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INTRODUCTION

Chapter 1.    DUKES of CARINTHIA 976-1358

A. DUKE of CARINTHIA (LUITPOLDINGER]

HEINRICH I 976-978, 985-989

B. DUKES of CARINTHIA (DUKES of FRANCONIA)

OTTO I 978-985, 995-1002, KONRAD I 1004-1011, KONRAD II 1036-1039

C. DUKES of CARINTHIA (EPPENSTEINER)

ADALBERO I 1012-1035, LIUTOLD 1077-1090, HEINRICH II 1093-1122

D. DUKE of CARINTHIA (WELF)

WELF I 1047-1055

E.  DUKE of CARINTHIA (PFALZGRAF)

KONRAD III 1057-1061

F.  DUKES of CARINTHIA (ZÄHRINGEN)

BERTHOLD I 1061-1077, BERTHOLD II 1092

G.  DUKES of CARINTHIA (SPONHEIM)

HEINRICH III 1123
ENGELBERT 1124-1135, ULRICH I 1135-1144, HEINRICH IV 1144-1161
HERMANN II 1161-1181, ULRICH II 1181-1202, BERNHARD 1202-1256, ULRICH III 1256-1269, PHILIPP 1275-1279

H.  DUKE of CARINTHIA (KINGS of BOHEMIA)

OTAKAR 1269-1276

I.    DUKES of CARINTHIA (GRAFEN von GÖRZ)

MEINHARD II 1286-1295, OTTO 1295-1310, HEINRICH V 1310-1335

J.  DUKES of CARINTHIA (DUKES of AUSTRIA [HABSBURG])

ALBRECHT 1335-1358

Chapter 2.    MARKGRAFEN der KÄRNTNER MARK

A.   MARKGRAFEN der KÄRNTNER MARK (EPPENSTEINER)
B.   MARKGRÄFEN der KÄRTNER MARK (GRAFEN von WELS-LAMBACH 1035-1050)

Chapter 3.    ARIBONEN

Chapter 4.    GRAFEN im CHIEMGAU (SIEGHARDINGER)

Chapter 5.    GRAFEN von PLAIN und HARDEGG

Chapter 6.    GRAFEN von SPONHEIM

Chapter 7.    MARKGRAFEN von STEIERMARK [STYRIA]

A.   ORIGINS, GRAFEN im CHIEMGAU
B.   MARKGRAFEN von STEIERMARK [STYRIA]

OTAKAR I 1056-1075, ADALBERO 1075-[1082], OTAKAR II 1082-1122, LEOPOLD 1122-1129, OTAKAR III 1129-1164, OTAKAR IV 1164-1192

Chapter 8.    GRAFEN von TIROL, GRAFEN von GÖRZ

A.   GRAFEN von TIROL -1253
B.   GRAFEN von GÖRZ
C.  
GRAFEN von TIROL 1254-1335 (GÖRZ)

MEINHARD I 1254-1258
MEINHARD II 1259-1295, OTTO 1295-1310, HEINRICH V 1310-1335

D.      GRAFEN von GÖRZ

Chapter 9.    WILHELME

Chapter 10.   FAMILY of ODALBERT ARCHBISHOP of SALZBURG

 

 

INTRODUCTION

The independent Slovene prince Liudewit rebelled against the Franks between 819 and 823, when he was murdered, and had some support in Carinthia.  After this, the Carinthians, previously under their own dukes, were reorganised into counties under Ludwig II "der Deutsche", later king of the East Franks, in [the 820s][1].  The territory of Carinthia and the Italian marches were acquired by Bavaria from … in 952[2].  When Otto II King of Germany appointed his nephew Otto as Duke of Bavaria in 976, these territories were separated from Bavaria to form the new duchy of Carinthia, with Heinrich of Bavaria [Luitpoldinger] installed as duke. 

 

 

Chapter 1.    DUKES of CARINTHIA 976-1358

A.      DUKE of CARINTHIA (LUITPOLDINGER]

HEINRICH I 976-978, 985-989

1.     HEINRICH of Bavaria, son of BERTHOLD Duke of Bavaria & his wife Bieletrud --- (-5 Oct 989, bur [Niederaltaich]).  "Henricus Minor, filius Bertoldi" is named in the Annalista Saxo, when recording his installation as Duke of Bavaria in 983[3].  Still a minor on his father's death, he was passed over in the succession to Bavaria when Otto I King of Germany established his own brother Heinrich as Duke[4].  He was appointed HEINRICH I Duke of Carinthia in 976.  Implicated in the rebellion of Heinrich II "der Zänker" Duke of Bavaria against Otto II King of Germany, he was put on trial and deprived of the duchy of Carinthia in 978.  He was restored as Duke of Carinthia in 983.  He was installed as HEINRICH III Duke of Bavaria at Verona in 983, until [early 985].

 

B.      DUKES of CARINTHIA (DUKES of FRANCONIA)

OTTO I 978-985, 995-1002, KONRAD I 1004-1011, KONRAD II 1036-1039

1.     OTTO von Franken, son of KONRAD "der Rote" Duke of Lotharingia, Graf in Franconia & his wife Liutgard of Germany (-4 Nov 1004, bur [Bruchsal]).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Ottonem" as son of "duci Wormatie Conrado", specifying that he was father of "Cono dux et Henricus pater imperatoris Conradi"[5].  Graf im Nahegau 956.  Graf im Speier-, Worms-, Elsenz-, Kraich-, Engpfinz- und Ufgau.  He was installed as OTTO Duke of Carinthia by Otto II King of Germany in 978 after the trial of Heinrich Duke of Carinthia who had been implicated in the rebellion of Heinrich II "der Zänker" Duke of Bavaria against the king[6].  Duke Otto was deprived of Carinthia in 985 when it was returned to Duke Heinrich I [Liutpoldinger], but allowed to retain the ducal title and granted lands around Worms and Frankfurt[7].  , but restored from 995 to 1002. 

a)       -        other children: see FRANCONIA

b)     KONRAD (-12 or 15 Dec 1011, bur Worms cathedral).  Herimannus names "Counradus dux Carentani, filius Ottonis ducis fraterque Brunonis dudum papæ" when recording his death in 1012[8].  He was candidate for the imperial throne in 1002.  He was installed as KONRAD I Duke of Carinthia in 1004. 

i)       KONRAD "der Jüngere" ([1003]-20 Jul 1039, bur Worms cathedral).  Herimannus names "filio eius [=Counradus dux Carentani] puero Counrado" when recording that he was deprived of the duchy of Carinthia on his father's death in 1012[9].  Graf im Nahe-, Speyer- und Wormsgau.  Candidate for the Imperial throne 1024.  He was installed as KONRAD II Duke of Carinthia in 1036. 

 

C.      DUKES of CARINTHIA (EPPENSTEINER)

ADALBERO I 1012-1035, LIUTOLD 1077-1090, HEINRICH II 1093-1122

ADALBERO, son of MARKWARD [III] Markgraf der Kärtner Mark & his wife Hadamudis von Ebersberg (-28 Nov 1039).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Markgraf der Kärtner Mark 1000.  "Otto tercius…Romanorum imperator augustus" granted property at Regensburg to "fideli nostro Adalberoni comitis" by charter dated 11 Jun 1000[10].  "Henricus…rex" granted property "inter suos fluvios Ysara et Liubasa…in comitatu Friderici…in Hachingun in pago Sundergouue" to "comitis Adalberonis" by charter dated 30 Jun 1003[11].  "Henricus…rex" granted property "in loco Chibach in comitatu Herteshusa" to Kloster Kühbach founded by "comes Adalbero" who was also granted the right for life to choose the vogt of the Kloster, by charter dated 26 Jun 1011[12].  The Augsburg Chronicle records that he was installed in 1012 as ADALBERO I Duke of Carinthia after the death of "Counradus dux Carentani filius Ottonis ducis et private filio eius puero Chounrado"[13].  Wipo, in his description of the election of Konrad II King of Germany in 1024, names him "Adalbero Duke of Istria"[14].  "Chonradus…Romanorum imperator augustus" gave judgment in a claim by "Adalpero dux de Carinthia…cum comite Wecellino advocato suo" relating to the church of Aquileja by charter dated 19 May 1027[15].  According to Wipo, Duke Adalbero was found guilty of treason by Emperor Konrad II in Jun 1035 at Bamberg and banished with his sons.  The Annals of Hildesheim record that in 1036, in the early part of the narrative relating to this year, Adalbero killed "Willehelmum comitem" and took refuge "in castellum Eresburgh"[16].  The necrology of Freising Cathedral records the death "IV Kal Dec" of "Adalpero dux"[17]

m BEATRIX of Swabia, daughter of HERMANN II Duke of Swabia & his wife Gerberga of Upper Burgundy (-23 Feb after 1025).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   

Duke Adalbero I & his wife had [four] children: 

1.     MARKWARD [IV] (-16 Jun 1076).  Wegener refers to the donation by "ducis Adalberonis filii Marchwart et Adalbero" to St Maria in Geisenvelt for the soul of their father who was buried in the monastery, dated 1039 after 28 Nov witnessed by "Heberhardus et Ernustus fratres eiusdem ducis"[18].  Graf der Kärtner Mark 1039.  The necrology of St Lambert records the death "XVI Kal Jul" of "Marchwardus institutor huius loci"[19], although this contradicts the entry referring to his son Heinrich as founder of the monastery and that of his widow described as mother, not wife, of the founder.  m LIUTBIRG, daughter of --- (-15 Nov ----).  Wegener refers to the donation by Markward, son of Adalbero Duke of Carinthia, his wife Liutpirc and his (unnamed) sons dated [1065][20].  Wegener speculates that she was Liutbirg, daughter of Liutold [II] Graf [von Plain] & his wife Willibirg, because of the name of her second son[21].  The necrology of St Lambert records the death "XVII Kal Dec" of "Liupirgis ducissa Carinthye mat fundatoris"[22], although it is unclear why she would have been accorded the title duchess as her husband was never Duke of Carinthia.  The necrology of Admunt records the death "XVII Kal Dec" of "Liuza com"[23].  Markward [IV] & his wife had [six] children: 

a)     [FRIEDRICH (-[1065] or after).  Wegener refers to the donation by Markward, son of Adalbero Duke of Carinthia, his wife Liutpirc and his (unnamed) sons dated [1065], the leading witnesses being "Fridarich, Marchwart, Liutold"[24].  He concludes that Markward and Liutold were sons of Graf Markward [IV] although it is unclear why they appear after "Fridarich" in the list especially if, as Wegener speculates, he was the cousin of Markward [IV].  The better explanation is that Friedrich was an older son, who died after [1065].]

b)     MARKWARD (-after [1065/72]).  Wegener refers to the donation by Markward, son of Adalbero Duke of Carinthia, his wife Liutpirc and his (unnamed) sons dated [1065], the leading witnesses being "Fridarich, Marchwart, Liutold"[25].  He concludes that Markward was one of the sons of Graf Markward [IV].] 

c)     LIUTOLD (-12 May 1090).  The Casuum Sancti Galli names "domino Marcuardo et filio suo Lutoldo duce" when recording that King Heinrich IV appointed the latter duke of Carinthia in 1077[26].  Liutold's paternity is corroborated by the reference to his being the brother of his successor Duke Heinrich (see below), and Markward being named as father of the latter in the confirmation by Pope Pascal II of the foundation of St Lambert dated 25 Mar 1109[27].    The Casus Monasterii Petrihusensis records that "Bertolfum quoque de Zaringin" was deprived of the dukedom of Carinthia which was given to "Liutoldo Genuensi"[28].  Wegener also refers to the witness list "Fridarich, Marchwart, Liutold" in the donation by Markward, son of Adalbero Duke of Carinthia[29], and as with his supposed brother Markward concludes that Liutold was the son of Markward [IV].  He explains the transmission of the name Liutold into the family by the connection of his supposed mother with the family of the Grafen von Plain.  There is no explanation for the epithet "Genuensi" applied to Liutold.  He was installed as LIUTOLD Duke of Carinthia in 1077.  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "villam unam Lunzanicham…quod Ludovicus comes habebat" to the church of Aquileia at the request of "ducis etiam Liutoldi, marchionum quoque Wilielmi…Sigehardi patriarche comitatum Fori Iulii" by charter dated 1077[30].  "Heinricus…rex" granted "comitatum Histrie" and "marchiam Carniole" to the church of Aquileia at the request of "ducibus autem Writizlao Boemie ac Liudolfo Carintie, Cuonone quoque palatino comite et Tieboldo marchione" by two charters dated 11 Jun 1077[31].  Marchese of Verona 1078.  The Bernoldi Chronicon records the death of "Liutoldus dux Carinthiorum inopinata" and referring to his repudiation of his wife to marry another[32].  The necrology of St Lambert records the death "IV Id May" of "Liutoldus dux"[33]m firstly (repudiated) ---.  The Bernoldi Chronicon records the death of "Liutoldus dux Carinthiorum inopinata" and referring to his repudiation of his wife to marry another[34]m secondly ---.  The Bernoldi Chronicon records the death of "Liutoldus dux Carinthiorum inopinata" and referring to his repudiation of his wife to marry another[35].  Duke Liutold & his [first/second] wife had [one possible child]: 

i)       [ULRICH (-3 Feb before 1120).  He is named as son of "Liutold", although it is not known whether this was Liutold Duke of Carinthia.  His possible son is named Markward, which suggests that this may be correct.  Graf.] 

-         GRAFEN von TREFFEN, VERINGEN und NELLENBURG.

d)     HEINRICH (-4 Dec 1122).  Wegener refers to a donation by "Herrant" to the church of Brixen of property which had been given to him by "Heinricus frater ducis Liutoldi" dated [1085/90][36].  Vogt von Moosburg [1080].  He was installed in 1093 as HEINRICH II Duke of Carinthia.  "Heinricus…tertius Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed the donation of property "predio quod nobis dux Heinricus de Carinthia filius domini Marquardi dedit…in pago Wfunalbun et in comitatu comitis Manegoldi" to Kloster St Gallen by charter dated 12 May 1093[37].  The documents dated Feb 1111 relating to the coronation of Heinrich V King of Germany as emperor name "Fridericum filium sororis suæ, marchionem Engilbertum, marchionem Thiebaldus, comitem Hermannum, Fridericum palatinum comitem de Saxonia, Berlingarium de Bavaria, Godefridum comitem, Fridericum Saxonum, Albertum cancellarium, Cononem fratri Berengarii, Sigebot de Bavaria, Henricum ducem Carinthie, Bertoldum filium ducis Bertoldi" as the emperor's guarantors[38].  Vogt of Aquileia.  The necrology of St Lambert records the death "II Non Dec 1122" of "Henricus dux Carinthie fundator huius loci"[39]m firstly ([1070]) BEATRIX, daughter of --- (-24 Feb ----).  (-24 Feb ----).  The necrology of St Lambert records the death "VI Kal Mar" of "Beatrix fundatrix h l"[40].  Wegener suggests that she was Beatrix von Diessen, daughter of Otto [I] Graf von Diessen & his wife ---.  His theory depends firstly on establishing that Bertha, who married Adalbert Vizedom von Freising, was the daughter of Otto [I], and secondly that Beatrix must have been her sister as Beatrix's husband was first witness to the [1070] marriage contract of Adalbert and Bertha[41].  Unfortunately, this speculation is far from certain.  m secondly LIUTGARD, daughter of --- (-21 Jul ---).  The necrology of St Lambert records the death "XI Kal Aug" of "Liukart ducissa"[42]m thirdly as her first husband, SOPHIE of Austria, daughter of LUITPOLD II Markgraf of Austria [Babenberg] & his wife Ida von Ratelberg (-2 or 10 May 1154, bur Stift Melk).  Wegener quotes the Landbuch von Österreich und Steier [1255] which records that "der marchgrave Liupolt von Osterrich het zwo tochter…die andern tochter gab er dem graven Sighart der daz Scharsa hiez und gab im zu der tochter Schala"[43].  Her first marriage is confirmed by a charter dated [1140] which names "comes Sirus qui et Sigihardus de Scala", his wife Sophia and their son Heinrich, as well as Sophia's former husband Heinrich Duke of Carinthia[44].  She married secondly (1128) Sieghard [XI] Graf von Burghausen und Schala.  The Annales Mellicenses record the death in 1154 of "Sophia soror nostra ducissa de Scala"[45].  The necrology of Melk records the death "VI Non May" of "Sophia ducissa de Scala sor na"[46].  The necrology of Lilienfeld records the death "VI Id May" of "Sophia com de Scalach sor fundatoris S Crucis"[47].  The necrology of Michaelbeuern records the death "VI Non May" of "Sophia ducissa"[48]

e)     ULRICH (-21 Dec 1121).  The Casuum Sancti Galli records the appointment of "domini Marcuardi Carnotensis filium…Uodalricus" as Abbot of St Gallen in 1077[49].  The Casus Monasterii Petrihusensis records that King Heinrich IV appointed "Oudalrico…abbatem monasterii s Galli" as Patriarch of Aquileja in 1086 after 23 Feb[50].   

f)       HERMANN (-1087).  The Vita Altmanni Episcopi Pataviensis records the appointment of "Herimannus frater ducis Liutoldi" as Bishop of Passau[51].  Bishop of Passau 1085.  The Bernoni Chronicon states that he died after holding the office for only two years[52]

2.     ADALBERO (-14 Feb 1057).  Wegener refers to the donation by "ducis Adalberonis filii Marchwart et Adalbero" to St Maria in Geisenvelt for the soul of their father buried in the monastery dated 1039 after 28 Nov witnessed by "Heberhardus et Ernustus fratres eiusdem ducis"[53].  Bishop of Bamberg 1053. 

3.     [WILLIBIRG ([1020/30]-25 Jan, 19 Feb or 27 Aug after [1075]).  Wegener suggests that the wife of Markgraf Otakar I was the daughter of Adalbero I Duke of Carinthia on the basis of transmission of the name Willibirg into the Eppenstein family from the Grafen von Ebersberg and the fact that her son was named Adalbero[54] but this speculation is not substantiated.  Her birth date range is estimated from the birth of her supposed mother in [995/1003].  Wegener records that a donation of Markgraf Otakar was confirmed by "marchionissa Willilburga" after his death[55].  The necrology of St Lambert records the deaths "VIII Kal Feb", "XI Kal Mar" and "VI Kal Sep" of "Willibirch com"[56], but if any of these entries relates to the wife of Markgraf Otakar I it is surprising that Willibirg is not referred to as "marchionissa".  m OTAKAR I Markgraf der Kärtner Mark Graf im Chiemgau, son of OTAKAR [V] Graf [im Chiemgau] & his wife --- (-Rome 29 Mar [1075]).] 

4.     [daughter .  Wegener suggests that the wife of Graf Kuno [II] was the daughter of Adalbero I Duke of Carinthia.  He bases this on the donation dated 1039 after 28 Nov by "ducis Adalberonis filii Marchwart et Adalbero" to St Maria in Geisenvelt for the soul of their father, witnessed by "Chuono de Ebenhusen", whom he identifies with Kuno [II], who signed immediately after the deceased duke's brothers[57], although there are presumably other possible explanations for his connection with the Eppenstein family.  m KUNO [II] Graf im Sualafeld, son of [KUNO [I] Graf im Sualafeld & his wife ---] (-after 17 May 1053).] 

 

D.      DUKE of CARINTHIA (WELF)

WELF I 1047-1055

1.     WELF III, son of WELF II Graf von Altdorf [Welf] & his wife Irmtrud [Imiza] im Moselgau [Wigeriche] (-Burg Bodman 13 Nov 1055).  The Historia Welforum names "filiam Chunizam…et filium…Guelfum" as the children of "Guelfo…Roudolfi filius", specifying that Welf acquired "ducatum Carinthiorum et marchiam Veronensem"[58].  He was installed as WELF I Duke of Carinthia and Marchese di Verona in 1047.  He conspired with Konrad de Luxembourg Duke of Bavaria to depose Emperor Heinrich III King of Germany.  The plot was discovered and Welf was deposed as Duke of Carinthia in 1055[59]

 

E.      DUKE of CARINTHIA (PFALZGRAF)

KONRAD III 1057-1061

1.     KONRAD, son of HEZZELIN [Hermann] Graf im Zülpichgau [Palatinate] & his wife [--- of Carinthia] (-1061).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He was installed as KONRAD III Duke of Carinthia in 1057.  The Annales of Berthold record the death in 1061 of "Chounradus…Carantanis ducis"[60]

 

F.      DUKES of CARINTHIA (ZÄHRINGEN)

BERTHOLD I 1061-1077, BERTHOLD II 1092

 

1.     BERTHOLD, son of BEZZELIN von Villingen Graf in der Ortenau [Zähringen] & his wife [Liutgard ---] (-Limburg 5/6 Nov 1078, bur Hirsau).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Berchtoldus Cum-barba" as son of "Bezelinus comes", specifying that he was buried at Hirsau[61].  He was promised the duchy of Swabia by the emperor.  He was installed in 1061 as BERCHTOLD I "the Bearded" Duke of Carinthia.  The Annales of Berthold record that "Berhtoldus comes Suevigena" was appointed Duke of Carinthia in 1061 after the death of "Chounradus…Carantanis ducis"[62].  He never obtained actual possession of the duchy[63], and was deposed in 1077.  The Casus Monasterii Petrihusensis records that "Bertolfum quoque de Zaringin" was deprived of the dukedom of Carinthia which was given to "Liutoldo Genuensi"[64].  Marchese di Verona 1066.  Graf im Breisgau until 1077.  He founded Kloster Weilheim unter Teck before 1073.  He was one of the principal adversaries of Emperor Heinrich IV in the investiture dispute[65]

a)     - other children: see Breisgau Chapter 5

b)     BERTHOLD ([1050]-12 Apr 1111, bur St Peter in Schwarzwald).  The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Berchtoldus" son of "Berchtoldus Cum-barba", referring to him first among the brothers, specifying that he was buried at St Peter in 1111[66].  He was installed in 1092 as BERTHOLD II Duke of Carinthia, in opposition to Duke Heinrich II [Eppenstein].  Herzog von Zähringen 1100.   

-        HERZOGEN von ZÄHRINGEN

 

G.      DUKES of CARINTHIA (SPONHEIM)

HEINRICH III 1123

1.     HEINRICH von Sponheim, son of ENGELBERT I Graf von Sponheim & his wife Hadwig --- (-13 Dec 1123).  The Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia names (in order) "Engelbertus primogenitus, Sigfridus, Bernhardus et Heinricus" as sons of "Engelberto comite seniore"[67].  He succeeded in 1123 as HEINRICH III Duke of Carinthia.   

 

ENGELBERT 1124-1135, ULRICH I 1135-1144, HEINRICH IV 1144-1161

ENGELBERT [II] von Sponheim, son of ENGELBERT [I] von Sponheim Graf im Krainchgau, im Pustertal und von Sponheim & his wife Hedwig --- (-12/13 Apr 1141).  The Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia names (in order) "Engelbertus primogenitus, Sigfridus, Bernhardus et Heinricus" as sons of "Engelberto comite seniore"[68].  The Vita Chuonradi names "Engilbertum et Bernhardum" as brothers of Heinrich Duke of Carinthia[69].  He succeeded in 1107 as ENGELBERT I Marchese di Istria.  The documents dated Feb 1111 relating to the coronation of Heinrich V King of Germany as emperor name "Fridericum filium sororis suæ, marchionem Engilbertum, marchionem Thiebaldus, comitem Hermannum, Fridericum palatinum comitem de Saxonia, Berlingarium de Bavaria, Godefridum comitem, Fridericum Saxonum, Albertum cancellarium, Cononem fratri Berengarii, Sigebot de Bavaria, Henricum ducem Carinthie, Bertoldum filium ducis Bertoldi" as the emperor's guarantors[70].  He was installed in 1124 as ENGELBERT Duke of Carinthia, until 1135.  The necrology of Baumburg records the death "Id Apr" of "Engelbertus dux"[71].  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "II Id Apr" of "Engelbertus dux Karinthiorum et m"[72].  The necrology of Seonense records the death "Id Apr" of "Engilbertus ex duce m n c" and his donation[73]

m UTA von Passau, daughter of ULRICH Graf von Passau [Ratpotonen] & his wife Adelheid von Lechsgemünd (-16 Apr ----).  The Fundatio Monasterii Baumburgensis names "in Bawarie provincia comes…Cuno…filiam Adilheit" as founder of Kloster Baumburg, naming her second husband "comes Udalricus de Pactavia" and her only daughter by her second marriage "Utam [wife of] Eingelperto duci de Chraieburc"[74].  The necrology of Baumburg records the death "XVI Kal May" of "Uta ducissa"[75].  The necrology of Seonense records the death "XVI Kal May" of "Uta ductrix" and her donation[76]

Duke Engelbert & his wife had [ten] children: 

1.     ENGELBERT [III] von Sponheim (-6 Oct 1173).  The Fundatio Monasterii Baumburgensis names "Bernhardus dux Charintie, Eingelpertus marchio Ystrie, Hartwicus postea Ratisponensis episcopus et comes Rapoto de Chregeburc" as the four sons of "Eingelperto duci de Chraieburc" and his wife Uta[77].  He succeeded his father in 1124 as ENGELBERT II Marchese of Istria, at the same time that his father succeeded as Duke of Carinthia.  Marchese of Tuscany [1135/37].  The document dated 17 Sep 1156 established the duchy of Austria is witnessed by "…marchio Engielbertus de Hystria…"[78].  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "II Non Oct" of "Engelbertus marchio de Chreiburch"[79].  The necrology of Baumburg records the death "II Non Oct" of "Engelbertus marchio fr n et fundator"[80].  The necrology of Seonense records the death "II Non Oct" of "Engilbertus marchio" and his donation[81]m MATHILDE von Sulzbach, daughter of BERENGAR [I] Graf von Sulzbach & his second wife Adelheid von Frontenhausen (-31 Oct or 3 Nov 1165).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "IV Non Nov" of "Mathildis marchionissa et cva"[82].  The necrology of Baumburg records the death "II Kal Nov" of "Mathildis marchionis sor na"[83].  The necrology of Seonense records the death "III Non Nov" of "Mahthildis ex marchionissa cv" and her donation[84].  Marchese Engelbert & his wife had four children: 

a)     HEINRICH (-12 Oct 1161).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He was installed in 1144 as HEINRICH IV Duke of Carinthia.  The document dated 17 Sep 1156 established the duchy of Austria is witnessed by "…Heinricus dux Carinthie…"[85].  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "IV Id Oct" of "Heinricus dux Karinthie"[86]m as he second husband, ELISABETH of Styria, widow of RUDOLF II Graf von Stade Markgraf der Nordmark, daughter of LEOPOLD I "der Starke" Markgraf of Styria & his wife Sophie of Bavaria [Welf] ([1124]-25 Dec after 1138).  The Annales Stadenses names "Elizabeth sororem Ottokkar de Stire" as wife of "Rodolfum [filius Rodulfi]"[87].  Her second marriage is deduced from the necrology of Seckau which records the death "VIII Kal Jan" of "Elitzabeth ducissa Carinthiæ sor ducis Styriæ"[88]

b)     ULRICH (-before 1161).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Laibach.  

c)     GOTTFRIED von Sponheim (-before 1144).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  A priest.  

d)     HERMANN (-4 Oct 1181).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He was appointed to succeed his brother in 1161 as HERMANN II Duke of Carinthia.  (Below)

2.     ULRICH (-7 or 11 Apr 1144).  The Fundatio Monasterii Baumburgensis names "Bernhardus dux Charintie, Eingelpertus marchio Ystrie, Hartwicus postea Ratisponensis episcopus et comes Rapoto de Chregeburc" as the four sons of "Eingelperto duci de Chraieburc" & his wife Uta, "Bernhardus" presumably being a mistake for "Ulricus"[89].  He succeeded his brother in 1135 as ULRICH I Duke of Carinthia.  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "III Id Apr" of "Vdalricus dux"[90]m JUDITH von Baden, daughter of HERMANN II Markgraf von Baden & his wife Judith [von Dillingen] (-1162, bur Backnang Stiftskirche).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. 

3.     HEINRICH von Sponheim (-3 Jan 1169).  Wegener cites a donation dated 1131 to Salzburg St Peter by Engelbert Duke of Carinthia witnessed by "Pernhardus comes frater, Engilbertus marchio et Heinricus filii eiusdem ducis"[91].  Abbot of Weiler-Bettnach 1133.  Bishop of Troyes 1145.  

