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SWABIA, Alsace

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INTRODUCTION

Chapter 1.            DUKES in ALSACE

A.       DUKES in ALSACE (LATE 7th and EARLY 8th CENTURIES)
B.       DUKES in ALSACE (LATE 9th and LATE 10th CENTURIES)

Chapter 2.            GRAFEN im NORDGAU

Chapter 3.            GRAFEN im SUNDGAU

A.       LIUTFRIDE (FAMILY of HUGUES Comte de TOURS)
B.       FAMILY of LIUTOLD

Chapter 4.            OTHER EARLY COUNTS in ALSACE

Chapter 5.            GRAFEN von EGISHEIM und DAGSBURG

A.       GRAFEN von EGISHEIM und DAGSBURG (ETICHONEN)
B.       GRAFEN von EGISHEIM und DAGSBURG (MOHA)

Chapter 6.            COMTES de FERRETTE [PFIRT] 1125-1324

Chapter 7.            COMTES de SAARWERDEN

Chapter 8.            GRAFEN von WERDE

 

INTRODUCTION

The territory of Alsace formed part of the duchy of Alemannia, one of the four original provinces of Germany which survived as an autonomous entity until it was defeated by the early Carolingian Franks in 746/47, when the Alemannic dukes were deposed and a large part of the Alemannic nobility killed at Canstatt, near Stuttgart[1].  During the late 7th and early 8th centuries, dukes are recorded in Alsace, although it is supposed that they were subordinate to the dukes of Alemannia. 

 

Alsace formed part of the kingdom of Lotharingia under the division of the Frankish empire agreed at the treaty of Verdun in 843.  The Annales Bertiniani record that Lothar II King of Lotharingia invested his son Hugues with the duchy of Alsace in 867[2].  Under the 870 treaty which divided Lotharingia between the East and West Frankish kingdoms "…in Elisatio comitatus II…" were assigned to Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks[3].  However, Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks invaded Alsace after the death of King Lothar and Duke Hugues was obliged to submit to him.  The two Alsatian counties (identified as Sundgau and Nordgau) do not appear to have been considered as part of the duchy of Upper Lotharingia after its formation in the mid-10th century.  It is likely that Alsace at that time formed part of the duchy of Swabia.  Primary sources name the Grafen im Nordgau and Grafen im Sundgau as counts in Alsace between the 9th and 11th centuries.  After that time, the counties of Egisheim and Dachsburg emerged as the primary counties in Alsace.  The county of Ferrette (Pfirt) developed in southern Alsace in the early 12th century.

 

 

Chapter 1.    DUKES in ALSACE

 

A.      DUKES in ALSACE (LATE 7th and EARLY 8th CENTURIES)

 1.             GUNDOIN (-after 6 Sep 667).  Duke in Alsace.  "Childericus rex Francorum, Emnehildis et Bilihildis…reginæ…Gundoino duce et Hodone domestico" confirmed the property of the monastery of Stablo and Malmedy by charter dated 6 Sep 667[4]

2.             BONIFACIUS (-[666/67]).  Duke in Alsace.  "Childericus rex Francorum, Bonifacio duci" donated property on the advice of "Emhilde regine" to the monastery of St Gregory in Vosges by charter dated to [660/62][5].  "Childericus rex Francorum" donated property on the request of "Amelrico, Bonefacio ducibus" and the advice of "Emnehildæ reginæ" by charter dated to [664/66][6]

 

ETICHO [Chadicho/Adalrico], son of LEUDESIUS maior domus & his wife --- (-after 4 Sep 677, maybe after 25 Jun 692).  "Childericus rex Francorum, Chadicho duce, Rodeberto comite" donated property to the monastery of St Gregory in Alsace by charter dated 4 Mar 673, the editor of the compilation identifying "Chadicho duce" with Eticho Duke in Alsace, commenting that he had succeed Boniface as duke in 666[7]Duke in Alsace.  The Vita Germani records that "Chatalrichus sive Chaticus" succeeded on the deaths of "Gundoinus dux et Bonifacius dux", commenting in the next paragraph that he "cum Ericho comite" was responsible for the martyrdom of Germanus "in basilica sancti Mauricii"[8].  The Passio Leudegarii records that "Desideratus…cognomento Deidoni…cum Bobone et cum Chadalrico duce" campaigned against Lyon[9], presumably dated to the late 660s or early 670s.  "Dagobertus rex Francorum" donated property confiscated from "Adalricus dux" to the monastery of "Fontis Besuæ" by charter dated 4 Sep 677[10].  "Chlodovius rex Francorum" with "Aerico duci et Charievio comiti" confirmed a donation to the monastery of Stablo and Malmedy by charter dated 25 Jun 692[11].  It is assumed that "Aerico duci" in this last charter refers to Eticho although this is not certain. 

m BERSWINDA, daughter of ---.  The Cronica Hohenburgensis records the marriage of "Athicum seu Adalricum" and "Berswindam…filiam sororis sancti Leodegarii, sororem videlicet regina"[12].  The Chronicon Ebersheimense names "Berswindam, filiam sororis Leodegarii episcopi…et Garini comitis Pictavensis, sororem videlicet regina" as the wife of Athicus[13]

Eticho/Adalrico & his wife had five children: 

1.             ADALBERT [I].  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Adelbertum, Battichonem, Hugonem, Hechonem" as the four sons of "Adalrici ducis vel alio nomine Hettichonis"[14]Duke in Alsace.  He is named "ducis Adelberti" in the Annales Murbacenses as father of Eberhard[15].   

2.             BATTICHO .  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Adelbertum, Battichonem, Hugonem, Hechonem" as the four sons of "Adalrici ducis vel alio nomine Hettichonis"[16]m ---.  The name of Batticho´s wife is not known.  Batticho & his wife had one child: 

a)             BORO (-after 748).  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Boronem" as the son of "Batticho"[17].  “Boronus” donated property to Honau monastery by charter dated 21 Jun 723[18].  “Boronus illuster vir” donated property to Honau monastery by charter dated 748[19]m ---.  The name of Boro´s wife is not known.  Boro & his wife had two children: 

i)               ADALBERT [II] .  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Adelbertum et Choros" as the two sons of "Boro"[20]

ii)             CHOROS .  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Adelbertum et Choros" as the two sons of "Boro"[21]m ---.  The name of Choros´s wife is not known.  Choros & his wife had one child: 

(a)          ADALBERT [III] .  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Adelbertum" as the son of "Choros"[22].  "Adalberctus filius Crosoni" donated property to Fulda by charter dated 1 Apr 805[23]

3.             HUGO [I] .  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Adelbertum, Battichonem, Hugonem, Hechonem" as the four sons of "Adalrici ducis vel alio nomine Hettichonis"[24]m ---.  The name of Hugo´s wife is not known.  Hugo & his wife had two children: 

a)             BODOL (-after 18 Dec 750).  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Bodolem et Bleonum" as the two sons of "Hugo"[25].  “Bodalus filius Hugone quondam” donated property to St Gregory´s monastery, for the soul of “filio meo Gherhanho”, by charter dated 18 Dec 747[26].  “Bodolus” donated property to Hohenau monastery by charter dated 12 Oct 749, which names “genitor meus…Hugo quondam[27].  “Bodalus filius Hugone quondam” donated “prædia in Hodulfeshaim” to St Gregory´s monastery, for the soul of “filio meo Gherhanho”, by charter dated 18 Dec 750[28]m ---.  The name of Bodol´s wife is not known.  Bodol & his wife had three children: 

i)               GERHAN (-before 18 Dec 747).  “Bodalus filius Hugone quondam” donated property to St Gregory´s monastery, for the soul of “filio meo Gherhanho”, by charter dated 18 Dec 747[29]

ii)             RICHWINA .  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Ruchuinam et Adalam" as the two daughters of "Bodol"[30]

iii)            ADELA (-after 18 Aug 754).  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Ruchuinam et Adalam" as the two daughters of "Bodol"[31].  “Adala filia Bodali” donated property to Hornbach monastery by charter dated 18 Aug 754[32]

b)             BLEON .  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Bodolem et Bleonum" as the two sons of "Hugo"[33]m ---.  The name of Bleon´s wife is not known.  Bleon & his wife had one child: 

i)               HUGO [III] .  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Hug" as the son of "Bleon", adding that Hugo donated "totum quod habuit in marca Teorasheim"[34].  “Hugo” donated property to Honau monastery by charter dated 29 May 748 which names "genitor meus Bleonus"[35]

4.             HAICHO (-after 17 Sep 723).  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Adelbertum, Battichonem, Hugonem, Hechonem" as the four sons of "Adalrici ducis vel alio nomine Hettichonis"[36].  “Haicho” donated property to Honau monastery by charter dated 17 Sep 723 witnessed by “Hugonis filii sui, Albrici filii sui[37]m ---.  The name of Haicho´s wife is not known.  Haicho & his wife had two children: 

a)             HUGO [II] (-after 10 Jun 785).  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Hugonem et Albericum" as the two sons of "Hecho"[38].  “Haicho” donated property to Honau monastery by charter dated 17 Sep 723 witnessed by “Hugonis filii sui, Albrici filii sui[39].  "Huc" donated property "in pago Alsacinse in villas…Ostheim et in Conesheim…" to Fulda by charter dated 10 Jun 785 for the soul of "filii mei Hahiconi", with the consent of "Eburhardus"[40]m ---.  The name of Hugo´s wife is not known.  Hugo & his wife had one child: 

i)               HAICHO (-before 10 Jun 785).  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Hechonem" as the son of "Hug"[41].  "Huc" donated property "in pago Alsacinse in villas…Ostheim et in Conesheim…" to Fulda by charter dated 10 Jun 785 for the soul of "filii mei Hahiconi", with the consent of "Eburhardus"[42]

b)             ALBERIC .  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Hugonem et Albericum" as the two sons of "Hecho"[43].  “Haicho” donated property to Honau monastery by charter dated 17 Sep 723 witnessed by “Hugonis filii sui, Albrici filii sui[44]m ---.  The name of Alberic´s wife is not known.  Alberic & his wife had four children: 

i)               HUGBERT .  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Hugbertum, Hebrohardum, Horbertum et Thetibaldum" as the four sons of "Albericus"[45]

ii)             EBERHARD [II] .  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Hugbertum, Hebrohardum, Horbertum et Thetibaldum" as the four sons of "Albericus"[46]

iii)            HORBERT .  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Hugbertum, Hebrohardum, Horbertum et Thetibaldum" as the four sons of "Albericus"[47]

iv)           THETIBALD .  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Hugbertum, Hebrohardum, Horbertum et Thetibaldum" as the four sons of "Albericus"[48]

