graf Diepold [II] & his wife had seven children: 

1.             BERTHOLD (-4 Sep ----).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Berg.  1160/1198. 

2.             ULRICH [I] (-22 Dec [1208/14]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Berg.  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "XI Kal Jan" of "Udalricus com de Berge senior"[335]m UDILHILD von Ronsberg, daughter of HEINRICH Markgraf von Ronsberg & his wife --- (-9 or 10 Feb ----).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  1182/1205.  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "IV Id Feb" of "Uodilhilt com de Bergin uxor Uodalrici comitis"[336].  Graf Ulrich [I] & his wife had [two] children: 

a)             HEINRICH [III] (-[28 Jun 1241/19 Oct 1244]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Berg.  Markgraf von Burgau before 1217. 

b)             [DIEPOLD (-[1220] or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Körsch.] 

-        GRAFEN von AICHELBERG, GRAFEN von MERKENBERG[337]

3.             DIETPOLD (-3 Nov 1190, bur Acre).  The Gesta Episcoporum Frisingensium names (in order) "primus Dietpoldus…Hainricus …Manegoldus…Otto" as the four of six clerical sons of "Gisla et de Perge…[et] Dietpoldo", specifying that Dietpold was bishop of Passau[338].  Canon at Würzberg.  Bishop of Passau 1172. 

4.             HEINRICH (-14 Apr 1197).  The Gesta Episcoporum Frisingensium names (in order) "primus Dietpoldus…Hainricus …Manegoldus…Otto" as the four of six clerical sons of "Gisla et de Perge…[et] Dietpoldo", specifying that Heinrich was "presul Erbipolensis"[339].  Canon at Speyer before 1169.  Bishop of Passau 1169, resigned 1171.  Provost at Speyer cathedral 1176.  Provost at Würzberg cathedral 1180.  Bishop of Würzburg 1191. 

5.             MANEGOLD (-Vienna 8 Jun 1215).  The Gesta Episcoporum Frisingensium names (in order) "primus Dietpoldus…Hainricus …Manegoldus…Otto" as the four of six clerical sons of "Gisla et de Perge…[et] Dietpoldo", specifying that Manegold was "Pataviensem…kathedram"[340].  Abbot of St Georgen 1169, resigned after 1193.  Abbot of Kremsmünster 1183, resigned 1209.  Abbot of Tegernsee [1190], resigned 1206.  Bishop of Passau 1206. 

6.             OTTO (-17 Mar 1220).  The Gesta Episcoporum Frisingensium names (in order) "primus Dietpoldus…Hainricus …Manegoldus…Otto" as the four of six clerical sons of "Gisla et de Perge…[et] Dietpoldo", specifying that Manegold was "Pataviensem…kathedram"[341].  Canon at Magdeburg 1159.  The Gesta Episcoporum Frisingensium names "Otto…de Diezzen oriundus" as son of "Gisla et de Perge…[et] Dietpoldo" when recording his installation as Bishop of Freising in 1183[342]

7.             GISELA (-14 May ----).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 

HEINRICH [III] von Berg, son of ULRICH [I] Graf von Berg & his wife Udilhild von Ronsberg (-[28 Jun 1241/19 Oct 1244]).  Graf von Berg.  Markgraf von Burgau before 1217. 

m ADELHEID, daughter of ---.  1240/1252. 

Graf Heinrich [III] & his wife had five children: 

1.             ULRICH [II] (-[15 Nov 1264/1 Apr 1268]).  Graf von Berg.  Graf von Schelklingen 1248.  m --- von Urach, daughter of EGINO [VI] Graf von Urach & his wife Adelheid von Neuffen.  1242.  Maybe UDELHILD (-23 or 24 Jul ----). 

-        GRAFEN von BERG gt SCHELKLINGEN[343]

2.             HEINRICH [II] (-after 20 Jul 1293).  Markgraf von Burgau 1240.  m (before 20 Jun 1267) ADELHEID von Albeck, daughter of WITIGO von Albeck & his wife --- (-Ulm 1280, bur Wangen). 

-        MARKGRAFEN von BURGAU[344]

3.              [ELISABETH] .  m HUGO [II] Graf von Montfort (-[11 Aug 1257]). 

4.             daughter .  1241/46.  m (before 28 Jun 1241) as his first wife, LUDWIG [III] Graf von Oettingen, son of LUDWIG [II] Graf von Oettingen & his wife Sophia --- (-4 Sep 1279, bur Kirchheim). 

5.             SOPHIA (-before 1 May 1284).  m firstly ULRICH [III] von Gundelfingen-Hellenstein .  1251/1263.  m secondly (before 1275) as his third wife, GOTTFRIED [III] Graf von Löwenstein, son of GOTTFRIED [II] Graf von Löwenstein & his wife Ruthina von Beilstein-Wolfsölden (-1278 or after).  1252/1277. 

[310] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.
[311] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.21, MGH SS X, p. 85.
[312] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.
[313] ES II 154.  Although ES XII 62 (Grafen von Berg-Schelklingen) shows that Graf Poppo's wife was named Sophia, neither her origin, nor her own and her husband's years of death, are mentioned.
[314] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.21, MGH SS X, p. 85.
[315] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.
[316]
Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.
[317] Bertholdi, Zwifaltensis Chronicon 12, MGH SS X, p. 103.
[318] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.
[319] Translatio Manus sancti Stephani, MGH SS X,, p. 90.
[320] Bertholdi, Zwifaltensis Chronicon 12, MGH SS X, p. 103.
[321] Historia Brevis Monasterii Salemitani 11, MGH SS XXIV, p. 646.
[322] ES XII 64.
[323] Cosmæ Pragensis Chronica Boemorum III.51, MGH SS IX, p. 126.
[324] Bertholdi, Zwifaltensis Chronicon 12, MGH SS X, p. 103.
[325] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.
[326] Bertholdi, Zwifaltensis Chronicon 12 and 13, MGH SS X, p. 103.
[327] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.
[328] Bertholdi, Zwifaltensis Chronicon 12 and 13, MGH SS X, p. 103.
[329] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.
[330] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.21, MGH SS X, p. 85.
[331] Translatio Manus sancti Stephani, MGH SS X,, p. 90.
[332] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.
[333] De Fundatoribus Monasterii Diessenses II, MGH SS XVII, p. 328.
[334] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.
[335] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.
[336] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.
[337] ES XII 63, extinct in the male line after 1420.
[338] Gesta Episcoporum Frisingensium Continuatio I, MGH SS XXIV, p. 323.
[339] Gesta Episcoporum Frisingensium Continuatio I, MGH SS XXIV, p. 323.
[340] Gesta Episcoporum Frisingensium Continuatio I, MGH SS XXIV, p. 323.[340] Gesta Episcoporum Frisingensium Continuatio I, MGH SS XXIV, p. 323.
[341] Gesta Episcoporum Frisingensium Continuatio I, MGH SS XXIV, p. 323.
[342] Gesta Episcoporum Frisingensium Continuatio I, MGH SS XXIV, p. 323.
[343] ES XII 62, extinct in the male line 1346.
[344] ES XII 62, extinct in the male line before 1301.

 

 

Chapter 4.    GRAFEN von BREGENZ

According to the Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis[345], the Grafen von Bregenz descended from Graf Udalrich [VII].  Europäische Stammtafeln, on the other hand, shows Adalbert, brother of Graf Udalrich [VII], as the likely ancestor of the Grafen von Bregenz[346] although the source on which this is based has not been identified. 

UDALRICH [VII], son of UDALRICH [VI] [Outzo] & his wife Dietpurga --- (-16 Mar 973).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Oudalricum alterum Marquardum tercium Liutfridum quartum Gebehardum" as the four sons of "Outzo comes", specifying that Udalrich fought in the war of Emperor Otto I against the Hungarians, founded "Lindaugense monasterium" where he was buried and left posterity "apud Brigantium"[347].  Graf 955.  The Annales Sangallenses record the deaths in 973 of "Udalricus comes et Ekkehardus monachus"[348].  The necrology of Petrishusen records the death "XVII Kal Apr" of "Uodolricus com frater s Gebehardi"[349]

m ---.  The name of Udalrich's wife is not known. 

Graf Udalrich [VII] & his wife had [two] children:

1.             [MARQUARD [I] (-1019).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[350], Marquard [I] was the possible son of Adalbert, but this is inconsistent with the Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis which names Graf Udalrich [VII], brother of Adalbert, as ancestor of the Grafen von Bregenz[351].  Whatever the precise relationship, it is likely that Graf Marquard [I] belonged to this family as the name Marquard was also borne by another brother of Udalrich [VII] and Adalbert.  The Annales Einsidlenses record the death in 1019 of "Marahward comes"[352]m ---.  The name of Marquard's wife is not known.  Graf Marquard [I] & his wife had [one possible child]:

a)             [MARQUARD [II] (-after 1032).  Graf in Unterrätien 1032.] 

2.             [ADALBERT (-8 Sep [1030]).  m ---.  The name of Adalbert's wife is not known.]  Adalbert & his wife had [one possible child]:

a)             [WERNER [I] (-killed in battle 23 Aug 1040).  Vogt von Kaufungen. 

-        GRAFEN von GRÖNINGEN

According to Europäische Stammtafeln[353], the following brothers were sons of Graf Marquard [II] (see above).  The basis for this speculation is not known, although continuity in the use of the names Ulrich and Marquard does suggest a close relationship. 

1.             OTTO [I] (-1 Dec ----).  Graf im Linzgau, Buchhorn und Oberrätien 1058.  He founded Kloster Hofen before 1089.  The necrology of Hofen records the death "XVIII Kal Jan" of "Otto com"[354], which could refer to the husband of Berta of their son.  m BERTA, daughter of --- (-31 Jan ----).  The necrology of Hofen records the death "XI Kal Feb" of "Bertha com vidua fundatoris huius monasterii"[355].  Graf Otto [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)             OTTO [II] (-killed 1089, bur Kloster Hofen).  Graf von Buchhorn.  The Chronicon of Bernold records that "in Alemannia Otto comes…adulter" was beheaded by troops of "Ludovici comitis" whose wife he had married during her husband's lifetime and for which he had been excommunicated by the bishop of Konstanz, and his burial "apud monasterium in prædio ipsius constructum"[356]m (bigamously, as her second husband) ---, wife of LUDWIG Graf, daughter of ---. 

b)             daughter .  m ---[ von Kirchberg], son of ---. 

2.             MARQUARD [III] (-[1080]).  Graf im Argengau und Rheingau. 

3.             ULRICH [IX] (-before 1079, bur Petershausen).  Graf von BregenzGraf im Argengau und Nibelgau.  m ---.  The name of Ulrich's wife is not known.  Graf Ulrich [IX] & his wife had three children:

a)             MARQUARD [IV] .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  1079. 

b)             ULRICH [X] (-[26/28] Oct 1097, bur Mehrerau).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Bregenz

c)             HEINRICH .  Graf im Nibelgau 1094. 

i)               --- von Zeil .  m --- von Steusslingen. 

ii)             daughter .  m [ADALBERO] von Twiel. 

iii)            [daughter .  m [ULRICH Graf, son of LIUTOLD & his wife --- (3 Feb before 1120). 

4.             EBERHARD von Bodman (-before 1079, bur Petershausen).  Graf im Unterrätien.  [Vogt von Petershausen 1058.] 

  

ULRICH [X] von Bregenz, son of ULRICH [IX] Graf von Bregenz & his wife --- (-[26/28] Oct 1097, bur Mehrerau).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Bregenz.  He founded Kloster Andelsbach, and in 1094 Kloster Mehrerau.  The Chronicon of Bernold records the death "1097 VI Kal Nov" of "Oudalricus comes" at "apud Brigantium" where he had become a monk[357].  The necrology of Augiæ Maioris records the death "VI Kal Nov" of "Ulricus com fundator huius loci"[358].  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "VII Kal Nov" of "Uodalricus com de Brigantia"[359]

Betrothed to --- von Habsburg, daughter of WERNER Graf [von Habsburg] & his wife Reginlint ---.  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "comes Oudalricus…Brigantium", records his betrothal to "filiam Wernheri comitis de Habichisburc" but states that he "concubit latenter cum Berhta filia Ruodolfi regis"[360]

m (before 1077) BERTHA  von Wetterau of Rheinfelden, daughter of RUDOLF Graf von Wetterau of Rheinfelden [later King of Germany] & his wife Adelaide de Savoie (-20 Jan after 1128, bur Mehrerau).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "comes Oudalricus…Brigantium", records his betrothal to "filiam Wernheri comitis de Habichisburc" but states that he "concubit latenter cum Berhta filia Ruodolfi regis"[361].  Gräfin von Kellmunz.  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Bertha relicta Oudalrici" and "filiorum suorum Roudolfi et Oudalrici" recording their donation after her husband died[362].  The necrology of Augiæ Maioris records the death "XIII Kal Feb" of "Bertha com"[363].  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "XIII Kal Feb" of "Berhta com de Brigantia"[364]

Graf Ulrich [X] & his wife had [four] children: 

1.             [ADELHEID (-before 28 Jun 1165).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[365], the wife of Graf Ulrich may have been the daughter of Ulrich [X] Graf von Bregenz & his wife Bertha von Rheinfelden.  Her name was certainly Adelheid as the Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis records the donation by "Roudolfus comes de Rammisberch" dated 1163 which names "matris meæ Adilheide"[366].  The same source, in an earlier passage, records the marriage of Graf Ulrich [X] which suggests that there might be a family connection.  m [ULRICH Graf von Ramsperg, son of ---.  1111/1155.] 

2.             RUDOLF (-27/28 Apr 1160).  Graf von BregenzGraf von Chur.  "Rodolfus comes Curigensis et Heberhardo comite de Kiriperc" exchanged property by charter dated 12 Jul 1127[367].  Vogt von Chur 1137/1139.  The History of Salem Monastery lists those present at a court of "duce Friderico", including "comite Rudolfo Pregantino" (who is named first in the list, although the significance of this is uncertain), undated but dateable to [1152][368].  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "V Kal Mai" of "Ruodolfus com de Brigantis"[369].  The necrology of Petrishusen records the death "IV Kal Mai" of "Ruodolfus com de Brigantia"[370]m firstly IRMENGARD von Calw, daughter of ADALBERT [II] Graf von Calw & his wife Wiltrudis of Lotharingia.  The Historia Hirsaugiensis Monasterii names (in order) "Brunone, Adalberto, Gotefrido ac filiabus Uta et Irmingarde" as children of "Adalberti de Kalwa et uxoris eius Wieldrude"[371].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  The necrology of Augiæ Maioris records the death "V Non Mai" of "Irmingart Rudolphi comitis [Brigantini] uxor"[372]m secondly WULFHILD of Bavaria, daughter of HEINRICH IX "der Schwarze" Duke of Bavaria [Welf] & his wife Wulfhild of Saxony (-8 May after 1156).  The Historia Welforum names (in order) "Iuditham, Sophiam, Mahtildem, Wulfildem" as the four daughters of "Heinricus dux ex Wulfilde", specifying that Wulfhild married "Roudolfus Bregantinus comes"[373].  The Annalista Saxo names "Heinricum inclitum ducem Saxonie et Bawarie et Welfonem et quatuor filias" children of Duke Heinrich and his wife Wulfhild, specifying that "terciam nominee Wifhildem" married "Rodolfus comes de Bregence"[374].  Nun at Wessobrunn 1155.  Graf Rudolf & his second wife had one child: 

a)             ELISABETH (-20 Mar ----, after 1 Jun 1216).  The Historia Monasterii Marchtelanensis names "Elisabet filiam…comitis domini Rudolfi de Bregantia" as the wife of "Hugonis palatini comitis de Tuwingen", specifying that she was "ducis Welphonis…sororis filiam"[375].  1152/1218.  Heiress of Montfort and Bregenz.  The necrology of Augiæ Maioris records the death "IV Kal Apr" of "Elisabet com"[376]m (before 7 Feb 1158[377], before 1 May 1171) HUGO Pfalzgraf von Tübingen, son of HUGO [I] Graf von Tübingen, Pfalzgraf & his wife Hemma [von Zollern] (-18 Dec 1182). 

3.             ULRICH [XI] (-30 Apr ----).  1094.  The necrology of Augiæ Maioris records the death "XI Kal Mai" of "Ulricus com Brigantinus"[378]

4.             HEINRICH von Kellmünz (-before 26 Mar 1128). 

[345] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis I.4, MGH SS XX, p. 629.
[346] ES XII 25.
[347] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis I.4, MGH SS XX, p. 629.
[348] Annales Sangallensis Maiores 973 (977), MGH SS I, p. 80.
[349] Necrologium Petrishusanum, Chur Necrologies, p. 664.
[350] ES XII 25.
[351] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis I.4, MGH SS XX, p. 629.
[352] Annales Einsidlenses 1019, MGH SS III, p. 144.
[353] ES XII 25.
[354] Necrologium Hofense Minus, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 173.
[355] Necrologium Hofense Minus, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 173.
[356] Bernoldi Chronicon 1089, MGH SS V, p. 449.
[357] Bernoldi Chronicon 1097, MGH SS V, p. 465.
[358] Necrologium Augiæ Maioris, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 145.
[359] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.
[360] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis 3.26, MGH SS XX, p. 655.
[361] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis 3.26, MGH SS XX, p. 655.
[362] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis 3.26, MGH SS XX, p. 656.
[363] Necrologium Augiæ Maioris, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 145, footnote 3 specifying that this was "Rodolphi comitis de Reinfelden…filia".
[364] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.
[365] ES XII 77B.
[366] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis 6.20, MGH SS XX, p. 681.
[367] Württembergisches Urkundenbuch I, 292, p. 375, and Sankt Blasien 144, p. 191.
[368] Historia Brevis Monasterii Salemitani 11, MGH SS XXIV, p. 646.
[369] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.
[370] Necrologium Petrishusanum, Chur Necrologies, p. 664.
[371] Historia Hirsaugiensis Monasterii, MGH SS XIV, p. 265.
[372] Necrologium Augiæ Maioris, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 145.
[373] Historia Welforum Weingartensis 15, MGH SS XXI, p. 463.
[374] AS 1106.
[375] Walteri Historia Monasterii Marchtelanensis 6, MGH SS XXIV, p. 665.
[376] Necrologium Augiæ Maioris, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 145, footnote 2 specifying that this was "ultima heres Brigantii".
[377] ES XII 25.
[378] Necrologium Augiæ Maioris, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 145.

 

 

Chapter 5.    GRAFEN im BREISGAU

An obscure minor noble family in Swabia, the Zähringen dynasty owed their rise to power to the support they gave to the cause of the nobility in its long running dispute with Emperor Heinrich IV King of Germany during the final decades of the 11th century.  They sided with the anti-king of Germany, Rudolf von Rheinfelden Duke of Swabia, after his election in 1077.  The Zähringer were by that time of sufficient local importance to be courted by both sides in the dispute, the emperor appointing family members as Duke of Carinthia and Duke of Swabia at different times.  The dynasty concentrated its attention on building its territorial influence around Freiburg im Breisgau.  Like the less powerful family of the Grafen von Hohenburg which was centred on Wiesneck[3], the Zähringer held property in the Black Forest on both banks of the upper reaches of the river Rhine.  It held countships in the Thurgau, Albgau, Ortenau and Breisgau[4].  The ducal branch acquired the family's Swabian possessions, maintained the title duke after it ceased to be duke of Swabia and eventually applied it to the imperial fief of Zähringen which it held directly from the German crown. 

The Genealogia Zaringorum[5] was written at the monastery of St Peter in the Black Forest, early in the 13th century judging by its recording the death of the youngest son of Konrad Duke of Zähringen.  It is accompanied by a Continuatio, probably written just over a century later as it ends with a marriage dated elsewhere to before 1318. 