4.     MATHILDE von Sponheim (-[13 Dec 1160/1161]).  She is named by Orderic Vitalis, who calls her father "Duke Engelbert", when recording her marriage[92].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitissa Mathildis Campaniensis et uxor Renaldi comitis Nivernensis et comitissa Montis Veteris iuxta Coloniam et mater illorum Romanorum qui Froiepain dicuntur" as sisters of "archiepiscopi Coloniensis Frederici"[93], although the latter is shown by other sources to be their paternal uncle.  "Teobaudus Blesensis comes" made a donation to Montiérender by charter dated 1139 with the consent of "Matildis comitissa uxor mee et Henricus filius meus"[94].  "Comitissa Mathildis et filius eius Henricus et Theobaudus et Stephanus" donated property to the abbey of Fontevraud by charter dated to [1125/49][95].  A list of foundations at Troyes records the memory "13 Dec" of "Mathilde épouse du comte Thibaut"[96].  The necrology of Saint-Etienne, Troyes records the death "13 Dec" of "Mathildis comitissa"[97].  The necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "Id Dec" of "comitissa Mathildis mater…archiepiscopi Senonensis Willelmi et…Henrici comitis, Teobaldi comitis atque comitis Stephani"[98]m (1123) THIBAUT IV “le Grand/le Vieil” Comte de Blois, son of ETIENNE Comte de Blois & his wife Adela of England ([1085/91]-8 Oct 1152). 

5.     RAPOTO (-26 Aug 1186).  The Fundatio Monasterii Baumburgensis names "Bernhardus dux Charintie, Eingelpertus marchio Ystrie, Hartwicus postea Ratisponensis episcopus et comes Rapoto de Chregeburc" as the four sons of "Eingelperto duci de Chraieburc" & his wife Uta[99].  Graf von Ortenburg [1130].  Graf von Kraiburg 1173. 

-        GRAFEN von ORTENBURG

6.     HARTWIG von Sponheim (-22 Aug 1164).  The Fundatio Monasterii Baumburgensis names "Bernhardus dux Charintie, Eingelpertus marchio Ystrie, Hartwicus postea Ratisponensis episcopus et comes Rapoto de Chregeburc" as the four sons of "Eingelperto duci de Chraieburc" & his wife Uta[100].  Canon at Salzburg Cathedral 1150.  Bishop of Regensburg 1155.  

7.     IDA von Sponheim (-25 May 1178, bur Auxerre Saint-Germain).  "W Nivernensium comes" granted taxation rights to the church of Autun with the consent of "Ida cometissa et filius meus Guido…[et] Guillelmus filius meus" by charter dated 1158[101].  Her origin is indicated by Guillaume de Champagne Archbishop of Sens, whose mother was Mathilde von Sponheim, referring to her as matertera[102].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitissa Mathildis Campaniensis et uxor Renaldi comitis Nivernensis et comitissa Montis Veteris iuxta Coloniam et mater illorum Romanorum qui Froiepain dicuntur" as sisters of "archiepiscopi Coloniensis Frederici"[103], although the latter is shown by other sources to be their paternal uncle.  She is named in an 1142 charter of her husband[104].  "Guido comes Nivernensis" donated property to the abbey of Corbigny by charter dated [1171] in which he names "frater meus Willelmus", witnessed by "Ida mater mea" and with the consent of "Mathildis uxor mea"[105]m ([1140]) GUILLAUME de Nevers, son of GUILLAUME II Comte de Nevers & his wife Adela --- (-Auxerre 21 Nov 1161, bur Auxerre Saint-Germain).  He succeeded his father in 1148 as GUILLAUME III Comte de Nevers et d'Auxerre. 

8.     [IRMGARD .  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitissa Mathildis Campaniensis et uxor Renaldi comitis Nivernensis et comitissa Montis Veteris iuxta Coloniam et mater illorum Romanorum qui Froiepain dicuntur" as sisters of "archiepiscopi Coloniensis Frederici"[106], although the latter is shown by other sources to be their paternal uncle.  m as his second wife, ADOLF II Graf von Berg, son of ADOLF I Graf von Berg & his wife Adelheid von Laufen (-12 Oct after 1160).]  

9.     [daughter .  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitissa Mathildis Campaniensis et uxor Renaldi comitis Nivernensis et comitissa Montis Veteris iuxta Coloniam et mater illorum Romanorum qui Froiepain dicuntur" as sisters of "archiepiscopi Coloniensis Frederici"[107], although the latter is shown by other sources to be their paternal uncle.  m --- Frangipani, son of ---. 

10.   [ADELHEID .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbess of Göss 1148.] 

 

HERMANN II 1161-1181, ULRICH II 1181-1202, BERNHARD 1202-1256, ULRICH III 1256-1269, PHILIPP 1275-1279

HERMANN, son of ENGELBERT [III] von Sponheim Marchese of Istria and Tuscany & his wife Mathilde von Sulzbach (-4 Oct 1181).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He was appointed to succeed his brother in 1161 as HERMANN II Duke of Carinthia.  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "IV Non Oct" of "Hermannus dux Karinthie"[108]

m as her second husband, AGNES of Austria, widow of ISTVÁN III King of Hungary, daughter of HEINRICH II "Jasomirgott" Duke of Austria [Babenberg] & his second wife Theodora Komnene ([1154]-13 Jan 1182, bur Vienna Schottenkloster).  The Continuatio Admuntensis for 1166 records the marriage of "filia Heinrici ducis Austria" and "Stephano regi Ungariæ"[109].  The primary source which names her has not yet been identified.  She returned to Vienna with her father, who arrived at the Hungarian court at Esztergom, en route to Palestine, the day after her first husband died[110].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified. 

Duke Hermann II & his wife had two children: 

1.     ULRICH (-10 Aug 1202).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He succeeded his father in 1181 as ULRICH II Duke of Carinthia.  The necrology of Seckau records the death "IV Id Aug" of "Udalricus dux Karinthie"[111]

2.     BERNHARD (-4, 6 or 13 Jan 1256).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He succeeded his brother in 1202 as BERNHARD Duke of Carinthia.  The Altahenses Annales record the death "1256 Feb" of "Bernhardus dux Karinthie"[112].  The necrology of Rein records the death "Id Jan" of "Otakerus Berhardus dux Charinthie"[113].  The necrology of Ozzio records the death "VIII Id Jan" of "Berenhardus pius dux de Karinthia sen"[114]m (1213) JUTTA of Bohemia, daughter of PŘEMYSL OTAKAR I King of Bohemia & his second wife Constanza of Hungary (-2 Jun 1230).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Duke Bernhard & his wife had four children: 

a)     ULRICH (-27 Oct or 27 Dec 1269).  The Altahenses Annales names "Ulricus filius [Bernhardi ducis Karinthie]" when recording his succession to his father[115].  Herr von Krain 1251.  He succeeded his father in 1256 as ULRICH III Duke of Carinthia.  The Canonici Sambiensis Annales record the death of "dux Ulricus Karintie" in 1269[116].  The necrology of Kaisheim records the death "VI Kal Jan" of "Ulrici ducis Karinthie"[117]m firstly  ([1248/51]) as her second husband, AGNES von Andechs-Merano, widow of FRIEDRICH "der Streitbare" Duke of Austria, daughter of OTTO I Duke of Merano, Comte Palatin de Bourgogne [Andechs] & his first wife Beatrix de Bourgogne-Comté (-[1 Nov 1260/7 Jan 1263], bur Sittich).  The Annales Mellicenses record the marriage in 1229 of "Fridericus filius Liuopoldi ducis" and "filiam ducis Meranie"[118].  The Continuatio Garstensis names "Fridericus dux Austrie Agnetem uxorem suam de Merania", when recording the couple's separation[119].  The Continuatio Prædictorum Vindobonensium records that her husband repudiated her in 1244[120].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  m secondly (1263) as her first husband, AGNES von Baden, daughter of HERMANN VI Markgraf von Baden, Duke of Austria & his wife Gertrud Duchess of Austria [Babenberg] (1250-Vienna 2 Jan 1295).  The Canonici Sambiensis Annales record the marriage in 1263 of "dux Carintie" and "Agnetem filiam Hermanni marcravii de Paden"[121].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  She married secondly ([1270/71]) Ulrich [III] Graf von Heunburg .  Duke Ulrich III & his first wife had two children:

i)      HEINRICH (-[1257/63]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

ii)      AGNES (-young).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 

b)     BERNHARD (-after 1249).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

c)     MARGARETA (-before 1249).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 

d)     PHILIPP (-21/22 Jul 1279).  The Altahenses Annales name "Phylippus filius Bernhardi ducis Karinthie" when recording his election as Bishop of Salzburg[122].  The Canonici Sambiensis Annales name "dominus Philippus Salczburgensis archiepiscopus…[frater] dux Ulricus Karintie" when recording his election as Patriarch of Aquileia in 1269[123].  Provost of Wischehrad and Chancellor of Bohemia 1236/46.  He was elected Bishop of Salzburg 1246/65, and Bishop of Aquileia 1269/72.  He claimed to succeed in 1275 as PHILIPP Duke of Carinthia, in opposition to Otakar Přemysl II King of Bohemia who had succeeded in 1269 as Duke of Carinthia.  The necrology of Ozzio records the death "XI Kal Aug" of "Philippus dux Karinthie"[124].  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "XII Kal Aug" of "Philippus fil ducis Karinthie quondam electus Salisburgensis" and his donation[125].  

 

H.      DUKE of CARINTHIA (KINGS of BOHEMIA)

OTAKAR 1269-1276

 

1.     PŘEMYSL OTAKAR of Bohemia, son of WENZEL I King of Bohemia [Luxembourg] & his wife Kunigunde of Germany [Hohenstaufen] (1233-killed in battle Dürnkrut 26 Aug 1278, bur Znaim Minoriten).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Associate king of Bohemia 31 Jul 1248-Nov 1249.  Mgf of Moravia 1251.  Duke of Austria and Steiermark 1251.  He succeeded his father 1253 as OTAKAR PŘEMYSL II King of Bohemia.  Crowned 1261.  He succeeded in 1269 as OTAKAR Duke of Carinthia, until 21 Dec 1276. 

 

I.        DUKES of CARINTHIA (GRAFEN von GÖRZ)

MEINHARD II 1286-1295, OTTO 1295-1310, HEINRICH V 1310-1335

MEINHARD von Görz, son of MEINHARD I Graf von Tirol [MEINHARD III Graf von Görz] & his wife Adelheid von Tirol (Landshut [1227]-Greisenbach, Tirol 30 Oct or 1 Nov 1295, bur Kloster Stams).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  MEINHARD IV Graf von Görz und Tirol.  He succeeded in 1286 as MEINHARD II Duke of Carinthia.   

1.             OTTO von Görz (-28 May 1310).  He succeeded his father in 1295 as OTTO Duke of Carinthia, OTTO Graf von Görz und Tirol.   

2.             HEINRICH von Görz (-4 Apr 1335).  He succeeded in 1307 as HEINRICH King of Bohemia, until 1310.  He succeeded his brother in 1310 as HEINRICH Duke of Carinthia

 

J.      DUKES of CARINTHIA (DUKES of AUSTRIA [HABSBURG])

ALBRECHT 1335-1358

ALBRECHT von Habsburg, son of RUDOLF I King of Germany, Duke of Austria & his first wife Gertrud [Anna] von Hohenberg [Zollern] (Jul 1255-murdered Königsfelden, near Brugg-an-der-Reuß 1 May 1308, bur Wettingen Cistercian convent, removed 1309 to Speyer Cathedral).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He succeeded his father in 1282 as ALBRECHT I joint-Duke of Austria.  He was elected King of Germany in 1298. 

1.     other children: see AUSTRIA

2.     ALBRECHT (Habsburg 12 Dec 1298-Vienna 20 Jul 1358, bur Gaming).  His parentage is proved by the necrology of Heiligenkreuz which records the death "XIII Kal Sep" of "dux Albertus fr ducis Ottonis fundatoris monii Novi Montis filiæ h m S Crucis"[126].  Graf von Pfirt 1324.  He succeeded his brother in 1330 as ALBRECHT II “der Weise” Duke of Austria and Steiermark.  He succeeded his maternal uncle in 1335 as ALBRECHT Duke of Carinthia, Krain and South Tirol. 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    MARKGRAFEN der KÄRNTNER MARK

A.      MARKGRAFEN der KÄRNTNER MARK (EPPENSTEINER)

Although this family is usually referred to by historians as the "Eppensteiner", the town of Eppenstein, near Judenburg in Upper Styria, was probably founded during the second quarter of the 12th century so the name must be a later attribution[127]

1.     MARKWARD [I], son of --- (-after [916]).  Graf im Viehbachgau [916].  "Chonradus…rex" granted property "in comitatu Marchwardi in pago Uiohbach in loco Goldaron" to "clerico Erchenfried" by an undated charter, place in the compilation with other charters dated 916 by the intervention of "Sigihardi comitis"[128]

 

2.     MARKWARD [II] (-after 23 Sep 951). His name suggests that Graf Markward [II] was the son of Graf Markward [I] but there is no proof that this is correct.  The assumption is that Markward [II] was a different person from Markward [I] on the basis of the 24 year period between the years when each was named but this is not inevitably so.  Graf 940/951.  "Otto…rex" gave property "in pago Ufgovve in comitatu Marchvvardi iuxta rivum Fuchtebah" to "comiti Marchvvardo [vassallo ducis Perchtoldi]" by charter dated 13 Jul 940 at the request of "ducis nostri Perchtoldi, simul et Kerungi ac Hiltiboldi comitum"[129].  "Otto…rex" returned property "in comitatu Adelberonis in loco Izhzelinga" to "fratris nostri Heinrici cuidam suo vasallo Marquart" by charter dated 23 Sep 951[130]

 

3.     MARKWARD [III] (-before 13 Apr 1000).  His name suggests that Graf Markward [III] was the son of Graf Markward [II] but no proof has yet been found to confirm that this is correct.  Wegener refers to a charter of Heinrich II Duke of Bavaria dated [985/91] which names "Marchwart comes et frater eius Rudker"[131].  Graf an der Isar und Vils.  Markgraf der Kärtner Mark.  "Otto…imperator augustus" donated property "in comitatu Marchuuardi marchionis nostri in plaga origentali…Vduleniduor, lingua Sclavanisca sic vocatam, Theotisce vero Nidrinhof nominatam" to the church of Salzburg by charter dated 7 Mar 970[132].  "Otto…imperator augustus" granted property "predium Butileshusa…in pago Adelahkeuue et in comitatu Marchuuardi comitis" to Kloster Niedermünster by charter dated 27 Apr 973[133].  "Otto…imperator augustus" gave property "orientali parte montis qui dicitur Doberich…usque ad proprietatem Marchuuardi comitis, quicquid visi sumus habere in comitatu Rachvuini comitis" to "nostri Vuillihelmi…comitis" by charter dated 24 Oct 980[134].  "Otto…rex" donated property "in villis Worndorf et Crumaha in pago Goldineshunderc ac comitatu Marquardi comitis" to Kloster St Gregor, Petershausen by charter dated 2 Jun 993[135]m HADAMUDIS von Ebersberg, daughter of ADALBERO [I] Graf von Ebersberg & his wife Liutgard --- (-19 Feb ----).  The Chronico Eberspergense names "Hademuoden", sister of Udalrich Graf von Ebersberg, as wife of "Marhwardi presidis de Carinthia"[136].  Markward [III] & his wife had [four] children: 

a)     ADALBERO [I] (-28 Nov 1039).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Markgraf der Kärtner Mark 1000.  He was installed in 1012 as ADALBERO I Duke of Carinthia

-        see above - C.  DUKES of CARINTHIA (EPPENSTEINER). 

b)     [ULRICH (-[1011/13]).  Wegener suggests the existence of Ulrich as the son of Graf Markward [III] from two sources.  Firstly the charter dated [1011/12] under which "Heinricus…rex" donated property "in pago Spehtreino et in comitatu Odalrici comitis" to Bamberg[137].  Secondly, the Liber Anniversariorum of Einsiedeln which records under March the donation of "com Uolricus de Bavaria, Richkarta uxor eius"[138].  He links this entry to the later entry in the same paragraph which reads "com Adelberus de Bawaria et com Eppo frater eius" although he incorrectly quotes this as "fratres eius", implying wrongly that "eius" therefore refers to Ulrich.  In discussing the [1011/12] charter, Wegener highlights the possibility that it refers to Ulrich Graf von Ebersberg.  However, he does not make this connection when discussing the Einsiedeln entry although this also seems a likely possibility.  Another indication that the Einsiedeln records refer to the Ebersberg family is the reference to a donation in May by "domina Richenza coniunx comitis Adelberonis de Bavaria".  The wife of Adalbert Graf von Ebersberg is named in other sources variously as Richlind or Richgard.  However, the wife of Adalbert Duke of Carinthia (supposed brother of Ulrich) was called Beatrix.  It is interesting to note that the name Ulrich does not appear among the relatives of Graf Friedrich, this Ulrich's supposed nephew, in his grant to St Castulus dated [1060] (see below).  In conclusion, it appears unlikely that this Ulrich existed.] 

c)     EBERHARD [Ezzo] (-after 28 Nov 1039).  Wegener refers to the donation by "ducis Adalberonis filii Marchwart et Adalbero" to St Maria in Geisenvelt for the soul of their father buried in the monastery dated 1039 after 28 Nov witnessed by "Heberhardus et Ernustus fratres eiusdem ducis"[139].  Graf an der Isar und Vils.  m ---.  The name and origin of the wife of Graf Eberhard are not known.  Wegener speculates that she was named Richgard, named in the donation to St Castulus by her supposed son Friedrich for the souls of his wife Gräfin Christina and of his relatives "Ebrohart, Frideric, Ernost, Cuono, Adalpero, Hartwich, Hemma, Rickart, Hadamuot" dated [1060][140].  He also speculates that she was [Richgard], daughter of Graf Friedrich [II] [Sieghardinger] & his wife ---, in order to explain the transmission of the name Friedrich into the Eppenstein family[141], however this appears to be only one of many possibilities and hardly the basis for a firm conclusion.  Eberhard & his wife had [two] children: 

i)       FRIEDRICH (-after [1065]).  Wegener refers to a donation to Salzburg by "Fridericus filius comitis Epponis" on behalf of "episcopum Hartwicum [Brixen] qui fuit suus quondam secundum carnem cognatus" with the consent of his wife Gräfin Christina dated 29 May 1050[142].  Graf [an der Isar und Vils].  m CHRISTINA, daughter of --- (-after [1060]).  Wegener refers to a donation to St Castulus by "Frideric comes" for the souls of his wife Gräfin Christina and of his relatives "Ebrohart, Frideric, Ernost, Cuono, Adalpero, Hartwich, Hemma, Rickart, Hadamuot" dated [1060][143].  Wegener suggests that she was Christina [von Diessen], daughter of Friedrich [II] Graf an der oberen Isar [Andechs] & his wife ---, in order to explain the transfer of Wehrbach, which belonged to Preising, to Friedrich von Eppenstein[144] but presumably there are other possible ways in which this transfer of ownership could have been effected.  If the hypothesis is correct, the chronology suggests that her father must have been Friedrich [II] rather than Friedrich [I] (the two being conflated by Wegener in his commentary). 

ii)     [HADAMUT (-17 Oct ----).  Wegener speculates that Hadamut, wife of Friedrich [II] Graf [von Diessen], was the sister of Graf Friedrich, named in the latter's donation to St Castulus dated [1060] among his relatives "Ebrohart, Frideric, Ernost, Cuono, Adalpero, Hartwich, Hemma, Rickart, Hadamuot" dated [1060][145] but the speculation is tenuous.  If it is correct, it is unclear why Graf Friedrich's sister, who would have been his closest relative, was named last in the list.  m as his first wife, FRIEDRICH [III]Graf [von Diessen-Andechs], son of FRIEDRICH [II] Graf & his wife --- (-30 Jun 1075, bur Seeon).] 

d)     ERNST (-after 28 Nov 1039).  Wegener refers to the donation by "ducis Adalberonis filii Marchwart et Adalbero" to St Maria in Geisenvelt for the soul of their father buried in the monastery dated 1039 after 28 Nov witnessed by "Heberhardus et Ernustus fratres eiusdem ducis"[146]

4.     RICHGARD (-23 Apr 1013).  The Chronico Eberspergensi Posteriore names "comes Udalricus uxore Richardem"[147].  The Chronico Eberspergense names "Rihcardem sororem Marhwardi presidis de Carinthia" as Udalrich's wife[148].  The Chronico Eberspergensi Posteriore records the death "1013 Non Kal Mai" of "coniunx eius [=Udalrici] Richardis"[149]m UDALRICH Graf von Ebersberg, son of ADALBERO [I] Graf von Ebersberg & his wife Liutgard --- (-11 Mar 1029). 

5.     RÜDIGER (-4 Dec before 1000).  Wegener refers to a charter of Heinrich II Duke of Bavaria dated [985/91] which names "Marchwart comes et frater eius Rudker"[150].  The necrology of St Andreas an der Traisen records the death "II Non Dec" of "Rudigerus marchio"[151].  The identification of this entry with an individual who died before 1000 must be doubtful.  This monastery was founded in [1160], so it is unclear why its necrology should include a record dating more than 150 years before its foundation.  In addition, no other members of this family can be identified among the individuals named in this record. 

 

B.      MARKGRÄFEN der KÄRTNER MARK (GRAFEN von WELS-LAMBACH 1035-1050)

ARNOLD [I], son of --- (-1 Mar [1020]).  According to Wegener, Graf Arnold [I], ancestor of the Grafen von Wels und Lambach, was the younger son of Graf Ulrich [III] (of the family who later became Grafen von Formbach), basing this on his name being inherited from the Luitpoldinger family of his supposed mother[152].  If this is correct, the names "Arnold" and "Arnulf" must be interchangeable, but this appears disputable.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln, Arnold was the possible son of Graf Meginhard [III][153], possibly a relative of Graf Ulrich [III].  There appears too much uncertainty surrounding both these theories to decide if one is more attractive than the other.  No hint is provided by the geographical location of the properties of Arnold's family.  The towns of Lambach and Wels are located to the south-west of Linz in Upper Austria, while the properties of the family of Grafen von Formbach were in Bavaria, which suggests that a connection is unlikely.  In addition, none of the typically Formbach names (for example Ulrich, Meginhard, Thiemo) appear among the descendants of Arnold [I].  The Historia Cremifanensis names "comites de Welsa et de Lembach…Arnoldum et Wilhelmum" which suggests an entirely different origin through the Wilhelme family (see below)[154].  Wegener refers to an alliance between Christian Bishop of Passau and Graf Arnold over a disputed wood, dated [991/1012][155].  Graf im Rotagau.  The necrology of Lambach records the death "Kal Mar" of "Arnolfus com avus ep Alberonis"[156]

m ---.  Wegener speculates that the wife of Graf Arnold [I] was a member of the Aribonen family to explain the possible introduction of the name Aribo into the family with her supposed younger son. 

Graf Arnold [I] & his wife had [two] children: 

1.     ARNOLD [II] (-3 Mar [1055]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 18 Feb 1061 under which "Heinricus…rex" confirmed rights to Kloster Lambach "[in] bannum mercati in loco Wels et theloneum in Lambach" at the request of "Adalberonis Wirziburgensis episcopi" who names "parentes eius…avus Arnoldus et pater suus Arnoldus et frater suus Gotefridus"[157]Markgraf der Kärtner Mark 1035.  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "in loco…Ramprehtestetin/Ramarsstetin…in marchia et in comitatu Arnoldi marchionis" to "Adalrammo fideli nostro" by charter dated 1 Oct 1043 on the petition of "Gebehardi episcopi patrui nostri"[158].  The Vita Adalberones Episcopi Wirziburgensis records that "Arnoldus comes" founded the monastery of Lambach on the site of his destroyed castle, his wife and sons (except "Wirzburgense episcopo Adelberone") having died[159].  The necrology of Lambach records the death "V Non Mar" of "Arnoldus marchio"[160]m (before 11 May 1025) REGINLIND [Regila], daughter of --- (-1 Feb [1050]).  The Vita Adalberonis Episcopi Wirziburgensis records that "comes Arnoldus…in Lambacensi loco" married "Regila nobili uxore ex Francia orientali oriunda"[161].  According to Wegener, she was Reginlind, daughter of Godefroi Comte de Verdun & his wife Mechtild of Saxony [Billung][162].  He cites no primary source in support and it is difficult to see how she could have been described as "ex Francia orientali" if this parentage is correct.  The hypothesis would certainly explain the transmission of the names Gottfried, Adalbero and Mechtild into this family, but there must be other explanations for this.  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property "inter villam Frumanaha et inter fluvios Danubium et Maraha in comitatu Adalberti marchionis" to "fideli nostro comiti Arnoldo eiusque uxori Reginlinde ac filiis utrorumque" by charter dated 11 May 1025[163].  The necrology of Lambach records the death "Kal Feb" of "Regila marchionissa mater ep Adalberonis"[164].  Graf Arnold [II] & his wife had [five] children: 

a)     GOTTFRIED (-killed in battle 8 Feb 1050).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 18 Feb 1061 under which "Heinricus…rex" confirmed rights to Kloster Lambach "[in] bannum mercati in loco Wels et theloneum in Lambach" at the request of "Adalberonis Wirziburgensis episcopi" who names "parentes eius…avus Arnoldus et pater suus Arnoldus et frater suus Gotefridus"[165].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "in vallibus Ensetal et Baltal in comitatu Gotefredi comitis" to "Engelscalc…quale frater suus Rodolfus…beneficii habuit" by charter dated 2 May 1041[166]Markgraf der Kärtner Mark.  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "in loco Gestnic et in comitatu Hengest" to "nostro fideli Gotifredo marchioni" by charter dated 8 Nov 1042 on the petition of "Gebehardi Radasponensis ecclesiæ præsulis et Gotifredi ducis"[167].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "predium quæle visi sumus Livtoldasdorf habere in comitatu Gotefridi marchionis" to the church of Salzburg by charter dated 7 Dec 1045[168].  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" granted property "prediolum Rotenmannun in marchia Gotefridi et in valle pagoque Palta situm" to the church of Bamberg by charter dated 2 Oct 1048[169].  Graf [von Wels-Lambach].  The necrology of Lambach records the death "V Id Feb" of "Gotfridus marchio frater ep Alberonis"[170]m ---.  The name of Gottfried's wife is not known.  Markgraf Gottfried & his wife had [two] children: 

i)       [daughter (before 1050-).  Wegener[171] suggests that the Kärtner Mark was transmitted to the Otakaren family through this marriage with an otherwise unknown older daughter of Markgraf Gottfried.  He does not, however, explain why the father and older brother of Markgraf Otakar II held the title before Otakar II himself succeeded as Markgraf in [1082].  In any case the marriage, if it is correct, must have taken place many years after the death of Markgraf Arnold II in [1055] as Graf Gottfried's daughters would have been infants when he died in 1050.  The arguments are unconvincing for the existence of this person.  m as his first wife, OTAKAR II Markgraf of Styria, son of OTAKAR I Markgraf der Kärnter Mark [Styria] & his wife Willibirg of Carinthia [Eppensteiner] (-28 Nov 1122).]

ii)     MECHTILD (before 1050-[1100]).  The Vita Adalberonis Episcopi Wirziburgensis records that "Gotfridum…marchionem [filium comitis Arnoldi…in Lambacensi loco]…filia" married "Ekkeberto comiti cuius castrum Niwenburc dictum", specifying that she had "urbs Putina" as dowry[172].  The Vita Wirntonis names "Mahtilt" as wife of "Eckebertus comes, avo suo Thymone"[173].  Wegener refers to the foundation charter of Vornbach dated 1094 which names Mathilt and mentions property which she inherited from her father's brother Bishop Adelbero[174]m [as his second wife,] EKBERT [I] Graf von Formbach, son of Graf TIEMO [II] [Tietmar] & his wife [--- von Braunschweig] (-1109). 

b)     ARNOLD [III] (-1 Feb [1050]).  The necrology of Lambach records the death "Kal Feb" of "Arnoldus com frater ep Alberonis"[175]m HAZIGA, daughter of --- (-1 Feb [1050]).  The necrology of Lambach records the death "Kal Feb" of "Hacecha ux Arnoldi com"[176]

c)     ADALBERO (-Kloster Lambach 6 Oct 1090, bur Kloster Lambach).  "Heinricus…rex" confirmed rights to Kloster Lambach "[in] bannum mercati in loco Wels et theloneum in Lambach" by charter dated 18 Feb 1061 on the petition of "Adalberonis Wirziburgensis episcopi" who names "parentes eius…avus Arnoldus et pater suus Arnoldus et frater suus Gotefridus"[177].  He founded Kloster Lambach.  Bishop of Würzburg 1045, resigned 1088. 

d)     [MATHILDE .  Wegener refers to the wife of Graf Ratpoto [IV] as a possible daughter of Graf Arnold [II] but gives no basis for this speculation.  m (before 1065) as his first wife, RATPOTO [IV] Graf von Cham, son of Graf DIETPOLD [I] & his wife --- (-killed in battle Hohenmölsen 15 Oct 1080).]

e)     [daughter .  Europäische Stammtafeln[178] suggests that the wife of Graf Otachar may have been a daughter of Markgraf Arnold but this is chronologically impossible, considering the possible date of Markgraf Arnold II's marriage and the likely date of death of Graf Otachar.  m OTACHAR [Oci] Graf im Chiemgau, son of ARNULF Graf im Chiemgau & his wife --- (-5 Mar [1020]).] 