5.             ODILA (-after 28 Dec 708).  The Cronica Hohenburgensis names "Odilam" as the daughter of "Athicum seu Adalricum" & his wife, recording that she was born blind and recovered her sight after baptism by "Herhardo Ratisponensem episcopo et Hylelulfo Treverensi"[49].  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "sanctam Otiliam" as the daughter of "Adalrici ducis vel alio nomine Hettichonis"[50].  The testament of “Odilia…abbatissa in Hohenburc”, dated 28 Dec 708, names “pater meus dux Adalricus[51]

ADALBERT, son of ETICHO [Adalrico] Duke in Alsace & his wife Berswinda --- .  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Adelbertum, Battichonem, Hugonem, Hechonem" as the four sons of "Adalrici ducis vel alio nomine Hettichonis"[52]Duke in Alsace.  He is named "ducis Adelberti" in the Annales Murbacenses as father of Eberhard[53]

m INGINA, daughter of ---.  Her name is confirmed by the charter dated 5 Feb 737 under which “Liutfrudus…dux” sold property “in Aunulfouuilare quicquid Ingina genitore meo[54]

Adalbert & his wife had six children: 

1.             LUITFRIED [I] (-after [740/41]).  The Annales Murbacenses record the foundation of the monastery in 715 by "comes…Eberhardus, filius ducis Adelberti", and his donations following the death of "filio predicti comitis" with the consent of "fratris sui Leudofredi et coniugis sue Emeltrudis"[55].  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Lutfridum et Ebrohardum" as the two sons of "Adelbertus"[56]Duke [of Alsace].  “Liutfridus dux” donated property “in villa Burghaime”, inherited from “pater meus Adalbertus”, to Weissenburg monastery by charter dated [739/40], which names “germano meo Hebrohardo”, with the consent of “Hiltrude[57].  “Liutfridus dux et Hiltrudis ducissa” sold property “in pago Halisacinse…Burghaime” by charter dated [740/41][58]m HILTRUDIS, daughter of ---.  “Liutfridus dux” donated property “in villa Burghaime”, inherited from “pater meus Adalbertus”, to Weissenburg monastery by charter dated [739/40], which names “germano meo Hebrohardo”, with the consent of “Hiltrude[59].  “Liutfridus dux et Hiltrudis ducissa” sold property “in pago Halisacinse…Burghaime” by charter dated [740/41][60]

2.             EBERHARD [I] (-747, bur Murbach).  The Chronicon Ebersheimense names "duos fratres Eberhardus [et] Maso", specifying that Eberhard was "in castro Egenesheim" without wife or heirs[61].  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "Lutfridum et Ebrohardum" as the two sons of "Adelbertus"[62].  The Annales Murbacenses record the foundation of the monastery in 715 by "comes…Eberhardus, filius ducis Adelberti", and his donations following the death of "filio predicti comitis", with the consent of "fratris sui Leudofredi et coniugis sue Emeltrudis", and his burial in the monastery[63].  "Theudericus rex Francorum" donated property "in alodo fidele nostro Ebrochardo comite" to the monastery of "Vosagus in loco Vivario…sive Muorbach in pago Alsacinse" by charter dated 12 Jul 727[64].  “Ebrohardus et coniunx mea Chimildrudis” donated property to Weissenburg monastery by charter dated 23 Mar [736/37][65].  The Annales Alammanici record the death of "Eburhardus" in 747[66], although it is not known whether this was the same person because of the difficulty in dating the reference in the Chronicon Ebersheimense.  "Pippinus rex Francorum" confirmed the privileges of Kloster Murbach by undated charter, placed in the compilation with charters dated [762/63], which records that "Eberhardi" founded the monastery[67]m EMELTRUDIS, daughter of ---.  The Annales Murbacenses record the foundation of the monastery in 715 by "comes…Eberhardus, filius ducis Adelberti", and his donations following the death of "filio predicti comitis" with the consent of "fratris sui Leudofredi et coniugis sue Emeltrudis"[68].  “Ebrohardus et coniunx mea Chimildrudis” donated property to Weissenburg monastery by charter dated 23 Mar [736/37][69].  Eberhard & his wife had one child: 

a)             son (-before 715).  The Annales Murbacenses record the foundation of the monastery in 715 by "comes…Eberhardus, filius ducis Adelberti", and his donations following the death of "filio predicti comitis" with the consent of "fratris sui Leudofredi et coniugis sue Emeltrudis"[70]

3.             MASO .  The Chronicon Ebersheimense names "duos fratres Eberhardus [et] Maso", specifying that Maso was "in vallis Masonis" and had sons[71].  A charter of Emperor Louis I dated 823 relating to "Masonis monasterio" specifies that it was located "in parte Vosagi…vallis Masonis, fratre…ducis Lutfridi et Eberardi, qui Morbach construxit"[72]m ---.  The name of Maso's wife is not known.  Maso & his wife had --- children: 

a)             sons .  The Chronicon Ebersheimense names "duos fratres Eberhardus [et] Maso", specifying that Maso was "in vallis Masonis" and had sons[73]

4.             ATALA .  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "sanctam Attalam, Eugeniam et Gerlindam" as the three daughters of "Adelbertus"[74]

5.             EUGENIA .  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "sanctam Attalam, Eugeniam et Gerlindam" as the three daughters of "Adelbertus"[75]

6.             GERLINDA .  A 15th century genealogy included in the cartulary of Honau names "sanctam Attalam, Eugeniam et Gerlindam" as the three daughters of "Adelbertus"[76]

 

B.      DUKES in ALSACE (LATE 9th and LATE 10th CENTURIES)

 1.             HUGUES, illegitimate son of LOTHAR II King of Lotharingia & his [mistress/second wife] Waldrada ([855/60]-after 895).  Duke of Alsace 867, until after Aug 869.  The Annales Bertiniani record that King Lothar invested "filioque suo de Waldrada Hugoni" with "ducatum Elisatium" in 867[77]Herimannus names "Hugonem, Lotharii regis ex Waldrada filium" when recording his rebellion in 879[78].  After his father's death, Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks invaded Alsace and Hugues was obliged to submit to him. 

2.             UDO (-after 1 Jul 1004).  Duke in Alsace.  "…Uto dux…" witnessed the charter dated 20 May 999 under which "Otto…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed "Hemediec et Egilolfi fratrum" with rights to a market "in provincia Alsacia…Nortgeuui…Altorf" naming "Eberhardi comitis" and also witnessed by "…Liutfridus comes…"[79].  As Eberhard and Liutfried were the two known counts in Alsace at that date, in Nordgau and Sundgau respectively, the implication is the ducatus of "Uto" was also in Alsace and both counts held their fiefdoms from him.  This suggests that, at that time at least, Alsace was considered as a separate duchy from Swabia, whose duke was Hermann II [Konradiner] in 999.  Count in Alsace.  "Henricus…rex" confirmed prior concessions by "duce Rudolfo" of property in "Columbra et Hittinheim…in Alsatia…in comitatu Odonis comitis" to Kloster Peterlingen by charters dated 21 Oct 1003, specifying that this property previously belonged to "Guntramnus"[80].  "Henricus…rex" confirmed prior concessions by "duce Ruodolfo" of property in "Columbra et Hittinheim…in Alsatia…in comitatu Vdonis comitis" to Kloster Peterlingen by charter dated 1004, specifying that this property previously belonged to "Guntramnus", and adding property "in villa Badelesbach in pago Mortanouua et in comitatu Chuononis comitis cæteraque in Alsatia et in comitatu Odonis comitis"[81].  "Henricus…rex" granted hunting rights in "Alsacia…iuxta Renum in comitatu Utonis" to Adalbero Bishop of Basel by charter dated 1 Jul 1004[82]

 

 

 

Chapter 2.    GRAFEN im NORDGAU

 Use of the names Hugo and Eberhard suggest that the Grafen im Nordgau were descended from the family of the Dukes in Alsace (Chapter 1) but the precise descent has not been traced in the primary sources which have so far been consulted in the preparation of this document.  The use of the name "Matfried" in this family during the later 10th and early 11th centuries suggests a connection with the "Matfriedinger" family who were counts of Metz and, later, dukes of Upper Lotharingia.  An indication that this may be correct is found in the reference in the Annalista Saxo to Bruno von Egisheim being "Conradi imperatoris consobrinus" when recording his election as Pope Leo IX[83], Emperor Konrad's mother being the sister of Gerhard and Adalbert Counts of Metz [Matfriedinger].  Too little information is known about the wives of the Nordgau counts to speculate sensibly about where the connection might be. 

1.             HUGO [IV] .  “Huc quondam comes” exchanged property with Weissenburg monastery by charter dated 2 Sep [821/22], subscribed by “Etih, Lantberti com, Ruadberti, Gerolti com, Uitoni com, Adadramno com, Rorione com, Ingiberti com, Gundharti com, Eggiharti com, Adalberti comite stabuli…[84]

2.             EBERHARD [III] (-after 898).  The Gesta Francorum records that "Notingum episcopum et Eburhardum comitum, missos Hludowici nepotis sui [regis]" were "received and heard" at a council held in Feb 858 at Ulm[85].  The Annales Fuldenses also name "Notingum episcopum et Eburhardum comitem" as missi of "Hludowici nepotis sui" at a council "in villa Alemanniæ Ulma" in Feb 858[86].  Graf im Nordgau 888.  "Arnolfus…rex" granted property "in pago Mortunouua…in comitatu Ebarhardi in locis Ouuanheim et Baldanheim" to "prespitero…Isanpreht" by charter dated 26 May 888[87].  Graf im oberen Aargau 891.  "Arnolfus…rex" granted property "in comitatu Eburhardi in superiore Argowe…in loco Bach" to the church of Strasbourg by charter dated 22 Apr 892[88].  Arnulf King of Gemany confirmed grants of property "in superiori Aragouue in comitatu Hebarhardi" to St Gallen by "nobilis matrona Pirin" by charter dated 26 Aug 894[89]m ADELINDA, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  Eberhard [IV] & his wife had one child: 

a)             HUGO [V] (-940).  The Vita Sancti Deicoli names Hugo son of "comes…de Alsaciæ partibus nomine Heberardus"[90]Graf im Nordgau 910. 