 

1.             GUNTRAM "der Reiche", son of --- (-9 Aug, after 973).  Graf im Breisgau 962: Emperor Otto I granted property "habere Cuntramnus comes in pago Prisecgeuue in comitatu Pirihtihonis in locis…Puckinga, Uringa, Muron" to Konrad Bishop of Konstanz by charter dated 21 Feb 962[6]m ---.  The name of Guntram's wife is not known.  Graf Guntram & his wife had one child: 

a)             LANZELIN [Landolt] (-991).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Herr zu Muri 976, 981.  Graf im Thurgau.  m LUITGARD [von Nellenburg], daughter of EBERHARD [III] Graf [von Nellenburg] Graf im Thurgau & his wife ---.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Graf Lanzelin & his wife had [four] children: 

i)               [LANDOLT .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Vogt of Reichenau 992.  Ancestor of the House of Zähringen[7].] 

         

ii)              RATBOD (-30 Jun, before 1045, bur Kloster Muri).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Founded the Convent at Muri.  Graf im Klettgau[8] 1023.  He built the castle of Habsburg in the Aargau.  He shared his territories with his younger brother Rudolf I, retaining Aargau and Klettgau.  m IDA, daughter of --- (23 Jul or 23 Aug [970]-[1028], bur Muri).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[9], Ida was stepsister of Kuno, father of Rudolf Graf von Rheinfelden anti-king of Germany.  According to another table in Europäische Stammtafeln[10], she was the sister of Werner Bishop of Strasbourg.  This is probably a misinterpretation as Bishop Werner is shown in the same table as her husband's younger brother.  A necrology of unknown provenance, marked "Fragmenta Incerta" in the compilation, records the death "X Kal Aug" of "Ita uxor comitis Radbotonis de Vindonissa"[11].  Graf Ratbod & his wife had four children: 

(a)          OTTO [I] (-1045/55, bur Strasbourg).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Oberelsaß (Upper Alsace). 

(b)          ALBRECHT [I] (-before 1050, bur Muri).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

(c)          WERNER [I] (-11 Nov 1096, bur Muri).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

          -        GRAFEN von HABSBURG.

(d)          RICHENZA (-27 May 1080, bur Kloster Muri).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  The necrology of the church of Bero records the death "VI Kal Iun 1080" of "Richenza com"[12]m [ULRICH [II] Graf von Lenzburg und im Zürichgau], nepos of ULRICH [I] Graf von Lenzburg. 

iii)            RUDOLF [I] (-before 29 Jan 1063).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Oberelsaß (Upper Alsace) and the Rauhen Alb, following his older brother’s partition of the family territories.  "Heinricus…rex" confirmed the donation of property "in comitatu Chunonis comitis et in pago Alsatia…in comitatu Gerardi comitis…in comitatu Wernhardi comitis et in pago Mortenva…in comitatu Herimanni comitis et in pago Brisergouiaæ…in comitatu Rudolphi comitis et in pago Scerron…in comitatu Liutoldi comitis et in pago Chletgowe…in comitatu Arnoldi comitis et in pago Frichgoue" to Kloster Otmarsheim by "vidua Chunigund…a marito illius Rudolpho" by charter dated 1 Mar 1064[13].  He founded, together with his wife, the Convent of Ottmarsheim, in Upper Alsace[14]m KUNIGUNDE, daughter of --- (-after 1 Mar 1064).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

iv)            WERNER (-28 Oct 1028).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Bishop of Strasbourg 1002.  Imperial envoy at the court of Constantinople.

 

 

LANDOLT, son of [15][LANZELIN Graf von Altenburg & his wife Lütgard von Nellenburg].  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Vogt of Reichenau 992. 

m BERTHA, sister of FRIEDRICH Graf im Sündergau [Staufer], daughter of --- (-after [1000]).  Her existence is confirmed by the genealogical data used to justify the annulment of the first marriage of Friedrich I "Barbarossa" King of Germany on the grounds of consanguinity[16]

Landolt & his wife had two children: 

1.             BEZZELIN (-15 Jul [1024]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Bezelinus comes" and his brother "Gebezone" as the first known members of the Zähringer family, specifying that they built Kloster Sulzburg near Mühlheim[17].  Graf in der Ortenau.  "Otto…rex" confirmed an exchange of property "villam…Nerichouua ultra fluvium Moldaha" agreed between Gisalhar Archbishop of Magdeburg and "Becilinum comitem" by charter dated 18 Sep 991[18], although it is not known whether this refers to the same person.  "Otto…Romanorum imperator augustus" granted the right to a market in Villingen to "Berhtoldo comiti nostro" by charter dated 29 Mar 999[19].  This may have been the same person as Bezzelin, ancestor of the Zähringen family, or at least the grantee may have been closely related to him considering that the name Berthold was used frequently by Bezzelin's descendants.  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" renewed the privileges of Kloster Fulda by undated charter, placed in the compilation with other charters dated 1020, witnessed by "Godifridi ducis, Berinhardi ducis, Thiederici ducis, Welphonis comitis, Cunonis comitis, Kunrati comitis, Ottonis comitis, Adilbrahtis comitis, Bobonis comitis, Friderici comitis, Bezilini comitis, Ezonis comitis palatini"[20], the order of witnesses presumably giving some idea of the relative importance of these named nobles at the court of Emperor Heinrich II at the time.  m [LUITGARD], daughter of ---, patruus of EBERHARD [IV] "dem Seligen" Graf von Nellenburg.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Graf Bezzelin & his wife had one child: 

a)             BERTHOLD (-Limburg 5/6 Nov 1078, bur Hirsau).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Berchtoldus Cum-barba" as son of "Bezelinus comes", specifying that he was buried at Hirsau[21].  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed property "…in pago Brysihcgowe in villis Mulinheim et Ougheim in comitatu Bertholdi comitis…in pago Brisihcgowe in villa Piccensole in comitatu supra dicti Bertholdi comitis…" to the cathedral of Basel by charter dated 1 Jun 1048[22].  He was promised the duchy of Swabia by the emperor.  He was installed in 1061 as BERTHOLD I "the Bearded" Duke of Carinthia.  The Annals of Berthold record that "Berhtoldus comes Suevigena" was appointed Duke of Carinthia in 1061 after the death of "Chounradus…Carantanis ducis"[23].  He never obtained actual possession of the duchy[24], and was deposed in 1077.  Marchese di Verona 1066.  Graf im Breisgau until 1077.  Heinrich IV King of Germany confirmed the privileges of Basel church in property "in comitatu Berchtoldi in pago Brisichgowi" by charter dated 20 May 1073[25].  He founded Kloster Weilheim unter Teck before 1073.  He was one of the principal adversaries of Emperor Heinrich IV in the investiture dispute, demonstrated by King Heinrich redistributing Berthold's properties by charter dated 1 Jul 1077 under which "Heinricus…rex" granted property "in pago Brisgowe Bertholfi iam non duci iusto iudicio sublatum" to the church of Strasbourg[26]m firstly RICHWARA, daughter of --- (-before [1056]).  .  The wife of "Berchtoldus dux de Zaringen" is named "Richwara" in a list of founders of the monastery of St Peter in Schwarzwald[27].  According to Wegener, she was Richwara of Swabia, daughter of Hermann IV Duke of Swabia [Babenberg] & his wife Adelaida di Susa.  However, this seems unlikely from a chronological point of view.  Richwara gave birth to five children, presumably between [1045/55], so is unlikely to have been born later than 1030, when her supposed father was only 15 years old and her supposed mother about 10.  m secondly ([1056]) BEATRIX de Mousson, daughter of LOUIS Comte de Mousson & his wife Sophie of Upper Lotharingia  (-26 Oct 1092, bur Toul Cathedral).  The Chronicon of Bernold records the death "1092 VII Kal Nov…in civitate Leucorum" of "Beatrix soror Friderici marchionis et uxor quondam Berthaldi ducis" and her burial by the bishop of the same place[28].  Duke Berthold & his first wife had five children:

i)               HERMANN ([1045/48]-Cluny 26 Apr 1074).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Berchtoldus" as son of "Berchtoldus Cum-barba", and "Hermannus" as brother of "Berchtoldus [et] Gebehardo", specifying that Hermann was appointed "in marchionem" but abandoned his post to become a monk at Cluny[29].  Wegener cites a charter dated 1050 witnessed by Hermann and his father[30]Graf von Limburg bei Weilheim 1064.  Graf im Breisgau.  He was installed in 1072 as Marchese di Verona.  The Annales of Berthold record that "Herimannus marchio, filius ducis Bertholdi, adolescens adhuc" left all his possessions, his wife and only son in 1073 to become a monk at Cluny[31].  The Chronicon of Bernold records the death "1074 VII Kal Mai" of "Heremannus marchio, filius Bertaldi ducis", commenting that "adhuc adolescens" he had left his wife and only son to become a monk at Cluny[32]m JUDITH von Calw, daughter of [HESSO] II Graf im Sülchgau Herr von Backnang & his wife --- (-Salerno 27 Sep 1091, bur Backnang).  The wife of "Hermannus [1] marchio" is named "Iudinta" in a list of founders of the monastery of St Peter in Schwarzwald[33].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Heiress of Backnang.  Graf Hermann [I] & his wife had one child: 

(a)          HERMANN [II] (-after 28 Dec 1122, bur Backnang Stiftskirche).  The Annales of Berthold record that "Herimannus marchio, filius ducis Bertholdi, adolescens adhuc" left all his possessions, his wife and only son in 1073 to become a monk at Cluny[34].  The primary source which confirms his name has not yet been identified.  Graf im Breisgau 1087.  Markgraf 1089.  Markgraf von Limburg 1100.  Graf im Ufgau 1102.  Markgraf von Baden 27 Apr 1112. 

-         MARKGRAFEN von BADEN

ii)             BERTHOLD ([1050]-12 Apr 1111, bur St Peter in Schwarzwald).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Berchtoldus" as son of "Berchtoldus Cum-barba", referring to him first among the brothers, specifying that he was buried at St Peter in 1111[35].  He was installed in 1092 as BERTHOLD II Duke of Swabia.  He was installed in 1092 as BERTHOLD II Duke of Carinthia, in opposition to Duke Heinrich II [Eppenstein].  Herzog von Zähringen 1100. 

-         HERZOGEN von ZÄHRINGEN

iii)            GEBHARD (-12 Nov 1110).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Gebehardo Constantiensi episcopo" as brother of "Berchtoldus"[36].  The Zwiefaltensis Chronicon names "Gebehardum Constantensem episcopum, Bertolfi ducis germanum" when recording his death "II Id Nov 1110"[37].  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Gebehardus vir nobilissimus frater Bertholdi ducis de Zaringin" specifying that he was "prepositus apud Xantum"[38].  Provost at Xanten.  Monk at Hirsau before 1084.  Bishop of Konstanz 1084-1110.  Papal legate in Germany 1099-1107. 

iv)           RICHINZA von Spitzenburg (bur Schaffhausen Allerheiligen).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified.  Heiress of Kirchen.  1092/[1110].  m firstly --- von Frickingenm secondly LUDWIG von Sigmaringen [Helfenstein] (-before 1092). 

v)             LIUTGARDE (-18 Mar [1119]).  Wegener refers to the "tabula consanguinitatis" of Wibald von Corvey which names Liutgard as the daughter of "Bertolfus cum Barba" and mother of "marchio Theobaldus"[39].  The Fundatio Monasterii Richenbacensis names "Lukardis" as mother of "marchio Dietpaldus" in connection with the foundation of Reichenbach[40].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  m firstly DIEPOLD [II] von Giengen Markgraf im Nordgau, son of DIETPOLD [I] Graf [von Cham] [Ratpotonen] & his wife --- (-killed in battle near Wellrichstadt 7 Aug 1078).  m secondly ERNST von Grögling Graf von Ottenburg, son of [HARTWICH [II] Graf an der unteren Ampar & his wife Avisa ---] (-12 Jan [1096/97]). 

2.             GEBEZON .  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Bezelinus comes" and his brother "Gebezone" as the first known members of the Zähringer family, specifying that they built Kloster Sulzburg near Mühlheim[41]

[2] Historia Brevis Monasterii Salemitani 11, MGH SS XXIV, p. 646. 
[3] The castle of Wiesneck was destroyed between 1112 and 1121, presumably by the Zähringer family to suppress their rivals, and not rebuilt by 1136.  The lordship of Wiesneck was soD LD in 1293 to Burkart Turner, a citizen of Freiburg, see Mayer, T. 'The state of the Dukes of Zähringen', Barraclough Vol. II, pp. 175-202, 189. 
[4]
Mayer, T. 'The state of the Dukes of Zähringen', Barraclough Vol. II, pp. 175-202, 180. 
[5]
Genealogica Zaringorum, MGH SS XIII, p. 735. 
[6]
D O I 236, p. 327.   
[7]
ES I.1 38. 
[8]
Territory north of the river Rhine between Waldshut and Schaffhausen.
[9]
ES XII 95A. 
[10]
ES I.1 38. 
[11]
Fragmenta Incerta, Chur Necrologies, p. 660, the introduction describing it as "dubious". 
[12]
Notæ Necrologicæ et Liber Anniversariorum ecclesiæ collegiatæ Beronensis, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 345. 
[13]
D H IV 126, p. 164. 
[14]
ES I.1 38. 
[15]
ES I.1 38. 
[16]
Jackman, p. 98.  
[17]
Genealogica Zaringorum 1, MGH SS XIII, p. 735. 
[18]
D O III 74, p. 478. 
[19]
D O III 311, p. 737. 
[20]
D H II 427, p. 542. 
[21]
Genealogica Zaringorum 2, MGH SS XIII, p. 735. 
[22]
D H III 219, p. 291. 
[23]
Bertholdi Annales 1061, MGH SS V, p. 271. 
[24]
Mayer, Barraclough Vol. II, p. 181. 
[25]
D H IV 258, p. 328. 
[26]
D H IV 298, p. 391. 
[27]
Nomina Fundatorum huius loci Monasterii Sancti Petri in Nigri Silva, which follows Genealogia Zaringorum, MHG SS XIII, p. 736. 
[28]
Bernoldi Chronicon 1092, MGH SS V, p. 455. 
[29]
Genealogica Zaringorum 3, MGH SS XIII, p. 735. 
[30]
Fickler (1859) Quellen und Forschungen zur Geschichte Schwabens und der Ostschweitz, p. 13 n VI, cited in Wegener, p. 196. 
[31]
Bertholdi Annales 1073, MGH SS V, p. 276. 
[32]
Bernoldi Chronicon 1074, MGH SS V, p. 430. 
[33]
Nomina Fundatorum huius loci Monasterii Sancti Petri in Nigri Silva, which follows Genealogia Zaringorum, MHG SS XIII, p. 737. 
[34]
Bertholdi Annales 1073, MGH SS V, p. 276. 
[35]
Genealogica Zaringorum 3, MGH SS XIII, p. 735. 
[36]
Genealogica Zaringorum 3, MGH SS XIII, p. 735. 
[37]
Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.17, MGH SS X, pp. 83-4.   
[38]
Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis 2.48, MGH SS XX, p. 648. 
[39]
Wegener, p. 185. 
[40]
Fundatio et notæ Monasterii Richenbacensis, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1078. 
[41]
Genealogica Zaringorum 1, MGH SS XIII, p. 735. 

 

 

Chapter 6.    GRAFEN von CALW

1.             ADALBERT [I], son of --- (-[1046/49]).  Graf im Ufgau.  1013 zu Gerau und Bessungen.  Vogt von Lorsch 1015.  m ADELHEID von Egisheim, daughter of HUGO [VI] Graf von Egisheim & his wife Heilwig von Dagsburg.  Her origin is deduced from the Annalista Saxo naming "comitem Adalbertum" as son of the sister of Pope Leo IX[379], and more specifically the Historia Hirsaugiensis Monasterii naming "Leo papa avunculus eiusdem Adalberti [de Kalwa]"[380].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.   Graf Adalbert & his wife had one child: 

a)             ADALBERT [II] (-Hirsau 22 Sep 1099, bur Hirsau).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Calw 1075.  Vogt von Kloster Hirsau 1075.  The Annales of Berthold record that "comite Adalberto, uxore eius Wieldruda et filiis eorum" restored "Hirsaugiense cœnobium" in 1075[381].  The Annals of Lambert record that "Adalberto comite de castello…Calewo" captured "Diedericus episcopus Verdunensis" in 1077[382].  He founded Sindelfingen in 1088.  He became a monk at Hirsau.  The Chronicon of Bernold records the death "1099 X Kal Oct" of "Adelbertus comes…ex comite monachus factus" and his burial "in monasterio Hirsaugiæ"[383]m WILTRUDIS, daughter of GODEFROI II "le Barbu" Duke of Upper Lotharingia & his first wife Doda --- (-1093, bur Hirsau).  The Chronicon of Bernold records the death in 1093 of "uxor comitis Adelberti…Weliga, magni ducis Gotifredi filia" and her burial "apud Hyrsaugiense monasterium"[384].  The Historia Hirsaugiensis Monasterii names "Wieldrude" as wife of "Adalberti de Kalwa" but does not give her origin[385].  Graf Adalbert [II] & his wife had five children: 

i)               BRUNO (-1099  or after).  The Historia Hirsaugiensis Monasterii names (in order) "Brunone, Adalberto, Gotefrido ac filiabus Uta et Irmingarde" as children of "Adalberti de Kalwa et uxoris eius Wieldrude"[386].  Anti-bishop of Metz 1085/86. 

ii)             ADALBERT [III] (-3 Dec 1094).  The Historia Hirsaugiensis Monasterii names (in order) "Brunone, Adalberto, Gotefrido ac filiabus Uta et Irmingarde" as children of "Adalberti de Kalwa et uxoris eius Wieldrude"[387].  1075/94.  The Chronicon of Bernold records the death "1094 III Non Dec" of "Adelbertus comes de Calva, iuvenis bonæ indolis"[388]m KUNIZA von Willsbach, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her origin and marriage has not yet been identified.  Graf Adalbert [III] & his wife had one child: 

(a)          ADALBERT [IV] (-17 Mar after 1147).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Löwenstein 1125.  Graf von Calw 1139. 

iii)            GOTTFRIED [I] (-6 Feb 1131).  The Historia Hirsaugiensis Monasterii names (in order) "Brunone, Adalberto, Gotefrido ac filiabus Uta et Irmingarde" as children of "Adalberti de Kalwa et uxoris eius Wieldrude"[389]Graf von Calw.  Vogt von Hirsau 1095.  He was installed in 1113 as Pfalzgraf von Lothringen [am Rhein].  until 1129.  m LIUTGARD von Zähringen, daughter of BERTHOLD II Herzog von Zähringen [Baden] & his wife Agnes von Rheinfelden.  The Annales Sindelfingenses name "sorori suæ [=comes Albertus Axinbart, residens in castro Sindolphingen] Uotæ" as mother of "Uotam [uxorem Welphoni de Spoleto] et Lutgardam"[390]Graf Gottfried [I] & his wife had three children: 

(a)          GOTTFRIED (-before [1131/32]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

(b)          LIUTGARD .  The Annales Sindelfingenses name (in order) "Uotam [uxorem Welphoni de Spoleto] et Lutgardam" as daughters of "Uotæ", specifying that Liutgard "per vim iuncta fuit cuidam militia transalpine nomine Verli" by whom she had "Philippus præpositus ecclesiæ nostræ Sindelfingensis"[391]m --- Verli, son of ---. 