2.     [ARIBO .  1056.  Wegener refers to the spurious foundation charter of Lambach in which Aribo is named "patruus" of Bishop Adalbero[179].] 

 

 

Chapter 3.    ARIBONEN

ARIBO [I], son of --- ([835/45]-after 909).  The origin of Aribo [I] is unknown.  His birth date range is estimated on the basis of his having been adult when he was appointed Markgraf of Pannonia in 871.  A charter of Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks dated 22 Jul 854 records the settlement of a dispute between Kloster St Gallen and the bishop of Konstanz related to property "…in comitatu Utonis comitis in pagello Perahtoltespara in villa Paldinga…[et] in pago Arbonensi in villa Puocha"[180].  It is chronologically unlikely that this charter refers to Aribo [I], although it presumably refers to property in the pagus in which his family's county was located.  In 871, he was appointed Markgraf of Pannonia by Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks, passing over the sons of Wilhelm and Engelschalk who had been killed fighting the Moravians.  The Annales Fuldenses record that "duo fratres Willihelmus et Engilscalcus" had been granted "terminum regni Baioariorum in Oriente" by King Ludwig II, that they held the territory against the Moravians and were killed in battle, but that their sons were not confirmed as their successors, the land being granted to "Erbo"[181].  King Karloman donated property "in pago…Trungauui in comitatu Arbonis comitis in loci…Uualahofeld" to the priest Werinholf by charter dated 876[182].  "Arnolfus…rex" granted property "Chremisa…in comitatu Arbonis in pago Trungouui" to the abbey of Kremsmünster by charter dated 5 Jan 888[183].  "Arnolfus…rex" granted property "iuxta rivum Scalaha in comitatu Arbonis" to "Snelperoni…abbati" by charter dated 1 Apr 888[184].  "Arnolfus…rex" granted property "in pago Grunzuuiti…ubi Arbo terminalis comes" to "ministerialis…Heimo" by charter dated [16 May/13 Jun] 888[185].  "Arnolfus…rex" granted property "in comitatu Aribonis in loco…Scalaha in villa Obrinindorf" to Snello Abbot of Kremsmünster by charter dated 3 May 889[186].  King Arnulf granted property "in comitatu Arbonis in loco Medelicha…quod Altman tenuit" to "nostri vassallo Theotrich" (vassal of Theotmar archbishop of Salzburg) by charter dated 3 Apr 892[187].  Aribo and his son quarrelled with Arnulf King of the East Franks in [896][188].  Emperor Arnulf granted property "in pago Ougesgouue in comitatu Arbonis inter hæc tria loca…Forzheim, Zuzcilinga, Hugeshus…quos Perhtolt comes…tenebat" to "cuidam homini Diotker" on the intervention of "Sigihardo et Iringo…comitibus" by charter dated 14 Jul 897[189].  The Annales Fuldenses record disputes between "duos fratres gentis Marahensium, Moymirum ac Zuentibaldum" in 898, which prompted Emperor Arnulf to send "marchiones suos, Liutboldum et Arbonum comitem" to Moravia to protect the Bavarians[190].  The Annales Fuldenses record that "Arbo comes, Ysanrico filio suo instigante", rebelled in 898 after the intervention of "marchiones suos [Arnulfi imperatoris], Liutboldum et Arbonum comitem" in Moravia following the war between "duos fratres gentis Marahensium, Moymirum ac Zwentibaldum"[191].  "Hludowicus…rex" granted property "in valle…Liupinatal in comitatu eiusdem Otacherii" to "Otacharii…comitis nostri filio Arpo" after consulting "fidelium nostrorum Liutpoldi, Arponis, Iringi, Cumpoldi et Paponis comitum" by charter dated 10 Mar 904[192].  Additions to Bavarian laws dated to [906] name "…Arboni marchioni…nuntios suos Theotmarum archiepiscopum, Purchardum Pataviensis ecclesie presulem et Otacharium comitem…"[193].  Graf im Traungau. 

m ---.  The name and origin of Aribo's wife are not known.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[194], she may have been the sister of Pilgrim Archbishop of Salzburg but the basis for this speculation is not known.  907/23. 

Graf Aribo [I] & his wife had one child: 

1.     ISANRICH (-after 5 Mar 912).  He and his father quarrelled with Arnulf King of the East Franks in [896]188.  The Annales Fuldenses record that "Arbo comes, Ysanrico filio suo instigante", rebelled in 898 after the intervention of "marchiones suos [=Arnulfi imperatoris], Liutboldum et Arbonum comitem" in Moravia following the war between "duos fratres gentis Marahensium, Moymirum ac Zwentibaldum"[195].  The Annales Fuldenses record that "Ysanricus" continued to rebel against the emperor in 899, but that he and his wife were forced to present themselves to the emperor[196].  "Hludowicus…rex" granted property to the church of Freising by charter dated 30 Nov 903 in which among "fidelium nostrum" was listed "…Cundpoldi, Isangrimi atque Meginuuardi comitum"[197], in which "Isangrimi" presumably refers to Isanrich.  "Hludowicus…rex" granted property "in valle…Liupinatal in comitatu eiusdem Otacherii" to "Otacharii…comitis nostri filio Arpo" after consulting "fidelium nostrorum Liutpoldi, Arponis, Iringi, Cumpoldi et Paponis comitum" by charter dated 10 Mar 904[198], in which "Iringi" presumably refers to Isanrich especially as the name follows "Arponis" who would have been his father.  "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed an exchange of properties between Kloster Fulda and Kloster Echternach after consulting "fidelium nostrorum comitum vero Kebeharti, Liutpoldi, Burcharti, Eginonis, Liutfredi, Iringi et Cunpoldi" by charter dated 19 Mar 907[199].  "Chuonradus…rex" made donations by charter dated 5 Mar 912 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum comitum vero Sigihardi, Arnolfi, Erichangarii, Odalrici, Perchtoldi, Chuonradi, Herimanni, Luitfredi atque Iringi"[200]m --- (-after 899).  The only reference so far identified to the wife of Isanrich is in the Annales Fuldenses which record that "Ysanricus" continued to rebel against the emperor in 899, but that he and his wife were forced to present themselves to the emperor, without naming her[201]

 

 

Chapter 4.    GRAFEN im CHIEMGAU (SIEGHARDINGER)

The numbering of the counts named Sieghard is a convenience to help identification of each individual and does not reflect any historical reality. 

SIEGHARD [III], son of SIEGHARD [II] Graf in Bayern [Ebersberg] & his wife Gotina --- (-[916/23]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im oberen Salzburggau.  "Chuonradus…rex" made donations by charter dated 5 Mar 912 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum comitum vero Sigihardi, Arnolfi, Erchangarii, Odalrici, Perchtoldi, Chuonradi, Herimanni, Luitfredi atque Iringi"[202], which shows that Sieghard was considered first in importance among the nobility in the realm at that time, assuming that the order of the names is of significance.  "Chonradus…rex" granted property "in comitatu Marchwardi in pago Uiohbach in loco Goldaron" to "clerico Erchenfried" by an undated charter, place in the compilation with other charters dated 916 by the intervention of "Sigihardi comitis"[203]

m ---, daughter of ENGELBERT Graf am Inn & his wife ---.  This marriage is shown by Wegener but without supporting primary source references[204]

Graf Sieghard [III] & his wife had three children: 

1.             SIEGHARD [IV] (-959 or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Wegener[205] cites no source which states explicitly that Sieghard [IV] was the son of Sieghard [III] but this looks likely to be correct.  Graf im Chiemgau.  Wegener quotes a reference to "Sigihart et fratres eius Nordperht and Engilperht"[206].  "Otto…rex" transferred property "in pago Chiemihgovue in comitatu Sigihardi" to "comiti nostro Eberhart…talem proprietatem qualem antecessor noster…Arnolfus rex avo illius Sigihardo comiti" by charter dated 21 Jul 946[207].  "Otto…rex" transferred property "in villa Niuchinga in pago Hehsinga in comitatu Eberhardi comitis" to St Emmeram, Regensburg by charter dated 16 Jul 950 which also refers to property "in villa Helphendorph sitam in Friero marca in comitatu Biligrimi comitis et Sigehardi in Sneideseo et Kadalhoi Ysinachgouue"[208].  "Otto…rex" transferred property "qua…comes…Hartuuic de manu Vuarmunti comitis…in loco Grabanastat…in pago Chiemichouve in comitatibus Otacharii, Sigihardi ac Vuillihalmi comitum" to the church of Salzburg by charter dated 8 Jun 959[209], which shows that Sieghard [III] was one of three counts in Chiemgau although it is assumed that each count governed a geographically separate county rather than ruling a single county jointly.  "Otto…rex" transferred property "in loco Riut iuxta Enum fluvium in pago Sundargouue in comitabus Ratolfi, Chadalhohi, Otacarii ac Sigihardi comitum" to St Emmeram, Regensburg by charter dated 9 Jun 959[210], suggesting that the county of Sieghard [III] extended into part of Sundgau in addition to Chiemgau.  m ---.  The name of Sieghard's wife is not known.  Graf Sieghard [IV] & his wife had three children: 

a)     SIEGHARD [V] (-26 Sep [980]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf im Chiemgau.  The necrology of the Lower Monastery at Regensburg records the death "VI Kal Oct" of "Sigehart com"[211], although it is not known for certain to which of the several Grafen Sieghard this entry refers.  [m firstly ---.  Wegener comments that Willa, wife of Sieghard [IV], names her sons Engelbert [II], Pilgrim and Nordbert [II] in her charters.  This suggests that she was not the mother of Sieghard [VI] and Friederich who must have been born from an earlier marriage[212].]  m [secondly] WILLA, daughter of BERNHARD [Aribonen] & his wife Engilrat ---.  965/[970].  Wegener cites a donation by Willa, with the consent of her husband Graf Sieghard, to Salzburg which names her sons Engilpreht and Piligrim[213].  Wegener cites a source which confirms her parentage[214].  Graf Sieghard [V] & his [first] wife had two children: 

i)      SIEGHARD [VI] (-6 May [1010/20] or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The necrology of Regensburg St Emmeran records the death "II Non Mai" of "Sigihardus com"[215].  It is not known for certain to which of the several Grafen Sieghard this entry refers.  However, it is clear from his joint donation with his wife that Sieghard [VI] died naturally, which excludes the various entries for Graf Sieghard which refer to a violent death from applying to him.  In addition, the death of Nordbert [II], son of Sieghard [V], is recorded in the same necrology which may increase the likelihood that the 6 May entry refers to Sieghard [VI].  m firstly HILDBURG, daughter of --- (-5 Aug ----).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  m secondly ZLOUBRANA, daughter of ---.  Wegener cites a donation by Sieghard, on his deathbed, & his wife Zloubrana to St Emmeram, Regensburg dated [1010/20] which also names his son Sieghard[216].  Graf Sieghard [VI] & his first wife had one child: 

(a)    SIEGHARD [VII] (-killed in battle 5 Jul 1044 or killed in battle 7 Aug 1046).  Wegener cites a donation by Sieghard, on his deathbed, & his wife Zloubrana to St Emmeram, Regensburg dated [1010/20] which also names his son Sieghard[217].  Sieghard, brother of Friedrich deacon, referred to in the exchange of property cited by Wegener between "brothers on their father's side Graf Sieghard and deacon Friedrich" with Hartwig Archbishop of Salzburg dated 2 Aug [before 1023][218], which must refer to the son of Sieghard [VI] (who married twice) to give sense to the reference to "brothers on their father's side" rather than the son of Engilbert [III], younger half-brother of Sieghard [VI].  (Below)

Graf Sieghard [VI] & his second wife had one child: 

(b)    FRIEDRICH .  Wegener cites an exchange of property between "brothers on their father's side Graf Sieghard and deacon Friedrich" and Hartwig Archbishop of Salzburg dated 2 Aug [before 1023][219].  Deacon. 

ii)     FRIEDRICH [II] .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  990/[1000].  m ---.  The name of Friedrich's wife is not known.  Graf Friedrich [II] & his wife had [one possible child]: 

(a)    [RICHGARD .  The name and origin of the wife of Graf Eberhard are not known.  Wegener speculates that she was named Richgard, named in the donation to St Castulus by her supposed son Friedrich for the souls of his wife Gräfin Christina and of his relatives "Ebrohart, Frideric, Ernost, Cuono, Adalpero, Hartwich, Hemma, Rickart, Hadamuot" dated [1060][220].  He also speculates that she was the daughter of Graf Friedrich [II] to explain the transmission of the name Friedrich into the Eppenstein family[221], however this appears to be only one of many possibilities and hardly the basis for a firm conclusion.  m EBERHARD Graf an der Isar und Vils, son of MARKWARD III Markgraf der Kärtner Mark [Eppensteiner] & his wife Hadamudis von Ebersberg.  1013/39,] 

Graf Sieghard [IV] & his [second] wife had three children: 

iii)     NORDBERT [II] (-4 Jun [1010] or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The necrology of the Lower Monastery at Regensburg records the death "II Non Jun" of "Nortpreht com"[222]

iv)     PILGRIM .  Wegener cites a donation by Willa, with the consent of her husband Graf Sieghard, to Salzburg which names her sons Engilpreht and Piligrim[223].  971/991.  Bishop of Passau. 

v)      ENGELBERT [III] (-1020).  Wegener cites a donation by Willa, with the consent of her husband Graf Sieghard, to Salzburg which names her sons Engilpreht and Piligrim[224].  Graf im Chiemgau.  (Below)

b)     FRIEDRICH (-5 Oct 991).  Archbishop of Salzburg 958.  Wegener cites a transfer of property by Graf Sieghard [IV] to his brother Friedrich Archbishop of Salzburg dated 22 Apr 963[225]

c)     ENGELBERT [II] .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  The sources cited by Wegener do not prove that Engelbert [II] was the son of Graf Sieghard [III][226].  [987]/1000. 

2.             NORDBERT [I] .  924/[958].  Wegener quotes a reference to "Sigihart et fratres eius Nordperht and Engilperht"[227]

3.             ENGELBERT [I] .  924/[958].  Wegener quotes a reference to "Sigihart et fratres eius Nordperht and Engilperht"227

ENGELBERT [III], son of SIEGHARD [V] Graf im Chiemgau & his [second] wife Willa --- (-killed 9 Jun 1020).  Wegener cites a donation by Willa, with the consent of her husband Graf Sieghard, to Salzburg which names her sons Engilpreht and Piligrim[228].  Graf im Chiemgau.  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "V Id Jun" of "Engelbertus com occisus est"[229].  The necrology of Seeon records the death "V Id Jun" of "Engelbertus com"[230]

m ADELA, daughter of ---(-1 Jan ----).  Wegener cites a donation to Salzburg St Peter by Adela for the soul of her husband Engelbert which also names her son Sieghard[231].  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "Kal Jan" of "Adala com"[232].  According to Wegener[233], she was Adela, widow of Aribo [I] Pfalzgraf von Bayern, daughter of Hartwig [I] Pfalzgraf von Bayern & his wife ---.  However, the necrology of Seeon records the death "VII Id Sep" of "Adala com ux Aribonis" and her donation[234], which appears to exclude the possibility that this proposed origin of Adela is correct. 

Graf Engelbert [III] & his wife had three children: 

1.     SIEGHARD [VIII] [Sizo] (-killed in battle 5 Jul 1044 or killed in battle 7 Aug 1046).  Wegener cites a donation to Salzburg St Peter by Adela for the soul of her husband Engelbert which also names her son Sieghard[235].  (Below) 

2.     HARTWIG (-31 Jan 1039).  "Engilbertus comes" donated property to Brixen at the request of "fratris sui Hartwici…episcopi" for the soul of "Liudkarde coniugis sue"[236].  Bishop of Brixen 1023. 

3.     ENGELBERT [IV] (-15 Mar [1040]).  "Engilbertus comes" donated property to Brixen at the request of "fratris sui Hartwici…episcopi" for the soul of "Liudkarde coniugis sue"[237].  Graf im Inngau, Norital und im Pustertal.  Vogt of Salzburg Cathedral [1035/41].  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "Id Mar" of "Engilpreht com"[238]m LIUTGARD, daughter of --- (-before 1039).  "Engilbertus comes" donated property to Brixen at the request of "fratris sui Hartwici…episcopi" for the soul of "Liudkarde coniugis sue"[239].  According to Wegener[240], she married secondly (before 1070) Aribo II Pfalzgraf von Bayern, but this appears to be disproved by this donation.  In addition, the chronology appears unfavourable to this second marriage.  Graf Engelbert [IV] & his wife had [one possible child]: 

a)     [RICHGARD .  The Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia names "comes Engelbertus ex patre Sigfrido Francorum civis, ex matre Rihkarda maiorum Karinthia primus"[241].  Wegener assumes that she was the daughter of Engelbert [IV] because she named her son Engelbert[242].  However, the same reasoning could presumably apply to any other contemporary member of the Sieghardinger family, in which the name Engelbert was used frequently.  m SIEGFRIED Graf [Sponheim], son of --- (-5 Jul 1065).  Markgraf der Ungarischen Mark 1045/48.  Graf im Pustertal.] 

Two individuals named Graf Sieghard are shown above, SIEGHARD [VII] son of Graf SIEGHARD [VI] & his first wife Hildburg ---, and SIEGHARD [VIII] son of Graf ENGELBERT [III] & his wife Adela ---.  Both married and had children, and both died in the mid-1040s within a short time of each other.  According to Wegener[243], Sieghard [VII] married Pilihilde and Sieghard [VIII] married Tuta von Ebersberg.  Europäische Stammtafeln[244] chooses the other alternative.  The only information which appears to support Wegener's position is the document dated 7 Jun 1137 under which Pope Innocent III took Kloster Michaelbeuren under his protection, at the request of Gräfin Ida and her sons Grafen Gebehard and Sigehard, the document also naming Sigehard Patriarch of Aquileja, his mother Bilihilt, Graf Sigehard and his brother Friedrich[245].  According to the reconstruction shown above, Graf Sieghard [VII] was the only one of the two Grafen Sieghard to have a brother named Friedrich. 

1.     SIEGHARD [VII] or [VIII] (-killed in battle 5 Jul 1044).  Wegener cites a donation to Salzburg St Peter by Adela for the soul of her husband Engelbert which also names her son Sieghard[246], although as noted above it is not clear whether this refers to the Sieghard who is here referred to as Sieghard [VII] or [VIII].  Graf im Chiemgau.  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "III Non Jul" of "in eo bello…occupuerunt Eberhart subdiac, Sizo com, Arnolt aliique Teutonum complures", referring to the war of King Heinrich III in Hungary in 1043[247], although the year is more likely 1044.  m PILIHILD, daughter of --- (-23 Oct [1075]).  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property "in comitatu Otacchari situm, ipso vero Otaccharo et Pilihilda vidua Sizonis comitis duobusque filiis eius Sigehardo et Friderico…" to the church of Salzburg by charter dated 9 Apr 1048[248].  Wegener refers to a donation by Graf Friedrich, with the consent of his mother Pilihild, his wife Mathild and his brother Syrus, to Michaelbeuren dated [1060][249].  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "X Kal Nov" of "Pilhilt com"[250].  Her origin is unknown.  Wegener suggests that she was Pilihild, daughter of Friedrich [II] Graf an der oberen Isar [Diessen] & his wife ---, in order to explain the arrival of this name in the Sieghardinger family.  If the hypothesis is correct, the chronology suggests that her father must have been Friedrich [II] rather than Friedrich [I] (the two being conflated by Wegener).  Graf Sieghard & his wife had [five] children: 

a)     FRIEDRICH (-17 Jul 1071).  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property "in comitatu Otacchari situm, ipso vero Otaccharo et Pilihilda vidua Sizonis comitis duobusque filiis eius Sigehardo et Friderico…" to the church of Salzburg by charter dated 9 Apr 1048[251].  Wegener refers to a donation by Graf Friedrich, with the consent of his mother Pilihild, his wife Mathild and his brother Syrus [=Sieghard], to Michaelbeuren dated [1060][252].  Graf von Tengling. 

-        GRAFEN von TENGLING

b)     SIEGHARD (-Regensburg 12 Aug 1077).  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property "in comitatu Otacchari situm, ipso vero Otaccharo et Pilihilda vidua Sizonis comitis duobusque filiis eius Sigehardo et Friderico…" to the church of Salzburg by charter dated 9 Apr 1048[253].  Wegener refers to a donation by Graf Friedrich, with the consent of his mother Pilihild, his wife Mathild and his brother Syrus [=Sieghard], to Michaelbeuren dated [1060][254].  Imperial Chancellor 1064/67.  Patriarch of Aquileia 1068.  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "villam unam Lunzanicham…quod Ludovicus comes habebat" to the church of Aquileia at the request of "ducis etiam Liutoldi, marchionum quoque Wilielmi…Sigehardi patriarche comitatum Fori Iulii" by charter dated 1077[255]

c)     FRIEDGUND (-[1072] or after).  Wegener refers to a donation by Sieghard Patriarch of Aquileja to his sister Fredeunda abbess of Santa Maria in Aquileja dated [1072][256].  Abbess of Santa Maria, Aquileia. 

d)     [HILDBURG [Wilpirk] .  According to Wegener, the wife of Konrad Duke of Moravia may have been the daughter of Sieghard Graf im Chiemgau & his wife Pilihild [Diessen] but he does not explain the reasoning behind this speculation nor cite any primary sources[257]m KONRAD II Markgraf of Moravia, son of BŘETISLAV Duke of the Bohemians & his wife Judith von Schweinfurt (-6 Jan 1092).] 

e)     [SUANAHILD .  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[258], the second wife of Markgraf Ernst was the daughter of Sieghard VII Graf [Sieghardinger] & his wife Pilihild, but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  m (1071 or after) as his second wife, ERNST Markgraf of Austria, son of ADALBERT Markgraf der Ostmark [Austria] & his first wife --- (-killed in battle near Homburg/Unstrut 9 Jun 1075, bur Melk).] 

1.     SIEGHARD [VII] or [VIII] (-killed in battle [Hungary] 7 Aug 1046).  The necrology of Seeon records the death "VII Id Aug" of "Sigehardus com"[259].  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "VII Id Aug" of "Sigahart com occisus est"[260].  He was presumably killed during the Hungarian wars at the time of the fall of King Péter.  [m firstly ---.  Wegener says that Graf Sieghard's wife Tuta could not have had any children (although he does not give the basis for this statement) and therefore assumes that there was a first marriage[261].  This speculation appears disproved by the charter dated 9 Apr 1048 under which "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property "in comitatu Otacchari situm…et domina Iudita filiisque eius Sigehardo, Engilberto, Marchuuardo et Meginhardo…" to the church of Salzburg[262].  It is therefore clear that Graf Sieghard's widow was named Tuta or Judith and that she was mother of his four sons.]  m [secondly] (before 12 Jul 1020) TUTA [Judith] von Ebersberg, daughter of UDALRICH Graf von Ebersberg Marchese di Carniola & his wife Richardis von Viehbach [Eppensteiner] (-1048 or after).  [1029]/1048.  Wegener refers to Graf Sizo and his wife Judita founding the church of Bamburg 12 Jul 1020[263].  Wegener refers to Sigahart & his wife Tuta, sister of Adalbero, relinquishing their rights in property donated by Adalbero II Graf von Ebersberg after the death of the latter by charter dated 1045[264].  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property "in comitatu Otacchari situm…et domina Iudita filiisque eius Sigehardo, Engilberto, Marchuuardo et Meginhardo…" to the church of Salzburg by charter dated 9 Apr 1048[265].  Graf Sieghard & his [second] wife had four children: 

a)     SIEGHARD [IX] [Sizo] (-21 Jul [1080]).  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property "in comitatu Otacchari situm…et domina Iudita filiisque eius Sigehardo, Engilberto, Marchuuardo et Meginhardo…" to the church of Salzburg by charter dated 9 Apr 1048[266].  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property "in loco…Wizenregen…in pago Campriche et in comitatu Sizonis comitis" to "servienti nostro Acelino" by charter dated 18 Feb 1050[267].  Graf im Campriche und im Chiemgau.  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "XII Kal Aug" of "Sigihart com"[268]

b)     ENGELBERT [V] (-killed in battle [Mellrichstadt] 7 Aug 1078).  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property "in comitatu Otacchari situm…et domina Iudita filiisque eius Sigehardo, Engilberto, Marchuuardo et Meginhardo…" to the church of Salzburg by charter dated 9 Apr 1048[269].  Graf im Chiemgau.  Vogt of Salzburg Cathedral.  The necrology of Regensburg St Emmeran records the death "VII Id Aug" of "Engilpertus com"[270]m IRMGARD, daughter of --- .  Wegener refers to a donation by Gräfin Irmingart to Salzburg Cathedral for the soul of her husband Graf Engilpert dated 1078[271]

c)     MARKWARD (-murdered 5 Dec [1085]).  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property "in comitatu Otacchari situm…et domina Iudita filiisque eius Sigehardo, Engilberto, Marchuuardo et Meginhardo…" to the church of Salzburg by charter dated 9 Apr 1048[272].  Graf im Chiemgau und im Isengau.  Graf von Markwardstein.  The necrology of Baumburg records the death "Non Dec" of "Marquardus com de Marquardstain fundator loci ist"[273]m as her first husband, ADELHEID von Lechsgemünd, daughter of KUNO Graf von Lechsgemünd & his wife --- (-24 Feb [1108]).  The Fundatio Monasterii Baumburgensis names "in Bawarie provincial comes…Cuno…filiam Adilheit" as founder of Kloster Baumburg, naming her first husband "comes Marcohardus de castro…Marcarstain", her second husband "comes Udalricus de Pactavia" and her third husband "Berngero comiti de Sulzphach"[274].  She married secondly Ulrich Graf von Passau, and thirdly as his first wife, Berengar III Graf von Sulzbach.  The necrology of Baumburg records the death "VI Kal Mar" of "Alheidis com fundatrix"[275]

d)     MEGINHARD (-after [1055]).  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property "in comitatu Otacchari situm…et domina Iudita filiisque eius Sigehardo, Engilberto, Marchuuardo et Meginhardo…" to the church of Salzburg by charter dated 9 Apr 1048[276].  Wegener refers to a donation by "Engilram nobilis" dated [1055] witnessed first by "Meginhart comes"[277]

 

 

Chapter 5.    GRAFEN von PLAIN und HARDEGG

Hardegg is located in what is now northern Austria, very close to the border with the Czech Republic, about 20 km west of Znojmo.  Schloß Plain (also known as Plagin or Plaigen) is near Reichenhall in Lower Austria and is now in ruins. 

WERIGAND, son of --- (-31 Oct [1123]).  According to Wegener, Werigand, ancestor of the Grafen von Plain und Hardegg, was the son of Graf Liutold [III][278].  The onomastics are favourable for a family connection, but there is insufficient information available to judge the precise nature of the relationship, if any.  Graf von Plain 1108.  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "II Kal Nov" of "Wergandus comes"[279]

m ---.  The name of Werigand's wife is not known. 