The precise relationship between the following person and the Grafen im Nordgau is not known. 

3.             [son/daughter.  The Vita Sancti Deicoli names "Waldrada…Heberardo comitis consanguinitatis" as concubine of Lothaire II King of Lotharingia[91], Waldrada being described in another source as sister of Gunther Archbishop of Köln.  The precise relationship with the Alsatian Grafen im Nordgau is unknown.  It is provisionally represented here as through the family of the archbishop's mother, whose name and origin are otherwise unknown, but this is solely for the purpose of introducing the hyperlink to the document HOLLAND and must not be assumed to be correct.  m ---, [son/daughter] of ---.] 

HUGO [V], son of EBERHARD [III] Graf im Nordgau & his wife Adelinda --- (-940).  The Vita Sancti Deicoli names Hugo son of "comes…de Alsaciæ partibus nomine Heberardus"[92]Graf im Nordgau 910.  "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster St Gallen by charter dated 24 Jun 903 in which among "fidelium nostrum" was listed "comites…Hug"[93].  Ludwig "das Kind" King of Germany granted property "in pago et comitatu Albinense" to "vassalli Hugonis comitis…Bernardo seu Rathfrido ac Reginando" by charter dated 15 Oct 910[94].  "Chuonradus…rex" granted property "in loco Munichinga in pago Chlethgeuue" to Kloster St Gallen by charter dated 11 Mar 912 at the request of "comitum quoque Erchangarii et Chuonradi, Odalrici, Hugonis"[95].  "Chuonradus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster Murbach by charter dated 12 Mar 913 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum Hathonis, Salomonis, Thiodolfi, Hildini, Einhardi, Erchangarii, Chuonradi, Hugonis, Ottonis, Heinrici, Bopponis, Udalrici, Eberhardi"[96].  He became a monk. 

m HILDEGARD, daughter of ---.  The Vita Sancti Deicoli names "Hildegardis…comitissa" as wife of Hugo[97]

Hugo [V] & his wife had [four] children: 

1.             EBERHARD [IV] (-[18 Dec 972/973]).  The Vita Sancti Deicoli names "primogenitus Heberardus, secundus Hugo, tercio Guntramnus" as the three sons of Hugo[98]Graf im Nordgau 959/67.  "Otto…rex" granted property "Luterhaa" which he received from "filiis Hugonis Heberhardo et Hugone" to Kloster Alanesberg by charter dated 6 Apr 959[99].  "Otto…imperator augustus" confirmed donations of property "de locis Ozenheim, Tetingen…in pago Moiinegouwe in comitatu Eberhardi comitis" by "nobis nepos et equivocus noster Otto dux Sweuorum" to "sancti Petri Ascaffaburg" by charter dated 29 Aug 975[100], although it is not known whether this refers to the same Graf Eberhard.  m ---.  The identity of Eberhard´s wife is not known with certainty.  She has been identified as Liutgarde, widow of Adalbert Graf [von Metz], daughter of WIGERICH [III] Graf im Bidgau & his wife Cunegondis ---.  The only basis for this hypothesis is the charter dated 8 Apr 960 under which "Liutgardis" donated property "in comitatu Nithegowe cui Godefridus comes preesse", which she inherited from "parentibus meis Wigerico et Cunegunda", to St Maximin at Trier "pro remedio…parentum meorum, seniorum quoque meorum Alberti et Everhardi vel filiorum meorum"[101].  Eberhard [V] Graf im Nordgau appears to have been the only contemporary Count Eberhard who could be identified as Liutgarde´s second husband.  The hypothesis is accepted by Poull[102] and Europäische Stammtafeln[103].  Rösch[104] is more cautious, referring to Liutgarde's second husband as "Eberhard" without citing his origin.  Wegener[105] assumes that the wording of the 960 charter means that "Alberti et Everhardi" were Liutgard's successive husbands and that both were deceased at the date of the charter, although this is not necessarily the only interpretation of the text.  He argues that Liutgarde's second husband could not therefore have been Eberhard [V] Graf im Nordgau, who died in [972/73], and suggests that he was Eberhard Duke of Bavaria [Liutpoldinger].  However, as the last reference to Duke Eberhard is in 938, this would mean that he was Luitgarde's first husband, which appears unlikely if the order of the names of her two husbands in the charter was chronological.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines provides some interesting corroboration for Liutgarde's marriage to Graf Eberhard [V] by recording "comes Hugo de Daburg, pater sancti Leonis pape" as "consobrinus" of "imperator Conradus"[106].  If the origin of Liutgarde's two husbands were as shown here, Hugo [IX] Graf von Egisheim would have been second cousin once removed of Emperor Konrad, the emperor being the great-grandson of Liutgarde by her supposed first marriage, while Hugo would have been her grandson by her second marriage.  Eberhard [V] & his wife had one child: 

a)             HUGO [VII] "Raucus" ([after 945]-before 986).  The Notitiæ Altorfenses names "Eberhardus comes…filius eius Hugo, qui erat aliquantulum raucus", specifying that he founded the monastery of Altorff where his father was buried[107]Graf im Nordgau 951/973.  

2.             HUGO [VI] .  The Vita Sancti Deicoli names "primogenitus Heberardus, secundus Hugo, tercio Guntramnus" as the three sons of Hugo[108].  "Otto…rex" confirmed the immunities of Kloster Essen including over land "excepta in loco Ruoldinghus quam Eggihart et eius coniunx Rikilt" possessed by hereditary right and in land "in comitatu Ecberti et Cobbonis" by charter dated 15 Jan 947, signed by "Heinrici fratris regis, Herimanni ducis, Cuonradi comitis, Erenfridi comitis, Gebehardi comitis, Ekkihardi comitis, Hugonis comitis"[109], although it is not certain this refers to Hugo [VI].  "Otto…rex" granted property "Luterhaa" which he received from "filiis Hugonis Heberhardo et Hugone" to Kloster Alanesberg by charter dated 6 Apr 959[110].   

3.             GUNTRAM (-after 952).  The Vita Sancti Deicoli names "primogenitus Heberardus, secundus Hugo, tercio Guntramnus" as the three sons of Hugo[111].  The Notitiæ Altorfenses names "Guntramus filius Hugonis" in relation to a donation of property to the monastery "pro anime sue remedio"[112].  Jackman refers to "extraordinary confiscations…imposed on the rebel Guntram" in 952 but does not cite the primary source[113].  "Otto…rex" donated several named properties "in pago Elisaza…et in comitatu Bernhardi comitis…in villis Brumagad, et in Mumenheim et in Grioz et in Walahon et in Bernnesheim et in Moreseim", confiscated from "Guntrammus", to Kloster Lorsch by charter dated 11 Aug 953[114], presumably as a result of this event.  "Otto…rex" donated property "in ducatu Alamannico in comitatu Burchardi ducis Durgeuue…in villa Askinza" which had been confiscated from "Gundranmus comes" to Kloster Einsiedeln by charter dated 6 Jan 958[115].  "Otto…rex" granted property "in locis…Cholumbra et Hitinheim" which "Guntramnus in Hillisazaas…in comitatu in partibus Hillisazius Ruodolfo prænominato" held to "fideli nostro Ruodolfo" Kloster Alanesberg by charter dated 6 Apr 959[116]

4.             [ADELA (-961).  The Annales Hanoniæ record the death in 961 of "Adela comitissa Montensis…uxor Ragineri comitis"[117], although as this passage follows closely on those dealing with the exploits of "Raginerus Longi-colli" it is unclear to which Count Reginar the Annales are referring at this point.  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  m REGINAR [III] Comte de Hainaut, son of REGINAR [II] Comte de Hainaut & his wife --- (920-973).] 

 

 

HUGO [VII] "Raucus", son of EBERHARD [IV] Graf im Nordgau & his wife [Liutgarde von Metz] (-before 986).  The Notitiæ Altorfenses names "Eberhardus comes…filius eius Hugo, qui erat aliquantulum raucus", specifying that he founded the monastery of Altorff where his father was buried[118]Graf im Nordgau 951/973.  "Otto…imperator augustus" granted property "Hohfeldon et Sarameresheim, Suehhusun at Morinzanuuileri atque Salise sitas in Elisazium in comitatu Hugonis comitis" to "coniuge nostre Adelheide imperatrici" by charter dated 16 Nov 968[119]

m --- ([950]-).  The name and origin of Count Hugo's wife are unknown.  Her birth date is estimated from the estimated birth date range of her son Hugo. 

Hugo [VII] & his wife had four children:   

1.             EBERHARD [V] (-21 Jun 1016 or after).  The Notitiæ Altorfenses names "comitis Eberhardi sive comitis Hugonis vel istorum fratrum Gerhardi et Maffridi", and also "Bertha comitissa uxor Eberhardi" in relation to a donation of property to the monastery[120].  Graf im Nordgau.  "Otto…rex" confirmed rights of Kloster Peterlingen in "duas villas in Alsazia sitas…Columbra in comitatu Liutfridi comitis…Hittinheim in comitatu Eberhardi comitis" by charter dated 25 Oct 986[121].  "Otto…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed "Hemediec et Egilolfi fratrum" with rights to a market "in provincia Alsacia…Nortgeuui…Altorf" by charter dated 20 May 999 which names "Eberhardi comitis" and is witnessed by "Gerhardus, Mathfridus, Uto dux, Liutfridus comes, Adelhardus, Unipertus et Marguuardus"[122].  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" granted property "ab Eberhardo comite iniuste sibi usurpatum" to Kloster Luders by charter dated 21 Jun 1016[123]m [BERTA, daughter of ---].  The Notitiæ Altorfenses names "Bertha comitissa uxor Eberhardi" in relation to her donation to Strasbourg St Marie[124], although it is not entirely clear from the context that her husband was Eberhard [VI]. 