(c)          UTA (-1196).  The Annales Sindelfingenses name (in order) "Uotam [uxorem Welphoni de Spoleto] et Lutgardam" as daughters of "Uotæ"[392].  The Historia Welforum names "filiam Gotefridi…palatine de Kalwe, Outam" as wife of "Guelfo…frater…Heinrico duce"[393].  Herzogin von Schauenburg.  She founded Kloster Allerheiligen in 1192.  m (before Jan 1133) WELF [VI], son of HEINRICH "dem Schwarzen" Duke of Bavaria [Welf] & his wife Wulfhild of Saxony [Billung] ([16 Dec 1114/15 Dec 1116-Memmingen 15 Dec 1191, bur Steingaden).  He was invested as Duke of Spoleto and Marchese of Tuscany in 1152. 

iv)           UTA .  The Historia Hirsaugiensis Monasterii names (in order) "Brunone, Adalberto, Gotefrido ac filiabus Uta et Irmingarde" as children of "Adalberti de Kalwa et uxoris eius Wieldrude"[394].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  1075.  m [SIGEHARD von Wolfsölden]. 

v)             IRMENGARD .  The Historia Hirsaugiensis Monasterii names (in order) "Brunone, Adalberto, Gotefrido ac filiabus Uta et Irmingarde" as children of "Adalberti de Kalwa et uxoris eius Wieldrude"[395].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  1075.  The necrology of Augiæ Maioris records the death "V Non Mai" of "Irmingart Rudolphi comitis [Brigantini] uxor"[396]m as his first wife, RUDOLF Graf von Bregenz, son of ULRICH [X] Graf von Bregenz & his wife Bertha von Rheinfelden (-27/28 Apr 1160). 

ADALBERT [IV] von Calw, son of ADALBERT [III] von Calw & his wife Kuniza von Willsbach (-17 Mar after 1147).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Löwenstein 1125.  Graf von Calw 1139.  The Liber Anniversariorum of Sindelfingen records the death "XVI Kal Apr" of "Adalbertus com (cuius hec precipue basilica constituta est)"[397]

m ---.  The name of Adalbert's wife is not known. 

Graf Adalbert [IV] & his wife had four children: 

1.             ADALBERT [V] (-1188 or after).  Graf von Calw 1152.  Graf von Löwenstein 1155.  m ---.  The name of Adalbert's wife is not known.  Graf Adalbert [V] & his wife had three children:

a)             GOTTFRIED [I] (-1233 or after).  Graf von Vaihingen 1189.  Graf von Calw 1209.  m ---.  The name of Gottfried's wife is not known.  Graf Gottfried [I] & his wife had four children:

i)               KONRAD [I] (-1270 or after).  Graf von Vaihingen.  m ADELHEID, daughter of ---.  Graf Konrad [I] & his wife had one child: 

(a)          JOHANN .  Priest at Vaihingen 1239. 

ii)             [GOTTFRIED [II] (-before Apr 1255).  Graf von Vaihingen. 

-         GRAFEN von VAIHINGEN.  . 

b)             KONRAD [II] (-[1220] or after).  m ---.  The name of Konrad's wife is not known.  Graf Konrad [II] & his wife had [two] children:

i)               [GOTTFRIED [II] (-before 1262).  Graf von Calw.  m UTA, daughter of ---.  Graf Gottfried [II] & his wife had two children: 

(a)          daughter.  m firstly RUDOLF [I] Graf von Tübingen in Böblingen, son of WILHELM [I] Graf von Tübingen und Giessen & his wife Willibirg von Württemberg (-before 1272).  m secondly ULRICH Graf von Berg-Schelklingen, (-10/11 Nov 1319). 

(b)          --- von Zavelstein (-1284).  m as his second wife, SIMON [I] Graf von Zweibrücken gt von Ebersberg (-1281 before 25 May). 

ii)             [HEINRICH .  Abbot auf der Reichenau 1207/34. 

c)             ADALBERT [VI] (-before 1219).  Graf von Calw. 

2.             BERTHOLD (-1175 or after).  Graf von Calw 1156.  Graf von Löwenstein 1152/75. 

-        GRAFEN von LÖWENSTEIN

3.             GOTTFRIED .  [Canon at Speyer 1149]. 

4.             KONRAD [I] .  Graf von Calw.  Graf von Löwenstein 1174.  1188. 

[379] AS 1048.
[380] Historia Hirsaugiensis Monasterii, MGH SS XIV, p. 265.
[381] Bertholdi Annales 1075, MGH SS V, p. 281.
[382] Lamberti Annales 1077, MGH SS V, p. 257.
[383] Bernoldi Chronicon 1099, MGH SS V, p. 467.
[384] Bernoldi Chronicon 1093, MGH SS V, p. 457.
[386] Historia Hirsaugiensis Monasterii, MGH SS XIV, p. 265.
[387] Historia Hirsaugiensis Monasterii, MGH SS XIV, p. 265.
[388] Bernoldi Chronicon 1094, MGH SS V, p. 461.
[389] Historia Hirsaugiensis Monasterii, MGH SS XIV, p. 265.
[390] Annales Sindelfingenses, MGH SS XVII, p. 300.
[391] Annales Sindelfingenses, MGH SS XVII, p. 300.
[392] Annales Sindelfingenses, MGH SS XVII, p. 300.
[393] Historia Welforum Weingartensis 20, MGH SS XXI, p. 467.
[394] Historia Hirsaugiensis Monasterii, MGH SS XIV, p. 265.
[395] Historia Hirsaugiensis Monasterii, MGH SS XIV, p. 265.
[396] Necrologium Augiæ Maioris, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 145.
[397] Liber Anniversariorum Ecclesiæ Collegiatæ Sindelfingensis, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 209.

 

 

Chapter 7.    FREIHERR von DEGENFELD

Family von Degenfeld can trace its family back to the von Wetter-Tegerfeldens and the von Tegerfeldens in Nothern Switzerland. Moved to northern Baden, around 1360, just south of the Wetterau where the oldest known members of the family came from. They did not receive the title Freiherren until the late 1500's. The family goes through many name changes; Degenfeld later becoming von Degenfeld-Degenfeld, and then later becoming von Degenfeld-Schomburg.

HANS I [Johann I] von Wetter-Tegerfelden (von Degenfeld)(1334 Schloss Tegerfelden-?), son of Johannes [Johann] II von Wetter-Tegerfelden and Katharina von Habsburg-Laufenburg. m ---. Hans I & his wife had two children:

1.   HERTMER .

2.   KONRAD (Kuno) IV von Degenfeld (1378 in Ehrstadt, Heidelberg Baden-1430 in Ehrstadt, Heidelberg Baden). m Adelheid von Rindersbach, daughter of --- von Rindersbach. Konrad & his wife had one child:

a)   HANS II [Johann II] von Degenfeld-Degenfeld (1410-?). m Anna von Venningen. Hans II & his wife had one child:

i)   MARTIN I von Degenfeld-Degenfeld (1442-1496). m Anna von Zyllenhardt, -- von Zyllenhardt. Martin I & his wife had one child:

(a)   WILHELM von Degenfeld-Degenfeld (1474-1553).

 

WILHELM von Degenfeld-Degenfeld (1474-1553).  m Gertrude von Nauhausen, daughter of -- von Nauhausen. Wilhelm & his wife had one child:

1.   MARTIN II von Degenfeld-Degenfeld (1506-1557).  m (1540) Ursala von Plieningen, daughter of -- von Plieningen. Martin II & his wife had one child:

a)   CHRISTOF I von Degenfeld-Degenfeld (1538-10 May 1604). m Barbara von Stammhein (1543-23 November 1606), daughter of -- von Stammhein. Christof I & his wife had two children:

i)   HANS [Johann] CHRISTOF von Degenfeld-Degenfeld . m Barbara von Reischach, daughter of -- von Reischach. Hans Christof & his wife had one child:

(a)   HANS [Johann] CHRISTOF von Degenfeld-Degenfeld (1592-11 November 1646)

ii)   KONRAD V von Degenfeld-Degenfeld (1556-1610). m (1578) Margartha von Zyllenhardt, daughter of -- von Zyllenhardt. Konrad V & his wife had one child:

(a)   CHRISTOF MARTTIN I von Degenfeld-Degenfeld (1588-13 October 1653). Christof Martin I becomes first Freiherr im Degenfeld in 1630. Through his line they later become Grafen im Degenfeld with the name change to  von Degenfeld-Schomburg.

 

 

Chapter 8.  GRAFEN von DILLINGEN

HARTMANN, son of ---.  "Hartmannus comes" is named as father of "Hupaldus"[398].  Graf. 

m ---.  The name of Hartmann's wife is not known. 

Graf Hartmann & his wife had one child:

1.             HUPOLD (-16 Jul [909], bur Wittislingen).  "Hartmannus comes" is named as father of "Hupaldus"[399].  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "XVII Kal Aug" of "Hucpoldus comes pater s Udalrici"[400]m DIETPIRCH, daughter of BURKHARD [I] Marchio in Rätien [later Duke of Swabia] & his wife --- (-17 or 22 Mar after 923, bur Wittislingen).  Dietpirch is named as wife of Hupald in the Vita S. Oudalrici[401].  "Dietpirch" is named as daughter of "Burchardus dux" and wife of "Hartmannus comes"[402].  The Vita b. Hucbaldi names "Theobergam, filiam Burcardi ducis Sueviæ de genere Veringarum" as wife of "Hucbaldus", specifying that she brought Dillingen to her husband[403].  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "XVI Kal Apr" of "Dietpirga com mater s Udalrici"[404].  The necrology of Ottenbeuren records the death "XI Kal Apr" of "Dietpirc mater s Uodalrici ep"[405].  Graf Hupold & his wife had five children: 

a)             ULRICH ([Augsburg 890]-Augsburg 4 Jul 973).  The Vita b. Hucbaldi names (in order) "sanctum Udalricum, Diepoldum comitem, Luiggardim ducissam" as children of "Hucbaldus" and "Theobergam"[406]Herimannus names "beatus Oudalricus Augustansis episcopus" when recording his death "4 Non Jul"[407].  Bishop of Augsburg 923.  The Annales Sangallenses record the deaths in 973 of "Udalricus episcopus et nepos eius Adalbero"[408]

b)             THEOTBALD (-killed in battle Lechfeld 10 Aug 955).  The Vita b. Hucbaldi names (in order) "sanctum Udalricum, Diepoldum comitem, Luiggardim ducissam" as children of "Hucbaldus" and "Theobergam"[409].  The Vita S. Oudalrici names "Dietpaldo frater eius [=Oudalrici]"[410].  Graf.  m ---.  The name of Theotbald's wife is not known.  Graf Theotbald & his wife had one child:

i)               RICHWIN [I] (-973).  The Vita b. Hucbaldi names "Riwinum" as son of "Diepoldum"[411].  The Vita S. Oudalrici names "Riwinum filium Dietpaldo", in a later passage referring to Dillingen castle and naming his wife "Hiltegart"[412]Herimannus records the sudden death "flebotomatus" of "Richwino comite fratris suis [=Oudalrici episcope] Theodbaldi filius"[413]m HILDEGARD, daughter of --- (-after 973).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  Graf Richwin [I] & his wife had [two] children: 

(a)          [HUPOLD .  The Vita b. Hucbaldi names the descendants of "Riwinum, qui genuit Hucbaldum, qui Albertum, qui Hucbaldum, qui Hartmannum fundatorem Nernisheim, qui Hartmannum, qui Albertum, qui Albertum, qui Hartmannum, qui Albertum, qui Hartmannum, qui Albertum, qui Hartmannum, qui Albertum, Ludovicum et Hartmannum Augustensis ecclesiæ episcopum"[414].  This is inconsistent with the Vita S. Oudalrici (see below).] 

(b)          [RICHWIN [II] (-1007 or after).  Duria-Graf.  m ---.  The name of Richwin's wife is not known.  Graf Richwin [II] & his wife had [one possible child]:

(1)          [ULRICH (-before 1059).  Duria-Graf.] 

c)             MANEGOLD [I] .  The necrology of Augsburg St Ulrich records the death "XVII Kal Aug" of "Huopaldus com de Kyburg et Dillingen, pater s Uodalrici, Dietpaldus et Manegoldus comites fratres eiusdem et Luitgardis ducissa Suevie soror eorundem"[415]m ---.  The name of Manegold's wife is not known.  Graf Manegold [I] & his wife had one child: 

i)               HUPOLD [II] (-after 974).  The Vita S. Oudalrici names "Hupoldus filius fratris sui [=Oudalrici] Manigoldi"[416].  According to the Vita b. Hucbaldi, Hupold [II] was the son of Richwin [I] ("Riwinum, qui genuit Hucbaldum…")[417].  Graf.  m ---.  The name of Hupold's wife is not known.  Graf Hupold [II] & his wife had [one possible child]:

(a)          [MANEGOLD [II] (-1003 or after).  Duria-Graf.  According to the Vita b. Hucbaldi, the father of Hupold [III] was Albert, son of Hupold [II] ("Riwinum, qui genuit Hucbaldum, qui Albertum, qui Hucbaldum")[418]m ---.  The name of Manegold's wife is not known.  Graf Manegold [II] & his wife had [three children]:

(1)          [HUPOLD [III] (-5 Mar 1075).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf.] 

(2)          [MANGOLD [III] (-[1027/28]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Dillingen in Werd.] 

(3)          [daughter .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m [ADALBERT] .  [1020/70]. 

d)             daughter .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Nun at Buchau 926. 

e)             LIUTGARD .  The Vita b. Hucbaldi names (in order) "sanctum Udalricum, Diepoldum comitem, Luiggardim ducissam" as children of "Hucbaldus" and "Theobergam"[419]Herimannus names "Liudgardæ sororis suis [=Oudalrici episcope]"[420].  The necrology of Augsburg St Ulrich records the death "XVII Kal Aug" of "Huopaldus com de Kyburg et Dillingen, pater s Uodalrici, Dietpaldus et Manegoldus comites fratres eiusdem et Luitgardis ducissa Suevie soror eorundem"[421]m PEIER, son of --- (-after 973).  Peier & his wife had three children: 

i)               ADALBERO (-Dillingen [May] 973).  Herimannus names "Adalberonis clerico, sororis suæ [=Oudalrici episcopi] Liudgardæ ex Peiere comito filio"[422].  The Vita S. Oudalrici names "Adalbero nepotism suis [=Oudalrici] abpatium Utenbura"[423].  Abbot of Ottobeuren.  Administrator of the Bishopric of Augsburg 972.  The Annales Sangallenses record the deaths in 973 of "Udalricus episcopus et nepos eius Adalbero"[424]

ii)             REGINBALD (-killed in battle Lechfeld 10 Aug 955).  The Vita S. Oudalrici names "Reginbaldum filium sororis suam [=Oudalrici]"[425].  Graf. 

iii)            MANEGOLD .  The Vita S. Oudalrici names "Manegoldo et Hupaldo nepotibus sancti episcope Oudalrici"[426].  in Sulmetingen 973.  m ---.  The name of Manegold's wife is not known.  Manegold & his wife had one child:

(a)          BERTHA (-22 Dec 1032).  Herimannus names "Reginboldus comes…aviæ meæ [=Herimannus] Berthæ patruus"[427].  The proof that Manegold was the father of Bertha has not so far been found.  However, he is the only known lay brother of Reginbald and the transmission of his name to her son also makes this paternity probable.  Herimannus records the death "1033 XI Kal Jan" of "Bertha avia mea 23 viduitatis anno"[428]m WOLFRAD [I] Graf von Veringen, son of --- (-4 Mar 1010).  Herimannus names "senior Wolferadus comes paternus avus meus [=Herimannus]" when recording his death "IV Non Mar 1010"[429]

HUPOLD [III] von Dillingen, son of [MANEGOLD [II] Graf & his wife ---] (-5 Mar 1075).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Dillingen.  The Annales Neresheimenses record the death in 1074 of "Hupoldus comes Dillingæ et Kyburgæ pater Hartmanni"[430].  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "III Non Mar" of "Hupoldus comes pater Hartmanni fundatoris"[431]

m ADELHEID von Gerhausen, daughter of --- (-3 Jan or 23 Jun after 1075).  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "III Non Jan" of "Adelheit com mater Hartmanni comitis de Dilingen"[432], the absence of any reference to her husband implying that he predeceased her.  It is more probable that this entry refers to the mother of Hartmann [I] rather than his wife.  Most entries in the necrology include a qualification ("senior/iunior/fundator noster" etc) when referring to the different individuals named Hartmann.  In the case of Hartmann [II] there are no exceptions to this: he is always described as "iunior" to distinguish him from his father.  In all other cases where there is a reference to a Graf Hartmann without any qualification, it is clear that Hartmann [I] is intended.  To further complicate the picture, the same necrology records the death "IX Kal Jul" of "Adelheit com mater comitis"[433].  The same comments apply to this entry which is also probably linked to Adelheid wife of Hupold.  It is assumed that one entry refers to her death and another to the anniversary of a donation which she made. 

Graf Hupold [III] & his wife had two children: 

1.             HARTMANN [I] von Dillingen (-16 Apr 1120, bur Neresheim).  The Vita b. Hucbaldi names "Hartmannum fundatorem Nernisheim" as son of Hupold [III][434]Graf von Dillingen.  The Annales Neresheimenses record the foundation of Kloster Neresheim in 1095[435].  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "XVI Kal Mai" of "Hartmannus comes senior de Dilingen fundator huius loci"[436].  The Annales Neresheimenses record the death in 1121 of "Hartmannus fundator noster comes Dillingæ et Kyburgæ"[437]m ADELHEID von Winterthur, daughter of LIUTFRIED von Winterthur & his wife --- (1053 or before-).  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "XIV Kal Jul" of "Adalbertus comes de Bregantia, pater com Adelhardis fundatricis nostræ"[438], Adelheid's husband being recorded in the same source as founder of Kloster Neresheim.  Alternatively, the Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Adilbertum…[et] Adilheidis" as son and daughter of Liutfried & his wife, specifying that Adelheid married "comes Hartmannus senior de Dilinga"[439].  This parentage for Adelheid is chronologically impossible without two or three intervening generations, assuming that Liutfried was the son of Udalrich [VI] Outzo.  Adelheid and her husband were buried in Kloster Neresheim according to a monumental inscription which reads "AD 1121 obiit Hartmannus fundator noster, comes de Dillingen, et uxor eius de Kyburg Adelhaid"[440].  This suggests that Adelheid was the heiress of Kiburg which, if correct, was transmitted into the family of the Grafen von Dillingen through her marriage.  Graf Hartmann [I] & his wife had [eight] children: 

a)             HARTMANN [II] (-21 Nov 1134).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Hartmannum iuniorem et Adilbertum…et Oudalricum" as sons of "comes Hartmannus senior de Dilinga" & his wife[441].  The Annales Neresheimenses record the death in 1134 of "Hartmannus iunior comes Dillingæ et Kyburgæ"[442].  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "XI Kal Dec" of "Hartmannus junior comes de Dilingen"[443]

b)             ADALBERT [I] (-12 Sep 1151).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Hartmannum iuniorem et Adilbertum…et Oudalricum" as sons of "comes Hartmannus senior de Dilinga" & his wife[444].  Graf von Kiburg 1096.  Graf von Dillingen 1134. 

c)             ULRICH (-St Märgen 27 Aug 1127).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Hartmannum iuniorem et Adilbertum…et Oudalricum" as sons of "comes Hartmannus senior de Dilinga" & his wife, specifying that Udalrich was Bishop of Konstanz[445].  He founded Kloster St Ulrich and Afra at Kreuzlingen.  Bishop of Konstanz 1111.  The Annales Neresheimenses record the death in 1127 of "Ulricus filius Hartmanni comitis episcopus Constantiensis"[446].  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "VI Kal Sep" of "Udalricus ep Constantiensis filius Hartmanni comitis de Dilingen"[447].  The necrology of St Peter im Schwarzwald records the death "VI Kal Sep" of "Udalricus eps Constantiensis 1127"[448]

d)             ADELHEID (-9 Jan ----).  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "V Id Jan" of "Adelheit com filia Hartmanni comitis"[449], presumably an older sister of the other daughter named Adelheid who died young. 

e)             MATHILDE (-29 Nov ----).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis records that "comes Hartmannus senior de Dilinga" & his wife had three daughters, of whom one "genuit Uodalricum comitem de Gamirtingen et Adilbertum de Achalmin"[450].  Abbess of Neresheim.  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "III Kal Dec" of "Mahthild abb n c filia Hartmanni comitis de Dilingen"[451]

f)               ADELHEID (-1 Dec 1131).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names "Adelheit comitissa uxor Oudalrici comitis de Gamertingin, filia Hartmanni comitis de Dilingin" among the list of nuns at Zwiefalten[452].  She founded the Benedictine abbey of Zwiefalten after her husband died.  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "Kal Dec 1131" of "Adelheit com filia Hartmanni comitis senioris de Dilingen, Udalrici comitis de Gamertingen vidua cv in Zwifalten"[453]m ULRICH [I] Graf von Gammertingen, son of ARNOLD & his wife --- (-18 Sep [1110]).  

g)             HEDWIG (-11 Apr ----).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names "germanæ sorores eorum [Oudalrici Constantiensis episcopi cum germano suo comite Hartmanno] Adelheit quondam comitissa et Hadewic" among the list of nuns at Zwiefalten[454].  Nun at Zwiefalten.  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "III Id Apr" of "Hadewic ma in Zwifalten, filia Hartmanni senioris comitis"[455]

h)             [BERTHA (-22 Mar ----).  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "XI Kal Apr" of "Berhta filia comitis"[456], without giving the name of her father.  It is likely that she was the daughter of Graf Hartmann [I] who, as founder of the monastery, is probably the only member of this family for whom a qualification may have been considered unnecessary by the compiler of the necrology.] 