Werigand & his wife had two children: 

1.     LIUTOLD [I] (-22/23 Jan 1164).  Wegener refers to a donation by "comes Werigandus" to Salzburg Cathedral with the consent of his son Liutold dated [1123][280].  Graf von Plain.  Vogt von Salzburg St Peter.  The Annales Sancti Rudberti Salisburgenses record the death in 1164 of "Liutoldus de Plein comes"[281].  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "XI Kal Feb" of "Liutoldus com de Plain"[282].  The necrology of Michaelbeuern records the death "X Kal Feb" of "Liutoldus com de Plagie"[283].  The necrology of St Andreas records the death "X Kal Feb" of "Lyutolt com"[284].  [m firstly ---.  Wegener states that the oldest son of Graf Liutold [I], first mentioned in 1135, must have been born from an earlier marriage considering that Graf Liutold's sons Liutpold and Heinrich are first mentioned in 1155 and 1167.  While this is possible, it is not necessarily correct as individuals may be first recorded many years after their birth.  In addition, if the parentage of Graf Liutold's wife Uta is as shown below, she could not have been born later than [1115/20] considering the long child-bearing career of her mother.  This would mean that she was perfectly capable of being the mother of Graf Liutold's oldest son.]  m [secondly] UTA, daughter of --- (-22 Nov before 1170, bur Stift Göttweig).  Wegener refers to a donation by "Liutold comes de Plain" to Salzburg St Peter with his wife Outa and son Liutold dated [1150][285].  Wegener states that she was Uta of Austria, daughter of Luitpold III Markgraf of Austria & his second wife Agnes of Germany, basing this on the transmission of the names Luitpold and Berta into the family of the Grafen von Plain.  The reliability of this supposition depends largely on the existence or otherwise of Graf Liutold's first wife and the probable dates of birth of Uta's younger children.  As mentioned above, Uta, if she was the daughter of Markgraf Luitpold III, could not have been born later than [1115/20] considering the long child-bearing career of the Markgraf's wife.  This makes it less probable that any of her children were born in the late 1150s/early 1160s.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[286], she was Uta von Peilstein, daughter of Konrad Graf von Peilstein [Sieghardinger], presumably by his first wife Euphemia of Austria.  The basis for this is not known, but it would provide an alternative explanation for the introduction of the name Liutpold into the family of the Grafen von Plain, as Graf Konrad's first wife was a Babenberg.  The necrology of Admont records the death "X Kal Dec" of "Outa com"[287].  Graf Liutold [I] & his [first/second] wife had one child: 

a)     LIUTOLD [II] (before 1135-after 27 Aug 1160).  Wegener cites a reference to "Liutoldus filius comitis Liutoldi de Plagio" dated 1135[288].  Wegener refers to a donation by "Liutold comes de Plain" to Salzburg St Peter with his wife Outa and son Liutold dated [1150][289].  Graf von Plain. 

Graf Liutold [I] & his [second] wife had [five] children: 

b)     LIUTPOLD (-17 Jun [1193]).  Wegener refers to sources naming "comes Liutoldus et filius eius Luipoldus de B" dated 23 Jan 1157[290] and "Liutpoldus filius comitis Liutoldi de P" dated 25 Aug 1162[291].  Graf von Plain.  (Below)

c)     KUNIGUNDE .  Wegener refers to a donation by Liutold Graf von Plain with his wife Outa and children to Admont for their daughter Kunigunde's entry into the monastery dated [1160][292].  Nun at Admont [1160]. 

d)     BERTHA (-1 Apr ----).  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "Kal Apr" of "Berhta filia com Liutolli"[293].  The necrology of Admont records the death "Kal Apr" of "Perhta mon no de Plain"[294].  Nun at Admont. 

e)     HEINRICH (-30 Oct [1196]).  Wegener refers to a source dated 24 Feb 1188 naming "Liupoldus comes de Hardek et frater eius comes Heinricus de Plagen"[295].  Graf von Plain 1175.  Graf von Hardegg.  (Below)

f)      [ADELHEID (-6 Jan ----).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[296], the wife of Heinrich [II] Graf von Lechsgemünd was probably the daughter of Liutold [I] Graf von Plain but the source on which this speculation is based has not been identified.  The necrology of Kaisheim records the death "II Non Feb" of "Adelhaidis com fundatricis"[297], and as the same source names "Hainrici comitis de Lechgemünd primi fundatoris" it is assumed that Adelheid was his wife.  m HEINRICH Graf von Lechsgemünd-Frontenhausen, son of HEINRICH [I] von Horburg Graf von Lechsgemünd und Frontenhausen & his wife Liukard --- (-26 Jan [1208]).] 

2.     HEMMA von Plain (-after 1178).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[298], the wife of Graf Wolfrad was the daughter of Graf Werigand but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  She and her marriage are not mentioned by Wegener.  m (before 1132) WOLFRAD Graf von Treffen und Altshausen, son of ULRICH & his wife --- ((-after [1168/71]). 

LIUTPOLD von Plain, son of LIUTOLD [I] Graf von Plain & his [second] wife Uta --- (-17 Jun [1193]).  Wegener refers to sources naming "comes Liutoldus et filius eius Luipoldus de B" dated 23 Jan 1157[299] and "Liutpoldus filius comitis Liutoldi de P" dated 25 Aug 1162[300].  Graf von Plain.  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records that "II Non Apr 1167 tempore scismati…Plaienses comites Liupoldus et frater eius Heinricus" were ordered by Emperor Friedrich I to make war against the church of Salzburg[301].  Graf von Hardegg 1188.  Vogt von Berchtesgaden [1190].  The necrology of Raitenhaslach records the death "XV Kal Jul" of "Lewpoldus com"[302].  The necrology of St Erentrud records the death "XIV Kal Jul" of "Liupoldus com"[303]

m ([1164]) IDA von Burghausen, daughter of GEBHARD [I] Graf von Burghausen [Sieghardinger] & his wife Sophie von Wettin (-26 Jan after 1210).  Wegener refers to the confirmation by Walther Abbot of Michaelbeuern of a donation by Gräfin Sophia before the marriage of her daughter to Graf Liupold[304].  Wegener refers to a donation to Raitenhaslach by Gräfin Ida von P with her sons dated [1195], witnessed by "Hainricus comes, Luitoldus et Gebehardus comites"[305].  Wegener refers to a donation by Gräfin Ida von Pleien to Kloster Michaelbeuern with her sons Graf Lutold and Gebehard canon at Passau cathedral[306].  The necrology of Michaelbeuern records the death "VII Kal Jan" of "Ita com"[307]

Graf Luitpold & his wife had four children: 

1.     LIUTOLD [III] (-killed in battle Treviso 27 Aug 1210, bur Höglwörth).  Wegener refers to a donation by Gräfin Ida von Pleien to Kloster Michaelbeuern with her sons Graf Lutold and Gebehard canon at Passau cathedral[308].  Graf von Hardegg 1198.  Graf von Plain 1203.  Vogt von Göttweig [1205].  Vogt von Michaelbeuern 1213.  The necrology of Michaelbeuern records the death "VI Kal Sep" of "Liutoldus com de Pleien"[309]m ---.  The name and origin of the wife of Graf Liutold [III] are not known.  Wegener suggests that she was Heilwig von Leuchtenberg, widow of Berthold [II] von Eschenlohe und Iffeldorf, possible daughter of Gebhard [II] von Leuchtenberg, based on the name Heilwig, practically only used by the Leuchtenberg family, being given to her daughter[310].  Graf Liutold [III] & his wife had two children: 

a)     LIUTOLD [IV] (-6 Nov 1248).  Wegener quotes a source dated 14 Jul 1231 naming "Liutoldus comes de Plain et Heilwirgis soror ipsius" and their "patruus" Bishop Gebhard[311].  Graf von Plain 1231.  Graf von Hardegg 1237.  Vogt von Michaelbeuern.  The Annales Sancti Rudberti Salisburgenses record the death in Lombardy in 1248 of "Liutoldus de Plain" and others[312].  The necrology of Michaelbeuern records the death "VI Id Nov" of "Liutoldus com de Pleigen"[313]m [EUPHEMIA, daughter of --- (-9 Feb ----).  Wegener suggests that the wife of Graf Liutold [IV] was Euphemia[314], whose death is recorded in the necrology of Admont "V Id Feb Offemia de Hardekke com"[315].] 

b)     HEILWIG (-15 Feb after 1256).  Wegener quotes a source dated 14 Jul 1231 naming "Liutoldus comes de Plain et Heilwirgis soror ipsius" and their "patruus" Bishop Gebhard[316].  Wegener refers to the confirmation by Konrad abbot of Michaelbeuern dated 3 Sep 1249 that, after the death of the vogt of the monastery Liutold Graf von Plain, "Herr Heinrich in Schaumberch" succeeded as vogt through his wife, sister of Graf Liutold[317].  The necrology of Wilhering records the death "XV Kal Mar" of "Haylwigis com ux di Hainrici de Schaunberch"[318]m HEINRICH [II] Graf von Schaunberg (-25 Jul [1276/81]). 

2.     GEBHARD (-10 Oct 1232).  Wegener refers to a donation by Gräfin Ida von Pleien to Kloster Michaelbeuern with her sons Graf Lutold and Gebehard canon at Passau cathedral[319].  Bishop of Passau 1222. 

3.     SOPHIE (-12 Oct after 1210).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  The necrology of Admont records the death "XII Kal Nov" of "Sophia coma Liubenawe"[320]m as his second wife, OTTO Graf von Lebenau, son of SIEGFRIED [II] Graf von Lebenau und Hohenburg [Sponheim] & his wife Mathilde von Valley [Wittelsbach] (-8 Mar [1200/04]). 

4.     daughter .  Wegener refers to a donation by "Liutpold comes de P" to Admont for his daughter when she became a nun there, dated [1180][321].  Nun at Admont [1180]. 

HEINRICH von Plain, son of LIUTOLD [I] Graf von Plain & his [second] wife Uta [of Austria/von Peilstein] (-30 Oct [1196]).  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records that "II Non Apr 1167 tempore scismati…Plaienses comites Liupoldus et frater eius Heinricus" were ordered by Emperor Friedrich I to make war against the church of Salzburg[322].  Wegener refers to a source dated 24 Feb 1188 naming "Liupoldus comes de Hardek et frater eius comes Heinricus de Plagen"[323].  Graf von Plain 1175.  Graf von Hardegg.  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "III Kal Nov" of "Heinricus comes de Plain"[324]

m (before 1177) AGNES von Wittelsbach, daughter of OTTO Graf von Wittelsbach [later Duke of Bavaria] (-[1200]).  The Genealogia Ottonis II Ducis Bavariæ refers to, but does not name, the third of the five daughters of "Otto dictus de Schiren…dux Bawarie" as wife of "Heinricus comes de Pleien" and their son "Chunradum comitem"[325].  Wegener refers to a donation to Berchtesgaden by Gräfin Agnes von P and her son Chounrad for the soul of Graf Heinrich and his son Otto dated 1197[326]

Graf Heinrich & his wife had [three] children: 

1.     OTTO [I] (-23 Aug [1197]).  Wegener refers to a donation to Berchtesgaden by Gräfin Agnes von P and her son Chounrad for the soul of Graf Heinrich and his son Otto dated 1197[327].  Graf von Plain.  The necrology of Seeon records the death "X Kal Sep" of "Otto com puer"[328]

2.     KONRAD [I] (-4 Apr [1250]).  Wegener refers to a donation to Berchtesgaden by Gräfin Agnes von P and her son Chounrad for the soul of Graf Heinrich and his son Otto dated 1197[329].  The Genealogia Ottonis II Ducis Bavariæ refers to, but does not name, the third of the five daughters of "Otto dictus de Schiren…dux Bawarie" as wife of "Heinricus comes de Pleien" and their son "Chunradum comitem"[330].  Graf von Plain 1197.  Graf von Hardegg 1200.  The Book of Obligations of Salzburg St Peter records the death "II Non Apr" of "Chunradus graf de Plain"[331]m firstly ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  1220.  m secondly BERTA, daughter of --- (-1247).  Wegener refers to the foundation of Geras by Konrad Graf von Plain and his sons Otto and Konrad for the soul of his deceased wife Perchta, dated 30 Nov 1249[332].  Graf Konrad [I] & his [first/second] wife had four children: 

a)     OTTO [II] (-killed in battle Staatz 26/27 Jun 1260).  Wegener refers to the foundation of Geras by Konrad Graf von Plain and his sons Otto and Konrad for the soul of his deceased wife Perchta, dated 30 Nov 1249[333].  Graf von Plain 1250.  Graf von Hardegg 1251.  He was killed in battle against the Hungarians.  The Notæ Altahenses record that "Otto et Chunradus fratres comites de Plaigo" were killed "1260 V Kal Jul…a Comanis"[334].  The necrology of Admont records the death "V Kal Jul" of "Otto com, Chunradus com"[335].  The necrology of Melk records the death "VI Kal Jul" of "Otto et Chunradus frater eius comes de Hardeke occisi sunt"[336]m as her first husband, WILLIBIRG von Helfenstein, daughter of ULRICH [II] Graf von Helfenstein (-27 Aug 1314).  Wegener refers to the donation of "Wilbirg comitissa de Hargegg" for the soul of her husband Graf Otto and his brother Garf Konrad dated 18 Oct 1260[337].  The primary source which confirms her three marriages has not yet been identified.  She married secondly Henrich Burggraf von Dewin (-1270), and thirdly Berthold Graf von Schwarzburg zu Rabenswald und Hardegg (-7 Aug 1312). 

b)     KONRAD [II] (-killed in battle Staatz 26/27 Jun 1260).  Wegener refers to the foundation of Geras by Konrad Graf von Plain and his sons Otto and Konrad for the soul of his deceased wife Perchta, dated 30 Nov 1249[338].  Graf von Plain 1250.  Graf von Hardegg 1254.  Vogt von Högelwörth.  He was killed in battle against the Hungarians.  The Notæ Altahenses record that "Otto et Chunradus fratres comites de Plaigo" were killed "1260 V Kal Jul…a Comanis"[339].  The necrology of Admont records the death "V Kal Jul" of "Otto com, Chunradus com"[340].  The necrology of Melk records the death "VI Kal Jul" of "Otto et Chunradus frater eius comes de Hardeke occisi sunt"[341]

c)     EUPHEMIA (-after 1 Apr 1292).  Wegener refers to Albert Graf von Görz-Tirol renouncing his rights to Plain which came through his mother-in-law Offmey and his wife of the same name, dated 1 May 1292[342]m (1254) HERMANN [I] Graf von Ortenburg (-19 May 1265). 

d)     MARIA (-after 20 Mar 1299).  Wegener cites the 14th century work on the crusade journey of Ludwig "der Fromme" Landgraf of Thuringia which states that the wife of Ulrich von Neuhaus was the sister of Grafen Otto and Konrad von Hardegg[343]m ULRICH [I] von Neuhaus [Witigonen] (-before 29 Dec 1292). 

3.     [HEINRICH (-3 Apr [1237]).  The Bernardi Cremifanensis Historiæ names "Heinricus 17 annis. Iste fuit de styrpe comitum de Plæyn et monachus in Tegernse", indicating his appointment in 1220 as abbot of Kremsmünster[344].  Although the source does not state his parentage, it would be chronological consistent for him to have been the son of Graf Heinrich, assuming that he was an agnatic descendant of the family and legitimate.] 

 

 

Chapter 6.    GRAFEN von SPONHEIM

The Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia implies that this family originated in Franconia when it names "comes Engelbertus ex patre Sigfrido Francorum civis" (see below)[345].  However, no primary source so far identified relates any history of the family before 1045, the date when Siegfried is first recorded as Markgraf in the Hungarian March.  There is no indication of Siegfried's parentage, although the name Siegfried is found among the Saxon nobility.  There are several other indications of a connection between this family and Saxony, including the marriages of Siegfried's son Graf Engelbert [I] with the supposed daughter of Bernhard II Duke of Saxony and Siegfried's granddaughter Richgard with Rudolf [I] Graf von Stade, later Markgraf der Nordmark.  The installation of Siegfried's son Hartwig as Archbishop of Magdeburg and the naming of his son Hermann as Burggraf von Magdeburg also suggest connections which were not limited to Carinthia.  All these factors point to Markgraf Siegfried enjoying a position of some prominence at the court of King Heinrich III and, if this is correct, it is surprising that there is no earlier trace of him in the documentation. 

Most of the counties held by members of the family were located in Carinthia, except for Sponheim itself. 

SIEGFRIED, son of --- (-[Bulgaria] 5 Jul 1065, bur [Bulgaria], transferred to St Paul).  The Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia names "comes Engelbertus ex patre Sigfrido Francorum civis, ex matre Rihkarda maiorum Karinthia primus", and in a later passage names "Sifridi natale solum Spanheimmense fuerat castrum, Richkart Laventinis oriunda" as parents of "Hartwic Magdeburgensis archiepiscopus"[346].    He was appointed Markgraf der Ungarischen Mark 1045 until before 1048.  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "intra fluvios Phiscaha et Litaha et Maraha" to "Sigefrido marchioni" by charter dated 7 Mar 1045[347].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "inter flumina Litaha et Fiscaha…in comitatu Sigifridi marchionis" to "fideli nostro Reginoldo" by charter dated 3 Jun 1045[348].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "iuxta alveum fluminis Danubii…contra Ungaricam plateam…villa Stillefride…" on the petition of "…Heinrici ducis Sigefrido marchioni" by charter dated 15 Jul 1045[349].  Graf im Pustertal 1048, maybe he was granted this county on losing the Markgrafschaft.  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" granted property "in pago Bvsterissa in comitatu Sigefridi comitis…Swarzenbahc…Aurina…" to Poppo Bishop of Brixen by charter dated 25 Jan 1048[350].  He died while returning from pilgrimage to Jerusalem.  The brothers Graf Engelbert and Hartwig Archbishop of Magdeburg transferred the remains of their mother Richgard from Spanheim to St Paul to be next to her husband Graf Siegfried, the document dated [1100] confirming that their father died while returning from pilgrimage to Jerusalem and was first buried in Bulgaria and that their mother died while on pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela[351]

m RICHGARD, daughter of --- (-Santiago de Compostela 9 Jul [1072], bur Spanheim, transferred [1100] to St Paul).  The Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia names "comes Engelbertus ex patre Sigfrido Francorum civis, ex matre Rihkarda maiorum Karinthia primus", and in a later passage names "Sifridi natale solum Spanheimmense fuerat castrum, Richkart Laventinis oriunda" as parents of "Hartwic Magdeburgensis archiepiscopus"[352].    Wegener assumes that she was Richgard, daughter of Engelbert Graf im Inn- und Norital [Sieghardinger] & his wife Liutgard --- because she named her son Engelbert[353].  However, the same reasoning could apply to any other contemporary member of the Sieghardinger family, in which the name Engelbert was commonly used.  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "VII Id Jul" of "Rihkart coma"[354].  The brothers Graf Engelbert and Hartwig Archbishop of Magdeburg transferred the remains of their mother Richgard from Spanheim to St Paul to be next to her husband Graf Siegfried, the document dated [1100] confirming that their father died while returning from pilgrimage to Jerusalem and was first buried in Bulgaria and that their mother died while on pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela[355]

Graf Siegfried & his wife had four children: 

1.     ENGELBERT [I] (-1 Apr 1096).  The Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia names "comes Engelbertus ex patre Sigfrido Francorum civis, ex matre Rihkarda maiorum Karinthia primus"[356].  Graf im Kraichgau.  Graf von Sponheim.  (Below)

2.     HARTWIG von Sponheim (-17 Jun 1126).  The Fundatio Sancti Pauli in Carinthia names "Sifridi natale solum Spanheimmense fuerat castrum, Richkart Laventinis oriunda" as parents of "Hartwic Magdeburgensis archiepiscopus"[357].  Canon at Mainz Cathedral 1056.  Provost at Erfurt 1079.  He was installed as Archbishop of Magdeburg in 1079 by Rudolf von Rheinfelden anti-King of Germany[358]

3.     daughter .  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[359], the father of Zeizolf was the unnamed son of Graf Siegfried.  However, the reference to "Cholo sororis episcopi filius", shown below, suggests that it was Zeizolf's mother who was related to this family, assuming that "Cholo" refers to "Zeizolf".  He/she is not referred to in Wegener[360]m ---.  The name of Zeizolf's father is not known.  It is likely that he was related to the earlier counts of this name who are shown in GERMAN NOBILITY. 

a)     ZEIZOLF von Osterwitz (-11 Jan after [1130/37]).  He may be "Cholo sororis episcopi filius" named as second witness to a charter of Engelbert dated 2 Dec 1092 which is quoted in the Fundatio Sancti Pauli in Carinthia[361].  This looks probable as his supposed paternal uncle Hermann was referred to as "frater episcopi" in another charter quoted in the same source (see below).  "Ceizolf" witnessed another charter of the same date also quoted in the Fundatio Sancti Pauli in Carinthia[362], presumably the same person.  m --- (-after [1130/37]).  The name of Zeizolf's wife is not known.  Zeizolf & his wife had children: 

i)       children (-before 1137).  The primary source which confirms their parentage has not yet been identified. 

4.     HERMANN (-[22 Jul] 1118).  The Fundatio Sancti Pauli in Carinthia names "Sifridi natale solum Spanheimmense fuerat castrum, Richkart Laventinis oriunda" as parents of "Hartwic Magdeburgensis archiepiscopus", and lists "Herman comes frater episcopi" as first witness of the related diploma[363].  Burggraf and Vogt of Magdeburg.  The Annalista Saxo records the death in 1118 of "Hermannus Magdeburgensis comes"[364].  The necrology of Admont records the death "XI Kal Aug" of "Hermannus com"[365], although it is not certain that this refers to this Graf Hermann.  m ---.  The name of Hermann's wife is not known.  Hermann & his wife had one child:

a)     RICHGARD von Sponheim (-1151).  The Annalista Saxo names "Richardis filia Herimanni Magedaburgensis comitis" as wife of "Rodolfus comes frater Udonis marchionis"[366].  She was co-founder of Kloster Sponheim.  m RUDOLF I Graf von Stade, son of LOTHAR UDO II Graf von Stade Markgraf der Nordmark & his wife Oda von Werl (-7 Dec 1124).  He succeeded his brother in 1106 as RUDOLF I Markgraf der Nordmark

ENGELBERT [I] von Sponheim, son of SIEGFRIED Graf von Sponheim und im Pustertal ex-Markgraf & his wife Richgard [Sieghardinger] (-1 Apr 1096).  The Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia names "comes Engelbertus ex patre Sigfrido Francorum civis, ex matre Rihkarda maiorum Karinthia primus"[367].  Graf im Kraichgau.  Graf von Sponheim [1070].  Graf im Pustertal 1070.  Vogt of Salzburg.  The necrology of Regensburg St Emmeran records the death "Kal Apr" of "Engilbertus ex comite m"[368].  The necrology of Seckau records the death "Kal Apr" of "Engelbertus fundator s Pauli in Lavant"[369]

m HEDWIG, daughter of --- (-1 Jun [after 1100]).  The Fundatio Sancti Pauli in Carinthia names "Hadwich cometissa Engelberti relicta", and lists (in order) "Engelbert et Pernhart et Hainrich filii ipsius" as witnesses to the related diploma[370].  The necrology of Regensburg St Emmeran records the death "Kal Jun" of "Hadewich coma"[371].  The Genealogia ex stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Idam Namucensem…uxorem Angelberti marchionis et Gertrudem comitissam Flandrensem" as children of "Bernardum"[372].  It is not certain to whom "Angelberti marchionis" refers, but it is possible that it is Engelbert [I] Graf von Sponheim whose father was Markgraf.  If this is correct, she would have been Hedwig of Saxony, daughter of Bernhard II Duke of Saxony [Billung] & his wife Eilika von Schweinfurt.  Wegener points out that a Saxon origin for Hedwig is consistent with the introduction of the names Bernhard and Heinrich into the family of the Grafen von Sponheim[373].  However, if Hedwig was the daughter of Duke Bernhard, she must have been born in the range [1020/40].  This seems early in light of the known career dates of Hedwig's children. 

Graf Engelbert [I] & his wife had seven children: 

1.     ENGELBERT [II] von Sponheim (-1141).  The Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia names (in order) "Engelbertus primogenitus, Sigfridus, Bernhardus et Heinricus" as sons of "Engelberto comite seniore"[374].  The Vita Chuonradi names "Engilbertum et Bernhardum" as brothers of Heinrich Duke of Carinthia[375].  Marchese of Istria 1107.  He was installed in 1124 as ENGELBERT Duke of Carinthia, until 1135.   

-        DUKES of CARINTHIA

2.     RICHGARD von Sponheim (-10 Apr [1130]).  Richgard's origin is proved by the source dated [1106], cited by Wegener, in which Richkart widowed Gräfin von Wasserburg donated property to Kloster St Paul witnessed by her brothers Bernhard and Heinrich[376].  Richgard's first marriage shown below is uncertain.  Wegener suggests that it is correct because Berthold [I] von Regensburg named his son Engelbert[377].  However, he also cites a donation by Richgard dated [1108] for the soul of her husband Berthold[378], which suggests that Berthold's death may have been closer to that date, which would exclude this Richgard being his wife in view of her other two marriages.  A further difficulty is that Richgard von Sponheim is recorded as having a son named Engelbert by her marriage with Gebhard von Wasserburg, it being unlikely that she would have given the same name to two of her sons.  Her [first/second] marriage is indicated by the Fundatio Sancti Pauli in Carinthia which names "Poppo gener comitis" as first witness to a charter of Engelbert dated 2 Dec 1092, although this does not specify her name[379].  However, the primary source which states clearly that the wife of Graf Gebhard was the widow of Poppo has not so far been identified.  [m firstly as his second wife, BERTHOLD [I] von Regensburg und Schwarzenburg, son of FRIEDRICH [I] & his wife [Tuta] von Regensburg (-before [1108]).]  m [firstly/secondly] POPPO II Marchese di Carniola e Istria, son of ULRICH I Marchese di Carniola e Istria & his wife Sophie of Hungary (-1098).  m [secondly/thirdly] GEBHARD I von Wasserburg, son of --- & his wife Gisela --- (-3 Oct [1102]). 

3.             HARTWIG von Sponheim (-3 Mar 1126).  The Vita Norberti Archiepiscopi Magdeburgensis names "Engelbertus marchio cuius filiam…Theobaldo in coniugio" as brother of the bishop of Regensburg[380].  Provost at Magdeburg Cathedral.  Bishop of Regensburg 1105.  

4.             SIEGFRIED [I] von Sponheim (-6 May [1130]).  The Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia names (in order) "Engelbertus primogenitus, Sigfridus, Bernhardus et Heinricus" as sons of "Engelberto comite seniore"[381].  Graf von Arch.  m firstly HILDBURG [Hizila], daughter of --- (-31 Jul ----, bur Seeon).  The necrology of Seeon records the death "II Kal Aug" of "Hiltipurch com…hic iacet" and her donation[382].  This is another of the entries written in upper case in the necrology, presumably indicating that she was a major donor to the monastery.  Wegener cites a later version of the same necrology which names "Hiltipurch vel Hizila uxor Sivridi fratris Engelberti" among donors to the monastery[383].  Wegener suggests that she was Hildburg [Hizila] von Tengling, daughter of Friedrich II Graf von Tengling [Sieghardinger] & his wife [Mathilde von Lechsgemünd][384]. m secondly ADELHEID, daughter of --- (-23 Jan [1145]).  The Fundatio Sancti Pauli in Carinthia records the donation by "filius eius [Hadwich cometissa Engelberti relicta] Sigfridus et…ipsum eius coniux Adilheidis…tandem Sigfridus illorum filius"[385].  Graf Siegfried [I] & his first wife had one child: 

a)     FRIEDRICH (-after [1130]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Hohenburg. 