2.             GERHARD .  The Notitiæ Altorfenses names "comitis Eberhardi sive comitis Hugonis vel istorum fratrum Gerhardi et Maffridi"[125].  "Gerhardus, Mathfridus…" were the first two subscribers of the charter dated 20 May 999 under which "Otto…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed "Hemediec et Egilolfi fratrum" with rights to a market "in provincia Alsacia…Nortgeuui…Altorf" naming "Eberhardi comitis"[126].  It is possible that they were Eberhard's brothers but this is not certain. 

3.             MATFRIED .  The Notitiæ Altorfenses names "comitis Eberhardi sive comitis Hugonis vel istorum fratrum Gerhardi et Maffridi"[127].  "Gerhardus, Mathfridus…" were the first two subscribers of the charter dated 20 May 999 under which "Otto…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed "Hemediec et Egilolfi fratrum" with rights to a market "in provincia Alsacia…Nortgeuui…Altorf" naming "Eberhardi comitis"[128].  It is possible that they were Eberhard's brothers but this is not certain. 

4.             HUGO [VIII] ([970/75]-).  The Notitiæ Altorfenses names "comitis Eberhardi sive comitis Hugonis vel istorum fratrum Gerhardi et Maffridi"[129].  His birth date range is estimated from the birth of his son Pope Leo in 1002.  Graf im Nordgau und zu Egisheim.   

-        GRAFEN von EGISHEIM

 

 

 

Chapter 3.    GRAFEN im SUNDGAU

 

A.      LIUTFRIDE (FAMILY of HUGUES Comte de TOURS)

According to Thegan, this family descended from the early 8th century dukes in Alsace (see Chapter 1.A) as he refers to the wife of Emperor Lothar as "filiam Hugi comitis, qui erat de stirpe cuiusdam ducis nomine Etih"[130].  The precise relationship has not yet been identified from the primary sources so far consulted. 

1.             LIUTFRIED [I] (-after 11 Jan 813).  "Imma" donated property to Fulda by charter dated 11 Jan 813, subscribed by "Liutfrid comes"[131]

2.             HUGUES (-20 Oct 837, bur Monza).  Thegan refers to the wife of Emperor Lothar as "filiam Hugi comitis, qui erat de stirpe cuiusdam ducis nomine Etih" and in the following paragraph names her "Irmingarda"[132].  "Karolus…augustus…imperator Romanum…rex Francorum et Langobardorum" donated property "in pago Andegavino in loco Laniaco…et in pago Rodonico" to Kloster Prüm by charter dated 28 Apr 807 which names "Hugo comes"[133].  Einhard names "Haido episcopus Baslensus et Hugus comes Toronicus et Aio Langobardus de Foroiluii" as imperial missi who met the missi from Constantinople in 811[134].  The Annales Fuldenses record that the emperor sent "Haitonem Basilensem episcopus et Hug comitem Turonicum et Aio Langobardum de Aquileia" as missi to Constantinople in 811 to confirm the peace "cum Niceforo"[135].  The Gesta Francorum names "Hug comitem Turonicum" in 811[136].  Timiolus and abbot of St Julien d'Auxerre 811.  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that Emperor Louis was met at "Compendium" by "Pippinus filius eius cum magnatis primis patris sui…Hug et Matfrido…Gotefrido"[137].  Comte de Tours, until 828.  The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names "Hugonem et Mathfridum comites" as missi of Pepin King of Aquitaine [in 827][138].  dux de Locate, near Milan.  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that "Hlutharius" submitted to his father Emperor Louis I [in 836] followed by "socer eius Hug timidus"[139].  The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that "Wala Corbeiensis abbas, Matfridus, Hugo, Lantbertus, Godefridus, itemque filius eius Godefridus, Agimbertus comes Pertensis…sed et Richardus" died between "Kal Sep usque ad missam sancti Martini" [in 836][140].  The Gesta Francorum records that "Lantbertus et Hugus" were among the "plureo ex primoribus Italiæ" who were killed at Ticino "837 III Kal Ian noctu octies" when "tremuisse perhibetur"[141].  The Annales Fuldenses also record the earthquake at Ticino in Italy "837 III Kal Ian" in which "plures ex primoribus Italiæ" were killed including "Lantbertus et Hugus"[142]m AVA, daughter of ---.   Her marriage is inferred from the testament of her supposed son-in-law "Gerardus [comes]" who names "coniugis meæ…Berthæ…genitoribus atque parentibus…Luthardi et Grimildis atque…Hugonis et Bavæ…filiis et filiabus ipsorum"[143].  Hugues & his wife had six children: 

a)             ERMENGARDE (-20 Mar 851, bur Kloster Erstein, near Strasbourg).  Thegan refers to the wife of Emperor Lothar as "filiam Hugi comitis, qui erat de stirpe cuiusdam ducis nomine Etih" and in the following paragraph names her "Irmingarda"[144].  The Annales Xantenses record the marriage in 821 of "Ludewicus imperator…filio suo Lothario" and "Ermingardam filiam Hugonis comitis Turonicorum"[145].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Ermengardis filia…Hugonis Provincie ducis vel comitis" as wife of "Lotharius imperator"[146].  She founded Kloster Erstein in Alsace 849.  m (Thionville, Moselle mid-Oct 821) Emperor LOTHAR I, son of Emperor LOUIS I "le Pieux" & his first wife Ermengardis [de Hesbaye] (795-Kloster Prüm 29 Sep 855, bur Kloster Prüm).  He was installed as LOTHAR I King of Lotharingia in 843. 

b)             ADELAIS (-after 866).  The Miraculis Sancti Germani name "Adheleid" as wife of "Chuonradus princeps"[147].  A poem by Walahfridus Strabus records the epitaph of "Adelheidam"[148].  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Some secondary works[149] assert that the second husband of Adelais was Robert "le Fort" [Capet].  If this is correct, Adelais must have been Comte Robert's second wife as his known children were already born by the time Adelais's husband Conrad died.  Settipani[150] states that the only basis for the assertion is a 12th century interpolation in the Chronicle of Saint-Bénigne de Dijon, which is of little historical value.  Nevertheless, he suggests that it is likely that the wife of Comte Robert was a close relation of Adelais, although the basis for this is not known.  m CONRAD "l'Ancien" Comte de Paris, son of WELF I Graf in Swabia & his wife Heilwig --- (-22 Mar [862/66]).    

c)             BERTA (-[6 Nov] 877).  Her parentage is confirmed by her husband's testament under which "Gerardus [comes]" names "coniugis meæ…Berthæ…genitoribus atque parentibus…Luthardi et Grimildis atque…Hugonis et Bavæ…filiis et filiabus ipsorum"[151].  Pope John VIII recalls "Gerardus comes…cum Berta quondam conjuge sua" as founders of the monastery referred to in his letter[152].  Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks confirmed the foundation of the monastery "in pago Avalensi in parrochia Augustudunensis civitatis in loco…Virziliacus" by "Gerardus…comes", with the consent of "coniugis sue Berthæ", by charter dated 6 Jan 868[153].  The Chronico Vezeliacensi records that "Berta comitissa hujus loci fundatrix" died in 844 and was buried "apud Pulterias"[154], although the year is incorrect.  The 13th century obituary of the Eglise primatiale de Lyon records the death "VIII Id Nov" of "Berta comitissa"[155]m GERARD [de Roussillon] Comte de Vienne, son of [LIUTHARD & his wife Grimhild ---] (-[11 Feb] 874, bur Avignon). 

d)             HUGUES (-before 25 Jan 835, bur Milan San Ambrogio).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  

e)             LIUTFRIED [II] (-[864/66]).  The Annales Bertiniani name "Liutfrido avunculo suo et Waltario" recording their support for "Hlotharius [rex]" when he purported to marry "Waldradam concubinam" in 862 and crown her[156].  The Annales Alamannicorum record "Liutfridis Hugonis Alsatiæ filius" among those who swore allegiance in 864[157]

f)               BERENGAR (-838).  The Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names "Beringarii H. Turonici quondam comitis filii" as a candidate to govern Septimania, in competition with Bernard, but that he died young [in 838][158]

LIUTFRIED [II], son of HUGUES Comte [de Tours] [Etichonen] & his wife Ava --- (-[864/66]).  An agreement between Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and his brother Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks dated Jun 860 names "nobilis ac fidelibus laicis…Chuonradus, Evrardus, Adalardus, Arnustus, Warnarius, Liutfridus, Hruodolfus, Erkingarius, Gislebertus, Ratbodus, Arnulfus, Hugo, item Chuonradus, Liutharius, Berengarius, Matfridus, Boso, Sigeri, Hartmannus, Liuthardus, Richuinus, Wigricus, Hunfridus, Bernoldus, Hatto, Adalbertus, Burchardus, Christianus, Leutulfus, Hessi, Herimannus, item Hruodulfus, Sigehardus"[159].  The Annales Bertiniani name "Liutfrido avunculo suo et Waltario" recording their support for "Hlotharius [rex]" when he purported to marry "Waldradam concubinam" in 862 and crown her[160].  The Annales Alamannicorum record "Liutfridis Hugonis Alsatiæ filius" among those who swore allegiance in 864[161].  The testament of "Gerardus [comes]" names "consanguinitate, affinitate et propinquitate etiam nobis junctis, id est Leufredi et Adalardi Comitum"[162].  Signor di Monza.  Lay abbot of Moutier-Grandval.  The Annales Weingartenses record the death in 864 of “Eberht, Liutolf, Erchanger, Liutfrid, Ruadolf, Purghart et alii quam plurimi istius regni Principes[163]

m ---.  The name of Liutfried´s wife is not known.  Liutfried [II] & his wife had [three] children: 

1.             HUGUES .  The Annales Bertiniani name "Hugonem Liutfridi filium"[164]Graf im Sundgau.  Lay abbot of Moutier-Grandval 866/869.  "Hlotharius rex" donated property to Grandis-Vallis "quia Hugo comes…avunculi nostri Lutfridi filius" founded, by charter dated 865[165]