2.             HEDWIG (-23 Feb ----).  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "VII Kal Mar" of "Hadewic soror comitis Hartmanni senioris"[457]

ADALBERT [I] von Dillingen, son of HARTMANN [I] Graf von Dillingen & his wife Adelheid von Winterthur (-12 Sep 1151).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Hartmannum iuniorem et Adilbertum…et Oudalricum" as sons of "comes Hartmannus senior de Dilinga" & his wife[458].  Graf von Kiburg 1096.  Graf von Dillingen 1134.  The Annales Neresheimenses record the death in 1151 of "Adalbertus comes de Dillinga sive de Kugiburc advocatus noster"[459].  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "II Id Sep" of "Adalbertus comes filius Hartmanni comitis de Dilingen"[460]

m as her second husband, MATHILDE [von Mörsberg, widow of MEGINHARD Graf von Sponheim, daughter of ADALBERT Graf von Mörsberg & his wife Mathilde de Mousson] (-12 Mar [1180]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified.  She became a nun at Neresheim.  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "IV Id Mar" of "Mechtildis com in Dilingen sor n c"[461]

Graf Adalbert [I] & his wife had three children: 

1.             ADALBERT [II] (-18 Jan 1170).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The History of Salem Monastery lists those present at a court of "duce Friderico", including "Alberto et Hartmanno comitibus de Kuiburc", undated but dateable to [1152][462].  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "XV Kal Feb" of "Adalbertus comes iunior de Dilingen"[463]Graf von Dillingen.  The Annales Neresheimenses record the death in 1170 of "Albertus comes de Dillingen"[464]

2.             HARTMANN [III] (-31 Aug 1180).  Graf von Dillingen, Graf von Kiburg.  The History of Salem Monastery lists those present at a court of "duce Friderico", including "Alberto et Hartmanno comitibus de Kuiburc", undated but dateable to [1152][465].  He founded Kloster Diessenhofen.  He became a monk at Kloster Neresheim.  The Annales Neresheimenses record the death in 1180 of "Harthmannus comes de Dilingen sive de Kugiburc advocatus noster"[466].  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "II Kal Sep" of "Hartmannus comes de Kugiburc m n c"[467]m RICHENZA von Lenzburg, daughter of ARNOLD Graf von Baden & his wife --- (-24 Apr [1172]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "VIII Kal May" of "Richinza com Kyburge mater comitis de Dilingen"[468].  Graf Hartmann [III] & his wife had four children: 

a)             ULRICH von Dillingen und Kiburg (-1227, bur Schänis).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Kiburg. 

-        GRAFEN von KIBURG

b)             ADALBERT [III] (-15 Feb 1214).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Dillingen.  Crusader 1190. 

c)             daughter .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m LUTOLD [IV] von Regensberg (-Nov 1213). 

d)             [R--- .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m HERMANN [II] Graf von Frohburg (-before 1213).   

3.             ULRICH (-6 Nov 1186 or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Canon at Basel Cathedral and Provost at Bern 1186.  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "VIII Id Nov" of "Udalricus comes de Kugiberc, monachus Zwifuldæ"[469]

 

ADALBERT [III] von Dillingen, son of HARTMANN [III] Graf von Dillingen & his wife Richenza von Lenzburg (-15 Feb 1214, bur Neresheim).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Dillingen.  Crusader 1190.  The Annales Neresheimenses record the death in 1214 of "Adilbertus comes in Dilingen advocatus noster"[470].  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "XV Kal Mar" of "Adalbertus comes de Dilingen advocatus noster"[471]

m --- von Bayern, daughter of OTTO I Graf von Wittelsbach Duke of Bavaria (-bur Neresheim).  The Genealogia Ottonis II Ducis Bavariæ refers to, but does not name, the fifth of the five daughters of "Otto dictus de Schiren…dux Bawarie" as wife of "Albertus comes de Diligen" and their children "Hartmannum comitem et Richsam uxorem Alberti comitis de Bogen et --- uxorem Rapotonis comitis palatini Bawarie"[472]

Graf Adalbert [III] & his wife had seven children: 

1.             HARTMANN [IV] (-11 Dec 1258).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Dillingen.  Reichsvogt von Ulm.  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "IV Id Dec" of "Hartmannus comes de Dilingen advocatus noster fundator monasterii Melingenis"[473]m WILLIBURGIS [von Truhendigen, daughter of FRIEDRICH IV von Truhendigen] (-26/27 Jan before 1246).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "VI Kal Feb" of "Willibirg com de Dilingen"[474].  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "VII Kal Feb" of "Willibirc com de Dilingen"[475].  Graf Hartmann [IV] & his wife had nine children: 

a)             FRIEDRICH (-after 1227, bur Wettingen).  The necrology of Wettingen records the burial of "Fridericus com de Dilingen benefactor" in "sepulchre comitum de Kiburg"[476].  His parentage appears confirmed in a later passage which names "Hartmannus com de Dilingen, pater Friderici, benefactor"[477]

b)             LUDWIG (-3 Jun 1251, bur 4 Aug 1251).  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "III Non Jun" of "Ludewicus comes filius Hartmanni comitis de Dilingen"[478]

c)             ADALBERT [IV] (-31 Mar 1257).  The Annales Neresheimenses record that "Albertus comes de Dilinga" built the church of Lauingen in 1252[479].  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "XI Kal Apr" of "Albertus comes de Dilingen filius Hartmanni comitis advocatus noster"[480].  The Annales Neresheimenses record the death in 1257 of "Albertus comes de Dilingen"[481]

d)             HARTMANN [V] (-4 Jul 1286).  Canon at Augsburg Cathedral 1246.  The Annales Neresheimenses record the election as Bishop of Augsburg in 1248 of "Hartmannus filius Hartmanni comitis"[482].  He sold the castle and town of Dillingen to the bishopric of Augsburg 29 Dec 1258[483].  The Annales Neresheimenses record that Neresheim was occupied by "Ludovicus comes de Oettingen" in 1258[484].  The Annales Neresheimenses record the death in 1286 of "Hartmannus Augustensis episcopus, filius Hartmanni comitis de Dilingen"[485]

e)             WILLIBIRG (-6 Aug before 1268).  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "VIII Id" of "Willibirc filia Hartmanni comitis"[486].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  m ULRICH [II] Graf von Helfenstein .  1241/90. 

f)               AGNES (-30 Nov ----).  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "11 Kal Dec" of "Agnes puella filia Hartmanni comitis de Dilingen"[487]

g)             AGNES .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  1258.  m DEGENHARD von Gundelfingen-Hellenstein .  1251/93. 

h)             UDILHILD (-12 May after 1289).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  She became a nun.  m (before 13 Jan 1258) FRIEDRICH [V] Graf von Zollern, son of FRIEDRICH [II] Graf von Zollern Burggraf von Nürnberg & his wife Elisabeth --- (-24 May 1289). 

i)               daughter .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m as his first wife, HUGO [IV] Pfalzgraf von Tübingen, son of RUDOLF [II] Pfalzgraf von Tüblingen & his wife --- von Ronsberg (-[1267]). 

2.             ADALBERT (-14 Dec ----).  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "XIX Kal Jan" of "Adalbertus puer filius Adalberti comitis de Dilingen"[488]

3.             ULRICH (-2 Jun ----).  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "IV Non Jun" of "Udalricus puer filius Adalberti comitis de Dilingen"[489]

4.             RICHIZA (-20 Jun ----).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  The De Advocatis Altahensibus names "Reichizam" as wife of "Albertus comes", specifying that the couple were childless[490].  The necrology of Aldersbach records the death "XII Kal Jul" of "Rihza com de Bogen"[491].  The necrology of Windberg records the death "XII Kal Jul" of "Reihza coma"[492]m ADALBERT [V] Graf von Bogen, son of ADALBERT [IV] Graf von Bogen & his wife Ludmila of Bohemia (-15 Jan 1242). 

5.             UDILHILDE .  The Genealogia Ottonis II Ducis Bavariæ refers to an unnamed daughter of "Albertus comes de Diligen" as "uxorem Rapotonis comitis palatini Bawarie"[493].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  [1205]/1231.  m RAPOTO [II] Graf von Ortenburg, son of RAPOTO I Graf von Ortenburg [Sponheim] & his wife Elisabeth von Sulzbach (-19 Mar 1231).  Pfalzgraf von Bayern 1209. 

6.             daughter .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m LUDWIG Graf von Württemberg, son of LUDWIG [II] Graf von Württemberg & his wife Willibirg von Kirchberg.  1194/1225. 

7.             SOPHIA .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Prioress at Medingen. 

[398] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon, Introduction, MGH SS V, p. 67 footnote 1.
[399] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon, Introduction, MGH SS V, p. 67 footnote 1.
[400] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[401] Gerhardi, Vita S. Oudalrici I.1, MGH SS IV, p. 385.
[402] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon, Introduction, MGH SS V, p. 67 footnote 1.
[403] Vita b. Hucbaldi, sancti Udalrici episcopi Augustani, quoted in Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 20 footnote 23.
[404] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[405] Necrologium Ottenburanum, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 99.
[406] Vita b. Hucbaldi, sancti Udalrici episcopi Augustani, quoted in Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 20 footnote 23.
[407] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 971, MGH SS V, p. 116.
[408] Annales Sangallensis Maiores 973 (977), MGH SS I, p. 80.
[409] Vita b. Hucbaldi, sancti Udalrici episcopi Augustani, quoted in Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 20 footnote 23.
[410] Gerhardi, Vita S. Oudalrici I.12, MGH SS IV, p. 402.
[411] Vita b. Hucbaldi, sancti Udalrici episcopi Augustani, quoted in Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 20 footnote 23.
[412] Gerhardi, Vita S. Oudalrici I.12 and 24, MGH SS IV, pp. 402 and 409.
[413] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 973, MGH SS V, p. 116.
[414] Vita b. Hucbaldi, sancti Udalrici episcopi Augustani, quoted in Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 20 footnote 23.
[415] Necrologium Monasterii S Udalrici Augustensis civitatis, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 120.
[416] Gerhardi, Vita S. Oudalrici I.25, MGH SS IV, p. 411.
[417] Vita b. Hucbaldi, sancti Udalrici episcopi Augustani, quoted in Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 20 footnote 23.
[418] Vita b. Hucbaldi, sancti Udalrici episcopi Augustani, quoted in Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 20 footnote 23.
[419] Vita b. Hucbaldi, sancti Udalrici episcopi Augustani, quoted in Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 20 footnote 23.
[420] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 971, MGH SS V, p. 116.
[421] Necrologium Monasterii S Udalrici Augustensis civitatis, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 120.
[422] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 971, MGH SS V, p. 116.
[423] Gerhardi, Vita S. Oudalrici I.25, MGH SS IV, p. 409.
[424] Annales Sangallensis Maiores 973 (977), MGH SS I, p. 80.
[425] Gerhardi, Vita S. Oudalrici I.13, MGH SS IV, p. 402.
[426] Gerhardi, Vita S. Oudalrici I.28, MGH SS IV, p. 416.
[427] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon  955, MGH SS V, p. 115.
[428] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 1033, MHG SS V, p. 121.
[429] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 1010, MGH SS V, p. 119.
[430] Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 20.
[431] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimensis, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[432] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[433] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[434] Vita b. Hucbaldi, sancti Udalrici episcopi Augustani, quoted in Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 20 footnote 23.
[435] Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 21.
[436] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[437] Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 21.
[438] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[439] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis I.5, MGH SS XX, p. 629.
[440] Quoted in MGH SS X, p. 21 footnote 28.  It is not known whether the original inscription survives
[441] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis I.5, MGH SS XX, p. 629.
[442] Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 21.
[443] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[444] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis I.5, MGH SS XX, p. 629.
[445] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis I.5, MGH SS XX, p. 629.
[446] Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 21.
[447] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[448] Necrologium minus monasterii S Petri Nigræ Silvæ, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 334.
[449] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[450] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis I.5, MGH SS XX, p. 629.
[451] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[452] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.20, MGH SS X, p. 85.
[453] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[454] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.20, MGH SS X, p. 84.
[455] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[456] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[457] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[458] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis I.5, MGH SS XX, p. 629.
[459] Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 21.
[460] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[461] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[462] Historia Brevis Monasterii Salemitani 11, MGH SS XXIV, p. 646.
[463] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[464] Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 22.
[465] Historia Brevis Monasterii Salemitani 11, MGH SS XXIV, p. 646.
[466] Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 22.
[467] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[468] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[469] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[470] Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 23.
[471] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[472] Genealogia Ottonis II Ducis Bavariæ et Agnetis Ducissæ, MGH SS XVII, p. 376.
[473] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[474] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[475]
Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.
[476] Necrologium Wettingense, Index conditorum et benefactorum, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 588.
[477] Necrologium Wettingense, Index conditorum et benefactorum, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 588.
[478] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[479] Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 24.
[480] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[481] Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 24.
[483] ES XII 32.
[484] Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 24.
[485] Annales Neresheimenses 1074, MGH SS X, p. 24.
[486] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[487] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[488] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[489] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.
[490] De Advocatis Altahensibus, MGH SS XVII, p. 375.
[491] Necrologia Aldersbacensia, Passau Necrologies I, p. 4.
[492] Necrologium Windbergense, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 383.
[493] Genealogia Ottonis II Ducis Bavariæ et Agnetis Ducissæ, MGH SS XVII, p. 376.

 

 

Chapter 9.    GRAFEN im LINZGAU und in ALTDORF (WELF)

The Genealogia Welforum[42], the first genealogy of the Welf family, was compiled in the mid-1120s in upper Germany and a decade later in Lüneburg.  A document comprising ten short paragraphs, it is uncertain whether the earlier parts of the family are accurately represented:  in particular there is an apparent conflation of one generation (see below).  This was followed in [1170] by the Historia Welforum, written by an anonymous Swabian cleric in the entourage of Duke Welf [VI].  This repeats the often stated Trojan origin of the Franks, with the migrants settling on the banks of the Rhine, and more specifically the descent of the Welf family from "filiam…senatoris Romani…Katilina"[43].  The name Welf was not applied to the whole dynasty until the 12th century, this unusual first name being an abbreviation of "Welfhard" or "Bernwelf" and signifying puppy[44].  Migrating into Swabia from the area of Metz, the family's territories were at first centred around the Argen and Schussen, districts north-east of Lake Constance.  They expanded northwards along the Lech river, acquiring a second power-base in the Ammer and Augst districts on the border with Bavaria[45].  The reduction in the central authority of the dukes of Swabia within their duchy enabled the Welf family to increase its own power from the end-11th century, from which time they exercised the authority of dukes in their extensive territories without the ducal title. 

WELF [I], son of ROTHARD Graf & his wife --- (-[824/25]).  Settipani names Welf [I] as son of Rothard[46] but does not cite the primary source on which this is based.  The Annalista Saxo names "de principibus Bawarorum qui fuit binomius, name et Eticho et Welfus dicebatur" who was father of Empress Judith[47].  From the area of Metz.  Moved to Bavaria.  Graf in Swabia. 

m HEILWIG, daughter of ---.  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names "filiam Hwelfi ducis sui, qui erat de nobilissima progenie Bawariorum…Iudith…ex parte matris…Eigilwi nobilissimi generic Saxonici" as second wife of Emperor Ludwig[48].  She was installed as Abbess of Chelles, near Paris, through the influence of her daughter Empress Judith. 

Welf [I] & his wife had four children: 

1.             RUDOLF [I] (-15 Oct 866).  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names (in order) "Chuonradum et Ruodolfum" as brothers of Empress Judith[49].  He was given the abbeys of Saint-Riquier and Jumièges, through the influence of his sister Empress Judith.  The Chronique de Saint Riquier records that "Rodolphe…du sang imperial…oncle du glorieux roi Charles" succeeded abbé Louis as lay abbot of Saint-Riquier[50].  The Annales Alamannicorum record "Hruodolfus frater Iudith Augustæ" among those who swore allegiance in 864[51]Comte de Sens.  The Annales Bertiniani record the death in 866 of "Rodulfus Karoli regis avunculus"[52].  The Adonis Continuatio records the death in 866 of "avunculus quoque eius [Carolo, Ludovici filii"] Radulfus, consiliarius primusque palatii"[53].  Two contemporary Epitafia commemorate "nobilis…Rhuodulfus", the second recording his death "Idus octavo"[54]m HRUODUN, daughter of --- (-after 867).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

-        COMTES de SENS

2.             CONRAD "l'Ancien" (-after 862).  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names (in order) "Chuonradum et Ruodolfum" as brothers of Empress Judith[55].  Graf von Linz- und Argengau.  Dux.  Nithard records that Conrad and his brother Rudolf were forcibly tonsured in [Apr 830] by their sister's stepson, Lothar, then in revolt against his father, and sent to Aquitaine "to be held by Pepin"[56].  Comte de Paris.  An agreement between Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and his brother Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks dated Jun 860 names "nobilis ac fidelibus laicis…Chuonradus, Evrardus, Adalardus, Arnustus, Warnarius, Liutfridus, Hruodolfus, Erkingarius, Gislebertus, Ratbodus, Arnulfus, Hugo, item Chuonradus, Liutharius, Berengarius, Matfridus, Boso, Sigeri, Hartmannus, Liuthardus, Richuinus, Wigricus, Hunfridus, Bernoldus, Hatto, Adalbertus, Burchardus, Christianus, Leutulfus, Hessi, Herimannus, item Hruodulfus, Sigehardus"[57].  "Ludowicus…rex" confirmed an exchange between Grimald abbot of St Gallen and "quidam comis…Chuonratus" relating to property in Linzgau and Argengau, by charter dated 1 Apr 861[58].  A poem by Walahfridus Strabus records the epitaph of "Chonradum comitem"[59]m ADELAIS [Aelis] [de Tours], daughter of HUGUES Comte [de Tours] & his wife Ava ---.  The Miraculis Sancti Germani name "Adheleid" as wife of "Chuonradus princeps"[60].  A poem by Walahfridus Strabus records the epitaph of "Adelheidam"[61].  Some secondary works[62] assert that the second husband of Adelais was Robert "le Fort" [Capet].  If this is correct, Adelais must have been Comte Robert's second wife as his known children were already born by the time Adelais's husband Conrad died.  Settipani[63] states that the only basis for the assertion is a 12th century interpolation in the Chronicle of Saint-Bénigne de Dijon, which is of little historical value.  Nevertheless, he suggests that it is likely that the wife of Comte Robert was a close relation of Adelais, although the basis for this is not known.  Comte Conrad & his wife had [five] children: 

a)             WELF (-before 876).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Linzgau 842/850.  Graf im Alpgau 852/858.  m ---.  The name of Welf's wife is not known.  Graf Welf & his wife had [two possible children]: 

i)               [CONRAD .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Linzgau.]

ii)             [ETICHO (-after 911, bur Ammergau).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Ammergau.] 