Graf Siegfried [I] & his second wife had [two] children: 

b)     SIEGFRIED [II] (-1164).  The Fundatio Sancti Pauli in Carinthia records the donation by "filius eius [Hadwich cometissa Engelberti relicta] Sigfridus et…ipsum eius coniux Adilheidis…tandem Sigfridus illorum filius"[386].  Graf von Lebenau [1130].  Graf von Hohenburg 1147.  Vogt of Salzburg Cathedral 1150.  The Annales Sancti Rudberti Salisburgenses record the death in 1164 of "Sifridus de Liubnove"[387]m as her first husband, MATHILDE von Valley, daughter of KONRAD I Graf von Valley [Wittelsbach] & his wife Agnes --- (-[1180]).  Her parentage is deduced from the source dated [1189] cited by Wegener which names Konrad Graf von Valley as avunculus of Siegfried [III] Graf von Lebenau[388].  She married secondly Heinrich von Trixen.  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  Wegener cites a source dated [1180] which records the death of "nobilis matrona domina Mehtilidis comitissa mater comitum Ottonis et Sigifridi de Lebenowe et dominorum Truhsenensium Cholonis"[389].  Graf Siegfried [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)       SIEGFRIED [III] von Lebenau (-12 Mar [1190]).  Wegener cites a source dated [1180] which records the death of "nobilis matrona domina Mehtilidis comitissa mater comitum Ottonis et Sigifridi de Lebenowe et dominorum Truhsenensium Cholonis"389.  Graf von Lebenau.  Vogt of Salzburg Cathedral.  The necrology of Baumburg records the death "Id Mar" of "Sifridus com fr n"[390].  The necrology of Seeon records the death "IV Id Mar" of "Sigifridus com"[391]m KUNIGUNDE, daughter of ---.  Wegener cites a later version of the necrology of Seeon which names "Chunegund cometissa uxor Sigfridi fratris Ottonis"[392]

ii)      OTTO von Lebenau (-8 Mar [1200/04]).  Wegener cites a source dated [1180] which records the death of "nobilis matrona domina Mehtilidis comitissa mater comitum Ottonis et Sigifridi de Lebenowe et dominorum Truhsenensium Cholonis"[393].  Graf von Lebenau.  Wegener refers to a donation to Berchtesgaden by Gräfin Agnes von P and her son Chounrad for the soul of Graf Heinrich and his son Otto dated 1197, the first witness being Otto Graf von Liubenauwe[394].  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "VIII Id Mar" of "Otto com de Lubenowe"[395].  The necrology of Seeon records the death "VIII Id Apr" of "Otto advocatus n com de Lui[benowe]"[396]m firstly EUPHEMIA von Dornberg, daughter of WOLFRAM von Dornberg (-14 Nov ----).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  The necrology of Seeon records the death "XVIII Kal Dec" of "Offemia coma de Levbenee"[397].  Wegener cites a later version of the necrology of Seeon which names "Offemia cometissa uxor Ottonis filiis Seivridi"[398]m secondly SOPHIE von Plain, daughter of LIUTPOLD von Plain & his wife Ida von Burghausen (-21 Oct after 1210).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  The necrology of Admont records the death "XII Kal Nov" of "Sophia coma Liubenawe"[399].  Graf Otto & his first wife had one child: 

(a)    SIEGFRIED [IV] von Lebenau (-16 Dec [1210]).  Wegener cites a donation to St Paul dated [1205] by "Sifridus iunior filius Ottonis comitis" for the soul of his father[400].  The primary source which confirms that he was the son of his father's first marriage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Lebenau.  The necrology of Seeon records the death "XVII Kal Jan" of "Sigifridus com Livbenowe"[401]

Graf Otto & his second wife had two children: 

(b)    BERNHARD von Lebenau (-17 Apr 1229, bur Seeon).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Lebenau.  The necrology of Seeon records the death "XV Kal Mai" of "Bernhardus com de Liuhenawe et hic iacet"[402]

(c)    --- von Lebenau .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m ULRICH von Peggau Graf von Pfannberg (-after 1237). 

c)     [BERTHA von Lebenau .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  nobilis matrona 1150/60[403].] 

5.     FRIEDRICH (-1131).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Fredericus [primus] frater comitis Engelberti" when recording the election of his [great] nephew as Archbishop of Köln[404].  Archbishop of Köln 1099. 

6.     BERNHARD von Sponheim (-killed in battle Laodicea 16 Nov 1147).  The Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia names (in order) "Engelbertus primogenitus, Sigfridus, Bernhardus et Heinricus" as sons of "Engelberto comite seniore"[405].  The Vita Chuonradi names "Engilbertum et Bernhardum" as brothers of Heinrich Duke of Carinthia[406].  Wegener cites a donation dated 1131 to Salzburg St Peter by Engelbert Duke of Carinthia witnessed by "Pernhardus comes frater, Engilbertus marchio et Heinricus filii eiusdem ducis"[407].  Vogt of St Paul.  Graf von Marburg.  m KUNIGUNDE of Styria, daughter of OTAKAR II Markgraf of Styria [Otakare] & his wife Elisabeth of Austria [Babenberg] (-20 Jul 1161).  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "XIII Kal Aug" of "Chunigundis com cv amita Stirensis marchionis"[408].  The necrology of Admunt records the death "XIII Kal Aug" of "Chunigunt com"[409].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

7.     HEINRICH von Sponheim (-13 Dec 1123).  The Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia names (in order) "Engelbertus primogenitus, Sigfridus, Bernhardus et Heinricus" as sons of "Engelberto comite seniore"[410].  The Vita Chuonradi names "Engilbertum et Bernhardum" as brothers of Heinrich Duke of Carinthia[411].  He succeeded in 1123 as HEINRICH III Duke of Carinthiam GERTRUD, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

 

 

Chapter 7.    MARKGRAFEN von STEIERMARK [STYRIA]

A.      ORIGINS, GRAFEN im CHIEMGAU

The early generations of this family cannot be reconstructed with certainty.  In no case have records been found which prove that any of the Grafen Otakar [I] to [VI] shown below were father and son.  The sources nevertheless do show some continuity in a county held by a count named Otakar between the years 904 and 1048, although it is uncertain how many different individuals this represents.  A rough calculation shows that is likely there would be six generations between these dates.  This assumes that the first Otakar would have been born around [870/75] and that there was a period of 25 or 30 years between each generation.  The birth date of the last Otakar [VI] (later Otakar I Markgraf of Styria) can be assessed with reasonable accuracy in the range [1015/20]. 

1.      OTAKAR [I], son of --- (-after 907).  Graf im Leobental .  "Hludowicus…rex" granted property "in valle…Liupinatal in comitatu eiusdem Otacherii" to "Otacharii…comitis nostri filio Arpo" after consulting "fidelium nostrorum Liutpoldi, Arponis, Iringi, Cumpoldi et Paponis comitum" by charter dated 10 Mar 904[412].  "Otacharius comes" was sent with Burkhard Bishop of Passau as royal ambassadors to a customs meeting in the Ostmark in 905[413].  Additions to Bavarian laws dated to [906] name "…Arboni marchioni…nuntios suos Theotmarum archiepiscopum, Purchardum Pataviensis ecclesie presulem et Otacharium comitem…"[414].  m as her first husband, RIHNI, neptis of Markgraf LUITPOLD, daughter of ---.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[415], Rihni was neptis of Markgraf Luitpold but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  According to Wegener, she was the daughter of Graf Aribo [I] Markgraf in Pannonia (see above) but he cites no source in support[416].  She married secondly Odalbert (-935), who became Archbishop of Salzburg in 924.  Graf Otakar [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)      ARIBO [Arpo] (-after 10 Mar 904).  "Hludowicus…rex" granted property "in valle…Liupinatal in comitatu eiusdem Otacherii" to "Otacharii…comitis nostri filio Arpo" after consulting "fidelium nostrorum Liutpoldi, Arponis, Iringi, Cumpoldi et Paponis comitum" by charter dated 10 Mar 904[417]

2.      OTAKAR [II] .  Wegener suggests that Otachar [II] was the son of Otachar [I] but there is no proof that this is the case[418].  Graf [im Chiemgau] 923.  m ALTA, daughter of ---.  She is named as wife of "Otachar nobilis" in 930[419]

3.      OTAKAR [III] (-[976]).  Wegener suggests that Otachar [III] was the son of Otachar [II] but there is no proof that this is the case[420].  Graf im Chiemgau 951/976.  "Otto…rex" transferred property "qua…comes…Hartuuic de manu Vuarmunti comitis…in loco Grabanastat…in pago Chiemichouve in comitatibus Otacharii, Sigihardi ac Vuillihalmi comitum" to the church of Salzburg by charter dated 8 Jun 959[421], which shows that Otakar [III] was one of three counts in Chiemgau although it is assumed that each count governed a geographically separate county rather than ruling a single county jointly.  "Otto…rex" granted property "in loco Riut iuxta Enum fluvium in pago Sundargouue in comitatibus Ratolfi, Chadalhohi, Otacarii ac Sigihardi comitum" to St Emmeram, Regensburg by charter dated 9 Jun 959[422]

4.      ARNULF .  The charter dated 11 Oct 980 under which "Otto…imperator augustus" granted property "in Rivt iuxta Enum fluvium in pago Sundargoue in comitatibus Arnulfi, Hartuici, Sigihardi item Arnulfu comitum" to St Emmeram, Regensburg[423] suggests that Arnulf was the successor of Otachar [III], who held land in the same place (see above), although there is no proof that he was Otachar's son.  Graf im Chiemgau 980. 

5.      OTGER [Oci] (-4 Apr before 1028).  Graf in Kärnten 993/994.  "Otto…rex" gave property "in villis Suarzdorf, Podinauuiz, Duchumuzlidorf, Gumulachi et Donplachi…in pago Croudi et in comitatu Otgeri comitis" to "cuidam Sclauo Zebegoi" by charter dated 19 Jul 993[424].  He founded Ossiach in 1024 with his wife.  m IRENBURG, daughter of ---.  Graf Otger & his wife had two children: 

a)      POPPO .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Patriarch of Aquileia 1019/42. 

b)      OZINUS .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" granted property "forestum Heit…in comitatu Kadalhohi et Ozini comitis" to the church of Salzburg by charter dated 16 Dec 1049[425].  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property "Naunzel quod Durdegouuo Ozino comiti dederat et quod Otto filius eiusdem Ozini nobis per cartulam tradiderat in pago Foroiulio et in comitatu Ludowici comitis" to the church of Salzburg by charter dated 4 Jul 1056[426].  Herr von Cordenons 1027/56.  Graf im Zeidlergau.  m ---.  The name of Ozinus's wife is  not known.  Ozinus & his wife had one child: 

i)       OTTO .  Herr von Cordenons 1056/64.  m ---.  The name of Otto's wife is  not known.  Otto & his wife had one child:

(a)      OTTO (-before 1136).  Graf von Naun.  [1112]. 

6.      OTAKAR [IV] [Oci] (-5 Mar [1020]).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[427], Otachar [IV] was the possible son of Arnulf, while Wegener suggests that he may have been Arnulf's brother[428].  The latter is more consistent with there having been six generations between Otakar [I] and Otakar [VI] as explained in the introduction above.  "Henricus…rex" granted property "Ergaltingin in pago --- et in comitatu Altmanni comitis" to the bishopric of Bamberg by charter dated 1 Nov 1007[429].  The necrology of Traunkirchen records the death "III Non Mar" of "Ottakarus com pater Ato prime abbe"[430].  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "III Non Mar" of "Oxie com"[431]m ---.  The name and origin of the wife of Otachar [IV] is unknown.  Europäische Stammtafeln suggests[432] that she was --- von Lambach, daughter of Arnold II Graf von Wels-Lambach but this is chronologically impossible, considering the possible date of Graf Arnold II's own marriage and the likely date of death of Graf Otachar.  Graf Otakar [IV] & his wife had [one] child: 

a)      [ATA (-15 Nov ----).  Her parentage is confirmed by the necrology of Traunkirchen which records the death "III Non Mar" of "Ottakarus com pater Ato prime abbe"[433], although it is of course not clear to which Otakar this refers.  First Abbess of Traunkirchen in [1020][434].  The necrology of Traunkirchen records the death "XVII Kal Dec" of "Ata abbatissa"[435].] 

7.      OTAKAR [V] [Oci] (-1 May ----).  There is no direct proof of the existence of this Otakar [V].  Europäische Stammtafeln[436] shows Otakar [VI] (later Markgraf of Styria) as son of the person shown above as Otakar [IV].  It is, however, evident that the chronology of this family requires an additional generation between Otakar [IV] and Otakar [VI].  This is demonstrated by comparing the installation of Ata, supposed daughter of Otakar [IV], as abbess of Traunkirchen in [1020] and the estimated birth date of Otakar [VI] in [1015/20] which indicates that it is improbable that he was Ata's brother.  Wegener[437] inserts Otakar [V] in the line of succession.  However, he justifies this on the basis of several donations made by Eberhard II Graf von Ebersberg to "Otker de Persenpiuga".  The absence of the title "comes" attributed to the latter suggests that he was not head of this family, although he may have been a member of a younger branch.  In addition, the grants suggest that the Otakar in question was a vassal of Graf Eberhard, which does not appear to have been the case of the family of the ancestors of the Markgrafen von Steiermark.  The Genealogia Marchionum de Stire records that "Ozy marchionem", father of "Otachyr marchionem", was powerful "temporibus imperatorum Heinrici III imperatoris" (between 1039 and 1056) which is much later than the estimated date of death of Otakar [IV] in [1020][438].  Another indication of the existence of an "Otakar [V]" is provided by the necrology of St Lambert which records the death "Kal Mai" of "Otaker com"[439]Europäische Stammtafeln[440] attributes this entry to Otakar [III] but this is improbable.  The only other entry in the St Lambert necrology which can positively be identified with the family of the Markgrafen von Steiermark is that of Otakar I Markgraf of Styria.  It is more likely that the compiler of the necrology would have included the death of the Markgraf's father rather than that of his great-great grandfather, especially as there are no entries for the intervening generations.  The hypothesis finds further support from the fact that St Lambert was a relatively late foundation, in 1103[441], which makes it unlikely that its necrological records would have been filled ex post facto with deaths occurring in the fourth quarter of the 10th century.  The earliest identifiable death in the necrology was in 1022 "Hartwicus com de Spanheim et Artenburg archiep Salisburgensis" but this appears to be an exceptional case, whose retrospective inclusion may have been justified because of his importance in the archiepiscopal province.  The only puzzle is why Otakar [V] left so little trace in the records if he was "powerful" as suggested by the Genealogia Marchionum de Stirem ---.  The name of Otakar's wife is not known.  Otakar [V] & his wife had one child: 

a)             OTAKAR [VI] ([1015/20][442]-Rome 29 Mar [1075]).  The Genealogia Marchionum de Stire records that "Otacher marchio Styriensis, filius Otachyr marchionis, genuit Ozy marchionem" specifying that he was powerful "temporibus imperatorum Heinrici III imperatoris" and was father of "Otachyr marchionem"[443].  He is named OTAKAR I Markgraf of Styria [Markgraf der Kärnter Mark] in 1056.  (Below Part B)

 

B.      MARKGRAFEN von STEIERMARK [STYRIA]

The Markgrafschaft of Styria ("Steiermark") was the successor to the Carinthian March ("Kärntner Mark").  It remained administratively part of the duchy of Bavaria, but in 1180 was transformed into a separate duchy after Emperor Friedrich I "Barbarossa" deprived Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Bavaria and Saxony of his titles[444]

OTAKAR I 1056-1075, ADALBERO 1075-[1082], OTAKAR II 1082-1122, LEOPOLD 1122-1129, OTAKAR III 1129-1164, OTAKAR IV 1164-1192

OTAKAR, son of OTAKAR [V] Graf [im Chiemgau] & his wife --- ([1015/20]-Rome 29 Mar [1075]).  The Genealogia Marchionum de Stire records that "Otacher marchio Styriensis, filius Otachyr marchionis, genuit Ozy marchionem" specifying that he was powerful "temporibus imperatorum Heinrici III imperatoris" and was father of "Otachyr marchionem"[445].  Graf im Chiemgau 1048.  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" granted hunting rights in "forestum infra terminus…in comitatu Otacchari situm, ipse vero Otaccharo et Pilihilda vidua Sizonis comitis duobusque filiis eius Sigehardo et Friderico et domina Iudita filiisque eius Sigehardo, Engilberto, Marchuuardo et Meginhardo, Sigebotone, Gerloho et Sigeboldo fratribusque suo Hoholdo et coniuge sua, Bennone, Marchuuardo, Adalfrido fratreque suo Enzemanno…predia circumquaque id ipsum forestum" to the church of Salzburg by charter dated 9 Apr 1048[446].  He is named OTAKAR I Markgraf of Styria [Markgraf der Kärnter Mark] and Vogt von Lambach.  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" granted property "in marcha et in comitatu Otacharii marchionis sita" to the church of Brixen by charter dated 20 Feb 1056[447].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "in villa Gvzbretdesdorf et deorsum Svarzaha…in marcha Karentana et in comitatu Otacheres marchionis" to "fideli nostro Cvono" by charter dated 26 Oct 1058[448].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "in marchionis Otacheres marchia Carintina in villa…Gunprehtesteten" to the church of Salzburg by charter dated 1 Jun 1059[449].  The necrology of Admunt records the death "IV Kal Apr" of "Otacher marchio"[450]

m WILLIBIRG, daughter of --- ([1020/30]-19 Feb or 27 Aug ----).  Wegener records that a donation of Markgraf Otakar was confirmed by "marchionissa Willilburga" after his death[451].  Wegener suggests that she was Willibirg of Carinthia, daughter of Adalbero I Duke of Carinthia [Eppensteiner] & his wife Beatrix of Swabia [Konradiner], on the basis of transmission of the name Willibirg into the Eppenstein family from the Grafen von Ebersberg and the fact that her son was named Adalbero[452], but this speculation is not substantiated.  Her birth date range is estimated from the birth of her supposed mother in [995/1003].  The necrology of St Lambert records the deaths "VIII Kal Feb", "XI Kal Mar" and "VI Kal Sep" of "Willibirch com"[453], but if any of these entries relates to the wife of Markgraf Otakar I it is surprising that Willibirg is not referred to as "marchionissa". 

Markgraf Otakar I & his wife had two children: 

1.      ADALBERO (-killed 28 Nov [1080/82]).  The Salzburg Annals name "Otachir marchio…qui fratrem habuit Alberonem"[454].  He succeeded his father in 1075 as ADALBERO Markgraf of Styria.  The Genealogia Marchionum de Stire names "germano suo [=Otachyr marchionem] Adylberone" specifying that the brothers made war together until Adalbero was killed "iuxta Iulben" by "ministerialibus suis"[455]

2.      OTAKAR ([1050/60]-28 Nov 1122).  The Genealogia Marchionum de Stire records that "Ozy marchionem" was father of "Otachyr marchionem", husband of "Elyzabet sororem marchionis Austrie Liupoldi"[456].  His birth date range is estimated from the known dates of his career.  He succeeded his brother in [1082] as OTAKAR II Markgraf of Styria.  He founded Garsten in 1082.  Vogt von Nonnberg 1116.  The Salzburg Annals record the death in 1122 of "Otachir marchio…cuius comitatus erat ab Enswald usque ad Geizaerwald"[457].  The necrology of Admunt records the death "IV Kal Dec" of "Otachar marchio"[458].  The necrology of St Lambert records the death "IV Kal Dec" of "Ottacher marchio"[459].  The necrology of St Andreas records the death "IV Kal Dec" of "Otacher marchio"[460].  [m firstly --- von Wels-Lambach, daughter of GOTTFRIED Graf von Wels-Lambach & his wife --- (before 1050-).  This first marriage is proposed by Wegener[461], although the evidence is somewhat slender.  He argues that, given the age difference between Markgraf Otakar II & his wife Elisabeth, the Markgraf must have been married earlier.  He identifies the origin of the first wife, firstly by remarking that the participation by Markgraf Otakar II in the foundation of Kloster Vornbach by Ekbert I Graf von Fornbach in 1094 (he is listed first among the witnesses of the foundation charter) can only be explained by a family association, and secondly by suggesting that the Kärtner Mark was transmitted to the Otakaren family through this marriage with an otherwise unknown older daughter of Graf Gottfried.  His theory does not, however, explain why the father and older brother of Markgraf Otakar II held the title before the latter succeeded in [1082].  In any case, the marriage, if correct, must have taken place many years after the death of Markgraf Arnold II in [1055] as Graf Gottfried's daughters would have been infants when he died in 1050. These arguments are less than convincing for the existence of this first marriage and for the identity of the first wife.]  m [secondly] ([1095/1100]) ELISABETH of Austria, daughter of LUITPOLD II Markgraf of Austria [Babenberg] & his wife Ida von Ratelberg (-10 Oct [1107/11]).  The Continuatio Claustroneoburgensis refers to three (unnamed) sisters of "Liupoldus marchio Austrie", specifying that one married "Otakarus marchio Styriæ"[462].  The Genealogia Marchionum de Stire names "Elyzabet sororem marchionis Austrie Liupoldi" as wife of "Otachyr marchionem"[463].  The Altahense Annales name "Elysabeth" as the wife of "Otakarus marchio de Styria" when recording their joint foundation in 1107 of "monasterium in Gaersten"[464].  Her marriage date is estimated from the fact that the children of Markgraf Liutpold II must have been born in the period [1080/90].  The necrology of Melk records the death "VII Id Oct" of "Elisabeth marchionissa de Stiro sor Liupoldi III marchionis de Austria"[465].  Markgraf Otakar II & his [second] wife had [three] children:

a)      [WILLIBIRG (-18 Jan [1145]).  Wegener suggests that the wife of Graf Ekbert [II] was the daughter of Otakar II Markgraf of Styria, because of the connection of the name Willibirg with the family of the Markgrafen of Styra, and also in order to explain why Otakar III Markgraf of Styria added Pitten to his territories after 1158.  Wegener refers to the donation by Graf Ekkebert & his wife Willibirga to Vornbach dated [1120][466].  She became a nun at Admont.  m EKBERT [II] Graf von Formbach, son of EKBERT [I] Graf von Formbach & his [second] wife Mechtild von Lambach (-24 Nov 1144).] 

b)      KUNIGUNDE (-20 Jul 1161).  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "XIII Kal Aug" of "Chunigundis com cv amita Stirensis marchionis"[467].  The necrology of Admunt records the death "XIII Kal Aug" of "Chunigunt com"[468].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  m BERNHARD von Sponheim Graf von Marburg, son of ENGELBERT I Graf von Sponheim & his wife Hadwide --- (-killed in battle Laodicea 16 Nov 1147). 

c)      LEOPOLD (-24 Oct 1129).  The Annales Admuntenses name "Liupoldus filius Otaker marchio Styrensis", specifying that he succeeded his father in 1122 and was called "fortis marchio"[469].  The Genealogia Marchionum de Stire names "Liupoldum Fortum" as son of "Otachyr marchionem" and his wife Elisabeth, specifying that he founded "Reinense monasterium seu Rowense"[470].  He succeeded his father in 1122 as LEOPOLD "der Starke" Markgraf of Styria.  In 1122, he inherited the lands of the Eppensteiner.  He founded Rein in 1129.  The necrology of Rein records the death "VII Kal Nov" of "Leopoldi fundatoris et Sophie ux eius et Otacheri filii eius qui perfecit fundacionem"[471].  The Annales Admuntenses record the death in 1129 of "Liupoldus fortius marchio"[472].  The necrology of Admunt records the death "IX Kal Nov" of "Lopuldus marchio"[473]m ([1122/23]) as her second husband, SOPHIE of Bavaria, widow of BERTHOLD III Herzog von Zähringen, daughter of HEINRICH IX  "dem Schwarzen" Duke of Bavaria [Welf] & his wife Wulfhild of Saxony (-10 Jul before 1147, bur Weingarten).  The Annalista Saxo names "Heinricum inclitum ducem Saxonie et Bawarie et Welfonem et quatuor filias" as children of Duke Heinrich and his wife Wulfhild, specifying that Sophie (mentioned second in the list of daughters) married firstly "Bertoldus dux de Zaringe" and secondly "marchio Liuppoldus de Stire qui de fortitudine cognomen habuit"[474].  The Genealogia Marchionum de Stire names "Sophyam sororem Welfonis ducis" as wife of "Liupoldum Fortum"[475].  The necrology of Admunt records the death "VI Id Jul" of "Sophya ex marchionissa cv"[476].  The necrology of Weingarten records the death "V Id Jul" of "Suophia com de Stira hic sepulta"[477].  Markgraf Leopold & his wife had [four] children: 

i)       ELISABETH ([1124]-25 Dec after 1138).  The Annales Stadenses names "Elizabeth sororem Ottokkar de Stire" as wife of "Rodolfum [filius Rodulfi]"[478].  Her second marriage is deduced from the necrology of Seckau which records the death "VIII Kal Jan" of "Elitzabeth ducissa Carinthiæ sor ducis Styriæ"[479]m firstly (before 1128) RUDOLF II Graf von Stade, son of RUDOLF I Graf von Stade Markgraf der Nordmark & his wife Richgard von Sponheim (-killed in battle 10 Mar 1144).  He succeeded his brother in 1130 as RUDOLF II Markgraf der Nordmarkm secondly HEINRICH von Sponheim, son of ENGELBERT II Marchese of Istria and Tuscany [Sponheim] & his wife Mathilde von Sulzbach (-12 Oct 1161).  He was installed in 1144 as HEINRICH IV Duke of Carinthia

ii)      [480]MARGARETA .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  1138. 

iii)     OTAKAR (-near Fünfkirchen [Pécs] 31 Dec 1164).  The Salzburg Annals name "Otachir filius eius [=Liupoldus Fortis marchio", when recording that he succeeded his father[481].  He succeeded his father in 1129 as OTAKAR III Markgraf of Styria, minor until 1140.  Vogt von Seckau 1152.  He founded Vorau in 1163.  The Salzburg Annals record the death in 1164 of "Otachr Stirie marchio"[482].  The necrology of Admunt records the death "II Kal Jan" of "Otachar marchio"[483].  The necrology of Vorau records the death "II Kal Jan" of "Othakarus marchio fundator ecclesia Vorauensis"[484]m (before 1146) KUNIGUNDE von Vohburg, daughter of DIETPOLD III Markgraf von Vohburg & his second wife Kunigunde von Beichlingen (-22 Nov 1184).  The Notæ Genealogicæ Bavaricæ names (in order) "filium…Peritholdum et duas filias…Chunigundam uxorem marchionis de Styra et Alheidem de Laufen" as children of "Marchio Dietpoldus" & his second wife[485].  The Genealogia Marchionum de Stire names "Chunegundem filiam Diupoldi marchionis de Vohenburch" as wife of "Otachyr marchionem"[486].  The Continuatio Admuntensis records the death in 1184 of "Chunigunt marchionissa, monialis Admuntensis"[487].  She became a nun at Admont.  The necrology of Admunt records the death "X Kal Dec" of "Chunigunt marchionissa"[488].  Markgraf Otakar III & his wife had one child: 

(a)    OTAKAR (19 Aug 1163-8/9 May 1192).  The Continuatio Admuntensis records the birth "1163 XIV Kal Sep" of "Otaker marchionis filius"[489].  The Genealogia Marchionum de Stire names "Otachyr" as son of "Otachyr marchionem" & his wife[490].  He succeeded his father in 1164 as OTAKAR IV Markgraf of Styria, minor until 1180.  He was created Duke of Styria in Sep 1180 by Emperor Friedrich I after the latter had deprived Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Bavaria and Saxony of his titles[491].  The Bernardi Cremifanensis Historiæ record that "Otacherus dux" contracted leprosy and agreed to transfer his duchy to "Leupoldo filii Heinrici ducis Austrie"[492].  The Continuatio Admuntensis records the death in 1192 of "Otacher dux Stiriæ"[493].  The necrology of Admunt records the death "VIII Id Mai" of "Otacher dux de Stire"[494].  The necrology of Rein records the death "VIII Id May" of "Otakerus dux Styrie"[495].  Under the terms of the inheritance treaty agreed 17 Aug 1186, Styria was transferred to Austria after the death of Duke Otakar IV. 

iv)     [KUNIGUNDE (-4 May 1177).  Wegener suggests that Kunigunde, wife of Otto [III] von Rechberg, was the daughter of Leopold Markgraf of Styria, although his reasoning appears to be limited to the connection of the name Kunigunde with the Styria family[496].  The Annales Mellicenses record the death 4 May 1177 of "Chunigunt de Rechperge"[497].  The necrology of St Andreas records the death "IV Non May" of "Chunegunt advocatissa de Lengenpach"[498], which does suggest a connection with the family of the Markgrafen of Styria as the death of her supposed grandfather is also recorded in the same necrology.  m OTTO [II] von Rechberg und Lengbach, son of OTTO [I] von Burgstall und Lengbach & his wife --- von Görz (-18 Mar 1192).  Domvogt von Regensburg 1199] 

Markgraf Leopold had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

v)       LEOPOLD .  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Ministeriale 1160. 