2.             LIUTFRIED [III] (-after 5 Mar 912, maybe killed 916).  An agreement dated 6 Mar 870 between Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks and his brother Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks names "Leutfridus comes" as representative of the latter and, as present, "Adalelmus comes, Ingelramnus comes, Liutfridus comes, Theodericus comes, item Adalelmus comes"[166].  Ludwig II "der Deutsche" King of Germany confirmed a donation of property "…in Francia in pago Niticheuue in comitatu Liutfridi in villa…Hurnouua" to Marienkapelle in Frankfurt by charter dated 874[167], although it is not certain that this refers to Liutfried Graf im Sundgau.  An agreement dated Feb 876 of Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks names "Bosonis…ducis et sacri palatii archiministri atque imperiali missi, Richardi comitis, Walfridi comitis, Liutfridi comitis, Alberici comitis, Supponis comitis, Hardingi comitis, Bodradi comitis palatii, Cuniberti comitis, Bernardi comitis, Airboldi comitis" as present in Italy with the king[168].  Signor di Monza 879.  Graf im Sundgau.  Lay abbot of Moutier-Grandval 884.  King Arnulf confirmed an exchange of property between Kloster Stablo "qualiter Liutfridus comes" and "viro Ricario" by charter dated 30 Oct 891[169].  Emperor Arnulf granted property "in pago…Lobotengoue in comitatu Liutfridi in villa…Uirninheim" to "vassallo nostro…Reginbodo" on the request of "Liutboldi comitis" by charter dated 18 Oct 898[170].  "Zendeboldus…rex" donated land "in pago Arduennense…Bysanch", formerly held by "Liutfridus…comes noster", to Kloster Stablo by charter dated 30 May 895[171].  The charter dated 28 Apr 900 of Ludwig "das Kind" King of Germany granting property to monk Sigolf states that Kloster Lorsch is "in pago Lobotingouue in comitatu Liutfridi"[172].  “Lutfridus” donated property “quod ego et fratre meo Hugone in partem hereditariam possedi”, with the consent of “filiis meis Huntfrido, Lutfrido, Hugone”, to St Trudpert´s monastery, by charter dated 21 Feb 903[173].  "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster St Gallen by charter dated 24 Jun 903 in which among "fidelium nostrum" was listed "comites…Liutfrid"[174].  The Chronicon Laureshamense records an exchange of property between "Hattonis archiepiscopi et abbatis de Riamnis" dated "904 XVIII Kal Iul" witnessed by "…Liutfridus comes"[175].  "Hludowicus…rex" confirmed an exchange of properties between Kloster Fulda and Kloster Echternach after consulting "fidelium nostrorum comitum vero Kebeharti, Liutpoldi, Burcharti, Eginonis, Liutfredi, Iringi et Cunpoldi" by charter dated 19 Mar 907[176].  "Chuonradus…rex" made donations by charter dated 5 Mar 912 with the consent of "fidelium nostrorum comitum vero Sigihardi, Arnolfi, Erchangarii, Odalrici, Perchtoldi, Chuonradi, Herimanni, Luitfredi atque Iringi"[177].  Konrad I King of Germany granted property "in pago Lobotungouue in comitatu Liutfridi comitis" to the monk Sigulf of Heiligenberg, and after his death to Kloster Lorsch, at the request of "Erkangeri comitis ac…Erlolfi et Folnandi" by charter dated 23 Aug 912[178].  The Annales Alamannicorum record that "Erchanger, Perahtolt et Liutfrid" were killed in 916[179], although it is not known whether this refers to the same Liutfried.  m ---.  The name of Liutfried´s wife is not known.  Liutfried [III] & his wife had four children: 

a)             HUNFRIED .  “Lutfridus” donated property “quod ego et fratre meo Hugone in partem hereditariam possedi”, with the consent of “filiis meis Huntfrido, Lutfrido, Hugone”, to St Trudpert´s monastery, by charter dated 21 Feb 903[180]

b)             LIUTFRIED [IV] .  “Lutfridus” donated property “quod ego et fratre meo Hugone in partem hereditariam possedi”, with the consent of “filiis meis Huntfrido, Lutfrido, Hugone”, to St Trudpert´s monastery, by charter dated 21 Feb 903[181].  The Casus Sancti Galli names "in Alsatiam…Luitfrido" as in "terræ illius potentissimo" when recording that Alsace was devastated by "Ungri"[182], presumably referring to the Magyars.  The passage is undated.  It is not known whether this Magyar raid into Alsace occurred before or after their first important defeat at the hands of Heinrich I "der Vogelsteller" King of Germany at Riade near Merseburg in 933[183].  The immediately following passage names "Burgundionum rex Chuonradus, adolescens floridus" which suggests dating to the late 930s/early 940s.  It is assumed that this text refers to Liutfried [III] but this is not certain.  [966]. 

c)             HUGO .  “Lutfridus” donated property “quod ego et fratre meo Hugone in partem hereditariam possedi”, with the consent of “filiis meis Huntfrido, Lutfrido, Hugone”, to St Trudpert´s monastery, by charter dated 21 Feb 903[184]

d)             ADELAIS .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   Nun. 

3.             [AVA .  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[185], the wife of Unruoch was the possible daughter of Liutfried [I].  This affiliation is suggested presumably only for onomastic reasons, her name being the same as that of her supposed paternal grandmother.  The primary source which corroborates the name of Unruoch's wife has not so far been identified.  m UNRUOCH, son of EBERHARD Marchese of Friulia & his wife Gisela [Carolingian] ([840]-874 after 1 Jul).] 

 

1.             LIUTFRIED [V] .  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[186], Liutfried [IV] was the possible son of Liutfried [III] (see above).  The basis for the speculation is not known, but it is presumably based solely on onomastics.  Lay abbot of Moutier-Grandval until 962.  [Count in Alsace 973/974.] 

2.             LIUTFRIED [VI] (-after 20 May 999).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[187], Liutfried [V] was the possible son of Liutfried [IV] (see above).  The basis for the speculation is not known, but it is presumably based solely on onomastics.  Graf im Sundgau 986.  "Otto…rex" confirmed rights of Kloster Peterlingen in "duas villas in Alsazia sitas…Columbra in comitatu Liutfridi comitis…Hittinheim in comitatu Eberhardi comitis" by charter dated 25 Oct 986[188].  "Otto…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed "Hemediec et Egilolfi fratrum" with rights to a market "in provincia Alsacia…Nortgeuui…Altorf" by charter dated 20 May 999 which names "Eberhardi comitis" and is witnessed by "Gerhardus, Mathfridus, Uto dux, Liutfridus comes, Adelhardus, Unipertus et Marguuardus"[189]

 

 

B.      FAMILY of LIUTOLD

1.             LIUTOLD (-before 1044).  Graf im Sundgau.  He held the castle of Montbéliard.  Hlawitschka suggests that he was Liutold, son of Konrad I Duke of Swabia [Wetterau] & his wife Richlint [Regenlindis][190], but this assumes that the son of Duke Konrad of this name existed in the first place (the doubts concerning this are discussed in the document SWABIA DUKES).  m WILLIBIRG, daughter of [UNRUOCH & his wife ---].  Willibirg is named as the mother of Hunfried in his 1044 donation, and as the mother of Adelheid (see below).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names "Willibirgæ de Mumpilgart seu de Wulvelingen" as wife of "comitis Liuthoni"[191].  Jackman[192] speculates that Willibirg was the daughter of Adalbert II associate King of Italy & his wife Gerberge de Chalon, his reasoning being the onomastic connection between the Ivrean name 'Berengar', imported into the family of Liutold, and the use of 'Willa' among the ancestors of Adalbert King of Italy.  However, another origin is suggested by the necrology of Zwiefalten which records the death "XIV Kal Dec" of "Unruoch proavus Liutoldi comitis"[193].  If this great grandfather were the father of Willibirg, it may also explain how the name Berenger entered the family, assuming that Unruoch was related to the Unruochingi Counts of Friulia.  Liutold & his wife had seven children: 

a)             HADAMOT .  She is named as daughter of Liutold and Willibirg in Europäische Stammtafeln[194] but the primary source on which this is based has not been identified. 

b)             GERBERGA (-1061).  She is named as daughter of Liutold and Willibirg in Europäische Stammtafeln[195] but the primary source on which this is based has not been identified.  Abbess of Geisenfeld. 

c)             LIUTGARD .  She is named as daughter of Liutold and Willibirg, with her husband, in Europäische Stammtafeln[196] but the primary source on which this is based has not been identified.  m WERINGAND, son of --- (-1037/[1052]). 

d)             OTTO (-[1025/44]).  He is referred to as the late brother of Hunfried in the latter's 1044 donation (see below).  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property "Chonenheim…in pago Alsaciæ in comitatu Ottonis comitis" to Kloster Erstein by charter dated 4 Nov 1023[197].  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property "in loco Steinebrunno in pago Suntgouue in comitatu Ottonis" to Kloster Erstein by charter dated 15 Jul 1025[198]m ---.  Otto & his wife had [two possible children]: 

i)               [BERENGAR (-after 1048).  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed property "…in pago Elyzazen in villa Kembyz in comitatu Beringeri comitis" to the cathedral of Basel by charter dated 1 Jun 1048[199].  Graf im Sundgau.  Jackman speculates that he was the brother of Louis I Comte de Mousson as his name is the same as that of his supposed paternal uncle[200].] 

ii)             [HILDEGARD ([1030]-).  This speculative affiliation is suggested by Jackman[201] who emphasises that it could provide an explanation based on heredity for the appointment of Hildegard's son, Friedrich von Büren, as Duke of Swabia in 1079.  This assumes the need for such a hereditary basis, whereas it appears that the duchy of Swabia was awarded on the basis of the political or economic power of the nominee.  In addition, if heredity had been the basis for the nomination, there would clearly have been other candidates with a senior claim.  Decker-Hauff[202] suggests that Hildegard, wife of Friedrich von Büren, was the daughter of Louis de Mousson, but Jackman says that this should be rejected on chronological grounds given the birth of Sophie de Lotharingia, wife of Louis de Mousson, in [1020] which means that she could not have been the grandmother of Friedrich I Duke of Swabia who was born in [1050].  The wife of Friedrich von Büren is not named in Europäische Stammtafeln[203]m ([1047]) FRIEDRICH von Büren, son of FRIEDRICH Pfalzgraf von Schwaben & his wife --- (-[1068]).] 

e)             HUNFRIED (-22 Aug 1051).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names "Hunfridi Ravennantiam archiepiscopi" as brother of "Adelheidem, filiam comitis Liuthoni ac Willibirgæ…"[204].  Canon at Strasbourg 1044.  Archbishop of Ravenna 1044.  He made a donation in memory of his parents and his brother Otto in 1044[205].  Imperial Chancellor for Italy 1045.  He founded Kloster Embrach.  The necrology of Zwiefalten records the death "X Kal Sep" of "Hunfrit eps Ravenne avunculus Liutoldi comitis"[206]

f)               BERENGAR (-killed Rome 1027, bur Rome, St Peter's).  Wipo names "iuvenis…Berengarius filius Liutoldi comitis de Alamannia" when recording that he was killed in the riots which followed the coronation of Emperor Konrad II in 1027 in Rome and was buried in the tomb of Emperor Otto II[207]

g)             ADELHEID (-29 Aug [1065], bur Strasbourg Cathedral[208]).  Ortlieb's Chronicon of Zwiefalten names "filiam comitis Liuthoni ac Willibirgæ de Mumpilgart seu de Wulvelingin Adelheidam" as wife of "Rudolfus", specifying that she was sister of "Hunfridi Ravennantiam archiepiscopi"[209]m RUDOLF Graf von Achalm, son of --- (-24 Sep ----, bur Dettingen, transferred to Zwiefalten). 