 

b)             CONRAD (-876).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He helped save Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks after the invasion of Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks, and was rewarded by being invested as Comte d'Auxerre in 859.  He fell into disgrace in 861, and passed into the service of the sons of Emperor Lothar.  He received from Emperor Louis the territories of Genève, Lausanne and Sion.  Marquis de Transjurane in Dec 864 after he killed comte Hubert [Bosonide][64]

-        KINGS of BURGUNDY

c)             HUGO (-Orléans 12 May 886, bur Saint-Germain d'Auxerre).  The Annales Bertiniani name "Hugoni clerico, avunculi sui [=Karoli regis] Chonradi filio" when recording that he received the counties of Tours and Angers in 866[65].  Abbot of Saint-Germain d'Auxerre 853.  Imperial missus in Auxerre in 853.  Abbot of Saint-Riquier until 861.  Abbot of Saint-Bertin 859/62.  He was a supporter of King Lothar 861/865.  He was elected Archbishop of Köln in 864.  The Annales Xantenses record that "quidam tirannicus Hugo…filius predicti Cuonradi" (the previous paragraph naming "Cuonradi fratris quondam Iuthit reginæ") succeeded as archbishop of Köln[66]Comte d'Auxerre 865.  Marquis de Neustrie, Comte de Tours et d'Angers 866.  Abbot of Saint-Martin de Tours 866.  Abbot of St Vaast, Arras [874].  Abbot of Saint-Aignan, Orléans before 876.  Abbot of Saint-Julien d'Auxerre 877.  Chaplain of the imperial chapel in [880].  "Hugo consobrinus eius [Conradi]" succeeded his cousin [as Abbot of Saint-Colombe de Sens] in 882, recording that he was "clericatus in Palatio"[67].  "Karolus…imperator augustus" confirmed a donation by "Hugo…propinquus noster" of property "villam Apiarias in pago Aurelianensi" to "episcopo Adalaldo archiepiscopo simulque Rainoni episcopo, fratri eiusdem" at the request of "Odo comes" by charter dated 27 Oct 886[68]Regino records the death in 887 of "Hugo abba" at Orléans and his burial "apud Sanctum Germanum Autisiodoro"[69]

d)             RUDOLF .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

e)             [JUDITH].  The identity of Udo's wife is not known with certainty.  According to Jackman[70], she may have been the daughter of Konrad Graf im Linz- und Argengau, whom he speculates was named Judith.  King Arnulf in a charter dated 19 May 891 names "Chonradi…comitis et nepotis nostri"[71].  The speculation is that the relationship may have been through Konrad's mother who, if identified as the daughter of Graf Konrad, was the niece of King Arnulf's paternal grandmother Queen Hemma.  m UDO Graf im Lahngau, son of GEBHARD Graf im Niederlahngau [Konradiner] & his wife ---.  860/879.] 

3.             JUDITH ([805]-Tours 19 Apr 843, bur Tours Saint-Martin).  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names "filiam Hwelfi ducis sui, qui erat de nobilissima progenie Bawariorum…Iudith…ex parte matris…Eigilwi nobilissimi generic Saxonici" as second wife of Emperor Louis, specifying that she was "enim pulchra valde"[72].  The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records the marriage of "Iudith filiam Welponis…comitis" and Emperor Louis I[73].  The Annales Xantenses record the marriage in Feb 819 of "Ludewicus imperator" and "Iudith"[74].  Judith was influential with her husband, which increased the tensions with his sons by his first marriage.  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that "quondam duce Bernhardo, qui erat de stirpe regali" was accused of violating "Iudith reginam" but comments that this was all lies[75].  Judith was exiled to the monastery of Sainte-Croix de Poitiers during the first rebellion of her stepsons in 830, was released in 831, but exiled again to Tortona in Italy in 833 from where she was brought back in Apr 834[76].  The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "XIII Kal Mai" of "Judith regina"[77].  The Annales Xantenses record the death in 843 of "Iudhit imperatrix mater Karoli" at Tours[78]m (Aix-la-Chapelle Feb 819) as his second wife, Emperor LOUIS I, son of Emperor CHARLES I "Charlemagne" King of the Franks & his second wife Hildegardis (Chasseneuil-du-Poitou {Vienne} [16 Apr/Sep] 778-island in the Rhine near Ingelheim 20 Jun 840, bur bur Metz, église abbatiale de Saint-Arnoul).  

4.             EMMA [Hemma] (-31 Jan 876, bur Regensburg St Emmeran).  The Annales Xantenses record the marriage in 827 of "Ludewicus rex" and "sororem Iudith imperatricis" but does not name her[79].  This appears to be the only source in which her origin is given.  "Ludowicus…rex" made a donation to St Felix & Regula in Zurich naming "filia nostra Bertha…[et] coniugis nostræ Hemmæ" by charter dated 29 Oct 863[80].  The Gesta Francorum records that "Hemma quoque regina" became paralysed in 874, died at Regensburg in 876 and was buried in the church of St Emmeran[81].  The necrology of Regensburg St Emmeran records the death "II Kal Feb" of "Hemma regina hic sepulta"[82].  The necrology of Augia Divis records the death "II Kal Feb" of "Hemma regina"[83].  The necrology of Nonnberg records the death "2 Kal Jan" of "Hemma imperatrix sor na"[84]m (827) LOUIS King of Bavaria and Carinthia, son of Emperor LOUIS I "le Pieux" & his first wife Ermengardis [de Hesbaye] ([806]-Frankfurt-am-Main 28 Aug 876, bur Kloster Lorsch).  He was installed in 843 as LUDWIG II "le Germanique" King of the East Franks

ETICHO, son of [WELF [I] Graf im Linz- und Alpgau & his wife ---] (-after 911, bur Ammergau).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The Historia Welforum names "Eticho…Iuditæ frater"[85] but this is chronologically impossible.  Graf im Ammergau. 

m ---.  The name of Eticho's wife is not known. 

Eticho & his wife had one child:  

1.             HEINRICH "mit dem goldenen Wagen" (-after 934).  The Historia Welforum names "Heinricum I" as son of "Eticho"[86].  The Genealogia Welforum names "filium Heinricum et filiam Hiltigardam" as children of "Eticho", specifying that Hildegard married "Ludowicus Balbus imperator"[87] although the latter is clearly incorrect.  This is repeated in the Urspergensium Chronicon[88].  According to legend, Heinrich was offered as a fief by the emperor as much land as he could plough at noon-day.  Using a golden plough drawn by a relay of saddle horses, he encircled a large area while the emperor slept, hence his nickname[89].  He founded Kloster Altdorf in 935 at the foot of the family's main castle at Altdorf[90]m ATA von Hohenwart, daughter of --- (-after 975).  The Genealogia Welforum names "Atham" as wife of "Heinricum", but does not give her origin[91].  The Historia Welforum names "de Hohunwarthe in Baioaria, Beatem" as wife of "Heinricus"[92].  A member of a noble family in the Weltheim area, she brought territory in Bavaria to her husband[93].  Heinrich & his wife had three children: 

a)             ETICHO (- ----, bur Konstanz Cathedral).  The Historia Welforum names (in order) "sanctum Counradum Constanciensem episcopum, Etichonem et Roudolfum" as the three sons of "Heinricus" & his wife, specifying that Eticho died without having married and was buried at Konstanz[94]The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "tres fratres Rodulfus, Eticho, qui et Welphus, et Conradus; qui tempore Heinrici regis, patris Ottonis Magni extiterunt"[95]The Genealogia Welforum names (in order) "sanctum Chunradum Constantinensem episcopum, Etichonem et Rudolfem" as children of "Heinricum" & his wife, specifying that Eticho died unmarried but left illegitimate children from whom descend "illi de Hezilescella, de Ustera, de Ramphteswilaren"[96].  Eticho had [---] illegitimate children by an unknown mistress: 

i)               children .  The Historia Welforum refers to the daughter of Eticho and "de ministerialibus suis filiam" from whom were descended "de Heciliscella, de Ustera, de Raprehteswillare et eorum cognatio"[97]

b)             [St.] KONRAD (-26 Nov 975).  The Historia Welforum names (in order) "sanctum Counradum Constanciensem episcopum, Etichonem et Roudolfum" as the three sons of "Heinricus" & his wife, specifying that Konrad owned "Alidorf, et Wolpoteswende, Berge, Fronehoven…et omnia ultra fluvium nostrum Scuzina" from the paternal patrimony, exchanging these properties with his brother Rudolf for "Ensilingen, Audilvingen…in Alsatia Colmir et infra Retiam Curiensem Amidis, Flumines, Lugeniz"[98].  The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "tres fratres Rodulfus, Eticho, qui et Welphus, et Conradus; qui tempore Heinrici regis, patris Ottonis Magni extiterunt", specifying that Konrad was Bishop of Konstanz[99].  The Genealogia Welforum names (in order) "sanctum Chunradum Constantinensem episcopum, Etichonem et Rudolfem" as children of "Heinricum" & his wife[100].  Bishop of Konstanz 934. 

c)             RUDOLF (- ----, bur Altdorf).  The Historia Welforum names (in order) "sanctum Counradum Constanciensem episcopum, Etichonem et Roudolfum" as the three sons of "Heinricus" & his wife[101]The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "tres fratres Rodulfus, Eticho, qui et Welphus, et Conradus; qui tempore Heinrici regis, patris Ottonis Magni extiterunt"[102]The Genealogia Welforum names (in order) "sanctum Chunradum Constantinensem episcopum, Etichonem et Rudolfem" as children of "Heinricum" & his wife[103].  935.  m --- (bur Altdorf).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   Rudolf & his wife had [two] children: 

i)               [RUDOLF (-10 Mar ----, bur Altdorf).] 

ii)             [104]ETICHO (-988).  Bishop of Augsburg. 

RUDOLF, son of [RUDOLF Graf von Altdorf & his wife ---] (-10 Mar ----, bur Altdorf).  All the near contemporary primary sources so far consulted name Rudolf, father of Heinrich and Welf [II] as the brother of Konrad Bishop of Konstanz.  For example, Berthold's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names "Couniza, Welphonis primi nostri advocati mater, filia…Welphonis Carentorum ducis qui fuit Roudolfi fratris sancti Counradi filius"[105].  If this is correct, Ita von Öhningen would have been at least 40 years younger than her husband.  As this seems unlikely, the most probable explanation is that there has been a conflation of two individuals, father and son, both named Rudolf but there is no proof that this is correct.  The Historia Welforum records that "Roudolfus" was buried "in Altorfensi cenobio iuxta patrem et matrem"[106].  The necrology of Weingarten records the death "VI Id Mar" of "Ruodolfus com frater sancti Chuonradi…et Welf filius eius…hic sepulti"[107]

m ITA von Öhningen, daughter of KONRAD Duke of Swabia [Konradiner] & his wife Richlint --- ([970/75]-16 Oct ----).  The Genealogia Welforum names "de Oningen Itam…cuius pater fuit Chuno comes, mater vero filia Ottonis Magni imperatoris" as wife of Rudolf[108].  The Historia Welforum refers to the four daughters of "Couno comes" and "filia Ottonis magnis imperatoris…Richlint", specifying that they married "una Roudolfo isti [=Welforum], alia cuidam de Rinveldin, parenti Zaringiorum, tercia regie Rugiorum, quarta comiti de Diezon"[109].  As noted in the document SWABIA DUKES, these two sources are unreliable in their recording of the sons of Konrad I Duke of Swabia, so should not be assumed to be any more precise in recording his daughters.  Her birth date is estimated assuming that her parents married in [968].  The necrology of Weingarten records the death "XVII Kal Nov" of "Ita com uxor Ruodolfi comitis"[110]

Rudolf & his wife had three children: 

1.             HEINRICH (-15 Nov [1000]).  The Genealogia Welforum names "Heinricum, qui apud Lonon in venatione saxo percussis interiit, et Gwelfum huius nominis primum" as sons of Rudolf and Ita[111].  The Historia Welforum names (in order) "Heinricum et Guelfonem et filiam Richgardam" as the children of "Roudolfus" & his wife, specifying that Heinrich was buried "sub annis adolescentie in Venusta valle iuxta villam Lounon in venatione saxo percussus"[112].  Graf in Altdorf.  The necrology of Weingarten records the donation "VI Id Feb" of "predium Minigolsowe" by "Heinricus com filius Ruodolfi comitis hic sepultus"[113]

2.             WELF [II] (-10 Mar 1030, bur Altdorf).  The Genealogia Welforum names "Heinricum, qui apud Lonon in venatione saxo percussis interiit, et Gwelfum huius nominis primum" as sons of Rudolf and Ita, specifying that he was buried at Weingarten[114].  The Historia Welforum names (in order) "Heinricum et Guelfonem et filiam Richgardam" as the children of "Roudolfus" & his wife[115].  The Annalista Saxo names "Welphum comitem" as son of Rudolf (brother of Eticho/Welf and Konrad, although this appears difficult to sustain chronologically)[116].  Graf von Altdorf.  Graf im Nori- und Inntal.  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" renewed the privileges of Kloster Fulda by undated charter, placed in the compilation with other charters dated 1020, witnessed by "Godifridi ducis, Berinhardi ducis, Thiederici ducis, Welphonis comitis, Cunonis comitis, Kunrati comitis, Ottonis comitis, Adilbrahtis comitis, Bobonis comitis, Friderici comitis, Bezilini comitis, Ezonis comitis palatini"[117], the order of witnesses presumably giving some idea of the relative importance of these named nobles at the court of Emperor Heinrich II at the time.  His county around the Brenner pass was confiscated by Emperor Konrad II as a punishment for Welf having supported Ernst Duke of Swabia in his rebellion in 1030[118].  He built the castle of Ravensburg on his Swabian lands which became the family's chief residence[119].  The necrology of Weingarten records the death "VI Id Mar" of "Ruodolfus com frater sancti Chuonradi…et Welf filius eius…hic sepulti"[120]m ([1015]) IRMTRUD [Imiza], daughter of FRIEDRICH Graf im Moselgau [Wigeriche] & his wife [--- von Hammerstein] [Konradiner] (-21 Aug [1055], bur Altomünster).  The Historia Welforum names "de gente Salica de castro Glizberch, Imizam…sororem Heinrici ducis Noricorum et Friderici ducis Lotharingiorum et Adilberonis episcopi Metensis" as wife of "Guelfo…Roudolfi filius"[121]The Genealogia Welforum names "Salice --- de Glizperch Imizam nomine, Heinrici Noricorum ducis sororem et Friderici ducis Lotharingorum et Alberonis Metensis episcopi" as wife of Welf, specifying that she was buried at Altenmünster and that her dowry was "villam Moringen et Elisinam curtem in Longobardia"[122].  Jordan suggests that the land in Lombardy was probably near Este[123], which could explain their daughter's marriage as her husband may have been a neighbouring landowner.  After the death of her son, she contested his will under which he bequeathed all his property to the convent of Weingarten, and summoned her grandson from Italy to assume the inheritance in Swabia and Bavaria. The nuns of Weingarten were resettled in Altomünster in Bavaria, relocating the monks to Weingarten as part of the settlement of the dispute[124]Herimannus names "Irmengarda, Welf comitis vidua" when recording the transfer to her of Altdorf by the monks[125].  The necrology of Weingarten records the death "XII Kal Sep" of "Irmindruot com que et Imiza mater Welfonis et Chuonize"[126].  Welf [II] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)             WELF [III] (-Burg Bodman 13 Nov 1055).  The Historia Welforum names "filiam Chunizam…et filium…Guelfum" as the children of "Guelfo…Roudolfi filius", specifying that Welf acquired "ducatum Carinthiorum et marchiam Veronensem"[127]Herimannus names "Welf comitem, Suevigenam, Welf dudum comitis filium" when recording his installation as Duke of Carinthia in 1047[128].  He transferred the convent of Altdorf to a site on Martinsberg and renamed it Weingarten[129].  He was installed as WELF I Duke of Carinthia and Marchese di Verona by Heinrich III King of Germany in 1047.  He conspired with Konrad de Luxembourg Duke of Bavaria to depose Emperor Heinrich III, but the plot was discovered and Welf was deposed as Duke of Carinthia[130].  Under his will, he left all his property to the convent at Weingarten, intending to be buried there.  His mother contested the testament on the grounds that she, as lawful heir, had not consented to it[131].  The necrology of Fulda records the death in 1055 of "Welf dux"[132].  The necrology of Weingarten records the death "Id Nov" of "Welfo dux Carinthie hic sepultus"[133]

b)             KUNIGUNDE ([1020]-31 Mar before 1055, bur Vangadizza Monastery).  The Annalista Saxo names "Cunizam" as daughter of Welf, and her husband "Azoni marchioni de Langobardia de castris Calun et Estin"[134].  The Genealogia Welforum names "Cunizam" as daughter of Welf and Imiza, specifying that she married "marchio Etius cum curte Elisina"[135]m ([1035]) as his first wife, ALBERTO AZZO II Conte di Luni [Este], son of ALBERTO AZZO I Conte di Luni & his first wife Valdriada Candriada (-1097, bur Vangadizza Monastery). 

c)             [KONRAD (-27 Aug 1031).  The Chronico Eberspergense records the death in 1031 of "Chuonradus…adoptivus filius Rihlindis amitæ eius"[136].  There is no indication of his parentage although Graf Welf [II] is the only one of Richlind's brothers who is known to have had children.] 

3.             RICHLIND (-Burg Persenbeug 12 Jun 1045, bur Ebersberg monastery).  The Historia Welforum names (in order) "Heinricum et Guelfonem et filiam Richgardam" as the children of "Roudolfus" & his wife, specifying that Richgard married "unus de maioribus Baioariæ comitibus" but had no heirs, founded the monasteries of "Ebirsperc, Coubach, Gisinveld" and was buried at Ebersberg[137].  The Genealogia Welforum names "Richardam" as daughter of Rudolf and Ita, specifying that she founded the monasteries of Ebersberg (jointly with her children "ex quondam ditissimo Bawarie comite"), Gisenvelt and Chubach and was buried at Ebersberg[138].  The Chronico Eberspergensi names "Richlindem filiam Rudolfi Suevi sororem Welfhardi comitis qui rebellavit Heinrico regis secundo" as wife of "Adalpero [filii Udalrici]", specifying that she was childless[139]m ADALBERO Graf von Ebersberg, son of UDALRICH Graf von Ebersberg, Marchese di Carniola [Sieghardinger] & his wife Richgardis von Viehbach [Eppensteiner] (-27 Mar 1045).