 

 

Chapter 8.    GRAFEN von TIROL, GRAFEN von GÖRZ

A.      GRAFEN von TIROL -1253

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise indicated below. 

ALBRECHT [Adalbert], son of --- (-[1078]).  Graf im Nori-, Wip- und Inntal. 

m BERTHA, daughter of ---.  1077. 

Graf Albrecht & his wife had three children: 

1.      ALBRECHT [II] ([1055]-[1110/25]).  Graf.  Vogt of Trient.  m ADELHEID, daughter of --- (-1163).  Wegener suggests that she was Adelheid von Andechs, daughter of Arnold Graf von Diessen & his wife Gisela ---, because she named her second son Berthold[499], but this would appear to be only one of many possibilities.  According to Wegener, she married secondly Arnold Graf von Mareit und Greifenstein but he cites no source in support of this.  Graf Albrecht [II] & his wife had two children: 

a)      ALBRECHT ([1101]-24 Jan [1165]).  He succeeded in [1140] as ALBRECHT III Graf von Tirol.  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "VI Kal Mar" of "Adelbertus com de Tirol"[500], which may refer to Graf Albrecht III.  The necrology of Wilten also records the death "VI Kal Mar" of "Alberti comitis de Tyrol"[501]m WILLIBIRG [Adelheid] von Dachau, daughter of KONRAD I Graf von Dachau [Wittelsbach] & his wife Willibirg --- . 

b)      BERTHOLD (-7 Mar [1180]).  He succeeded in [1140] as BERTHOLD I Graf von Tirol.  The necrology of Wilten records the death "Non Mar" of "Bertholdi comitis de Tyrol"[502]m --- von Ortenburg, daughter of OTTO I Graf von Ortenburg [Hirschberg].  Graf Berthold I & his wife had two children: 

i)       BERTHOLD ([1165]-28 Dec 1181).  He succeeded his father in 1180 as BERTHOLD II Graf von Tirol.  The necrology of Wilten records the death "V Kal Jan" of "Bertholdi comitis de Tyrol"[503]

ii)      HEINRICH (-14 Jun [1190/1202]).  He succeeded his brother in 1181 as HEINRICH I Graf von Tirol.  Vogt of Trient 1182.  The necrology of Wilten records the death "XVIII Kal Jul" of "Henrici comitis de Tyrol"[504]m as her first husband, AGNES von Wangen, daughter of ALBERO [I] von Wangen und Burgeis (-3 Nov ----).  She married secondly Meinhard [III] von Abensberg Graf von Rottenegg (-1237).  Graf Heinrich I & his wife had [four] children: 

(a)    ALBRECHT (-22 Jul 1253).  He succeeded his father in [1202] ALBRECHT IV Graf von Tirol.  The necrology of Münster im Graubünden "II Id Jul" names "Albertus graf zu Tyrol und seine ehfrau guthäter 1210"[505].  The necrology of Diessen records the death "XI Kal Aug" of "Albertus com de Tyrol"[506]m (1210 or before) UTA von Frontenhausen, daughter of HEINRICH III Graf von Frontenhausen [Lechsgemünd] & his wife Adelheid --- (-[13 Jan/10 Oct] 1254).  Graf Albrecht IV & his wife had two children: 

(1)    ADELHEID (-26 May [1275/79]).  The necrology of Münster im Graubünden "XVI Kal Sep" names "Frau Adelheidis tochter der graf Alberti gutthätterin 1212"[507], although this date would appear early for Adelheid to have made donations bearing in mind the likely marriage date of her parents.  m MEINHARD III Graf von Görz, ENGELBERT III Graf von Görz & his second wife Mathilde von Andechs (-20 Jan 1258). 

(2)    ELISABETH (-10 Oct 1256).  Heiress of Innthal.  Wegener cites a source dated 4 Sep 1253 under which "Gebhardus comes de Hirzberch" donated property to Benediktbeuern which came from his father-in-law Albert von Tirol, and another source dated 23 Nov 1254 which names the wife of Gebhard von Hirschberg as Elisabeth[508]m firstly (1234) OTTO Comte Palatin de Bourgogne Duke of Merano, son of OTTO I Duke of Merano, Comte Palatin de Bourgogne [Andechs] & his first wife Beatrix de Bourgogne-Comté (-Burg Niesten 19 Jun 1248, bur Langheim).  m secondly GEBHARD [IV] Graf von Hirschberg, son of GEBHARD [II] Graf von Hirschberg und Dollnstein & his second wife Agnes von Truhendigen (-Schloß Hirschberg 27 Feb 1275, bur Eichstätt Dominican Kloster).  He claimed to succeed as Graf von Tirol on the death of his father-in-law in 1253. 

(b)    daughter.  m ([1206/11]) as his third wife, MEINHARD II Graf von Görz, son of ENGELBERT II Graf von Görz & his wife Adelheid von Valley [Wittelsbach] (-[1231]). 

(c)    [AGNES .  1260.  m (before 1218) HEINRICH [II] Graf von Eschenlohe, son of BERTHOLD [II] Graf von Eschenlohe & his wife Heilwig [von Leuchtenberg] (-3 Nov [1272]).] 

(d)    [MATHILDE (-10 Mar [before 1218]).  The necrology of Benedictbeurn records the death "Mar VI Id" of "Mechtildis com de Eschenloch"[509]m as his first wife, BERTHOLD [II] Graf von Eschenlohe, son of BERTHOLD [II] Graf von Eschenlohe & his wife Heilwig [von Leuchtenberg] (-24 Apr 1260).] 

2.      [daughter .  m HEINRICH [I] Graf [von Eppan] (-after 1116).] 

3.      OTTO von Eurasburg .  He founded Kloster Beuersberg in 1121[510].  Vogt of Georgenberg.  1112/1147.  m ---.  The name of Otto's wife is not known.  Otto & his wife had three children: 

a)      ADALBERT [II] von Eurasburg .  1143/1163.  m ---.  The name of Adalbert's wife is not known.  Adalbert & his wife had [one] child:

i)        [OTTO von Eurasburg .  Canon at Freising [1188]/[1200].] 

b)      KONRAD [I] von Eurasburg (-[1175]).  m ---.  The name of Konrad's wife is not known.  Konrad [I] & his wife had two children:

i)        HEINRICH von Eurasburg .  1174/1183. 

ii)       KONRAD [II] von Eurasburg .  1174/[1180]. 

c)      OTTO von Eurasburg .  Monk at Admont [1135]. 

 

 

B.      GRAFEN von GÖRZ

---. 

m BRIGIDA, daughter of --- (-24 Nov ----).  Comitissa.  1070. 

1.     MARKWARD (-1 Oct ----).  Graf von Görz.  Vogt of Aquileja.  1060/1074.  m ---.  The name of Markwart's wife is not known.  Markwart & his wife had three children:

a)      MARKWARD .  1072. 

b)      HEINRICH [I] (-1102 or after).  1060/82.  1102.  Vogt of Aquileja.  m DIEMUT, daughter of --- (-29 Jun before 1120).  Heinrich [I] & his wife had [three] children: 

i)        MEINHARD [I] (-[1142]).  Graf von Görz.  Vogt of Aquileja.  Vogt of St Peter, Istria.  (Below)

ii)        ENGELBERT [I] (-10 Jan ----).  Graf von Görz.  Pfalzgraf von Bayern 1107.  1103/[1122]. 

iii)       [DIEMUT .  Abbess of Nonnberg 1117.] 

c)       ULRICH (-10 Apr 1122).  Patriarch of Aquileja 1086. 

2.      DIEMUT

MEINHARD [von Görz], son of HEINRICH I [Graf von Görz] & his wife Diemut --- (-[1142]).  Graf von Görz.  Vogt of Aquileja.  Vogt of St Peter, Istria. 

m firstly HILTIGARD, daughter of --- .  1120. 

m secondly ELISABETH von Schwarzenburg, daughter of BOTHO Graf von Schwarzenburg & his wife Petrissa --- (-29 Aug after [1130]). 

Graf Meinhard & his first wife had one child: 

1.      HEINRICH (-before 21 Apr 1150).  HEINRICH II Graf von Görz

Graf Meinhard & his second wife had five children: 

2.      ENGELBERT (-[16 Jan] [1191]).  He succeeded his brother in [1150] as ENGELBERT II Graf von Görz.  Vogt of Aquileja.  Vogt von Millstatt.  Markgraf [of Istria] 1152.  The necrology of St Andreas records the death "XVII Kal Feb" of "Engelbertus com de Guorz"[511], which could alternatively refer to Graf Engelbert III.  m ADELHEID von Valley, daughter of OTTO [I] Graf von Dachau und Valley [Wittelsbach] & his wife Adelheid [von Weilheim].  Graf Engelbert II & his wife had three children: 

a)      MEINHARD (-[1231]).  He succeeded his father in 1187 as MEINHARD II Graf von Görzm firstly KUNIGUNDE von Peilstein, daughter of KONRAD [I] Graf von Peilstein [Sieghardinger] & his second wife Adela von Orlamünde (-13 Apr ----).  The necrology of Admont records the death "Id Apr" of "Chunigunt com"[512].  The necrology of Milstatt records the death "Id Apr" of "Chunigunt com"[513]m secondly ADELHEID ---.  1205.  m thirdly ([1206/11]) --- von Tirol, daughter of HEINRICH I Graf von Tirol & his wife Agnes von Wangen. 

b)      ENGELBERT (-[1220]).  ENGELBERT III Graf von Görzm firstly MATHILDE, daughter of ---.  1183.  m secondly ([1190]) MATHILDE von Andechs Gräfin von Pisino, daughter of BERTHOLD II Graf von Andechs, Marchese di Istria & his first wife Hedwig von Wittelsbach (-17 Jan 1245).  The De Fundatoribus Monasterii Diessenses lists (in order) "Poppo summus prepositus Babenberch, Mathildis marchionissa de Hohenburch [error for comitissa Coricie?], Kunigundis comitissa de Eberstein, Sophia comitissa de Hennenberch, Berhtoldus dux et marchio…"[514], increasing the probability that all were children of "Berhtoldus marchio". The De Fundatoribus Monasterii Diessenses records the death "1245 XVI Kal Feb" of "Machtildis comitissa Coricie…soror Pertoldi quondam ducis Meranie"[515].  Graf Engelbert III & his second wife had two children: 

i)       MEINHARD (-22 Aug 1258).  He succeeded his father in 1232 as MEINHARD III Graf von Görz.  Conte di Istria 1237.  Graf von Tirol 1254, by right of his wife. 

-         see below, Part B. GRAFEN von TIROL

ii)      daughter .  1206. 

c)      BEATRIX .  Nun at Santa Maria, Aquileja 1229. 

3.      MEINHARD (-before 1193).  Count of Istria.  Vogt of Parenzo.  m ADELHEID von Ballenstedt, daughter of ADALBERT Graf von Ballenstedt & his wife Adelheid von Meissen .  1183.  Graf Meinhard & his wife had two children: 

a)      MECHTILD .  1183. 

b)      KUNIGUNDE .  1183. 

4.      daughter .  m --- von Lengenbach

5.      daughter .  m --- von Rechberg

6.      BEATRIX .  Nun at Santa Maria, Aquileja [1138]. 

 

C.      GRAFEN von TIROL 1254-1335 (GÖRZ)

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise indicated below. 

MEINHARD I 1254-1258

MEINHARD von Görz, son of ENGELBERT III Graf von Görz & his second wife Mathilde von Andechs (-20 Jan 1258).  He succeeded his father in 1232 as MEINHARD III Graf von Görz.  Vogt of Aquileja, Trient and Brixen.  Conte di Istria 1237.  Imperial Hauptmann in Styria 1248.  He succeeded in 1254 as MEINHARD I Graf von Tirol, by right of his wife.  The necrology of Münster im Graubünden "Kal Feb" names "Meinradus graf zu Tyrol benefactor 1255"[516].  The Notæ Diessenses record the death "1257 XI Kal Feb" of "Meinhardus comes Coricie"[517]

m ADELHEID von Tirol, daughter of ALBRECHT IV Graf von Tirol & his wife Uta von Frontenhausen (-26 May [1275/79]). 

Graf Meinhard I & his wife had four children: 

1.      MEINHARD von Görz (Landshut [1227]-Greisenbach, Tirol 1 Nov 1295, bur Kloster Stams).  He succeeded his father in 1259 as MEINHARD IV Graf von Görz, MEINHARD II Graf von Tirol.  Vogt of Aquileja, Trient and Brixen.  He succeeded in 1286 as MEINHARD II Duke of Carinthia.  (Below)

2.      ALBRECHT (-[1 Apr] 1304, bur Rosazzo).  Graf von Görz und Tirol 1263.  He succeeded in 1267 as ALBRECHT II Graf von Görz

          -        see below, Part C. GRAFEN von GÖRZ

3.      BERTHA (-before 8 Feb 1267).  m KONRAD Graf von Wullenstetten

4.      ADELHEID (-1291).  m (after 1258) FRIEDRICH I Graf von Ortenburg (-28 Mar 1304). 

 

MEINHARD II 1259-1295, OTTO 1295-1310, HEINRICH V 1310-1335

MEINHARD von Görz, son of MEINHARD I Graf von Tirol [MEINHARD III Graf von Görz] & his wife Adelheid von Tirol (Landshut [1227]-Greisenbach, Tirol 30 Oct or 1 Nov 1295, bur Kloster Stams).  He succeeded his father in 1259 as MEINHARD IV Graf von Görz, MEINHARD II Graf von Tirol.  Vogt of Aquileja, Trient and Brixen.  He succeeded in 1286 as MEINHARD II Duke of Carinthia.  The Annales Hermanni Altahensis records the death in 1295 of "Meinhardus dux Karinthie"[518].  The necrology of Stams records the death "III Kal Nov" of "dominus Meinhardus illustris dux Carinthie comes Tirolis, primus fundator monasterii nostri"[519].  The necrology of Wilten records the death "III Kal Nov 1295" of "Meinhardi ducis Carinthie com Tyrolis"[520].  The necrology of Diessen records the death "III Kal Nov" of "Maenhardus dux Karinthie"[521]

m (Munich 6 Oct 1259) as her second husband, ELISABETH von Bayern, widow of KONRAD IV King of Germany, Duke of Swabia, daughter of OTTO II "dem Erlauchten" Duke of Bavaria & his wife Agnes von Braunschweig (Landshut [1227]-9/10 Oct 1273, bur Kloster Stams).  The Altahenses Annales record the marriage in 1246 of "Chunradus filius Friderici imperatoris" and "Elysabeth filiam Ottonis ducis Bawarie"[522].  Konrad's marriage to "filiam ducis Bavariæ" is recorded by Matthew of Paris in 1248[523].  Her first marriage was arranged by her future husband to gain Bavarian support against the papal party after his defeat at Frankfurt against Heinrich Raspe anti-King of Germany[524].  The Altahenses Annales record the second marriage "in octava sancti Mychaelis aput Monacum" of "Meinhardus comes Goricie" and "Elysabeth sororem Ludwici et Heinrici ducem Bawarie relictam Chunradi regis"[525].  She founded Kloster Stams.  The necrology of Königsfelden records the death "VII Id Oct" of "domina Elizabecht quondam regina Romanorum, mater domine Elizabeht Romanorum regine fundatricis nostre"[526].  The necrology of Stams records the death "VI Id Oct" of "domina Elizabeth regina prima fundatrix monasterii"[527].  The necrology of Raitenhaslach records the death "VI Id Oct" of "Elisabeth com de Tyrol"[528]

Mistress (1): ---.  The name of Graf Meinhard's mistress is not known. 

Duke Meinhard II & his wife had six children: 

1.      ELISABETH von Görz-Tirol (before 1262-Vienna 28 Oct 1313, bur 1316 Königsfelden).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  The necrology of Stams records the death "V Kal Nov" of "domina Elizabeth regina filia fundatoris nostri"[529]m (Vienna [20 Dec] 1274) ALBRECHT von Habsburg, son of RUDOLF I King of Germany, Duke of Austria & his first wife Gertrud [Anna] von Hohenberg [Zollern] (Jul 1255-murdered by his nephew Johann at Königsfelden, near Brugg-an-der-Reuß 1 May 1308, bur Wettingen Cistercian convent, removed 1309 to Speyer Cathedral).  He succeeded his father in 1282 as ALBRECHT I joint-Duke of Austria.  He was elected King of Germany in 1298.  The necrology of Stams records the death "Kal Mai" of "dominus Albertus rex Romanorum gener fundatoris nostri"[530]

2.      OTTO von Görz (-28 May 1310).  He succeeded his father in 1295 as OTTO Duke of Carinthia.  The necrology of Stams records the death "VI Kal Jun" of "dominus Otto illustris dux Carinthie primogenitus fundatoris nostri"[531]m ([1300]) EUPHEMIA von Liegnitz, daughter of HEINRICH V "the Fat" Duke of Liegnitz [Piast] & his wife Elźbieta of Poland [Piast] ([1278/83]-Jun 1347).  As a widow, she was lady of Wangen, Sansheim and Castelruth[532].  Duke Otto & his wife had four children: 

a)      ELISABETH (-1352 or after).  Regent of Sicily 1348-1352 for her minor son.  m (23 Apr 1322) PIETRO of Sicily, son of FEDERIGO I King of Sicily [Aragon] & his wife Eléonore of Sicily [Anjou-Capet] (1304-Calataxibeta 15 Aug 1342).  He succeeded his father in 1338 as PIETRO II King of Sicily

b)      ANNA ([1300]-[16 May 1331/4 Jul 1335], [26 Jun ----], bur Schönau).  The Notæ Fuerstenfeldenses record the marriage of "filiam ducis Karinthie dictam de Sarentein" and Duke Rudolf[533].  The necrology of Seligenthal records the death "VI Kal Jun" of "Anna coma Reni ducissa Bavarie"[534]m (1328) as his first wife, RUDOLF Pfalzgraf, son of RUDOLF I joint Duke of Upper Bavaria and joint Pfalzgraf bei Rhein & his wife Mechtild von Nassau (Wolfratshausen 8 Aug 1306-Neustadt 4 Oct 1353, bur Neustadt St Aegidius).  He succeeded in 1329 as RUDOLF II "der Blinde" Pfalzgraf bei Rhein und in der Oberpfalz. 

c)      URSULA (-1327). 

d)      EUPHEMIA (-[28 Apr 1329/1330]). 

3.      ALBRECHT (-[24/30] Apr 1292).  The necrology of Stams records the death "VIII Kal Mai" of "dux Albertus filius fundatoris nostri"[535]m (contract 19 May 1281, after 1282) AGNES von Hohenberg, daughter of ALBRECHT II "dem Minnesänger" Graf von Hohenberg & his first wife ---.  1282/93.  Albrecht & his wife had one child: 

a)      MARGARETA (-[26 Jun/27 Sep] 1348, bur Kloster Birkenfeld bei Neustadt/Aisch).  m (before 2 Aug 1307) FRIEDRICH IV Burggraf von Nürnberg, son of FRIEDRICH III Burggraf von Nürnberg & his second wife Helene von Sachsen ([1287]-19 May 1332, bur Heilsbronn). 

4.      LUDWIG (-22 Sep 1305).  The necrology of Stams records the death "X Kal Oct" of "dominus Ludowicus dux Carinthie filius fundatoris nostri"[536]

5.      HEINRICH von Görz (-Schloß Tirol 2 Apr 1335, bur Stams).  The necrology of Stams records "IV Non Jan…domina Anna et domina Adelhaydis et domina Beatrix uxores domini Heinrici filii fundatoris nostri"[537], although the significance of 11 Jan as an anniversary is unclear.  He succeeded his father in 1295 as HEINRICH II Graf von Tirol.  He succeeded in 1307 as HEINRICH King of Bohemia, until 1310.  He succeeded his brother in 1310 as HEINRICH Duke of Carinthia.  The necrology of Stams records the death "IV Non Apr" of "dominus Hainricus illustrix rex Bohemie et Polonie dux Kharinthie, comes Tirolis et Goricie, filius fundatoris nostri"[538]m firstly (13 Feb 1306) ANNA of Bohemia, daughter of WENZEL II King of Bohemia & his first wife Guta of Austria [Habsburg] (15 Oct 1290-3/4 Sep 1313, bur Bogen Dominican Church).  The necrology of Tegernsee records the death "II Non Sep" of "Anna regina Boemie et ducissa Karynthie"[539], the Liber Oblationum of Tegernsee also recording her death as well as the donation of "viri cui Heinrici regis Bohemis"[540]m secondly (Innsbruck 18 Sep 1315) ADELHEID von Braunschweig, daughter of HEINRICH I Herzog von Braunschweig und Lüneburg in Grubenhagen und Salzderhelden & his wife Agnes von Meissen ([1285]-18 Aug 1320, bur Stams).  m thirdly (by proxy 3 Nov 1327, 8 Jun 1328) BEATRIX de Savoie, daughter of AMEDEE V Comte de Savoie & his second wife Marie de Brabant (1310-19/20 Dec 1331).  "Enrico Re di Boemia e di Polonia" nominated proxies to conclude his marriage to "Beatrice di Savoia Sorella de' Conti Aymone ed Edoardo di Savoia" by charter dated 3 Nov 1327[541].  The necrology of Wilten records the death "XIV Kal Jan 1331" of "Beatricis comitisse"[542]Mistress (1): DIEMUT, daughter of ---.  Mistress (2): ---.  Mistress (3): FLURA von Galsaun, wife of WALTER von Tegernsee-Galsaun, daughter of --- ([1302]-[1350]).  Duke Heinrich & his second wife had two children: 

a)      ADELHEID (1317-25 May 1325). 

b)      MARGARETA "Maultasch" ([1318]-Vienna 3 Oct 1369, bur Vienna Minoriten zum Heiligen Kreuz).  She succeeded in 1335 as Gräfin von Tirol.  Her second marriage was agreed by her future father-in-law King Ludwig IV after he arranged her divorce from her first husband[543].  The burials of Minoritenkirche, Vienna records the death in 1369 of "Margareta marchionissa de Tyrolis in Athaso"[544]m firstly (14/16 Sep 1330, divorced 1341) as his first wife, JOHANN HEINRICH Markgraf of Moravia, son of JAN I King of Bohemia [JEAN I Comte de Luxembourg] & his first wife Eliska [Elisabeth] of Bohemia [Přemyslid] (Melnik 12 Feb 1322-12 Nov 1375, bur Brno Kloster St Thomas.  m secondly (Schloß Tirol 10 Feb 1342) as his second wife, LUDWIG of Bavaria Duke of Carinthia, Markgraf von Brandenburg, son of Emperor LUDWIG IV "der Bayer" King of Germany, Duke of Bavaria, Pfalzgraf bei Rhein & his first wife Beatrix von Schweidnitz [Piast] (Jul 1316-Zorneding 18 Sep 1361, bur Munich).  He succeeded his father in 1347 as LUDWIG V "der Brandenburger" joint-Duke of Bavaria

Duke Heinrich had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1): 

c)       MATTHÄUS Chunzmann (-27 Oct 1363).  Bishop of Brixen 1338. 

Duke Heinrich had one illegitimate son by Mistress (2): 

d)       ALBERT .  1339. 

Duke Heinrich had one illegitimate son by Mistress (3): 

e)       MATTHIAS zu Obermontani (-1357). 

6.      AGNES von Görz (-14 May 1293).  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records the marriage of "marchio Fridericus" and "filiam ducis de Tyrol"[545].  The necrology of Stams records the death "III Id Mai" of "domina Angnes marchionissa Missenensis filia fundatoris nostri"[546]m (1 Jun 1285) as his first wife, FRIEDRICH von Meissen Pfalzgraf von Sachsen, son of ALBRECHT II "der Entartete" Markgraf von Meissen, Landgraf of Thuringia [Wettin] & his wife Margareta von Hohenstaufen (1257-Wartburg 16 Nov 1323, bur Eisenach Katharinen Kloster).  He succeeded in 1292 as FRIEDRICH I "der Freidige" Markgraf von Meissen

Duke Meinhard had three illegitimate children by Mistress (1): 

7.      FRIEDRICH (-13 Mar 1333).  Provost at Brixen Cathedral. 

8.      HEINRICH (-before 1349).  Graf von Eschenloch.  m ([1310/12]) ANNA von Reichenberg, daughter of HEINRICH von Reichenberg & his wife Anna von Räzuns. 

a)      SWEIKER Graf von Eschenloch alias von Königsberg (-[1342]).  m ELSBET von Burgstall, daughter of VOLKMAR von Burgstall. 

b)      MICHAEL Graf von Eschenloch alias von Königsberg . 

c)       BARTHOLOMÄUS Graf von Eschenloch alias von Königsberg . 

d)       ENGELMAR Graf von Eschenloch alias von Königsberg (-after 1361).  m --- [von Rubein], daughter of [BERTHOLD] [von Rubein]. 

i)                HEINRICH Graf von Eschenloch (-killed in battle Sempach 9 Jul 1386).  m FLORIDA von Rotenburg, daughter of JOHANN von Rotenburg. 

e)              ELSBET [Belicta] von Eschenloch alias von Königsberg .  m ([1331/34]) ADRIGET [IV] von Castelbarco

f)                REGINA von Eschenloch alias von Königsberg .  Nun at Sonnenburg 1339. 

g)              ANNA von Eschenloch alias von Königsberg .  m KONRAD von Annenburg

9.              ALBRECHT von Camian und Forst (-[1335/36]).  Burggraf von Tirol 1324.  m (before 6 Dec 1329) as her first husband, FLORIDIANA [Siguna] von Schlandersberg, daughter of AUTO von Schlandersberg (-[1349]).  She married secondly (before 25 Apr 1338) Wilhelm [II] Herr von Enne (-after 1350). 

Duke Meinhard had ten illegitimate children by unknown mistresses: 

10.           [547]ten other children. 

 

D.      GRAFEN von GÖRZ

ALBRECHT von Görz, son of MEINHARD I Graf von Tirol [MEINHARD III Graf von Görz] & his wife Adelheid von Tirol (-[1 Apr] 1304, bur Rosazzo).  Graf von Görz und Tirol 1263.  He succeeded in 1267 as ALBRECHT II Graf von Görz

m firstly (before 13 May 1266) EUPHEMIA von Glogau, daughter of KONRAD I Duke of Glogau [Piast] & his first wife Salomea of Poland [Piast] (12 Jan 1254-before 1275). 

m secondly ([29 May] 1275) EUPHEMIA [Offmein] von Ortenburg, daughter of HERMANN Graf von Ortenburg & his wife Euphemia von Plain und Hardegg ([1257/60]-after 1 Feb 1304). 

Graf Albrecht II & his first wife had [five] children: 

1.      HEINRICH (-Görz 24 Apr 1323).  He succeeded his father in 1304 as HEINRICH III Graf von Görz.  Reichsvicar of Treviso 1311.  m firstly ([2 May] 1297) BEATRICE Ctss di Camerino, daughter of GHERARDO Conte di Camerino & his wife Chiara delle Torre (-1321 after 25 Aug).  m secondly ([1322]) BEATRIX von Niederbayern, daughter of STEFAN I Duke of Lower Bavaria & his wife Jutta von Schweidnitz [Piast] (1302-Landshut 29 Apr 1360, bur Kloster Seligenthal).  Her marriage is deduced from the necrology of Seligenthal which records the death "XVI Kal Apr" of "dominus Iohannes com de Görtze, filius domine Beatricis nobilis ducisse Bawarie"[548].  Regent of Görz 1323-1326 and 1335-1338.  Regent of Treviso 1338.  The necrology of Seligenthal records the death "II Kal Mai 1340" of "domina Beatrix ducissa Bavarie et coma de Goerzen"[549], although the year appears incorrect.  Graf Heinrich III & his first wife had one child: 

a)       MEINHARD [V] (-after 21 Mar 1318). 