 

 

 

Chapter 4.    OTHER EARLY COUNTS in ALSACE

1.             BERNHARD [I] (-after 4 Jan 896).  King Zwentibold confirmed Kloster Münster in Gregoriental with property including in "Iebinesheim, Sundhoua…in comitatu Bernhardi comitis in pago Alsacensi" by charter dated 4 Jan 896[210]

2.             BERNHARD [II] (-after 11 Aug 953).  "Otto…rex" donated several named properties "in pago Elisaza…et in comitatu Bernhardi comitis…in villis Brumagad, et in Mumenheim et in Grioz et in Walahon et in Bernnesheim et in Moreseim", confiscated from "Guntrammus", to Kloster Lorsch by charter dated 11 Aug 953[211].  The comitatus of Bernhard in Alsace is not described in the 953 charter as being in either Nordgau or Sundgau.  Guntram, named in the charter, may have been the younger son of Eberhard/Hugo counts in Nordgau (see above).  It is not known whether Guntram's older brother, Eberhard [IV], was also implicated in his brother's rebellion.  Subsequent mentions of Eberhard [IV] and his descendants as counts suggest that the property confiscation was limited to Guntram.  It is therefore more likely that Bernhard held another county in Alsace, at the same time as Eberhard [IV], although its precise geographical location is not known. 

3.             RUDOLF (-after 14 Apr 959).  "Otto…rex" granted property "in locis…Cholumbra et Hitinheim" which "Guntramnus in Hillisazaas…in comitatu in partibus Hillisazius Ruodolfo prænominato" held to "fideli nostro Ruodolfo" Kloster Alanesberg by charter dated 6 Apr 959[212]

4.             WEZILO (-after 1027).  "Chonradus…Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed property "in Alsatia et in comitatibus Gisilberti et Wezilonis comitum" to Kloster Peterlingen by charter dated 1027[213]same person as…?  WEZILO (-after [1047]).  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" granted property "in villa Subenhara in pago Hamaland in comitatu Wecelonis comitis" to "fideli nostro Anselmo" by an undated charter, grouped with charters dated 1047 in the compilation[214].  It is not certain that Wezilo in Hamaland, in the northern part of Lower Lotharingia, and Wezilo in Alsace are the same individual.  However, "Gisilberti" in the 1027 charter was probably Giselbert Comte de Looz, another Lower Lotharingian territory.  This suggests that the Alsatian territories of Wezilo and Giselbert may have represented only a minor part of their respective landholdings, their main bases being in Lower Lotharingia. 

 

 

 

Chapter 5.    GRAFEN von EGISHEIM und DAGSBURG

 A.      Grafen von EGISHEIM und DAGSBURG (ETICHONEN)

 HUGO [VIII], son of HUGO [VII] "Raucus" Graf im Nordgau & his wife --- ([970/75][215]-).  The Notitiæ Altorfenses names "comitis Eberhardi sive comitis Hugonis vel istorum fratrum Gerhardi et Maffridi"[216].  His birth date range is estimated from the birth of his son Pope Leo in 1002.  Graf im Nordgau und zu Egisheim

m HEILWIG, daughter of --- (-1046).  The Vita Leonis names "patre Hugone, matre Heilewide" as parents of Pope Leo IX[217]

Hugo [VIII] & his wife had [eight] children: 

1.             GERHARD [I] (-killed in battle 1038).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 18 Nov 1050 under which Pope Leo IX donated property to Heiligenkreuz Kloster in Woffenheim, near Egisheim, naming "patris mei Hugonis et matris meæ Heilwigdis, amborumque fratrum meorum Gerardi et Hugonis…iam defunctorum" and "nepoti meo Heinrico, castrum Egensheim"[218]Graf von Egisheimm KUNIZA, neptis of RUDOLF III King of Burgundy, daughter of ---.  She is recorded in Europäische Stammtafeln as neptis of RUDOLF III King of Burgundy[219] but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  1038. 

2.             [MATHILDE.  The Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium names "Udonis" as successor of Bruno as Bishop of Toul and "pater eius comes Riquinus ex Reubariorum regione ortus, mater Mathildis ex Alemannia…genus"[220].  The wife of Richwin may have been the daughter of Hugo [VIII], if it is correct that her son Louis was the same person as Louis Comte de Mousson, and also if it is correct that Pope Leo IX was the maternal uncle of the latter as suggested by Picard[221].  If this is correct, Mathilde would have been one of her parents´ older children considering the probable birth date of her son Louis.  m RICHWIN Comte de Charpeigne, son of LOUIS [I] & his wife --- ([980/90]-after 2 May 1028).] 

3.             HUGO [IX] (-[1046/18 Nov 1049]).  His parentage is confirmed by the charter dated 18 Nov 1050 under which Pope Leo IX donated property to Heiligenkreuz Kloster in Woffenheim, near Egisheim, naming "patris mei Hugonis et matris meæ Heilwigdis, amborumque fratrum meorum Gerardi et Hugonis…iam defunctorum" and "nepoti meo Heinrico, castrum Egensheim"[222]Graf von Dachsburgm MATHILDE, daughter of ---.  Pope Leo IX donated property to Hesse by charter dated 1050 which names his brother Hugues, Hugues's wife Mathilde, and their son Henri "nostri quondam nepotis"[223].  Hugo [IX] & his wife had two children: 

a)             HEINRICH [I] (-28 Jun [before 1050]).  Pope Leo IX donated property to Hesse by charter dated 1050 which names his brother Hugues, Hugues's wife Mathilde, and their son Henri "nostri quondam nepotis"[224]Graf von Egisheim und Dachsburg.  

b)             GERBERGA .  Abbess of Hesse[225]

4.             BRUNO (21 Jun 1002-Rome 19 Apr 1054).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "sancti Leonis pape" as son of "comes Hugo de Daburg"[226].  The Annales Argentinenses record the birth of "Leo Papa, qui et Bruno, de castro Egenheim" was born in 1002[227].  The Annalista Saxo names Bruno "Conradi inperatoris consobrinus…oriundus de Alsatia ex castello…Egenesheim", when recording his election as Pope[228].  Canon at Toul.  Bishop of Toul 1027/1051.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the election of "Bruno Tullensis episcopus…filius comitis Hugonis Daburgensis" as Pope Leo IX[229].  Pope LEO IX 1049. 

5.             ADELHEID.  Her origin is deduced from the Annalista Saxo naming "comitem Adalbertum" as son of the sister of Pope Leo IX[230], and more specifically the Historia Hirsaugiensis Monasterii naming "Leo papa avunculus eiusdem Adalberti [de Kalwa]"[231], but her name is given in neither of these sources.  m ADALBERT [I] Graf im Ufgau [Calw], son of --- (-[1046/49]). 

6.             GERTRUD (-21 Jul 1077).  The Annales Stadenses refers to the mother of "Ida [de Elsthorpe]" as "sororis Leonis papa qui et Bruno"[232].  The Libro Memoriarum Sancti Blasii records the death in Jul 1077 of "Ghertrudis marchionissa senior"[233]m LIUDOLF Markgraf von Friesland, son of BRUNO [I] [von Braunschweig] & his wife Gisela of Swabia ([1103/05]-23 Apr 1038). 

7.             [daughter .  A possible daughter of Hugo [VIII] is shown as possible wife of Otto in Europäische Stammtafeln[234], but the primary source on which this is based has not so far been identified.  m OTTO Graf im Deutzgau, son of EZZO Pfalzgraf of Lotharingia & his wife Mathilde of Germany (-Tomburg 7 Sep 1047).  He succeeded in 1035 as OTTO Pfalzgraf von Lothringen.  He relinquished the Pfalzgrafschaft in 1045 when he was installed as OTTO Duke of Swabia.] 

8.             [235][GEPA .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.   Abbess of St Quirin at Neuss [1050].] 

HEINRICH [I], son of HUGO [IX] Graf von Dachsburg & his wife Mechtild --- (-28 Jun [before 1050]).  Pope Leo IX donated property to Hesse by charter dated 1050 which names his brother Hugues, Hugues's wife Mathilde, and their son Henri "nostri quondam nepotis"[236].  Graf von Egisheim und Dachsburg. 

m ---.  The name and origin of Heinrich's wife are not known. 

Heinrich [I] & his wife had four children: 

1.             GERHARD [II] (-after 1098).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Graf im Nordgau 1065.  Graf von Egisheim 1098.  m RICHARDA, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   She founded Kloster Oelenberg in 1057.  1098.  Gerhard & his wife had one child: 

a)             HEILWIG (-29 Jan before 1126, bur Belval).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the wife of "Gerardum…primus comes Wanderi Montis" as "filiam comitis de Daburc, neptem sancti Leonis papa" but does not name her or her father[237].  Heiress of Egisheim.  “Helwigis comitissa, filia comitis Gerhardi de castro Egensheim…cum filiis ambobus laycis Hugone maiore et minore Udalrico” donated property to the church of Strasbourg by charter dated 1118[238]m ([1080]) as his second wife, GERARD de Lorraine Comte de Vaudémont, son of GÉRARD Duke of Upper Lorraine & his wife Hadwide --- ([1057]-1108, bur Belval). 