 The precise relationship between the following individual and the Welf family has not yet been established: 

1.             OTHMAR .  The Casuum Sancti Galli, Continuatio I, Ekkehardo IV names "sancto Otmaro", commenting that he was "Ruodolfus…Welhardi comitis pater…prosapiæ…ipsum Welfhardus et Henricus filii eius"[140]

[42] Genealogica Welforum, MGH SS XIII, p. 733. 
[43]
Historia Welforum Weingartensis 1 and 2, MGH SS XXI, pp. 457-8. 
[44]
Jordan, p. 2. 
[45]
Jordan, p. 3. 
[46]
Settipani (1993), p. 254 footnote 433. 
[47]
AS 1126. 
[48]
Thegani Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 26, MGH SS II, p. 596. 
[49]
Thegani Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 36, MGH SS II, p. 597. 
[50]
Chronique de l'abbaye de Saint-Riquier, III.IX, p. 122. 
[51]
Annales Alamannicorum continuation Sangallensis prima 864, MGH SS I, p. 50, alternative text quoted in footnote 1. 
[52]
Annales Bertiniani III 866. 
[53]
Adonis Continuatio Prima, Auctore Anonymo 866, MGH SS II, p. 324. 
[54]
Carmina Centulensia CXLI and CXLII, MGH Poetæ latini ævi Carolini III, pp. 352 and 353. 
[55]
Thegani Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 36, MGH SS II, p. 597. 
[56]
Nithard I.3, p. 131. 
[57]
Adnuntatio domni Karoli, MGH LL 1, p. 469. 
[58]
D LD 103, p. 149. 
[59]
Walahfridi Strabi Carmen, MGH Poetæ Latini ævi Carolini II, p. 387. 
[60]
Ex Heirici Miraculis S. Germani 2, MGH SS XIII, p. 401, footnote 1 citing v. Dümmler Ostfr. Reich I, p. 422, as stating her origin. 
[61]
Walahfridi Strabi Carmen, MGH Poetæ Latini ævi Carolini II, p. 391. 
[62]
Including ES II 10. 
[63]
Settipani, p. 400. 
[64]
Settipani (1993), p. 383 footnote 150. 
[65]
Annales Bertiniani III 866. 
[66]
Annales Xantenses 866, MGH SS II, p. 232. 
[67]
Chronico Senonensi Sanctæ Columbæ 881, RCGF 9, p. 40. 
[68]
Angers 14, p. 34. 
[69]
Reginonis Chronicon 887, MGH SS I, p. 597. 
[70]
Jackman, p. 72. 
[71]
D Arn 89, p. 181. 
[72]
Thegani Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 26, MGH SS II, p. 596. 
[73]
Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 32, MGH SS II, p. 624. 
[74]
Annales Xantenses 819, MGH SS II, p. 224. 
[75]
Thegani Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 36, MGH SS II, p. 597. 
[76]
Settipani (1993), pp. 254-5. 
[77]
Obituaires de Sens Tome I.1, Abbaye de Saint-Denis, p. 315.       
[78]
Annales Xantenses 843, MGH SS II, p. 227. 
[79]
Annales Xantenses 827, MGH SS II, p. 224. 
[80]
D LD 110, p. 158. 
[81]
Gesta quorundam regum Francorum 874 and 876, MGH SS I, pp. 388 and 389. 
[82]
Necrologium Monasterii S Emmerammi Ratisbonensis, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 301. 
[83]
Necrologium Augiæ Divitis, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 272. 
[84]
Monumenta Necrologica Monasterii S Erentrudis Nonnbergensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 61. 
[85]
Historia Welforum Weingartensis 4, MGH SS XXI, p. 459. 
[86]
Historia Welforum Weingartensis 4, MGH SS XXI, p. 459. 
[87]
Genealogia Welforum 1, MGH SS XIII, p. 733. 
[88]
Burchardi et Cuonradi Urspergensium Chronicon, MGH SS XXIII, p. 340. 
[89]
Jordan, p. 3. 
[90]
Jordan, p. 3. 
[91]
Genealogia Welforum 2, MGH SS XIII, p. 734. 
[92]
Historia Welforum Weingartensis 5, MGH SS XXI, p. 459. 
[93]
Jordan, p. 3. 
[94]
Historia Welforum Weingartensis 5, MGH SS XXI, p. 459. 
[95]
AS 1126. 
[96]
Genealogia Welforum 2 and 3, MGH SS XIII, p. 734, footnotes 2 and 3 interpreting two of these places as "Hirschzell" and "Rapperswyl". 
[97]
Historia Welforum Weingartensis 5, MGH SS XXI, p. 459. 
[98]
Historia Welforum Weingartensis 5, MGH SS XXI, p. 459. 
[99]
AS 1126. 
[100]
Genealogia Welforum 2, MGH SS XIII, p. 734. 
[101]
Historia Welforum Weingartensis 5, MGH SS XXI, p. 459. 
[102]
AS 1126. 
[103]
Genealogia Welforum 2, MGH SS XIII, p. 734. 
[104]
Wegener, p. 206.  He is not mentioned in ES I.1 17. 
[105]
Bertholdi, Zwifaltensis Chronicon 33, MGH SS X, p. 114. 
[106]
Historia Welforum Weingartensis 7, MGH SS XXI, p. 460. 
[107]
Necrologium Weingartense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 221. 
[108]
Genealogia Welforum 4, MGH SS XIII, p. 734. 
[109]
Historia Welforum Weingartensis 6, MGH SS XXI, p. 460. 
[110]
Necrologium Weingartense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 221. 
[111]
Genealogia Welforum 4, MGH SS XIII, p. 734. 
[112]
Historia Welforum Weingartensis 6 and 7, MGH SS XXI, p. 460. 
[113]
Necrologium Weingartense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 221. 
[114]
Genealogia Welforum 4, MGH SS XIII, p. 734. 
[115]
Historia Welforum Weingartensis 6, MGH SS XXI, p. 460. 
[116]
AS 1126. 
[117]
D H II 427, p. 542. 
[118]
Jordan, p. 4. 
[119]
Jordan, p. 4. 
[120]
Necrologium Weingartense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 221. 
[121]
Historia Welforum Weingartensis 8, MGH SS XXI, p. 460. 
[122]
Genealogia Welforum 7, MGH SS XIII, p. 734, footnote 20 interpreting the first place as "Möhring" near Friedberg in Bavaria. 
[123]
Jordan, pp. 3-4. 
[124]
Jordan, p. 4. 
[125]
Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 1036, MHG SS V, p. 122. 
[126]
Necrologium Weingartense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 221. 
[127]
Historia Welforum Weingartensis 10, MGH SS XXI, p. 461. 
[128]
Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 1047, MHG SS V, p. 127. 
[129]
Jordan, p. 4. 
[130]
Fuhrmann, p. 42. 
[131]
Jordan, p. 4. 
[132]
Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123. 
[133]
Necrologium Weingartense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 221. 
[134]
AS 1126. 
[135]
Genealogia Welforum 8, MGH SS XIII, p. 734. 
[136]
Chronico Eberspergense, MGH SS XX, p. 14. 
[137]
Historia Welforum Weingartensis 6 and 7, MGH SS XXI, p. 460. 
[138]
Genealogia Welforum 6, MGH SS XIII, p. 734. 
[139]
Chronico Eberspergensi Posteriore 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 870. 
[140]
Casuum Sancti Galli, Continuatio I, Ekkehardo IV 1, MGH SS II, p. 87, the passage dated [917] according to the chronology added by the editor. 

 

Chapter 10.    GRAFEN in RÄTIEN

1.             HUNFRID [I], son of --- (-808 or after).  Marchese in Istria 799.  Graf in Rätien 806/808.  m ---.  The name of Hunfrid's wife is not known.  Jackman quotes the Memorial book of Reichenau which lists (in order) "Hunfridus, Hitta, Adelpreht, Odalrih, Hunfrid, Liutsind, Hitta, Imma, Aba", whom he links with the family of Hunfried, and the Memorial book of St Gallen which lists the same persons with Robert, whom he identifies as son of Udalrich [I], deducing that "Hitta" was the wife of Hunfried [I] and sister of Robert, therefore Hidda, daughter of Udalrich [I] [Udalrichinger] & his wife ---[141].  Graf Hunfrid [I] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)             [ADALBERT [I] (-killed in battle Retiense 13 May 841).  Jackman quotes the Memorial book of Reichenau which lists (in order) "Hunfridus, Hitta, Adelpreht, Odalrih, Hunfrid, Liutsind, Hitta, Imma, Aba", whom he identifies as Hunfried, his wife, their three sons and possible four daughters[142].  Graf im Thurgau [836]/[838].  "Hludowicum regem" donated Abersee to Kloster Mondsee by charter dated 829 by the intervention of "Ernosto et Adalperto"[143].  The Gesta Francorum names "Adalberti comitis" in 839 and records his death in battle "in Retiense…841 III Id Mai"[144].  Although it is not certain that the latter two entries relate to Adalbert [I], the reference to "Retiense" connects with "Rätien" where Adalbert's supposed father was Count.]  m ---.  The name of Adalbert's wife is not known.  Graf Adalbert [I] & his wife had one child: 

i)               UDALRICH (-[before 15 May 857]).  The Translatio sanguinis Domini names Udalrich as son of Adalbert [I][145].  Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks donated property to deacon Adalhelm which was previously in "comitatum Adelhelmi comitis…in pago Durgouue in locis…Bussenanc et Uuichrammesuuilare" which "temporibus Odelric comitis post illum Adelhelmi comitis in benefitium habuit" by charter dated 15 May 857[146], which suggests that Udalrich Graf im Thurgau had died before the date of the charter, his lands passing to Adalhelm, probably a relative. 

b)             [UDALRICH .  Jackman quotes the Memorial book of Reichenau which lists (in order) "Hunfridus, Hitta, Adelpreht, Odalrih, Hunfrid, Liutsind, Hitta, Imma, Aba", whom he identifies as Hunfried, his wife, their three sons and possible four daughters142same person as…?  UDALRICH .  Marquis de Septimanie [Gothie].  This co-identity is suggested by Jackman[147]

c)             [HUNFRID [II] (-824 or after).  Jackman quotes the Memorial book of Reichenau which lists (in order) "Hunfridus, Hitta, Adelpreht, Odalrih, Hunfrid, Liutsind, Hitta, Imma, Aba", whom he identifies as Hunfried, his wife, their three sons and possible four daughters142.  Graf in Rätien 823/824.  Einhard's Annales name "Adalungus abbas monasterii sancti Vedasti et Hunfridus comes Curiensis" as missi to "Liudemuhslum avunculum Bornæ ducis"[148].  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names "Adalungum…abbatum et presbyterum et Hunfridum qui erat dux super Redicam" as the emperor's missi sent to Rome, dated to 823[149].  Founder of Schänis.]  m ---.  The name of Hunfrid's wife is not known.  Graf Hunfrid [II] & his wife had [three children]: 

i)               [ADALBERT [II] "der Erlauchte" (-9 Jan [900] or after 24 Jun 903).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "Ludowicus…rex" confirmed two exchanges between Hartmut abbot of St Gallen and "Adelbertus comes" of (firstly) a church in Filsingen "in suo comitatu…Scherra in loco…Filisininga" for farming land and (secondly) farming land "in suo comitatu…Durgauge in loco Turbatun" for property in Wizzinwang both charters dated 3 [Apr] 875[150].  A charter dated 1 May 879 recording a donation to St Gallen is dated to "sub Uadelricho et Adalberto comitibus"[151].  Charters dated 10 Dec 882, 16 May 885 and 897 recording donations to St Gallen similarly name "Adalberto comitem"[152].  "Arnolfus…rex" donated property "in pago Scerra in comitatu Adalebrti in loco Nuspilinga" to "capellano nostro…Elolfo" by charter dated 20 Jan 889[153].  Graf im Alpgau 854/885.  Graf im Thurgau 855/893.  "Arnolfus…rex" donated property "in pago Perahtoltespara…in villa Esginga que ad comitatum Adalperti qui Skerra dicitur…pertinebant" previously owned by "A[da]lpertus…comes" to Kloster Reichenau by charter dated 5 Jun 889[154].  "Arnolfus…rex" granted property "in pago Turgouue in comitatu Adalperti in villis Utteuuilare et Rihchinbahc" to "Alberico Adalperti…vassallo" by charter dated 20 Jun 889[155].  "Arnolfus…rex" granted property "in pago Turgouue in comitatu Adalperti in villa Kachanang" to "fideli nostro Deothelm" by charter dated 4 Dec 889[156].  "Arnolfus…rex" commanded "Adalberto, Perehtolto, Purgharto, Vodalrico et cunctis regni istius primatibus" to grant rights to Kloster St Gallen by an undated charter, placed in the compilation among charters dated [891/92][157].  Graf im Osten der Bertoldsbaar 868/889.  Graf im Hegau 882/888.  "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster St Gallen by charter dated 24 Jun 903 in which among "fidelium nostrum" was listed "comites…Adalpreht…"[158]m ---.  The name of Adalbert's wife is not known.  Graf Adalbert [II] & his wife had three children: 

(a)          BURKHARD [I] (-killed in battle [5 Nov] 911).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Marchio in Rätien 891/911.  Graf in der Baar 893.  He succeeded in 909 as BURKHARD I Duke of Swabia

-         DUKES of SWABIA

(b)          ADALBERT [III] (-killed in battle 911).  The Annales Alamannicorum record that "Adalbertus frater eius [=Purghart comes et princeps Alamannorum]" was killed in 911 at "ecclesie Salamonis"[159].  Graf im Thurgau 894/910.  Graf im Klettgau 901/902. 

(c)          MANEGOLD .  Pope John VIII names "Manegoldum filium Adelberti" in a letter addressed to "Carolo regis" dated 879[160]

ii)             [HUNFRID [III] (-after 876).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Marquis of Septimania 854.  Comte d'Autun, Marquis en Bourgogne [after 858]/864.  A document of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks dated 21 Mar 858 is subscribed by "Hungarius, Engilramnus, Isembardus, Odo, Osbertus, Ratbodus, Hunfridus, Odalricus, Rhodulfus, Engilschalcus, Herluinus, Hitto"[161].  An agreement between Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and his brother Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of Germany dated Jun 860 names "nobilis ac fidelibus laicis…Chuonradus, Evrardus, Adalardus, Arnustus, Warnarius, Liutfridus, Hruodolfus, Erkingarius, Gislebertus, Ratbodus, Arnulfus, Hugo, item Chuonradus, Liutharius, Berengarius, Matfridus, Boso, Sigeri, Hartmannus, Liuthardus, Richuinus, Wigricus, Hunfridus, Bernoldus, Hatto, Adalbertus, Burchardus, Christianus, Leutulfus, Hessi, Herimannus, item Hruodulfus, Sigehardus"[162].  The Annales Bertiniani record that "Hunfridus Gothiæ marchio" expelled Comte Raymond from Toulouse in 863[163].  He fled to Italy in 864, then Swabia[164].  Graf im Zürichgau 872/76. 

iii)            [UDALRICH .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Herr von Schänis.  m ---.  The name of Udalrich's wife is not known.  Udalrich & his wife had one child: 

(a)          HEMMA .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m ---. 

(1)          UDALRICH (-after 950).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

-         GRAFEN von LENZBURG

The parentage of the following individual is not known, but it is likely that he was related to the Hunfriding family as explained below: 

2.             ADALHELM (-after 12 Apr 858).  Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks donated property to deacon Adalhelm which was previously in "comitatum Adelhelmi comitis…in pago Durgouue in locis…Bussenanc et Uuichrammesuuilare" which "temporibus Odelric comitis post illum Adelhelmi comitis in benefitium habuit" by charter dated 15 May 857[165].  It appears from this charter that Adalhelm had succeeded his predecessor, Udalrich probably a close relative, as Graf im Thurgau.  It is probable that deacon Adalhelm was a close relative of Graf Adalhelm.  Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks granted property to Wolvene for life and after his death to Kloster Rheinau "in ducatu Alemannico in pago Turgauue videlicet comitatu Adalhelmi" by charter dated 12 Apr 858[166].  This charter provides one of the few examples of a pagus being co-extensive with a county in the 9th century. 

[141] Jackman, p. 127. 
[142] Jackman, p. 127. 
[143]
D LD I, p. 1. 
[144]
Gesta quorundam regum Francorum 839 and 841, MGH SS I, pp. 361 and 362. 
[145]
Translatio sanguinis domini, Klippel, T. (1980) Reichenauer Hagiographie zwischen Walahfrid und Berno (Sigmaringen), p. 158, cited in Jackman, p. 130. 
[146]
D LD 83, p. 120. 
[147]
Jackman, p. 128. 
[148]
Einhardi Annales 823, MGH SS I, p. 210. 
[149]
Thegani Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 30, MGH SS II, p. 597. 
[150]
D LD 159 and 160, pp. 222 and 223. 
[151]
Württembergisches Urkundenbuch I, 155, p. 181. 
[152]
Württembergisches Urkundenbuch I, 158, 160 and 172, pp. 184, 185 and 200. 
[153]
D Arn 43, p. 61. 
[154]
D Arn 48, p. 67. 
[155]
D Arn 51, p. 73. 
[156]
D Arn 71, p. 106. 
[157]
D Arn 111, p. 163. 
[158]
D LK 20, p. 125. 
[159]
Annales Alammanicorum Continuatio Sangallensis altera 911, MGH SS I, p. 55. 
[160]
Epistola XXLVII, RCGF 9, p. 188. 
[161]
Karoli II Conventus Carisiaensis acta, MGH LL 1, p. 450. 
[162]
Adnuntatio domni Karoli, MGH LL 1, p. 469. 
[163]
Annales Bertiniani III 863. 
[164]
ES XII 23. 
[165]
D LD 83, p. 120. 
[166]
D LD 90, p. 128.  

 

 

 

Chapter 11.    GRAFEN im THURGAU (UDALRICHINGER)

Europäische Stammtafeln records Gerold as "Graf im Mittelrheingebiet", implying a Franconian origin.  However, a strong connection with Swabia is indicated by the places where his sons were recorded as counts. 