Graf Heinrich III & his second wife had one child: 

b)      JOHANN HEINRICH (-Trieste 17 Mar 1338).  He succeeded his father in 1323 as JOHANN HEINRICH Graf von Görz.  Reichsvicar of Treviso until 1329.  The necrology of Minoritenkirche, Vienna records the death "XVI Kal Mar" of "Iohannes com Goritie"[550].  The necrology of Seligenthal records the death "XVI Kal Apr" of "dominus Iohannes com de Görtze, filius domine Beatricis nobilis ducisse Bawarie"[551].  m (29 Sep 1336) as her second husband, ANNA of Austria, widow of HEINRICH III "der Natternberger" Duke of Bavaria in Niederbayern, daughter of FRIEDRICH I "dem Schönen" Duke of Austria & his wife Infanta doña Isabel de Aragón (1318-Vienna 14 Dec 1343, bur Vienna St Klara).  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not so far been identified.  Nun at Convent of St Klara Vienna 1340, later Abbess.  The Necrologium Austriacum records the death "1343 XIX Kal Ian" of "Anna filia Friderici regis Romanorum coma de Goertz", specifying that she entered "ordinem S Clare in Wienna" after the death of her husband, and her burial there[552].  

Graf Heinrich III had [three] illegitimate children by an unknown mistress: 

c)       ALZIBERTAm (1314) NIKOLAUS von Pramberg

d)       ELISABETHm OLIVIERO Sforza

e)        [AGNESm ALBERTO [II] della Scala Podestà di Verona (-1352).] 

2.      ALBRECHT [III] (-[1325/27]).  He was regent of Görz in 1323 for his nephew.  m firstly (contract 17 Mar 1299) ELISABETH von Hessen, daughter of HEINRICH I "das Kind" Fürst und Landgraf Herr von Hessen & his second wife Mechtild von Kleve (-after 30 Oct 1308).  m secondly OFFMEI UTEHILD von Mätsch, daughter of ULRICH II Vogt von Mätsch & his wife Margareta von Vatz (-after 12 Mar 1350).  She founded the Carmelite convent of Lienz in 1348[553].  Albrecht [III] & his first wife had five children: 

a)      ELISABETH (-after 1338).  At Cilli and Trüchsen in 1322.  m firstly ([1310]) HERMANN Graf von Heunburg (-28 Jun 1322).  m secondly (after 2 Feb 1323) WILHELM Graf von Schaunberg zu Aschach und Trüchsen (-afetr 1338). 

b)      KATHARINA (-after 11 Nov 1342).  At Neuhaus 1336.  m (before 21 Oct 1311) ULRICH von Taufers zu Neuhaus, Utenheim und Hocheppan (-1336 after 30 Mar). 

c)      KLARAm (contract 20 Aug 1319) HERDEGEN von Pettau Marschall in Steyr (-after 30 Sep 1343). 

d)      KATHARINA (-after 23 Apr 1329).  m (contract 4 Feb 1320) ULRICH von Walsee zu Chrotten (-after 23 Apr 1329).  Landeshauptmann in Steyr, Reichsvikar von Treviso. 

e)      ALBRECHT (-[1365]).  Landeshauptmann in Friulia, Görz and Istria 1329 to 1338.  He succeeded his cousin in 1338 as ALBRECHT III Graf von Görz.  Pfalzgraf von Kärnten 1339.  m firstly HELENA, daughter of --- .  1342.  m secondly ([1353]) as her first husband, KATHARINA of Celje, daughter of FREDERIC [I] Count of Celje [Cilly] & his wife Diemut von Wallsee (-17 Jul 1389).  She married secondly (before 22 Jul 1367) Johann Truchsess von Waldburg

children of second marriage: 

f)       HEINRICH (-[1361/62]).  He succeeded his cousin in 1338 as HEINRICH V Graf von Görz.  General-Captain of Friulia 1349.  m ([8/20] Jun 1350) GIGLIOLA da Carrara, daughter of GIACOMO da Carrara Duke of Padua & his wife Lieta di Montemerlo (-[1350/51]).  Graf Heinrich V had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

i)      JOHANNIS "de Goricia" (-1413 or after).  Priest at Chiens-Pfalzen. 

g)      MEINHARD (-after 6 May 1385).  He succeeded his cousin in 1338 as MEINHARD VI Graf von Görz.  (Below)

h)      MARGARETA (-after 31 Aug 1374).  m [RUDOLF] Graf von Ortenburg .  1354/1355. 

3.      CLARA EUPHEMIAm (contract 9 Feb 1296) ALBRECHT [III] Graf von Hohenberg, son of ALBRECHT II "der Minnesänger" Graf von Hohenburg, Rotenburg und Haigerloch & his first wife --- (-after 25 Nov 1304). 

4.      [EMERENTIANAm BALTHASAR von Welsberg .] 

5.      [daughter .  m IVAN Babonić Ban of Slavonia .  1322/1326.] 

Graf Albrecht had one possible illegitimate child by an unknown mistress: 

6.      [MEINHARD .  1301.] 

MEINHARD von Görz, son of ALBRECHT III Graf von Görz & his second wife Offmei Utehild von Mätsch (-after 6 May 1385).  He succeeded his cousin in 1338 as MEINHARD VI Graf von Görz.  Pfalzgraf von Kärnten.  Vogt of Aquileja.  Graf von Kirchberg, in Swabia 1379.  General-Captain of Aquileja 1358. 

m firstly (contract 18 Nov 1347) KATHARINA von Pfannberg, daughter of ULRICH III Graf von Pfannberg & his wife Agnes von Walsee (-[1374/75]).  Heiress of Greiffenberg and Sumeregg. 

m secondly (1376) as her first husband, UTELHILD von Mätsch, daughter of ULRICH IV Graf von Mätsch & his wife Adelheid von Kirchberg (after 1348-1415 before 3 Jun).  She married secondly ([20 Sep 1386/6 Jan 1387]) Johann II Burggraf von Magdeburg, Graf von Retz und Hardegg (-18 Jun 1424). 

Graf Meinhard VI & his first wife had four children:

1.      ANNA (-5 Sep 1402).  At Schwarzeneck.  m (23 May 1361) HANSZ [Frankepán] Count of Veglia and Modruš, Ban of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia, son of BARTOL [Bertalan] Count of Krk [Veglia] and Modruš & his wife --- (-29 Nov 1393). 

2.      KATHARINA (1350-31 May 1391, bur Seligenthal).  The necrology of Seligenthal records the death "X Kal Jul 1391" of "domina Kartarina ducissa Babarie, filia comitis de Dierol…ligt bei uns begraben"[554]m ([Oct/Nov] 1372) JOHANN von Bayern, son of STEFAN II "mit der Hafte" joint-Duke of Bavaria & his first wife Isabella of Sicily [Aragón] ([1341]-Munich 8 Aug 1397, bur Munich Unsere Liebe Frau).  He succeeded in 1392 as JOHANN II Duke of Bavaria-Munich

3.      URSULA (-after 1383).  At Schöneck, Neuhaus und Uttenstein 1370.  m (before 1363) HEINRICH VIII Graf von Schaunberg zu Aschach und Eferding (-9 Oct 1390). 

4.             ELISABETH .  1373. 

Graf Meinhard VI & his second wife had two children: 

5.      HEINRICH ([8 Apr/22 Jun] 1376-[18 Mar] 1454).  He succeeded his father in 1385 as HEINRICH V Graf von Görz, minor until 1394.  Vogt of Aquileja 1398 to 1422.  Reichsvikar 1413.  Graf von Kirchberg 1415.  He was installed 2 Jul 1415 by the Emperor as Pfalzgraf von Kärnten.  Governor of Belluno and Feltre 1417.  Marshall of Friulia and Landhauptmann in Carniola 1424.  m firstly (contract 31 Jan 1400, before 1407) ELISABETH of Celje, daughter of HERMAN II Count of Cilli [Celje], Ban of Slavonia, Croatia and Dalmatia & his wife Anna von Schaunberg (-[1424/26]).  m secondly ([1430]) KATALIN Garay, daughter of MIKLOS [II] Garay Palatine of Hungary & his first wife Jelena Lazarević (-[1471/83]).  Graf Heinrich V & his first wife had six children: 

a)       BARBARA (-young). 

b)       SIEGMUND (-young). 

c)       GEORG (-young). 

d)       ULRICH (-young). 

e)       ANNAm ([1427]) BRUNORO della Scala (-21 Nov 1434).  Reichsvikar at Verona.  Reichsfürst 1434. 

f)        MARGARETA (-8 Jan 1450).  m (before 7 Oct 1433) JOHANN "der Ernsthafte" Graf von Oettingen in Wallerstein (-10 May 1449).  Pfandherr der Grafschaft Kirchberg 1433. 

          Graf Heinrich V & his second wife had six children: 

g)      JOHANN (before 1437-[7 Mar/22 May] 1462).  He succeeded his father in 1454 as JOHANN Graf von Görz

h)      LUDWIG (-[17 Jun 1456/4 Apr 1457]). 

i)       LEONHARD (1440-12 Apr 1500).  Gefürsteter Graf von Görz [1458].  He succeeded his brother in 1462 as LEONHARD Graf von Görz.  Lord of Soclos, Simontorna, Papa and Gara, in Hungary.  m firstly [HIERONYMA Ujlaky, daughter of NIKOLAUS Ujlaky Ban of Slavonia and Croatia, anti-King of Bosnia.]  m secondly (11 Jul 1476, 15 Nov 1478) PAOLA Gonzaga, daughter of LODOVICO III Duke of Mantua (1463-winter [1495/96]). 

j)               3 children (-young). 

6.      JOHANN MEINHARD ([1378/80]-before 22 May 1430).  He succeeded his father in 1385 as JOHANN MEINHARD VII Graf von Görz, minor until 1398.  Graf von Kirchberg 1415.  He was installed 2 Jul 1415 by the Emperor as Pfalzgraf von Kärnten.  m firstly ([11/24] May 1404) MAGDALENA von Bayern, daughter of FRIEDRICH Duke of Bavaria in Landshut & his second wife Maddalena Visconti (1388-1410, bur Raitenhaslach).  The Liber defunctorum of Raitenhaslach records the death of "da Magdalena ducissa Bauarie ux di Friderici principis et ducis Bauarie, da Magdalena ducissa filia eius"[555].  The necrology of Raitenhaslach records the death "XVI Kal" of "da Magdalena sor di Heinrici principis Bauarie"[556]m secondly (contract 1422) as her first husband, AGNES von Pettau, daughter and heiress of BERNHARD von Pettau zu Wurmberg (-1451).  She married secondly (1432) Leuthold von Steubenberg (-1469).  Graf Johann Meinhard VII & his first wife had two children: 

a)             HEINRICH (-young). 

b)             ERNST (-young). 

 

 

Chapter 9.    WILHELME

1.      WILHELM [I] (-after 927).  Wegener refers to a donation by Reginperht Vogt von Salzburg dated 927, witnessed by "Perhtolt dux, Ruodperht comes, Reginker comes, Sigipold comes, Willehelm comes…"[557]

2.      WILHELM [II] .  It is possible that Graf Wilhelm [II] was the son of Graf Wilhelm [I] but this cannot be proved.  It is even possible that the 927 and 953 entries relate to the same person.  "Otto…rex" transferred property "qua…comes…Hartuuic de manu Vuarmunti comitis…in loco Grabanastat…in pago Chiemichouve in comitatibus Otacharii, Sigihardi ac Vuillihalmi comitum" to the church of Salzburg by charter dated 8 Jun 959[558], which shows that Wilhelm [II] was one of three counts in Chiemgau although it is assumed that each count governed a geographically separate county rather than ruling a single county jointly.  m ---.  The name of Wilhelm's wife is not known.  Graf Wilhelm [II] & his wife had one child: 

a)      LIUTOLD [I] (-[25 Jul] 963 or after).  Wegener refers to a donation by Graf Sigihard to Friedrich Archbishop of Salzburg dated 22 Apr 963, witnessed by "Willihalm comes et filius eius Liutold, Gerolt, Otachar…"[559].  The fact that Liutold witnessed with his father suggests that he was the oldest son.  It is assumed that he died soon afterwards as no later record of him has been found.  The necrology of Traunkirchen records the death "VIII Kal Aug" of "Leotoldus com"[560], which may refer to Lutold [I]. 

3.      WILHELM [III] (-29 Sep [1010]).  It is assumed that Graf Wilhelm [III] was the son of Graf Wilhelm [II] but this has not been confirmed.  "Otto…imperator augustus" granted property "salinam…Hal…in pago Salzburggeuue et in comitatu Uuillihelmi comitis" to "domnæ Iuditæ fratris nostri beatæ memoriæ Heinrici ducis viduæ" by charter dated 27 Apr 973[561].  "Otto…imperator augustus" gave property "orientali parte montis qui dicitur Doberich…usque ad proprietatem Marchuuardi comitis, quicquid visi sumus habere in comitatu Rachvuini comitis" to "nostri Vuillihelmi…comitis" by charter dated 24 Oct 980[562].  The necrology of Traunkirchen records the death "III Kal Oct" of "Wilhelmus com fundator n c I l"[563]m firstly HEMMA, daughter of ---.  "Hemma…nostræ neptis" is named as mother of "Willihelmo comitis" to whom "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" granted property "inter fluenta Souuue et Soune, Zotle et Nirine in pago Seuna" by charter dated 15 Apr 1016[564].  The precise relationship between Hemma and Emperor Heinrich II is not known.  An interesting speculation is suggested by the necrology of Traunkirchen which records the death "IV Non Jan" of "Chunigundis regina fundatrix no ecclesie"[565].  If Hemma was the niece of Queen Kunigund, and died young, it is possible that the Queen founded the monastery in her memory, associating Hemma's husband in the foundation (together with his new wife).  m secondly LEOPIRGIS, daughter of --- (-20 Aug ----).  The necrology of Traunkirchen records the death "XIII Kal Sep" of "Leopirgis com fundatrix no ecclie"[566].  Graf Wilhelm [III] & his first wife had one child: 

a)      WILHELM [IV] (-20 Mar or 17 Sep 1036).  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" granted property "inter fluenta Souuue et Soune, Zotle et Nirine in pago Seuna" to "Willihelmo comiti…quoddam dedimus memores etiam domne Hemme suæ matris, nostræ neptis" by charter dated 15 Apr 1016[567].  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property "in comitatu ipsius [Willihelmo]…Souna" to "Willihelmo comiti" by charter dated 11 May 1025[568].  "Chuonradus…Romanorum imperator augustus" granted property to "Willihelmo comiti" by charter dated 30 Dec 1028[569].  Markgraf an der Sann.  The Annals of Hildesheim record that in 1036, in the early part of the narrative relating to this year, Adalbero killed "Willehelmum comitem" and took refuge "in castellum Eresburgh"[570].  The necrology of St Lambert records the death "XIII Kal Apr" of "Willehlemus marchio"[571].  The necrology of Gorze records the death "XV Kal Oct" of "Wilhelmi com et fundatoris no ecclesie et filiorum et amicorum eius"[572]m HEMMA, daughter of --- (-29 Jun [1042/60] or after).  The necrology of Salzburg St Rudpert records the death "III Kal Jul" of "Hemma com de Gurka"[573].  The necrology of Gorze records the death "III Kal Jul" of "Hemma com fundatrix Gurcensis"[574].  The Vita Gebehardi records the donation of property "in valle Admuntina" by "matrona quædam nobilis Hemma comitissa de Frisaco et de Truhsen, post mortem mariti sui Willihelalmi comitis et filiorum suorum Hartwici et Willihalmi" to Admont, recorded in a paragraph dealing with events in 1074 but as the text specifies that the donation was "tempore Baldwini archiepiscopi sancto Rudperto", which was between 1042 and 1060, it must be dated earlier[575].  Graf Wilhelm [IV] & his wife had two children: 

i)        HARTWIG (-young).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

ii)       WILHELM [V] (-young).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

4.      LIUTOLD [II] (-19 or 25 Jul ----).  Wegener proposes that Lituold [II] was the son of Graf Wilhelm [III] because of the connection with the monastery of Traunkirchen[576].  There is also onomastic continuity with the family of Graf Wilhelm [III], whose probable uncle was also called Liutold (see above).  The necrology of Traunkirchen records the death "XIV Kal Aug" of "Leotoldus com n c"[577]m WILLIBIRG, daughter of --- & his wife Willibirg --- (-27 Aug ----).  The necrology of Traunkirchen records the death "XI Kal Mar" of "Wilbirgis com n c di ändl Leutoldi" and "VI Kal Sep" of "Wilbirgis com mater s Leotoldi"[578], the former entry presumably relating to the mother-in-law of Graf Liutold [II].  Graf Liutold [II] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)      LIUTOLD [III] (-9 Aug ----).  He was presumably "St Liutold", as indicated by the reference in the Traunkirchen necrology to his mother.  The necrology of Traunkirchen records the death "V Id Aug" of "Leotoldus com n c I l"[579], although it is surprising that the entry does not recall his sanctity. 

b)      WILHELM [VI] .  Wegener notes that he was Vogt of Baldwin Archbishop of Salzburg (archibishop from 1042-1060) but cites no source confirming his paternity[580]

c)      [LIUTBIRG (-15 Nov ----).  Wegener speculates that the wife of Graf Markward [IV] was the daughter of Graf Liutold [II] because of the transmission of the name Liutold to her second son[581].  Wegener refers to the donation by Markward, son of Adalbero Duke of Carinthia, his wife Liutpirc and his (unnamed) sons dated [1065][582].  The necrology of St Lambert records the death "XVII Kal Dec" of "Liupirgis ducissa Carinthye mat fundatoris"[583], although it is unclear why she would have been accorded the title duchess as her husband was never Duke of Carinthia.  The necrology of Admunt records the death "XVII Kal Dec" of "Liuza com"[584]m MARKWARD [IV] Graf in der Kärtner Mark, son of ADALBERO I Duke of Carinthia [Eppenstein] & his wife Beatrix of Swabia (-16 Jun 1076).] 

 

1.      LIUTOLD (-11 Aug ----).  The necrology of Traunkirchen records the death "III Id Aug" of "Leotoldus com"[585]

 

1.      LIUTOLD (-25 Jul ----).  The necrology of Traunkirchen records the death "VIII Kal Aug" of "Leotoldus com"[586]

 

1.      WERIGAND (-31 Oct ----).  According to Wegener, Werigand, ancestor of the Grafen von Plain und Hardegg, was the son of Graf Liutold [III][587].  The onomastics are favourable for a family connection, but there is insufficient information available to judge the precise nature of the relationship, if any. 

-        see above Chapter 5 GRAFEN von PLAIN und HARDEGG

 

 

Chapter 10.  FAMILY of ODALBERT ARCHBISHOP of SALZBURG

The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise indicated below. 

1.    ODALBERT (-14 Nov 935).  Archbishop of Salzburg 923.  m as her second husband, RIHNI, widow of OTAKAR Graf im Leobenthal, daughter of Markgraf ARIBO [I] & his wife ---.  924/27.  Odalbert & his wife had seven children: 

a)    RIHNI .  930. 

b)    OTAKAR .  930. 

c)    DIETMAR .  Vogt of Friedrich Archbishop of Salzburg.  Ancestor of the Grafen von DÖRNBERG und LUNGAU. 

d)    BERNHARDm (931) ENGILRAT, daughter of ---.  Bernhard & his wife had one child: 

i)      WILLA .  Wegener cites a donation by Willa, with the consent of her husband Graf Sieghard, to Salzburg which names her sons Engilpreht and Piligrim[588].  Wegener cites a source which confirms her parentage[589].  [960]/[970].  m [as his second wife,] SIEGHARD [V] Graf im Chiemgau, son of SIEGHARD [IV] Graf im Chiemgau [Sieghardinger] & his wife --- (-26 Sep [980]). 

e)    HIMILTRUD .  930/31. 

f)     RIHNI .  Nun. 

g)    HEILRAT .  927.  m DIETRICH ---.  924. 

 