2.             HUGO [X] von Egisheim (-murdered Niedersasbach 5 Sep 1089).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Graf von Dachsburg.  The Chronicon of Bernhold records that "Ugo comes de Eginisheim" was killed by a servant of the Bishop of Strasbourg "in cubiculo ipsius…II Non Sep" in 1089[239]m MATHILDE de Mousson, daughter of LOUIS Comte de Mousson & his wife Sophie of Upper Lotharingia  (-[28 Nov 1091/8 Mar 1105]).  "Filia Wilelmi comitis de Burgundia Hermentrudis…" founded the Cluniac abbey of Froidefontaine by charter dated 8 Mar 1105 in which she names "suis antecessoribus…Lodewico, Sophia eius uxore, et filiis eorum Brunone, Theoderico, Lodewico, Friderico, filiabus vero Mathilde, Sophia, Beatrice…"[240].  She was present with her mother at the château de Bar 28 Nov 1091[241].  "Matthildis ancilla" (assumed to be Mathilde, daughter of Louis Comte de Mousson) confirmed donations to the abbey of Sainte-Croix, Wolfenheim, "ad Herlischesheim" donated by "comitissa Hiltegardis" for the soul of “filii sui Lodewici comitis”, “ad Dambach” which “mater mea” donated for the soul of “patris mei”, “ad Monstrol” which “dominus noster Hugo” donated, by undated charter which states that “domnus Hugo attavus meus” built the monastery[242].  She addressed a charter pre-1100 to the abbey of Sainte-Croix, Wolfenheim, in which she names her maternal grandmother[243].  Grosdidier de Matons reports a claim that Mathilde married secondly "Valéran Redon de la maison de Crépy-en-Valois"[244], which is based on a spurious document allegedly dated 20 Aug 1118 in which "Renauldz quenz de Bar et de Monceonz" confirmed an agreement whereby "ma ante madame Mahauz monsigneor Walranz Redon sun mari" received Fontenoy and Nanteuil-le-Haudoin under his wife's inheritance[245].  He highlights the apparent confusion with Clémence, great niece of Mathilde and daughter of Renaud I, who married Thiébaut de Crépy Seigneur de Nanteuil-le-Haudoin and speculates that the document in question was a 17th century copy of a spurious act which was fabricated in 1313 by Renaud de Bar Bishop of Metz to prove a property claim against the king of France[246]

3.             BRUNO (-1102).  Archdeacon of Toul.  "Hugo comes" donated property to Kloster Lüders for the soul of "patris sui…Albertis comitis et avunculi sui Brunonis archidiaconis Tullensis" by charter dated 1137[247]

4.             HEILWIG .  The Codex Hirsaugiensis names "Adalbertus comes de Egensheim et uxor eius Heilewig"[248].  Her parentage is confirmed by a charter dated 1137 under which "Hugo comes" donated property to Kloster Lüders for the soul of "patris sui…Albertis comitis et avunculi sui Brunonis archidiaconis Tullensis"[249]m as his first wife, ALBERT [II] [de Moha], son of [ALBERT [I] de Moha & his wife ---] (-24 Aug 1098). 

 

B.      GRAFEN von EGISHEIM und DAGSBURG (MOHA)

1.             ALBERT [I] de Moha (-after [1040/44]).  Archbishop Poppo of Trier confirmed the donation by "comitem Kadelonem et eius contectalem Irmingart" by undated charter, placed in the compilation with charters dated [1040/44], subscribed by "Duci Godefrido, Adalberto de Musel, comes Becelinus…"[250]

2.             ALBERT [II] [de Moha] (-24 Aug 1098).  It is possible that Albert [II] was the son of Albert [I] but the primary source which confirms that this is correct has not yet been identified.  Graf von Egisheim und Dachsburg 1089.  "Albertus comes de Musau" donated property "ecclesias unam in Monte Sancti Martini et alteram in Villari" to the church of Verdun Sainte-Vanne by charter dated 10 May 1096[251].  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "IX Kal Sep" of "Albertus comes Dasburgensis qui nobis cellam Montis Sancti Martini…dedit"[252]m firstly HEILWIG von Dachsburg, daughter of HEINRICH [I] Graf von Egisheim und Dachsburg & his wife ---.  The Codex Hirsaugiensis names "Adalbertus comes de Egensheim et uxor eius Heilewig"[253].  Her origin is confirmed by a charter dated 1137 under which "Hugo comes" donated property to Kloster Lüders for the soul of "patris sui…Albertis comitis et avunculi sui Brunonis archidiaconis Tullensis"[254]m secondly as her first husband, ERMENSENDE de Luxembourg, daughter of KONRAD I Comte de Luxembourg & his [first wife Ermensende de Longwy] (-26 Jun 1141).  "Ermensendis comitissa Namucensis" confirmed the prior donation of property to the church of Verdun Sainte-Vanne by "senioris mei comitis Alberti" by charter dated to [1124], subscribed by "domni mei Godefridi comitis et filii mei Henrici comitis, Hugonis filii Folmari comitis, Everardi filii Aiulfi comitis"[255].  In a charter dated 1139, "Albero…Leodiensium episcopus" notes a donation of property to the abbey of Marcigny-sur-Loire by "domna Ermensendis comitissa de Musalt, quæ uxor extitit…comitis Alberici" on the suggestion of "quadam nobili et religiosa fœmina nomine Regina, sibi enim consanguinea"[256], the original donation presumably being dated before [1109] when Ermesinde married her second husband.  Heiress of Luxembourg and Longwy.  She married secondly ([1109]) as his second wife, Godefroi I Comte de Namur.  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "VIII Kal Jun" of "Ermensendis comitissa Namucensis qui cum viro suo…comite Alberto cellam Montis Sancti Martini…confirmavit"[257].  Albert [II] & his first wife had [one] child: 

a)             [HEINRICH] HUGO [XI] (-after 1137).  "Hugo comes" donated property to Kloster Lüders for the soul of "patris sui…Albertis comitis et avunculi sui Brunonis archidiaconis Tullensis" by charter dated 1137[258].  Graf von Dachsburg. 

Albert [II] & his [second] wife had [two] children:

b)             MECHTILD (-after 1157).  The subscription by "Hugonis filii Folmari comitis…" of the charter dated to [1124] under which "Ermensendis comitissa Namucensis" confirmed the prior donation of property to the church of Verdun Sainte-Vanne by "senioris mei comitis Alberti"[259] is explained by Hugo being the grantor's grandson.  m FOLMAR [VIII] Graf von Metz, son of FOLMAR [VII] Graf von Metz & his wife --- (-1145, bur Beaupré). 

c)             [daughter .  The subscription by "…Everardi filii Aiulfi comitis" of the charter dated to [1124] under which "Ermensendis comitissa Namucensis" confirmed the prior donation of property to the church of Verdun Sainte-Vanne by "senioris mei comitis Alberti"[260] is explained by Eberhard being the grantor's grandson.  "Aiulfi comitis" has not yet been identified.  m AIULF, son of ---. 

i)               EBERHARD (-after [1124]).  "Ermensendis comitissa Namucensis" confirmed the prior donation of property to the church of Verdun Sainte-Vanne by "senioris mei comitis Alberti" by charter dated to [1124], subscribed by "domni mei Godefridi comitis et filii mei Henrici comitis, Hugonis filii Folmari comitis, Everardi filii Aiulfi comitis"[261]

[HEINRICH] HUGO [XI] von Dachsburg, son of ALBERT [I] von Egisheim Graf von Dachsburg & his wife Ermesinde Ctss de Luxembourg (-after 1137).  "Hugo comes" donated property to Kloster Lüders for the soul of "patris sui…Albertis comitis et avunculi sui Brunonis archidiaconis Tullensis" by charter dated 1137[262]Graf von Dachsburg

m GERTRUD [van Looz].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.   [1153]. 

Hugo [XI] & his wife had [three] children: 

1.             [HEINRICH] HUGO [XII] (-1178 or after).  1138/1178.  The Annales Argentinenses record that "comite Hugone de Dagesburg" destroyed Horburg in 1162[263]m (1143) as her second husband, LUTGARDIS von Sulzbach, widow of GODEFROI VI Duke of Lower Lotharingia, daughter of BERENGAR [I] Graf von Sulzbach & his second wife Adelheid von Wolfratshausen (-after 1163).  The Genealogia Ducum Brabantiæ Heredum Franciæ names "Ludgarde ducissa de Saltzebach" as the wife of "Godefridus…secundus dux"[264].  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified.  Hugo [XII] & his wife had four children: 

a)             HUGO [XIII] (-1172, bur Wangias).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Hugo" brother of "Albertus comes Dasburgensis et domnus de Musal", specifying that he was buried "apud Wangias"[265].  It also states incorrectly that both were sons of "ducis Lovanii Godefridi II ex secunda uxore Ermengarda", which evidently represents a misinterpretation of the precise relationship with the Dukes of Lotharingia through their mother.  The Annales Parchenses record the death in 1172 of "Hugo frater ducis Godefridi"[266], the two being uterine half-brothers.  1163/1173. 