1.             GEROLD.  Graf im Kraichgau [Udalrichinger].  m IMMA, daughter of NEBE [Hnabi] Duke of Alemannia & his wife Hereswint --- (-798).  "Imma" daughter of "Nebe" is named by Thegan[167].  Her marriage is suggested by Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris which names "Hildigardam [wife of Charles I King of the Franks] quæ erat de cognatione Gotefridi ducis Alamannorum" and specifies that she was Imma's daughter[168].  The Annales Alamannici record the death in 798 of "Imma"[169].  Graf Gerold & his wife had seven children: 

a)             GEROLD [II] (-killed in battle 1 Sep 799, bur Augia).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "Dudo" donated "Sytinga marca in pago Bertoldesbara" to the monastery of St Gallen by charter dated 11 Apr 786 subscribed by "Dirodhario comite, Geroldo comite, Birtilone comite, Bertoldo comite"[170].  "Ceroldus comes" donated property "in pago Perihtilinpara" to the monastery of St Gallen by charter dated 3 May 786 subscribed by "Imma genitrix, Perihtilone comite"[171].  "Cozbertus" donated property "in Peratholtipara in villa…Priari" to the monastery of St Gallen by charter dated 24 Jan 790 subscribed by "Geraldo comite"[172].  Prefect in Bavaria 796.  Benefactor of Reichenau and St Gallen.  He was killed in battle against the Avars[173].  The Annales Alamannici record that "Kerolt" was killed in 799[174].  The Annales Fuldenses record that "Geroldus Baioariæ præfectus" was killed in 799 fighting the "Hunis"[175].  Gerold is recorded as "defuerat soboles, pariterque defuit heres"[176].  The Epitaphium Geroldi Comitis records the death in battle "Sep…Kal" of "Geroldi"[177].  The Annales Laurissenses Continuatio records that "Geroldus comes Baioariæ prefectus" was killed in battle against the Avars and was buried "in Augia" in 799[178]m ---.  The name of Gerold's wife is not known.  Graf Gerold [II] & his wife had one child: 

i)               child .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  786. 

b)             UDALRICH [I] (-[824]).  "Oudalrico" is named "fratri magnæ Hildigardæ"[179]Graf im Alpgau und Breisgau 780/81.  Graf im Hegau 787/91.  Graf im Thurgau 787.  "Ruadkerus" donated property "in inferiore Lengiuuanc et in Entingas" to the monastery of St Gallen by charter dated 26 Aug 798 "sub Odalrico comite"[180].  Graf on the north bank of Bodensee 805/17.  Graf in Alsace 778/817.  Udalrich's four sons subscribed a charter dated 803[181]m ---.  The name of Udalrich's wife is not known.  Graf Udalrich [I] & his wife had [five] children: 

i)               BEBO .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  803. 

ii)             GEROLD [III] (-after 826).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  803.  Einhard names "Geroldus comes" as one of the 15 witnesses of the testament of Emperor Charlemagne dated 811[182].  Einhard's Annales name "Geroldum comitem" as imperial legate to Italy in 815[183].  Einhard's Annales name "Bertricum palatii comitem" sending "Baldricum et Geroldum comites" to fight the Avars in 826[184].  Einhard's Annales names "Bertricum palatii comitem et Baldricum et Geroldum comites" as imperial missi to "Bulgarorum regem" in 826[185]

iii)            UDALRICH [II] .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  800/03. 

iv)           ROTBERT [Ruadbert/Robert] (-[817, bur Lindau]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf 806/813-814.  Graf im Thurgau 806.  Graf on the north bank of Bodensee 807/813-814.  Graf im Argengau 807.  Graf im Linzgau 813/14. 

v)             [HIDDA .  Jackman quotes the Memorial book of Reichenau which lists (in order) "Hunfridus, Hitta, Adelpreht, Odalrih, Hunfrid, Liutsind, Hitta, Imma, Aba", whom he links with the family of Hunfried, and the Memorial book of St Gallen which lists the same persons with Robert, whom he identifies as the son of Graf Udalrich [I], deducing that "Hitta" was the wife of Hunfried [I] and sister of Robert[186]m HUNFRID [I], son of ---.  Marchese in Istria 799.  Graf in Rätien 806/808.] 

c)             UDO (-[before 798]).  788.  Udo is named as brother of Udalrich [I] in charters dated 797 and 803[187]

d)             HILDEGARD (758-Thionville, Moselle 30 Apr 783, bur Metz, église abbatiale de Saint-Arnoul).  Einhard refers to Hildegard as "de gente Suavorum"[188].  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names her "Hildigardam quæ erat de cognatione Gotefridi ducis Alamannorum" and specifies that she was the daughter of Imma[189].  The Annales Laurissenses record the death "783 pridie Kal Mai" of "Hildegardis regina" and her burial "iuxta urbem Mettensem in basilica apostolorum et beati Arnulfi"[190].  She died from the after effects of childbirth, according to the epitaph of her daughter Hildegarde[191].  Paulus Diaconus wrote an epitaph to "Hildegardis regina"[192]m (Aix-la-Chapelle 771 before 30 Apr) as his second wife, CHARLES I King of the Franks, son of PEPIN "le Bref" King of the Franks & his wife Bertrada [Berta] "au Grand Pied" (near Aix-la-Chapelle 2 Apr 748-Aix-la-Chapelle 28 Jan 814, bur Aix-la-Chapelle, Chapelle Sainte-Marie).  He was crowned CHARLES I “Charlemagne” Emperor of the Romans in 800. 

e)             MEGINGOZ .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  784/85. 

f)               [ADRIANUS .  793.  Adrian is named as son of Gerhard in a charter dated 793 which also names his germanus Erbio[193].]  m WALDRADA, daughter of ---.  Waldrada "apparently Adrian's widow" made a donation to Fulda, approved by Count Odo, which was later reissued as a joint donation by Waldrada and Odo[194].  Adrianus & his wife had three children: 

i)               EUDES [Odo, Udo], son of [ADRIANUS [Udalrichinger] & his wife Waldrada ---] (-killed in battle Jun 834).  Levillain identifies Odo, son of Waldrada, with Eudes Comte d'Orléans.  Another possible clue about the origins of Odo's mother is provided by the Vita Hludowici Imperatoris which records the blinding of "Heribertus Bernhardi frater" and his exile with "Hodo consobrinus illius".  The previous passage in the Vita records the confiscation of Orléans from Eudes Comte d'Orléans.  It is possible that he was the same person as "Hodo", although if this is correct the precise nature of the relationship between him and Heribert has not been established.  Assuming that Heribert was the son of Guillaume de Toulouse & his first wife Cunigundis (about which there may be some doubt, as explained elsewhere in this document), and assuming also that "consobrinus" is used in the text in its strict sense, Cunegundis and the mother of Eudes Comte d'Orléans would have been sisters.  The Annales Fuldenses record that "Odo legatus imperatoris…orientalium Saxonum præsidium" was captured by "Wilzis" in 810.  Einhard's Annales record "Uodo comes" as one of the signatories of peace with the Vikings in 811. He became Comte d'Orléans after the territory was forfeited by Matfried.  The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that "Aurelianensem urbem" was taken from "Hodone" and restored to "Mathfrido" [in 830].  The Annales Bertiniani record that "Odo et Willelmus frater eius" were among those killed fighting "Lantbertum et Matfridem" in 834.  The Annales Xantenses record that "Uodo comes et Theodo abbas" were killed in 834.  The Annales Fuldenses record the rebellion of "Mahtfredo et Lantberto" in 834 and the battle in which "Udo comes Aurelianensium et Theodo abbas sancti Martini Turonensis" were killed.  The Chronicle of Adémar de Chabannes records that "Odo Aurelianorum comes" was killed fighting "Lamberto Nannetensi comite".  The Chronica Rainaldi records that "Odo comes Aurelianensium, Willelmus frater eius comes Blesensium, Guido comes Cenomanensium" died in battle fighting "Lambertum" in 835.  It is more likely that this battle took place in 834, assuming that it is correct that Count Lantbert was established in Italy later that year.  m ENGELTRUDIS , sister of ADALHARD [IV], daughter of [LIUTHARD Comte de Fézensac & his wife Grimhild ---].  The wife of Eudes is named by Nithard who records "Hirmentrude, daughter of Odo and Ingiltrud" as the wife of Charles.  The primary source which establishes that she was the daughter of Adalhard [III] has not so far been identified.  However, the Annales Bertiniani suggest that she was the sister of Adalhard [IV] when they record that "Carlomannus, Hlodowici regis Germaniæ" sought refuge with "Adalardo, Yrmintrudis reginæ avunculo, suo autem propinquo" after he was banished by his father following his rebellion in 861.  Comte Eudes & his wife had [three] children: 

1)      ERMENTRUDIS (27 Sep [830]-Saint-Denis 6 Oct 869, bur église de l'abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).  The Annales Bertiniani record the marriage in 842 of "Ermendrud neptem Adalardi comitis" and "Karolus" at "Carisiacum palatium".  Nithard names "Hirmentrude, daughter of Odo and Ingiltrud" as wife of Charles.  She was crowned in Aug 866 at Saint-Médard de Soissons.  After she was separated from her husband, she retired to a monastery.  The Annales Bertiniani record the death "869 II Non Oct in monasterio Sancti Dyonisii" of "Hyrmentrudem uxorem suam [=Karoli]" and her burial at Saint-Denis.  The Obituaire de Notre-Dame de Paris records the death "Non Oct" of "Irmentrudis regina uxor Caroli".  The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "Non Oct" of "Hirmentrudis regina".  m (Quierzy, Aisne 13 Dec 842, separated 867) as his first wife, CHARLES II “le Chauve” King of the West Franks, son of Emperor LOUIS I "le Pieux" & his second wife Judith [Welf] (Frankfurt-am-Main 13 Jun 823-Avrieux or Brides-les-Bains, Savoie 6 Oct 877, bur Nantua Abbey, transferred to église de l'abbaye royale de Saint-Denis).  He was crowned Emperor CHARLES II in 875. 

2)      GUILLAUME (-executed 866).  The Annales Bertiniani name "Willelmum…Odonis quondam comitis Aurelianensis filium" as "Karolus…sobrinum suum" when recording his capture in Burgundy and execution at "Silvanectum civitatem" in 866. 

3)      [GEBHARD (-after 879).  Jackman suggests that Gebhard (ancestor of the Wetterau) was the brother of Ermentrude, first wife Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks, therefore the son of Eudes Comte d'Orléans & his wife Engeltrudis.  However, this appears chronologically dubious if Gebhard is identified with "Gebehardus" who founded Kloster Kettenbach, as recorded in the charter of "Ludowicus…rex" dated 31 Mar [845] in which the king donated land in "in pago Logonense iuxta fluvium Arda" to the monastery.  Nevertheless, an interesting possible corroboration for Gebhard's relationship with this family is provided by the Annales Bertiniani which record that "Adalardo Yrmintrudis reginæ avunculo" was "propinquo" of the brothers Udo (ancestor of the Franconian Konradiner family), Berengar and Waldo who were expelled from Germany in 865, and in a later passage that "Adalardo…et suis propinquis Hugonis et Berengario" fought the Vikings in 865.  "Adalardo" was Adalhard [III], maternal uncle of Gebhard assuming the relationship is as shown here, and the brothers Udo, Berengar and Waldo were Gebhard's sons.  m --- [im Nordgau], sister of Graf ERNST, daughter of ---.  The relationship between the sons of Gebhard and Graf Ernst is clarified by the Annales Bertiniani which record that "nepotes ipsius [Ernestus]" were expelled from the kingdom in 861.  If the suggestion by Jackman concerning Gebhard's affiliation is correct, Gebhard would have been the brother-in-law not brother of Ernest, married to the latter's sister.]  

-  see Franconia Nobility, Chapter 4 Grafen vonWetterau

ii)       GUILLAUME (-killed in battle Jun 834).  The Annales Bertiniani record that "Odo et Willelmus frater eius" were among those killed fighting "Lantbertum et Matfridem" in 834.  Comte de Blois.  The Chronica Rainaldi records that "Odo comes Aurelianensium, Willelmus frater eius comes Blesensium, Guido comes Cenomanensium" died in battle fighting "Lambertum" in 83. 

-  see Swabian Nobility, Freiherren von Tegerfelden

iii)             WILTRUD .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  "Wialdruth et Guntram" donated property "in Buosinesheim" for the soul of "Rutperti comitis quondam viri mei" by charter dated 19 Feb 834[197]m ([808]) ROBERT [III] Graf im Wormsgau, son of ROBERT [II] Graf im Wormsgau und Oberrheingau & his first wife Theoderata (-before 19 Feb 834).  "Karolus…augustus…imperator Romanum…rex Francorum et Langobardorum" issued a judgment by charter dated 8 Mar 812 which names "fidelibus nostri: Gerulfus, Guntlandus, Hedo, Armannus, Hamricus, Sicardus, Rotbertus comitibus…Amalricus comiti palatii nostro"[198]

g)             [ERBIO (-before 793).  Adrian is named son of Gerhard in a charter dated 793 which also names his germanus Erbio[199].] 

1.             --- .  [m --- of the Franks, daughter of Emperor LOUIS I & his first wife Ermengard --- ([820/25]-).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis records that "rex Francorum qui et imperator Romanorum" gave his sister in marriage to "vir nobilissimo genere decoratus", that the couple had two sons to whom their uncle gave "in Alemannia loca…Potamum et Brigantium, Ubirlingin et Buochorn, Ahihusin et Turingen atque Heistirgou, Wintirture…et in Retia Curiensi Mesouch", and that one of the sons returned to France while the other "Oudalricus" retained all the property in Alamannia[200].  The editor of the MGH SS compilation dates this source to the mid-12th century[201].  The information has not been corroborated in any earlier primary source, although it is not known what prior documentation may have been available to the compiler of the Casus.  There are several other difficulties with this marriage which suggest that the report in the Casus should be treated with caution.  If the information is accurate, it is likely that the bride was a full sister of King Charles, although if this is correct her absence from contemporary documentation is surprising.  If she had been Charles's half-sister, it is difficult to see how Charles would have had much influence on her marriage, which would have been arranged by one of her full brothers.  In any case, it is unlikely that Emperor Louis's first wife would have had further children after [812/15] at the latest, given the birth of her eldest son in 795.  If that estimated birth date is correct, then it is more likely that this daughter's marriage would have been arranged by her father Emperor Louis before his death in 840.  Another problem is the potential consanguinity between the parties.  Although the precise relationship between the couple's son Udalrich [III] and the earlier Udalrichinger cannot be established from available documentation, it is probable that he was closely related to Hildegard, first wife of Emperor Charles I, who was the paternal grandmother of Emperor Louis's children.  Lastly, Udalrich [III] is recorded in charters dated 847 and 854, suggesting a birth date in the 820s assuming that he was adult at the time, which is inconsistent with Charles II "le Chauve" (born in 823) having arranged his parents' marriage.]  Two children: 

a)             son .  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis records that one of the nephews of Emperor Louis I returned to France[202].  

b)             UDALRICH [III] ([820/25]-13 Apr before [896/900]).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis records that Emperor Louis I gave his nephews "in Alemannia loca…Potamum et Brigantium, Ubirlingin et Buochorn, Ahihusin et Turingen atque Heistirgou, Wintirture…et in Retia Curiensi Mesouch", "Oudalricus" retaining all the property in Alamannia[203].  There is no proof of a connection with the preceding family of Graf Gerold and his wife Imma, but this is suggested by Udalrich's name and the similar geographical area of activity.  "…Odelrih…" is among those listed as present in the charter dated 12 Oct 847 under which King Ludwig granted property to "Pribina"[204].  A charter of Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks dated 22 Jul 854 records the settlement of a dispute between Kloster St Gallen and the bishop of Konstanz related to property "…in comitatu Odalrici comiti in pagello Goldineshuntare in villa Heriprahttinga"[205].  Ludwig "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks gave instructions to "Atoni et Odalricho ceterisque comitibus nostris in Alamannia" relating to Kloster St Gallen in an undated charter, inserted in the compilation with charters dated [854/55][206].  Charters dated 25 Mar 860, 3 Oct 861 (property "in pago Argengauue"), 15 May 866, 1 Jul 869, Jun 874, Oct 878, Apr 879, 1 May 879 (jointly with "Adalberto comitis"), Jun 882, 1 May 885 recording donations to St Gallen are dated to "sub Uadalricho comite"[207].  Ludwig "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks donated property "res…nostris in comitatu Odalrici…Mathasco et…Sauariæ" to Kloster Mattsee by charter dated 8 May 860[208].  Ludwig "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks donated property "Sabariam civitatem et Peinihhan, sicut Odolricus comes noster" to Salzburg church by charter dated 28 Nov 860[209].  Ludwig "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks granted property to Podoholt and his brother Folcherat naming "nepos noster Odolricus comes et Hildeboldus missus noster" in a charter dated 17 Aug 867 relating to Argengau[210].  Ludwig "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks granted property "res in ducatu Alamannico in pago Linzgoue in comitatu Odelrici comitis in villa…Eilinga" to "clericus Baldinc" by charter dated 3 Oct 875[211].  Graf on the north coast of Bodensee 885/90.  Graf im Argengau 885/86.  Graf im Linzgau 889.  "Arnolfus…rex" granted property "in pago pago Quinzingouue in comitatu Hunolfi" to Kloster St Emmeran by charter dated 21 Mar 890 which names "Engildeo comes, Odalrich comes, Meginhart comes, Chunipercht comes, Kerolt comes, Rumolt comes, Geio comes"[212].  "Arnolfus…rex" confirmed an exchange of property between the monks of Ottobeuren "per manum advocati eorum…Reginhoh" and "fidelis Yringis" with the consent of "Odalrici comitis" by charter dated 26 Jun 890[213].  "Arnolfus…rex" commanded "Adalberto, Perehtolto, Purgharto, Vodalrico et cunctis regni istius primatibus" to grant rights to Kloster St Gallen by an undated charter, placed in the compilation among charters dated [891/92][214].  The necrology of St Gall records the death "Id Apr" of "Uodalrici comitis regum nepotis"[215]m ---.  The name of Udalrich's wife is not known.  Graf Udalrich [III] & his wife had one child:

i)               UDALRICH [IV] (-[27 Mar, 30 Sep or 8 Oct] ----, [27 Sep 894/26 May 896-900]).  He is named "Udalrich junior" in 894.  Graf on the north coast of Bodensee 885/94.  Graf im Argengau 885 and 894.  Graf im Linzgau und Rheingau 891.  The necrology of St Gall records the death "VI Kal Apr" of "Uodalrici benigni comitis", "II Kal Oct" of "Uodalrici comitis" and "VIII Id Nov" of "Uodalrici benigni comitis"[216], one of which could refer to Udalrich [IV] and Udalrich [V].  m PEREHTHEIDE, daughter of ---.  886/90.  "Arnolfus…rex" confiscated all property "quas in Alamannia vel Alsatia" of "Odalricum…cum Perehtheda uxore sua" and donated it to Hatto Abbot of Reichenau by charter dated 890[217].  Graf Udalrich [IV] & his wife had three children: 

(a)          GEROLD .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  886. 

(b)          IRMINDRUD .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbess at Aadorf 886/94. 

(c)          PEREHDRUD .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbess at Aadorf 886. 

1.             UDALRICH [V] (-[27 Mar, 30 Sep or 8 Sep] 924).  There is no proof of a connection with the preceding families but this is suggested by his name and the similar geographical area of activity.  Charters dated 10 May 905 and 24 Feb 909 recording donations to St Gallen are dated to "sub comite Odalrico"[218].  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property "in loco Munichinga in pago Chlethgeuue" to Kloster St Gallen by charter dated 11 Mar 912 at the request of "comitum quoque Erchangarii et Chuonradi, Odalrici, Hugonis"[219].  "Chuonradus…rex" made donations by charter dated 5 Mar 912 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum comitum vero Sigihardi, Arnolfi, Erchangarii, Odalrici, Perchtoldi, Chuonradi, Herimanni, Luitfredi atque Iringi"[220].  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property "in pago Tuhrlamensi in comitatu Odalrici…in loco Helfotesuuilare" to Bishop Salomon by charter dated 3 Oct 912[221].  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster Murbach by charter dated 12 Mar 913 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum…Erchangarii, Chuonradi, Hugonis, Ottonis, Heinrici, Bopponis, Udalrici, Eberhardi"[222].  "Oudalrich quidam comes de Karoli prosapia" is named in the Chronicle of St Gallen, which also names his wife and their two sons[223].  The Annales Necrologici Fuldenses record the death "924" of "Uodalrih com"[224].  The necrology of St Gall records the death "VI Kal Apr" of "Uodalrici benigni comitis", "II Kal Oct" of "Uodalrici comitis" and "VIII Id Nov" of "Uodalrici benigni comitis"[225], one of which could refer to Udalrich [IV] and Udalrich [V].  m WUNDELGART, daughter of EKKEHARD [I] & his wife --- ([885/90]-).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Her birth date range is estimated from the likely birth date range of her supposed mother, assuming that the origin shown here is correct, and the likely ages of her children.  "Wundilgartam Henrici regis de filia neptim" is named in the Chronicle of St Gall, which also names her husband[226].  The same source in a later passage names "Ekkehardo…diacono et Purchardo puero post abate consobrinis suis"[227].  As Wundelgart was the mother of Abbot Burkhard, this gives the essential clue to her origin.  Graf Udalrich [V] & his wife had [six or more] children: 

a)             UDALRICH [VI] [Outzo] (-25 Aug [950/57], bur Lindau Frauenkloster).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Outzo comes qui habitabat apud Brigantium" as a descendant of "Oudalricus" (nephew of King of France, see above), and his wife "Diepirgam"[228].  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Bregenz. 

b)             BURCHARD (-9 Aug 975).  The Casuum Sancti Galli, Continuatio I, Ekkehardo IV names "Ekkehardo…diacono et Purchardo puero post abate consobrinis suis"[229].  The Casuum Sancti Galli, Continuatio I, Ekkehardo IV refers to Abbot Burkhard as "nepotem meum", referring to Emperor Otto I[230].  Abbot of St Gallen234 958, resigned 971[231].  The necrology of St Gallen records the death "V Id Aug" of "Purchardi…abbatis"[232]

c)             ADALHARD .  "Adalhardum qui Gallo Altstetin post tradidit" is named as son of "Oudalrich and Wundilgartem" in the Chronicle of St Gallen[233].  The commentary calls him "Adalhart comes Buchhorni" and also names his son and brother[234].  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis records that "Adilhardus comes" donated property to "nepoti suo beato Gebehardo epicopo"[235].  Graf im Thurgau 920/[970].  m ---.  The name of Adalhard's wife is not known.  Graf Adalhard & his wife had one child: 

i)               RICHERE .  The Casuum Sancti Galli, Continuatio I, Ekkehardo IV names "camerarius…suus Richere, fratris quidem filius", referring to Burkhard abbot of St Gallen[236].  Monk at St Gallen, and camerarius, son of Adalhard234

d)             WITO . The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   913. 