******************************
Resources
[1] Reuter, p. 80. 
[2] Reuter, p. 176. 
[3] AS 983. 
[4] Thietmar, p. 83, footnote 65. 
[5] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1024, MGH SS XXIII, p. 782. 
[6] Thietmar, p. 132, footnote 22. 
[7] Reuter, p. 185. 
[8] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 1012, MHG SS V, p. 119. 
[9] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 1012, MHG SS V, p. 119. 
[10] D O III 370, p. 798. 
[11] D H II 54, p. 65. 
[12] D H II 230, p. 265. 
[13] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 1012, MHG SS V, p. 119. 
[14] Mommsen, T. E. and Morrison, K. F. (trans.) (1962) Imperial Lives and Letters of the Eleventh Century (New York), "Wipo, On the election and consecration of Conrad II (1024)", from "The Deeds of Conrad II (Gesta Chuonradi II imperatoris)", reproduced in Hill, pp. 192-201. . 
[15] D K II 92, p. 125. 
[16] Annales Hildesheimenses 1036, MGH SS III, p. 100. 
[17] Notæ Necrologicæ Ecclesiæ Maioris Frisingensis, Freising Necrologies, p. 79. 
[18] MB 14, p. 185, cited in Wegener, p. 111. 
[19] Necrologium Sancti Lamberti, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 309. 
[20] Salzb. UB 2, p. 161 n 95, cited in Wegener, p. 111. 
[21] Wegener, p. 112. 
[22] Necrologium Sancti Lamberti, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 309. 
[23] Necrologium Admuntenses, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 287. 
[24] Salzb. UB 2, p. 161 n 95, cited in Wegener, p. 111. 
[25] Salzb. UB 2, p. 161 n 95, cited in Wegener, p. 111. 
[26] Casuum Sancti Galli Cont. II, 7, MGH SS II, p. 156. 
[27] Kärnt. UB 3, p. 220 n 542, cited in Wegener, p. 113. 
[28] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis II.31, MGH SS XX, p. 645. 
[29] Salzb. UB 2, p. 161 n 95, cited in Wegener, p. 111. 
[30] D H IV 293, p. 384. 
[31] D H IV 295 and 296, pp. 386 and 389. 
[32] Bernoldi Chronicon, MGH SS V, p. 450, cited in Wegener, p. 113. 
[33] Necrologium Sancti Lamberti, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 309. 
[34] Bernoldi Chronicon, MGH SS V, p. 450, cited in Wegener, p. 113. 
[35] Bernoldi Chronicon, MGH SS V, p. 450, cited in Wegener, p. 113. 
[36] Acta Tirol. 1, p. 125, cited in Wegener, p. 113. 
[37] D H IV 431, p. 576. 
[38] Coronatio Romano Henrici V, MGH LL 2, p. 65. 
[39] Necrologium Sancti Lamberti, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 309. 
[40] Necrologium Sancti Lamberti, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 309. 
[41] Wegener, p. 151. 
[42] Necrologium Sancti Lamberti, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 309. 
[43] Landburch von Österreich und Steier DChr 3, p. 716, quoted in Wegener, p. 103. 
[44] OÖ UB 1, no. 107, p. 657, cited in Wegener, p. 97. 
[45] Annales Mellicenses 1154, MGH SS IX, p. 425. 
[46] Necrologium Mellicense Antiquissimum, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 522. 
[47] Necrologium Monasterii Campi Liliorum, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 368. 
[48] Necrologium Michaelburanum, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 212. 
[49] Casuum Sancti Galli Cont. II, 7, MGH SS II, p. 156. 
[50] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis II.31, MGH SS XX, p. 645. 
[51] Vita Altmanni Episcopi Pataviensis 15, MGH SS XII, p. 234. 
[52] Bernoldi Chronicon, MGH SS V, p. 446, cited in Wegener, p. 114. 
[53] MB 14, p. 185, cited in Wegener, p. 111. 
[54] Wegener, p. 112. 
[55] OÖ UB I, no. 121, p. 161, cited in Wegener, p. 86. 
[56] Necrologium Sancti Lamberti, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 309. 
[57] MB 14, p. 185, cited in Wegener, p. 111. 
[58] Historia Welforum Weingartensis 10, MGH SS XXI, p. 461. 
[59] Fuhrmann, p. 42. 
[60] Bertholdi Annales 1061, MGH SS V, p. 271. 
[61] Genealogica Zaringorum 2, MGH SS XIII, p. 735. 
[62] Bertholdi Annales 1061, MGH SS V, p. 271. 
[63] Mayer, T. 'The state of the Dukes of Zähringen', Barraclough Vol. II, pp. 175-202, 181. 
[64] Casus Monasterii Petrishusensis II.31, MGH SS XX, p. 645. 
[65] Poull (1994), p. 74. 
[66] Genealogica Zaringorum 3, MGH SS XIII, p. 735. 
[67] Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia 1, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1058. 
[68] Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia 1, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1058. 
[69] Gesta Archiepiscopum Salisburgensium, Vita Chuonradi Archiepiscopi 16, MGH SS XI, p. 72. 
[70] Coronatio Romano Henrici V, MGH LL 2, p. 65. 
[71] Necrologium Baumburgense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 236. 
[72] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[73] Necrologium Seonense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 217. 
[74] Fundatio Monasterii Baumburgensis, MGH SS XV [II], pp. 1061-2. 
[75] Necrologium Baumburgense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 236. 
[76] Necrologium Seonense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 217. 
[77] Fundatio Monasterii Baumburgensis, MGH SS XV [II], p. 1061. 
[78] Constitutio Ducatus Austriæ, MGH LL 2, p. 99. 
[79] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[80] Necrologium Baumburgense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 236. 
[81] Necrologium Seonense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 217. 
[82] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[83] Necrologium Baumburgense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 236. 
[84] Necrologium Seonense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 217. 
[85] Constitutio Ducatus Austriæ, MGH LL 2, p. 99. 
[86] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[87] Annales Stadenses, MGH SS XVI, p. 326. 
[88] Necrologium Seccoviense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 403. 
[89] Fundatio Monasterii Baumburgensis, MGH SS XV [II], p. 1061. 
[90] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[91] Salzb. UB 1, 317 n 137, cited in Wegener, p. 269. 
[92] Orderic Vitalis, Vol. VI, Book XI, pp. 42-3. 
[93] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1150, MGH SS XXIII, p. 840. 
[94] Montiérender 77, p. 201. 
[95] Fontevraud 416, p. 409. 
[96] Troyes Necrologies, 2 Obituaire de Saint-Etienne, III Fondations établies en l'église royale de Troyes, p. 271. 
[97] Troyes Necrologies, 2 Obituaire de Saint-Etienne, p. 219. 
[98] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Eglise cathédrale de Chartres, Obituaire du xii siècle, p. 112. 
[99] Fundatio Monasterii Baumburgensis, MGH SS XV [II], p. 1061. 
[100] Fundatio Monasterii Baumburgensis, MGH SS XV [II], p. 1061. 
[101] Autun II.11, p. 96. 
[102] Garrigues, M. (ed.) (1981) Le premier cartulaire de l'abbaye cistercienne de Pontigny (XII - XIII siècles), Collection de documents inédits sur l'histoire de France 14 (Paris), 8, pp. 89-90, cited in Bouchard, p. 347. 
[103] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1150, MGH SS XXIII, p. 840. 
[104] Mâcon 601, p. 363, cited in Bouchard, p. 347. 
[105] Corbigny 8, p. 13. 
[106] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1150, MGH SS XXIII, p. 840. 
[107] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1150, MGH SS XXIII, p. 840. 
[108] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[109] Continuatio Admuntensis 1166, MGH SS IX, p. 583. 
[110] Jordan, p. 151. 
[111] Necrologium Seccoviense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 403. 
[112] Hermanni Altahenses Annales 1256, MGH SS XVII, p. 397. 
[113] Necrologium Runense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 341. 
[114] Necrologium Ossiacense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Carinthiaca), p. 443. 
[115] Hermanni Altahenses Annales 1256, MGH SS XVII, p. 397. 
[116] Canonici Sambiensis Annales 1269, MGH SS XIX, p. 699. 
[117] Liber Anniversariorum et Necrologium Monasterii Kaisheimensis, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 88. 
[118] Annales Mellicenses 1229, MGH SS IX, p. 507. 
[119] Continuatio Garstensis 1243, MGH SS IX, p. 597. 
[120] Continuatio Prædictorum Vindobonensium 1244, MGH SS, p. 727. 
[121] Canonici Sambiensis Annales 1263, MGH SS XIX, p. 699. 
[122] Hermanni Altahenses Annales 1247, MGH SS XVII, p. 394. 
[123] Canonici Sambiensis Annales 1269, MGH SS XIX, p. 699. 
[124] Necrologium Ossiacense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Carinthiaca), p. 443. 
[125] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[126] Necrologium Monasterii S Crucis Recentius, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 112. 
[127] Wegener, p. 108. 
[128] D K I 31, p. 28. 
[129] D O I 33, p. 119. 
[130] D O I 135, p. 215. 
[131] nQ 6, p. 79 n 92, cited in Wegener, p. 108. 
[132] D O I 389, p. 530. 
[133] D O I 432, p. 585. 
[134] D O II 235, p. 264. 
[135] D O III 126, p. 538. 
[136] Chronico Eberspergense, MGH SS XX, p. 12. 
[137] D H II 239, p. 276. 
[138] Liber Anniversariorum Einsiedlenses, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 358. 
[139] MB 14, p. 185, cited in Wegener, p. 111. 
[140] Castulus, p. 41 n 128, cited in Wegener, p. 112. 
[141] Wegener, p. 111. 
[142] Salzb. UB 1, p. 585 n. 1, cited in Wegener, p. 112. 
[143] Castulus, p. 41 n 128, cited in Wegener, p. 112. 
[144] Wegener, p. 149. 
[145] Castulus, p. 41 n 128, cited in Wegener, p. 112. 
[146] MB 14, p. 185, cited in Wegener, p. 111. 
[147] Chronico Eberspergensi Posteriore 22, MGH SS XXV, p. 870. 
[148] Chronico Eberspergense, MGH SS XX, p. 12. 
[149] Chronico Eberspergensi Posteriore 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 870. 
[150] nQ 6, p. 79 n 92, cited in Wegener, p. 108. 
[151] Necrologia Canoniæ ad Sanctum Andream, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 347. 
[152] Wegener, p. 138. 
[153] ES XVI 37. 
[154] Bernardi Cremifanensis Historia 992, MGH SS XXV, p. 656. 
[155] OÖ UB 2, p. 69 n 51, cited in Wegener, p. 138. 
[156] Fragmentum Necrologicæ Lambacenses, Passau Necrologies I, p. 406. 
[157] D H IV 70, p. 90. 
[158] D H III 110, p. 139. 
[159] Vita Adalberonis Episcopi Wirziburgensis , MGH SS XII, p. 131. 
[160] Fragmentum Necrologicæ Lambacenses, Passau Necrologies I, p. 406. 
[161] Vita Adalberonis Episcopi Wirziburgensis 1, MGH SS XII, p. 130. 
[162] Wegener, p. 139, citing "Trotter, p. 40". 
[163] D K II 33, p. 36. 
[164] Fragmentum Necrologicæ Lambacenses, Passau Necrologies I, p. 406. 
[165] D H IV 70, p. 90. 
[166] D H III 78, p. 102. 
[167] D H III 98, p. 124. 
[168] D H III 149, p. 188. 
[169] D H III 224, p. 298. 
[170] Fragmentum Necrologicæ Lambacenses, Passau Necrologies I, p. 406. 
[171] Wegener, p. 87. 
[172] Vita Adalberonis Episcopi Wirziburgensis 1, MGH SS XII, pp. 130-1. 
[173] Vita Wirntonis Abbatis Formbacensis 2, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1128. 
[174] OÖ UB 1, p. 626 n 1, cited in Wegener, p. 142. 
[175] Fragmentum Necrologicæ Lambacenses, Passau Necrologies I, p. 406. 
[176] Fragmentum Necrologicæ Lambacenses, Passau Necrologies I, p. 406. 
[177] D H IV 70, p. 90. 
[178] ES III 27. 
[179] OÖ UB 2, p. 89 n 70, cited in Wegener, p. 139. 
[180] D LD 69, p. 96. 
[181] Annales Fuldensium Pars Quinta, auctore Quodam Bawaro 884, MGH SS I, p. 399. 
[182] D Kn 1, p. 286. 
[183] D Arn 8, p. 15. 
[184] D Arn 21, p. 31. 
[185] D Arn 32, p. 47. 
[186] D Arn 44, p. 63. 
[187] D Arn 98, p. 143. 
[188] Reuter, p. 124. 
[189] D Arn 156, p. 236. 
[190] Annales Fuldensium Pars Quinta, auctore Quodam Bawaro 898, MGH SS I, p. 413. 
[191] Annales Fuldensium Pars Quinta, auctore Quodam Bawaro 898, MGH SS I, p. 413. 
[192] D LK 31, p. 143. 
[193] Additiones Legis Baiuwariorum, MGH LL 3, p. 480. 
[194] ES III 26. 
[195] Annales Fuldensium Pars Quinta, auctore Quodam Bawaro 898, MGH SS I, p. 413. 
[196] Annales Fuldensium Pars Quinta, auctore Quodam Bawaro 899, MGH SS I, p. 414. 
[197] D LK 28, p. 138. 
[198] D LK 31, p. 143. 
[199] D LK 53, p. 178. 
[200] D K I 3, p. 3. 
[201] Annales Fuldensium Pars Quinta, auctore Quodam Bawaro 899, MGH SS I, p. 414. 
[202] D K I 3, p. 3. 
[203] D K I 31, p. 28. 
[204] Wegener, p. 90. 
[205] Wegener, p. 90. 
[206] Salzburg UB I, no. 61, p. 122, cited in Wegener, p. 90. 
[207] D O I 78, p. 157. 
[208] D O I 126, p. 207. 
[209] D O I 202, p. 281. 
[210] D O I 203, p. 282. 
[211] Notæ Necrologicæ Monasterii Inferioris Ratisbonensis, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 289. 
[212] Wegener, p. 91. 
[213] UB 1, no. 14, p. 178, cited in Wegener, p. 90. 
[214] Salzb. UB 1, 102 f n 41, cited in Wegener, p. 91. 
[215] Necrologium Monasterii S Emmerammi Ratisbonensis, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 301. 
[216] nQ 8 no. 291, p. 233, cited in Wegener, p. 91. 
[217] nQ 8 no. 291, p. 233, cited in Wegener, p. 91. 
[218] Salz. UB 1, no. 28, p. 203, cited in Wegener, p. 92. 
[219] Salz. UB 1, no. 28, p. 203, cited in Wegener, p. 92. 
[220] Castulus, p. 41 n 128, cited in Wegener, p. 112. 
[221] Wegener, p. 111. 
[222] Notæ Necrologicæ Monasterii Inferioris Ratisbonensis, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 289. 
[223] UB 1, no. 14, p. 178, cited in Wegener, p. 90. 
[224] UB 1, no. 14, p. 178, cited in Wegener, p. 90. 
[225] UB 1, no. 1, p. 168, cited in Wegener, p. 90. 
[226] Wegener, p. 91. 
[227] Salzburg UB I, no. 61, p. 122, cited in Wegener, p. 90. 
[228] UB 1, no. 14, p. 178, cited in Wegener, p. 90. 
[229] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[230] Necrologium Seonense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 207. 
[231] Salzb. UB 1, no. 43, p. 274, cited in Wegener, p. 91. 
[232] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[233] Wegener, p. 91. 
[234] Necrologium Seonense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 217. 
[235] Salzb. UB 1, no. 43, p. 274, cited in Wegener, p. 91. 
[236] Acta Tirolensia I, 66, p. 27. 
[237] Acta Tirolensia I, 66, p. 27. 
[238] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[239] Acta Tirolensia I, 66, p. 27. 
[240] Wegener, p. 93. 
[241] Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia 2, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1058. 
[242] Wegener, p. 95. 
[243] Wegener, p. 92. 
[244] ES III 28. 
[245] Salzb. UB 2, no. 178, p. 262, cited in Wegener, p. 96. 
[246] Salzb. UB 1, no. 43, p. 274, cited in Wegener, p. 91. 
[247] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[248] D H III 213, p. 283. 
[249] Salzb. UB 1, no. 2, p. 774, cited in Wegener, p. 93. 
[250] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[251] D H III 213, p. 283. 
[252] Salzb. UB 1, no. 2, p. 774, cited in Wegener, p. 93. 
[253] D H III 213, p. 283. 
[254] Salzb. UB 1, no. 2, p. 774, cited in Wegener, p. 93. 
[255] D H IV 293, p. 384. 
[256] Wiesflecker no. 428, cited in Wegener, p. 94. 
[257] Wegener, p. 94. 
[258] ES I.1 84. 
[259] Necrologium Seonense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 217. 
[260] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[261] Wegener, p. 92. 
[262] D H III 213, p. 283. 
[263] Salzb UB 1 no. 36, p. 271 and no 44 p. 274, cited in Wegener, p. 92. 
[264] QE 1, no. 10, p. 160, cited in Wegener, p. 92. 
[265] D H III 213, p. 283. 
[266] D H III 213, p. 283. 
[267] D H III 248, p. 331. 
[268] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[269] D H III 213, p. 283. 
[270] Necrologium Monasterii S Emmerammi Ratisbonensis, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 301. 
[271] MB 3, 4, cited in Wegener, p. 95. 
[272] D H III 213, p. 283. 
[273] Necrologium Baumburgense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 236. 
[274] Fundatio Monasterii Baumburgensis, MGH SS XV [II], pp. 1061-2. 
[275] Necrologium Baumburgense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 236. 
[276] D H III 213, p. 283. 
[277] Salzb. UB 1, no. 2, p. 279, cited in Wegener, p. 95. 
[278] Wegener, p. 121. 
[279] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[280] Salzb. UB 1, p. 596 n 24, cited in Wegener, p. 121. 
[281] Annales Sancti Rudberti Salisburgenses 1164, MGH SS IX, p. 776. 
[282] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[283] Necrologium Michaelburanum, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 212. 
[284] Necrologiæ Canoniæ ad Sanctum Andream, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 347. 
[285] Salzb. UB 1, p. 426 n 319, cited in Wegener, p. 121. 
[286] ES XVI 47. 
[287] Necrologium Michaelburanum, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 212. 
[288] QE 1, p. 273 n 68, cited in Wegener, p. 122. 
[289] Salzb. UB 1, p. 426 n 319, cited in Wegener, p. 121. 
[290] MB 3, p. 322, cited in Wegener, p. 122. 
[291] Salzb. UB 2, p. 510 n 363, cited in Wegener, p. 122. 
[292] Steierm. UB 1, p. 487 n 521, cited in Wegener, p. 121. 
[293] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[294] Necrologium Admuntense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 287. 
[295] OÖ UB 2, p. 409 n 278, cited in Wegener, p. 122. 
[296] ES I.1 89. 
[297] Liber Anniversariorum et Necrologium Monasterii Kaisheimensis, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 88. 
[298] ES III 24. 
[299] MB 3, p. 322, cited in Wegener, p. 122. 
[300] Salzb. UB 2, p. 510 n 363, cited in Wegener, p. 122. 
[301] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[302] Necrologium Raitenhaslacense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 260. 
[303] Monumenta Necrologica Monasterii S Erentrudis Nonnbergensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 61. 
[304] Salzb. UB 1, p. 810 n 82, cited in Wegener, p. 122. 
[305] nQ 7, p. 88 n 108, cited in Wegener, p. 122. 
[306] Salzb. UB 2, p. 76 n 593, cited in Wegener, p. 122. 
[307] Necrologium Michaelburanum, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 212. 
[308] Salzb. UB 2, p. 76 n 593, cited in Wegener, p. 122. 
[309] Necrologium Michaelburanum, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 212. 
[310] Wegener, p. 123. 
[311] AöG 9, p. 289, cited in Wegener, p. 126. 
[312] Annales Sancti Rudberti Salisburgenses 1248, MGH SS IX, p. 790. 
[313] Necrologium Michaelburanum, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 212. 
[314] Wegener, p. 127. 
[315] Necrologium Michaelburanum, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 212. 
[316] AöG 9, p. 289, cited in Wegener, p. 126. 
[317] Salzb. UB 1, p. 847 n 146, cited in Wegener, p. 127. 
[318] Necrologia Wilheringensia, Lenz Necrologies, p. 444. 
[319] Salzb. UB 2, p. 76 n 593, cited in Wegener, p. 122. 
[320] Necrologium Admuntense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 287. 
[321] Steiermm. UB 1, p. 461 n 498, cited in Wegener, p. 122. 
[322] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[323] OÖ UB 2, p. 409 n 278, cited in Wegener, p. 122. 
[324] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[325] Genealogia Ottonis II Ducis Bavariæ et Agnetis Ducissæ, MGH SS XVII, p. 376. 
[326] QE 1, p. 352 n 196, cited in Wegener, p. 123. 
[327] QE 1, p. 352 n 196, cited in Wegener, p. 123. 
[328] Necrologium Seonense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 217. 
[329] QE 1, p. 352 n 196, cited in Wegener, p. 123. 
[330] Genealogia Ottonis II Ducis Bavariæ et Agnetis Ducissæ, MGH SS XVII, p. 376. 
[331] Liber Oblatarius S Petri, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 61. 
[332] Kopal, p. 151, cited in Wegener, p. 125. 
[333] Kopal, p. 151, cited in Wegener, p. 125. 
[334] Notæ Altahenses, MGH SS XVI, p. 422. 
[335] Necrologium Admuntense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 287. 
[336] Necrologium Mellicense Antiquissimum, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 522. 
[337] RB 3, p. 158, cited in Wegener, p. 127. 
[338] Kopal, p. 151, cited in Wegener, p. 125. 
[339] Notæ Altahenses, MGH SS XVI, p. 422. 
[340] Necrologium Admuntense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 287. 
[341] Necrologium Mellicense Antiquissimum, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 522. 
[342] Salzb. UB 4, p. 205 n 161, cited in Wegener, p. 128. 
[343] Wegener, p. 128. 
[344] Bernardi Cremifanensis Historiæ 1220, MGH SS XXV, p. 672. 
[345] Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia 2, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1058. 
[346] Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia 2 and 7, MGH SS XV.2, pp. 1058 and 1060. 
[347] D H III 133, p. 167. 
[348] D H III 136, p. 171. 
[349] D H III 141, p. 177. 
[350] D H III 209, p. 277. 
[351] Kärnt. UB 3, 195 n 499, cited in Wegener, p. 265. 
[352] Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia 2 and 7, MGH SS XV.2, pp. 1058 and 1060. 
[353] Wegener, p. 95. 
[354] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[355] Kärnt. UB 3, 195 n 499, cited in Wegener, p. 265. 
[356] Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia 2, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1058. 
[357] Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia 7, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1060. 
[358] AS 1079. 
[359] ES IV 118. 
[360] Wegener, p. 265. 
[361] Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia 4, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1059. 
[362] Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia 7, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1060. 
[363] Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia 7, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1060. 
[364] AS 1118. 
[365] Necrologium Admuntense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 287. 
[366] AS 1124. 
[367] Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia 2, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1058. 
[368] Necrologium Monasterii S Emmerammi Ratisbonensis, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 301. 
[369] Necrologium Seccoviense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 403. 
[370] Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia 8, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1060. 
[371] Necrologium Monasterii S Emmerammi Ratisbonensis, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 301. 
[372] Genealogia ex stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 7, MGH SS XXV, p. 384. 
[373] Wegener, p. 265. 
[374] Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia 1, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1058. 
[375] Gesta Archiepiscopum Salisburgensium, Vita Chuonradi Archiepiscopi 16, MGH SS XI, p. 72. 
[376] UB 3, 212 n 528, cited in Wegener, p. 269. 
[377] Wegener, p. 238. 
[378] MB 12, 17 n 2, cited in Wegener, p. 238. 
[379] Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia 4, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1059. 
[380] Vita Norberti Archiepiscopis Magdeburgensis 1, MGH SS XII, p. 671. 
[381] Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia 1, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1058. 
[382] Necrologium Seonense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 217. 
[383] MB 2, 162, cited in Wegener, p. 270. 
[384] Wegener, p. 270. 
[385] Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia 8, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1060. 
[386] Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia 8, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1060. 
[387] Annales Sancti Rudberti Salisburgenses 1164, MGH SS IX, p. 776. 
[388] UB 1, 713 n 725, cited in Wegener, p. 256. 
[389] Kärntn. UB 3, 402 n 1073, cited in Wegener, p. 256. 
[390] Necrologium Baumburgense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 236. 
[391] Necrologium Seonense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 217. 
[392] MB 2, 162, cited in Wegener, p. 276. 
[393] Kärntn. UB 3, 402 n 1073, cited in Wegener, p. 256. 
[394] QE 1, p. 352 n 196, cited in Wegener, p. 123. 
[395] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[396] Necrologium Seonense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 217. 
[397] Necrologium Seonense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 217. 
[398] MB 2, 162, cited in Wegener, p. 276. 
[399] Necrologium Admuntense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 287. 
[400] Kärnt. UB 3, 551 n 1427, cited in Wegener, p. 281. 
[401] Necrologium Seonense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 217. 
[402] Necrologium Seonense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 217. 
[403] ES IV 118. 
[404] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1158, MGH SS XXIII, p. 844. 
[405] Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia 1, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1058. 
[406] Gesta Archiepiscopum Salisburgensium, Vita Chuonradi Archiepiscopi 16, MGH SS XI, p. 72. 
[407] Salzb. UB 1, 317 n 137, cited in Wegener, p. 269. 
[408] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[409] Necrologium Admuntense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 287. 
[410] Fundatio Monasterii Sancti Pauli in Carinthia 1, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1058. 
[411] Gesta Archiepiscopum Salisburgensium, Vita Chuonradi Archiepiscopi 16, MGH SS XI, p. 72. 
[412] D LK 31, p. 143. 
[413] LL S, p. 380, cited in Wegener, p. 83. 
[414] Additiones Legis Baiuwariorum, MGH LL 3, p. 480. 
[415] ES III 26. 
[416] Wegener, p. 83. 
[417] D LK 31, p. 143. 
[418] Wegener, p. 83. 
[419] Wegener, p. 84. 
[420] Wegener, p. 84. 
[421] D O I 202, p. 281. 
[422] D O I 203, p. 282. 
[423] D O II 230, p. 258. 
[424] D O III 133, p. 544. 
[425] D H III 246, p. 329. 
[426] D H III 374, p. 514. 
[427] ES III 27. 
[428] Wegener, p. 84. 
[429] D H II 158, p. 188. 
[430] Necrologium Trunkirchense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 426. 
[431] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[432] ES III 27. 
[433] Necrologium Trunkirchense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 426. 
[434] Date of foundation of the abbey given in the introduction to the necrology of Traunkirchen, Passau Necrologies I, p. 426. 
[435] Necrologium Trunkirchense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 426. 
[436] ES III 27. 
[437] Wegener, p. 85. 
[438] Genealogia Marchionum de Stire, MGH SS XXIV, p. 72. 
[439] Necrologium Sancti Lamberti, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 309. 
[440] ES III 27. 
[441] Introduction to Necrologium Sancti Lamberti, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 309. 
[442] Birth date range estimated from his wife having been born [1020/30] and the known details of his own career. 
[443] Genealogia Marchionum de Stire, MGH SS XXIV, p. 72. 
[444] Haverkamp, p. 232. 
[445] Genealogia Marchionum de Stire, MGH SS XXIV, p. 72. 
[446] D H III 213, p. 283. 
[447] D H III 367, p. 499. 
[448] D H IV 45, p. 56. 
[449] D H IV 55, p. 71. 
[450] Necrologium Admuntense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 287. 
[451] OÖ UB I, no. 121, p. 161, cited in Wegener, p. 86. 
[452] Wegener, p. 112. 
[453] Necrologium Sancti Lamberti, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 309. 
[454] Annales Sancti Rudberti Salisburgenses 1122, MGH SS IX, p. 774. 
[455] Genealogia Marchionum de Stire, MGH SS XXIV, p. 72. 
[456] Genealogia Marchionum de Stire, MGH SS XXIV, p. 72. 
[457] Annales Sancti Rudberti Salisburgenses 1122, MGH SS IX, p. 774. 
[458] Necrologium Admuntense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 287. 
[459] Necrologium Sancti Lamberti, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 309. 
[460] Necrologiæ Canoniæ ad Sanctum Andream, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 347. 
[461] Wegener, p. 87. 
[462] Continuatio Claustroneoburgensis I 1106, MGH SS IX, p. 612. 
[463] Genealogia Marchionum de Stire, MGH SS XXIV, p. 72. 
[464] Ekkehardi, Altahense Annales 1107, MGH SS XVII, p. 365. 
[465] Necrologium Mellicense Antiquissimum, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 522. 
[466] OÖ UB 1, p. 634 n 25, cited in Wegener, p. 144. 
[467] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[468] Necrologium Admuntense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 287. 
[469] Annales Admuntenses 1122, MGH SS IX, p. 578. 
[470] Genealogia Marchionum de Stire, MGH SS XXIV, p. 72. 
[471] Necrologium Runense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 341. 
[472] Annales Admuntenses 1129, MGH SS IX, p. 578. 
[473] Necrologium Admuntense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 287. 
[474] AS 1106. 
[475] Genealogia Marchionum de Stire, MGH SS XXIV, p. 72. 
[476] Necrologium Admuntense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 287. 
[477] Necrologium Weingartense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 221. 
[478] Annales Stadenses, MGH SS XVI, p. 326. 
[479] Necrologium Seccoviense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 403. 
[480] ES III 27. Margareta is not shown Wegener, p. 85. 
[481] Annales Sancti Rudberti Salisburgenses 1129, MGH SS IX, p. 775. 
[482] Annales Sancti Rudberti Salisburgenses 1164, MGH SS IX, p. 776. 
[483] Necrologium Admuntense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 287. 
[484] Monumenta Necrologica Voroviensia, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 436. 
[485] Notæ Genealogicæ Bavaricæ, MGH SS XXIV, p. 76. 
[486] Genealogia Marchionum de Stire, MGH SS XXIV, p. 72. 
[487] Continuatio Admuntensis 1184, MGH SS IX, p. 586. 
[488] Necrologium Admuntense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 287. 
[489] Continuatio Admuntensis 1163, MGH SS IX, p. 583. 
[490] Genealogia Marchionum de Stire, MGH SS XXIV, p. 72. 
[491] Haverkamp, p. 232. 
[492] Bernardi Cremifanensis Historiæ 1180, MGH SS XXV, p. 662. 
[493] Continuatio Admuntensis 1192, MGH SS IX, p. 587. 
[494] Necrologium Admuntense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 287. 
[495] Necrologium Runense, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 341. 
[496] Wegener, pp. 85 and 214. Kunigunde is not shown as his daughter in ES III 27. 
[497] Annales Mellicenses, MGH SS IX, p. 505. 
[498] Necrologiæ Canoniæ ad Sanctum Andream, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 347. 
[499] Wegener, p. 154. 
[500] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[501] Necrologium Wiltinense, Brixen Necrologies, p. 60. 
[502] Necrologium Wiltinense, Brixen Necrologies, p. 60. 
[503] Necrologium Wiltinense, Brixen Necrologies, p. 60. 
[504] Necrologium Wiltinense, Brixen Necrologies, p. 60. 
[505] Necrologium Monasteriense, Chur Necrologies, p. 648. 
[506] Necrologium Diessense, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 7. 
[507] Necrologium Monasteriense, Chur Necrologies, p. 648. 
[508] MB 7, 126, and MB 2, 454 n 12, cited in Wegener, p. 232. 
[509] Necrologium Benedictoburanum, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 2. 
[510] ES III 42. 
[511] Necrologiæ Canoniæ ad Sanctum Andream, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 347. 
[512] Necrologium Admuntense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 287. 
[513] Necrologium Milstatense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 455. 
[514] De Fundatoribus Monasterii Diessenses I, MGH SS XVII, p. 328. 
[515] De Fundatoribus Monasterii Diessenses III, MGH SS XVII, p. 330. 
[516] Necrologium Monasteriense, Chur Necrologies, p. 648. 
[517] Notæ Diessenses 1257, MGH SS XVII, p. 325. 
[518] Hermanni Altahensis continuation tertia 1295, MGH SS XXIV, p. 55. 
[519] Necrologium Stamsense, Brixen Necrologies, p. 47. 
[520] Necrologium Wiltinense, Brixen Necrologies, p. 60. 
[521] Necrologium Diessense, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 7. 
[522] Hermanni Altahenses Annales 1246, MGH SS XVII, p. 394. 
[523] MP, Vol. V, 1248, p. 17. 
[524] Bayley, p. 20. 
[525] Hermanni Altahenses Annales 1258, MGH SS XVII, p. 399. 
[526] Necrologium Habsburgicum Monasterii Campi Regis, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 357. 
[527] Necrologium Stamsense, Brixen Necrologies, p. 47. 
[528] Necrologium Raitenhaslacense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 260. 
[529] Necrologium Stamsense, Brixen Necrologies, p. 47. 
[530] Necrologium Stamsense, Brixen Necrologies, p. 47. 
[531] Necrologium Stamsense, Brixen Necrologies, p. 47. 
[532] ES III 9. 
[533] Notæ Fuerstenfeldenses de Ducibus Bavariæ, MGH SS XXIV, p. 75. 
[534] Necrologium Sældentalense, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 360. 
[535] Necrologium Stamsense, Brixen Necrologies, p. 47. 
[536] Necrologium Stamsense, Brixen Necrologies, p. 47. 
[537] Necrologium Stamsense, Brixen Necrologies, p. 47. 
[538] Necrologium Stamsense, Brixen Necrologies, p. 47. 
[539] Necrologium Tegernseense, Freising Necrologies, p. 136. 
[540] Liber Oblationum et Assignatio Anniversariorum Monasterii Tegernseense, Freising Necrologies, p. 157. 
[541] State Archives, volume 102, page 46, fascicule 1. 
[542] Necrologium Wiltinense, Brixen Necrologies, p. 60. 
[543] Leuschner, p. 114. 
[544] Notæ de Sepulchris Patrum Minorum S Crucem Vindobonæ, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 166. 
[545] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1281, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 631. 
[546] Necrologium Stamsense, Brixen Necrologies, p. 47. 
[547] ES III 43. 
[548] Necrologium Sældentalense, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 360. 
[549] Necrologium Sældentalense, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 360. 
[550] Necrologium Patrum Minorum ad S Crucem Vindobonæ, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 166. 
[551] Necrologium Sældentalense, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 360. 
[552] Necrologium Austriacum Gentis Habsburgicæ Prius, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 123. 
[553] ES III 44. 
[554] Necrologium Sældentalense, Regensburg Necrologies, p. 360. 
[555] Monumenta Necrologica Raitenhslacensia, Liber defunctorum Genealogica - Appendix, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 260. 
[556] Necrologium Raitenhaslacense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 260. 
[557] Salzb. UB 1, p. 87 n 23, cited in Wegener, p. 118. 
[558] D O I 202, p. 281. 
[559] Salzb. UB 1, p. 168 n 1, cited in Wegener, p. 118. 
[560] Necrologium Trunkirchense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 426. 
[561] D O I 431, p. 584. 
[562] D O II 235, p. 264. 
[563] Necrologium Trunkirchense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 426. 
[564] D H II 346, p. 440. 
[565] Necrologium Trunkirchense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 426. 
[566] Necrologium Trunkirchense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 426. 
[567] D H II 346, p. 440. 
[568] D K II 32, p. 35. 
[569] MGH Diplomata IV, D K II 134, p. 180. 
[570] Annales Hildesheimenses 1036, MGH SS III, p. 100. 
[571] Necrologium Sancti Lamberti, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 309. 
[572] Necrologium Gurcense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 448. 
[573] Monumenta Necrologica S Rudperti Salisburgensis, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 91. 
[574] Necrologium Gurcense, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 448. 
[575] Gesta Archiepiscoporum Salisburgensium, Vita Gebehardi et successorum eius 2, MGH SS XI, p. 36. 
[576] Wegener, p. 116. 
[577] Necrologium Trunkirchense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 426. 
[578] Necrologium Trunkirchense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 426. 
[579] Necrologium Trunkirchense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 426. 
[580] Wegener, p. 120. 
[581] Wegener, p. 112. 
[582] Salzb. UB 2, p. 161 n 95, cited in Wegener, p. 111. 
[583] Necrologium Sancti Lamberti, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 309. 
[584] Necrologium Admuntenses, Salzburg Necrologies (Regio Styriaca), p. 287. 
[585] Necrologium Trunkirchense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 426. 
[586] Necrologium Trunkirchense, Passau Necrologies I, p. 426. 
[587] Wegener, p. 121. 
[588] UB 1, no. 14, p. 178, cited in Wegener, p. 90. 
[589] Salzb. UB 1, 102 f n 41, cited in Wegener, p. 91.