e)             daughters .  The Chronicle of St Gallen refers to unnamed daughters of "Oudalrich and Wundilgartem" 

UDALRICH [VI] [Outzo], son of Graf UDALRICH [V] & his wife Wundelgart --- (-25 Aug [950/57], bur Lindau Frauenkloster).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Outzo comes qui habitabat apud Brigantium" as a descendant of "Oudalricus" (nephew of King of France, see above), and his wife "Diepirgam"[238].  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Bregenz.  Graf im Rätien 926/50.  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "Luminius in pago Curiensi in comitatu Udalrici comitis" to Waldo Bishop of Chur by charter dated 3 Nov 926[239].  "Otto…rex" confirmed the rights and privileges of Kloster Pfävers including property "in pago Retia…in comitatu Odalrrici comitis" by charter dated 9 Feb 950[240]

m DIEPURGA, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   

Graf Udalrich [VI] & his wife had [five] children: 

1.             UDALRICH [VII] (-16 Mar 973).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Oudalricum alterum Marquardum tercium Liutfridum quartum Gebehardum" as the four sons of "Outzo comes", specifying that Udalrich fought in the war of Emperor Otto I against the Hungarians, founded "Lindaugense monasterium" where he was buried and left posterity "apud Brigantium"[241].  Graf 955.  The Annales Sangallenses record the deaths in 973 of "Udalricus comes et Ekkehardus monachus"[242].  The necrology of Petrishusen records the death "XVII Kal Apr" of "Uodolricus com frater s Gebehardi"[243]

-        GRAFEN von BREGENZ

2.             MARQUARD .  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Oudalricum alterum Marquardum tercium Liutfridum quartum Gebehardum" as the four sons of "Outzo comes", specifying that Marquard was "comes effectus, in amicitia Ottonis imperatoris plurimum potuit"[244]

3.             [ADALBERT [I] (-after 29 Oct 980).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Rheingau 957 and 980.  Graf in Rätien 958/76.  "Otto…rex" donated property "in Recia Curiensi in comitatu Adalberti comitis" to the church of Chur by charter dated 16 Jan 958[245].  "Otto…rex" granted the church at Pfeffikon "in ducatu Alemaniæ in pago Zurichgeuua in comitatu Luitonis comitis…et in provincia Rhætiæ Curiensis in comitatu Adalberti comitis in villa Amadeo" to the monks of Disentis by charter dated 16 May 960[246].  "Otto…imperator augustus" made donations "in comitatu Zurichgau…loca…in comitatu Adelberti Retia" to Kloster Einsiedeln by charter dated 23 Jan 965[247].  "Otto…imperator augustus" granted property "in pago Thureguoe in comitatu Burchardi comitis" to "Kloster Disentis in pago Curiorum in comitatu Adelberti comitis" by charter dated 12 Apr 965[248].  "Otto…imperator augustus" made donations "in pago Mundericheshundera in comitatu Hartmanni in villis Thiethereschiricha et Pargdorf et in pago Nibilgouue in vico Suarcensee in comitatu Adelberti et in pago Ringouue in comitatu Adelberti" to Kloster St Gallen by charter dated 29 Oct 980[249].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Adalbert was the likely ancestor of the GRAFEN von BREGENZ[250].] 

4.             LIUTFRIED .  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Oudalricum alterum Marquardum tercium Liutfridum quartum Gebehardum" as the four sons of "Outzo comes", specifying that Liutfried received Winterthur in the inheritance of his father[251]m --- .  The name of Liutfried's wife is not known.  Liutfried & his wife had one child: 

a)             ADALBERT [II] (-8 Sep [1030]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "VI Id Sep" of "Adalbertus comes de Bregantia, avus com Adelhaidis fundatricis nostra"[252]m --- .  The name of Adalbert's wife is not known.  Graf Adalbert [II] & his wife had three children:

i)               ADALBERT [III] (-killed in battle Civitate, Apulia 13 Jun 1053).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Adilbertum…[et] Adilheidis" as son and daughter of Liutfried & his wife, specifying that Adilbert went to Apulia with Pope Leo[253], but this appears to skip a generation in light of the necrology entry for Adalbert's father Adalbert (see above).  Europäische Stammtafeln shows the brothers Adalbert, Liutfried and Hermann as possible sons of Werner [I] Graf [von Gröningen][254] but this is not consistent with the other sources which refer to Adalbert, his father and daughter.  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "XIV Kal Jul" of "Adalbertus comes de Bregantia, pater com Adelhardis fundatricis nostræ"[255]m --- .  The name of Adalbert's wife is not known.  Graf Adalbert [III] & his wife had three children:

(a)          ADELHEID (1053 or before-).  The necrology of Neresheim records the death "XIV Kal Jul" of "Adalbertus comes de Bregantia, pater com Adelhardis fundatricis nostræ"[256], Adelheid's husband being recorded in the same source as founder of Kloster Neresheim.  Alternatively, the Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Adilbertum…[et] Adilheidis" as son and daughter of Liutfried & his wife, specifying that Adelheid married "comes Hartmannus senior de Dilinga"[257].  This parentage for Adelheid is chronologically impossible without two or three intervening generations, assuming that Liutfried was the son of Udalrich [VI] Outzo as shown above.  Adelheid and her husband were buried in Kloster Neresheim according to a monumental inscription which reads "AD 1121 obiit Hartmannus fundator noster, comes de Dillingen, et uxor eius de Kyburg Adelhaid"[258].  This suggests that Adelheid was the heiress of Kiburg which, if correct, was transmitted into the family of the Grafen von Dillingen through her marriage.  m HARTMANN [I] Graf von Dillingen, son of HUPALD Graf [von Dillingen] & his wife --- (-16 Apr 1120, bur Neresheim). 

ii)             LIUTFRIED (-killed in battle 23 Aug 1040).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Europäische Stammtafeln shows the brothers Adalbert, Liutfried and Hermann as possible sons of Werner [I] Graf [von Gröningen][259].  This is not consistent with the other sources which refer to Adalbert, his father and daughter, although no direct reference has been found either to Liutfried or Hermann. 

iii)            HERMANN (-8 Apr 1065).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbot of Einsiedeln 1051.  Europäische Stammtafeln shows the brothers Adalbert, Liutfried and Hermann as possible sons of Werner [I] Graf [von Gröningen][260].  This is not consistent with the other sources which refer to Adalbert, his father and daughter, although no direct reference has been found either to Liutfried or Hermann. 

5.             GEBHARD (9 Aug 946 or 949-Konstanz 27 Aug 995, bur Petershausen).  The Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis names "Oudalricum alterum Marquardum tercium Liutfridum quartum Gebehardum" as the four sons of "Outzo comes", specifying that his mother died giving birth to Gebhard who became a canon at Konstanz, later Bishop of Konstanz[261].  He founded Kloster Petershausen in 983[262].  Bishop of Konstanz 979. 

[167] Thegani Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 2, MGH SS II, p. 591. 
[168]
Thegani Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 2, MGH SS II, p. 590-1. 
[169]
Annales Alamannici 798, MGH SS I, p. 48. 
[170]
Württembergisches Urkundenbuch I, 32, p. 32. 
[171]
Württembergisches Urkundenbuch I, 33, p. 34. 
[172]
Württembergisches Urkundenbuch I, 37, p. 39. 
[173]
ES XII 24. 
[174]
Annales Alamannici 799, MGH SS I, p. 48. 
[175]
Annales Fuldenses 799, MGH SS I, p. 352. 
[176]
Walahfrid Viso Wettini, line 816, quoted in Jackman, p. 126. 
[177]
Tituli Sæculi VIII, X Epitaphium Geroldi comitis, MGH Poetæ Latini ævi Carolini I, p. 114. 
[178]
Annales Laurissenses Continuatio usque ad a. 829 Auctore Einhardo 799, MGH SS I, p. 186. 
[179]
Monachi Sangallensis Gesta Karoli I.13, MGH SS II, p. 736. 
[180]
Württembergisches Urkundenbuch I, 51, p. 54. 
[181]
Codex diplomaticus Fuldensis no. 178, cited in Jackman, p. 125. 
[182]
Einhardi Vita Karoli Imperatoris, MGH SS II, p. 463. 
[183]
Einhardi Annales 815, MGH SS I, p. 202. 
[184]
Einhardi Annales 826, MGH SS I, p. 214. 
[185]
Einhardi Annales 826, MGH SS I, p. 214. 
[186]
Jackman, p. 127. 
[187]
Codex diplomaticus Fuldensis nos. 148 and 178, cited in Jackman, p. 125. 
[188]
Einhard 18, p. 453. 
[189]
Thegani Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 2, MGH SS II, p. 590-1. 
[190]
Annales Laurissenses 783, MGH SS I, p. 164. 
[191]
Pauli Gesta Episcop. Mettensium, MGH SS II, p. 267. 
[192]
Pauli Diaconi Carmina, XXII Epitaphium Hildegardis reginæ, MGH Poetæ Latini ævi Carolini I, p. 58. 
[193]
Codex Laureshamensis, no. 936, cited in Jackman, p. 126. 
[194]
Codex diplomaticus Fuldensis nos. 395 and 429, cited in Jackman, p. 126. 
[195]
Levillain, L. 'Les Nibelungen historiques et leurs alliances de famille' Annales du Midi 49 (1937) 337-407, 50 (1938) 5-66, 31-43, cited in Jackman, p. 126. 
[196]
Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 44 and 45, MGH SS II, p. 633. 
[197]
Codex Laureshamensis II, 271, p. 49. 
[198]
DD Kar. 1, 216, p. 288. 
[199]
Codex Laureshamensis, no. 936, cited in Jackman, p. 126.
[200]
Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis I.2, MGH SS XX, p. 628. 
[201]
MGH SS XX, pp. 622-25.
[202] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis I.2, MGH SS XX, p. 628.
[203]
Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis I.2, MGH SS XX, p. 628. 
[204] D LD 46, p. 62. 
[205]
D LD 69, p. 96. 
[206] D LD 71, p. 101. 
[207] Württembergisches Urkundenbuch I, 130, 135, 139, 144, 148, 153, 154, 155, 157 and 159, pp. 153, 158, 164, 170, 174, 179, 180, 181, 183 and 185. 
[208] D LD 101, p. 145. 
[209] D LD 102, p. 147.
[210] D LD 124, p. 174. 
[211] D LD 165, p. 229
[212] D Arn 75, p. 112. 
[213] D Arn 79, p. 118. 
[214] D Arn 111, p. 163. 
[215] Libri Anniversariorum et Necrologium Monasterii Sancti Galli, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 462. 
[216] Libri Anniversariorum et Necrologium Monasterii Sancti Galli, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 462. 
[217] D Arn 81, p. 121. 
[218] Württembergisches Urkundenbuch I, 177 and 178, pp. 206 and 207. 
[219] D K I 2, p. 2. 
[220] D K I 3, p. 3. 
[221] D K I 12, p. 12. 
[222] D K I 17, p. 16. 
[223] Ekkehardi IV Casus S. Galli, MGH SS II, p. 119. 
[224] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses 957, MGH SS XIII, p. 198. 
[225] Libri Anniversariorum et Necrologium Monasterii Sancti Galli, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 462. 
[226] Ekkehardi IV Casus S. Galli, MGH SS II, p. 119. 
[227] Casuum Sancti Galli, Continuatio I, Ekkehardo IV 10, MGH SS II, p. 124. 
[228] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis I.3, MGH SS XX, p. 628. 
[229] Casuum Sancti Galli, Continuatio I, Ekkehardo IV 10, MGH SS II, p. 124. 
[230] Casuum Sancti Galli, Continuatio I, Ekkehardo IV 10, MGH SS II, p. 127. 
[231] ES XII 25. 
[232] Libri Anniversariorum et Necrologium Monasterii Sancti Galli, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 462. 
[233] Ekkehardi IV Casus S. Galli, p. 119, MGH SS II, p. 119. 
[234] Ekkehardi IV Casus S. Galli, MGH SS II, p. 119 footnote. 
[235] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis I.42, MGH SS XX, p. 637. 
[236] Casuum Sancti Galli, Continuatio I, Ekkehardo IV 10, MGH SS II, p. 121. 
[237] Ekkehardi IV Casus S. Galli, MGH SS II, p. 119. 
[238] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis I.3, MGH SS XX, p. 628. 
[239] D H I 11, p. 48. 
[240] D O I 120, p. 202. 
[241] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis I.4, MGH SS XX, p. 629. 
[242] Annales Sangallensis Maiores 973 (977), MGH SS I, p. 80. 
[243] Necrologium Petrishusanum, Chur Necrologies, p. 664.
[244] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis I.4, MGH SS XX, p. 629. 
[245] D O I 191, p. 272.   
[246] D O I 208, p. 286. 
[247] D O I 276, p. 392. 
[248] D O I 285, p. 400. 
[249] D O II 236, p. 265. 
[250] ES XII 25. 
[251] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis I.4 and 5, MGH SS XX, p. 629. 
[252] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95. 
[253] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis I.5, MGH SS XX, p. 629. 
[254] ES XII 25. 
[255] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95. 
[256] Fragmenta Necrologii Neresheimenses, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 95.  
[257] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis I.5, MGH SS XX, p. 629. 
[258] Quoted in MGH SS X, p. 21 footnote 28.  It is not known whether the original inscription survives. 
[259] ES XII 25. 
[260] ES XII 25. 
[261] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis I.4 and 6, MGH SS XX, p. 629.
[262] ES XII 25. 

 

 

Chapter 12.    GRAFEN im ZÜRICHGAU

It appears probable that Gerold and his son were closely related to the family of Graf Gerold [I] & his wife Imma (see Chapter 4). 

1.             GEROLD [IV] (-after 852).  A charter dated 8 Feb 838 recording a donation to St Gallen is dated to "sub Keroldo comite"[263].  "Engilperti atque Cundperti diaconi ac nepotis sui" donated property "in pago Rotagewe in villa…Skefouua" to "Monasterium Maninseo" by charter dated 852 witnessed by "Kerolt comes, Kerolt filius eius"[264]m --- .  The name of Gerold's wife is not known.  Graf Gerold & his wife had one child:

a)             GEROLD [V] (-after 21 Mar 890).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks donated property to Kloster St Gallen which had been taken by "Geroldus comes et potestati Zurigaugensis comitatus", by charter dated 26 Feb 875[265].  A charter of Emperor Karl III dated 17 Nov 887 relating to the restoration of Kloster Reichenau names "comes…Keroldus…cum coniuge nostra Hilthigarda"[266], it being assumed that the latter is an error for "coniuge sua".  "Arnolfus…rex" granted property "in pago pago Quinzingouue in comitatu Hunolfi" to Kloster St Emmeran by charter dated 21 Mar 890 which names "Engildeo comes, Odalrich comes, Meginhart comes, Chunipercht comes, Kerolt comes, Rumolt comes, Geio comes"[267]m HILTIGARDE, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

1.             ADALGOZ (-after 899).  Graf im Zürichgau 893/899. 

2.             REGINLIND (-after 899).  899. 

3.             EBERHARD [I] .  Graf im Zürichgau 27 Jan 889.  m GISELA, daughter of --- .  911.  The Annales Alamannicorum record that "Gisle…socrui Purchardi iunioris" donated all her property to St Peter's in 911[268].  Graf Eberhard [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)             REGINLIND ([885/90]-Insel Ufenau 958 after 29 Apr).  Reginlind's maternal line is proved by the reference noted above, but direct proof that Graf Eberhard [I] was her father has not yet been identified.  Regino records that "viduam Burchardi" married "Herimanno"[269].  The Liber Anniversariorum of Einsiedeln records in Aug the donation of "Stevegeia, Kaltbrunnen et Lindowa" by "domina Regelinda cum filio suo Burcardo duce"[270].  "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Zuriggaui in comitatu Liudonis commitis" to "Erig" at the request of "Regilinde…comitisse" by charter dated 10 Mar 952[271].  "Otto…rex" donated property "in pago Engrisgouue in comitatu Uualtbrahtti in loco…Uuidhergis" to "matrone fidelique nostre Reginlind" at the request of "Burghardi ducis" by charter dated 29 Apr 958[272]m firstly (before 911) BURKHARD [II], son of BURKHARD [I] Marchio in Rätien [Duke of Swabia] & his wife --- (-murdered Novara 28/29 Apr 926).  He was installed as Duke of Swabia in 917.  m secondly HERMANN I Duke of Swabia, son of GEBHARD Graf im oberen Rheingau [Konradiner] & his wife Hidda --- (-10 Dec 949, bur Reichenau Island). 

4.             EBERHARD [II] (-[before 958]).  Graf.  m --- .  The name of Eberhard's wife is not known.  Graf Eberhard [II] & his wife had one child:

a)             GOTTFRIED [I] (-968 or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Gau Schwerza 966: "Otto…imperator augustus" donated property "in pago Bibligouue in comitatu Anshelmi in villa Chupinga" to the bishopric of Chur in exchange for property "predii…Adalberto filio Liutuuardi…in pago Suerzza in comitatu Gotefridi in villa Alemuntinga" by charter dated 22 Apr 966[273].  Graf im Zürichgau 968.  m --- .  The name of Gottfried's wife is not known.  Graf Gottfried [I] & his wife had one child: 

i)               EBERHARD .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  979.  m GISELA, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  979.  Eberhard & his wife had one child: 

(a)          GEBHARD .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  979. 

5.             LUITO (-after 16 May 960).  "Otto…rex" granted property "in pago Zuriggaui in comitatu Liudonis commitis" to "Erig" at the request of "Regilinde…comitisse" by charter dated 10 Mar 952[274].  "Otto…rex" granted the church at Pfeffikon "in ducatu Alemaniæ in pago Zurichgeuua in comitatu Luitonis comitis…et in provincia Rhætiæ Curiensis in comitatu Adalberti comitis in villa Amadeo" to the monks of Disentis by charter dated 16 May 960[275]

6.             EBERHARD [III] .  Graf im Thurgau 957/971.  m --- .  The name of Eberhard's wife is not known.  Graf Eberhard [III] & his wife had one child:

a)             LUITGARD .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m LANDOLT [Lancelin] Graf von Altenburg, son of GUNTRAM "der Reiche" Graf im Breisgau & his wife --- (-991). 

7.             BURKHARD [I] .  Turegiensis castri advocatus 955.  Graf im Zürichgau 963/965.  "Otto…imperator augustus" granted property "in pago Thureguoe in comitatu Burchardi comitis" to "Kloster Disentis in pago Curiorum in comitatu Adelberti comitis" by charter dated 12 Apr 965[276]

8.             MANEGOLD (-1 May 991, bur Quedlinburg Cathedral).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Manegold was the possible son of Burkhard [I] Graf im Zürichgau[277]

-        GRAFEN von NELLENBURG

9.             GOTTFRIED (-995).  Brother of Graf Manegold[278].  Monk at Einsiedeln. 

[263] Württembergisches Urkundenbuch I, 97, p. 111. 
[264] Regensburg Cartulary, Section I, no. XLIII, p. 44. 
[265] D LD 158, p. 221. 
[266] D Karl 172, p. 278, headed "verunechtet" in the compilation. 
[267] D Arn 75, p. 112.
[268] Annales Alammanicorum Continuatio Sangallensis altera 911, MGH SS I, p. 55. 
[269] Reginonis Chronicon 926, MGH SS I, p. 615. 
[270] Liber Anniversariorum Einsiedlenses, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 358.
[271] D O I 147, p. 228. 
[272] D O I 193, p. 274.   
[273] D O I 326, p. 440. 
[274] D O I 147, p. 228. 
[275] D O I 208, p. 286. 
[276] D O I 285, p. 400. 
[277] ES XII 85. 
[278] ES XII 85. 

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