b)             ALBERT [II] (-1212).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   Graf von Dachsburg 1175.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines in 1211 records the death of "Albertus comes Dasburgensis et domnus de Musal"[267]m GERTRUD von Baden, daughter of HERMANN III "der Grosse" Markgraf von Baden & his second wife Maria of Bohemia (before 1153[268]-before 30 Mar 1225).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Albert [II] & his wife had three children: 

i)               HEINRICH (-Andain 1202).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   He was killed in a tournament[269]

ii)             WILHELM (-Andain 1202).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.   He was killed in a tournament[270]

iii)            GERTRUD ([May 1205/mid-1206]-before 19 Mar 1225).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Albertus comes Dasburgensis et domnus de Musal…parvulam filiam Gertrudem"[271].  Poull suggests the birth date shown above[272], although it seems likely that Gertrud was born earlier as her mother would have been at least 52 years old in 1205.  The Vitæ Odiliæ names "Gertrudem filiam defuncti comitis [de Moha Albertus]" as wife of "Theobaldus ducis Lotharingie filius"[273].  Richer records that "ducem Lotoringie Theobaldum" was married to "filiam comitis de Daxporc", that he inherited the county through her, that after her first husband died she married "comes…Campanie adhuc adolescens" who in his turn inherited the county, that she was repudiated for sterility by her second husband and married thirdly "comiti de Lignigne", and that after the couple's death soon afterwards there were no heirs to her county which (including "castra…Hernestem et Turquestem, et…opida…Albam et Saleborc") was annexed by "Metensis episcopus Iohannes" but that "frater…dicti comitis defuncti" captured "castrum Daxporc"[274].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Gertrudam filiam comitis Alberti Dasburgensis" as wife of "dux Theobaldus natus de filia comitis Barri"[275].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the second marriage in 1220 of "Gertrudem comitissam de Daburc [relictam Theobaldi iuvenis dux Lotharingie]" and "iuvenis comes Theobaldus Campaniensis" and their separation two years later on grounds of consanguinity[276].  The Chronicon Ebersheimense names "filie comitis de Dagesburc" as the wife of "comite de Lyningen"[277].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1225 of "Gertrudis…heres unica de Daborch et de…Musacum" recording that she was "novissime…de Linengis comitissa", without naming her third husband[278]m firstly (betrothed Sep 1206, end 1215) THIBAUT I Duke of Lorraine, son of FERRY II Duke of Lorraine & his wife Agnès de Bar (-17 Feb or 24 Mar 1220).  m secondly (mid-May 1220, repudiated 1222) as his first wife, THIBAUT IV Comte de Champagne, son of THIBAUT III Comte de Champagne & his wife Infanta doña Blanca de Navarra (Pamplona 3 May 1201-Pamplona 8 Jul 1253, bur Pamplona).  He succeeded in 1234 as TEOBALDO I King of Navarrem thirdly (1224 before Sep) SIMON von Leiningen, son of FRIEDRICH [II] Graf von Leiningen & his wife Agnes von Eberstein (-[1234/36]).  Graf von Dachsburg 1234. 

c)             LUITGARD .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   m THEODERICH [I] Graf von Ahr und Hochstaden (-before 22 Jan 1197). 

d)             GERTRUD .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m LUDWIG [I] Graf von Saarwerden, son of FOLMAR Graf von Saarwerden & his wife Etiennette de Montbéliard (-after 1200). 

2.             PETRONILLA .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   1157.  m LIEBAUD [I] de Bauffremont .  1110/1157. 

3.             [CLEMENTIA (-before 1169).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[279], the wife of Heinrich [I] Graf von Salm may have been the daughter of Albert [I] Graf von Dachsburg, although the basis for this speculation is not known.  In any case, this parentage appears unlikely from a chronological point of view if it is correct as shown above that Graf Albert died in 1098, given the likely date of Clementia's grandson's marriage in the 1180s.  If Clementia was related to the Grafen von Dachsburg, it is therefore more likely that she would have been the daughter of Graf Hugo [XI].  m HEINRICH [I] von Salm, son of HERMANN [II] Graf von Salm & his wife Agnès de Mousson (-after 1153, bur Notre-Dame La Ronde, near Metz Cathedral).  He succeeded his brother [after 1140] as Graf von Salm und Langenstein.] 

 

 

 

Chapter 6.    COMTES de FERRETTE [PFIRT] 1125-1324

FREDERIC, son of THIERRY de Mousson & his wife Ermentrude de Bourgogne [Comté] ([1174/78]-19 Jul [1160], bur Oelenberg).  He was mentioned first in order in the list of his mother's living children in her 1105 document.  "Filia Wilelmi comitis de Burgundia Hermentrudis et filii sui Fridericus, Raginaudus, Theodericus" founded the Cluniac abbey of Froidefontaine by charter dated 8 Mar 1105 in which she names "suis antecessoribus…filiis autem Theoderici atque sue uxoris Hermentrudis, Lodewico, Wilelmo, Hugone"[280].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "Theodoricum de Monte Beliardi, Fredericum de Ferretes…et Renaldum Strabum comitem de Barro Ducis" as the three brothers of Etienne Archbishop of Metz[281].  During his youth he was miraculously cured of paralysis thanks to Saint Morand[282].  He succeeded his father in 1103 in his territories of Altkirch and Ferrette.  He is titled Comte de Montbéliard in his mother's 1105 document.  He subscribed an act in 1111 with his father-in-law[283].  He became avoué of the abbey of Lure on his second marriage[284].  He is titled Comte d'Amance in 1112 and 1137, and Comte de Ferrette in 1125[285]

m firstly (before 12 Apr 1111) PETRISSA von Zähringen, daughter of BERTHOLD Herzog von Zähringen (-[1115]).  She requested her husband to bequeath her assets at Volpach to an abbey, mentioning her deceased parents in the [1115] document[286]

m secondly ETIENNETTE de Vaudémont, daughter of GERARD Comte de Vaudémont [Lorraine] & his wife Helvidis [Helwigis] von Egisheim (-[4 Dec 1160/1188], bur Oelenberg). 

Comte Frédéric & his second wife had one child:

1.             LOUIS [I] de Ferrette (-1180).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitis Ludovici" as son of "Fredericum de Ferretes"[287].  He succeeded his father in [1160] as Comte de Ferrette.  He was the heir of his maternal uncle Olry de Vaudémont Comte d'Egisheim in 1187[288].  He participated in the Third Crusade and was present at the siege of Acre in 1190[289]m RICHENZA von Habsburg, daughter of WERNER [I] Graf von Habsburg & his wife --- (-Dec 1180).

a)             ULRIC (-murdered 27 Sep 1197).  He succeeded his father in 1180 as Comte de Ferrette.  He was assassinated on the orders of Othon Comte Palatin de Bourgogne[290].  The Annales Maurimonesterienses record that "Hulricus comes" was killed in 1197[291]

b)             LOUIS [II] (-1189).  He succeeded as Comte de Ferrette, Seigneur de Vadans.  He died while on Crusade[292]m AGNES de Soybières, daughter of OUDELARD [II] Comte de Soybières [Saugern].  Louis & his wife had one child: 

i)               FRIEDRICH [II] (-murdered [1232/28 Jan 1233]).  He succeeded as Comte de Ferrette.   

c)             HELWIDE .  1188.

FREDERIC [II] de Ferrette, son of LOUIS [II] Comte de Ferrette [Pfirt] & his wife Agnes de Soybières [Saugern] (-murdered [1232/28 Jan 1233]).  He succeeded as Comte de Ferrette.  The Annales Colmarienses record that "Fridericus comes Phirretarum" was killed by "filio suo dicto Grimmel" in 1234[293]

m firstly --- von Egisheim, daughter of ---.  She founded the abbey of Valdieu[294]

m secondly HEILWIG [Hilwidis] von Urach, daughter of EGINO [IV] "dem Bärtigen" Graf von Urach & his wife Agnes von Zähringen.  1215/62. 

Frédéric [II] & his first wife had two children: 

1.             ALIX [Algéarde] (-before 1268).  Dame de Belfort.  m (after 15 May 1226) THIERRY "le Grand" de Montbéliard, son of RICHARD [III] Comte de Montbéliard & his second wife Agnes d'Auxonne [Bourgogne-Comté] (-[15 May/4 Sep] 1283).  He succeeded his father in 1227 as Comte de Montbéliard

2.             AGNES (-before Jul 1272, bur [Clairefontaine]).  Dame de Montreux-en-Ferrette [Münsterol].  m (before 1227) FERRY Comte de Toul [Lorraine] (-before 1250, bur Clairefontaine). 

Frédéric [II] & his [first/second] wife had [eight] children: 

3.             ULRIC [II] (-1 Feb 1275, bur Feldbach).  He succeeded as Comte de Ferrette.  Seigneur de Florimont [Blumberg] 1256.  The Annales Basilienses record that "dominus Heinricus episcopus Basiliensis" bought the county of Ferrette from "comite Phirretarum Ulrico et filius eius" for "mille marcis et ab eo in feodum receperunt" in 1271[295].  The Annales Colmarienses record that "comes Ulricus de Phirreto" died "vigilia purificationis" in 1275[296].  The Annales Basilienses record the death "vigilia purificacionis" in 1275 of "comes Ulricus de Pfirreto"[297]m firstly (1233 or after, separated before 1248) as her second husband ELISABETH de Salins, widow of HENRI de Vienne Seigneur de Montmorot et de Vadans, daughter of JEAN [I] "l'Antique/le Sage" Comte de Chalon & his first wife Mathilde de Bourgogne (-Château de Vadans 31 Mar 1277).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and her three marriages has not so far been identified.  She married thirdly (before 1248) Henri de Vergy Seigneur de Mirebeaum secondly (before 1256) as her second husband, AGNES de Vergy, widow of PIERRE [I] Sire de Bauffremont, daughter of GUILLAUME [I] de Vergy Sire de Mirebeau et d'Antrey & his wife --- (-before Oct 1268).  Dame de Morey 1256.  Ulric [II] & his first wife had two children: 

a)             FREDERIC (-1267 or after).  Seigneur de Rougemont [Rotenberg].  m as her first husband, GILLE de Vienne, daughter of HUGUES de Vienne Sire de Pagny [Neublans] & his wife ---.  Dame de Saint-Loup du Jura.  She married secondly Simon [III] de Chaussin (-killed in battle 1273).  Frédéric &  his wife had three children: 

i)               JEAN de Rougemont (-before 6 Feb 1319).  The Annales Colmarienses record that "comes Theobaldus Phirretensis" captured "filium fratris sui" in 1280[298], although it is not known to whom this refers. 

ii)             FREDERIC [Ulrich] (-before 6 Feb 1319). 

iii)            MATHILDE (-before 6 Feb 1319). 

b)             AGNES (-before 1249).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not so far been identified.  m (1243) as his first wife, GUILLAUME de Vienne, son of GUILLAUME [IV] Comte de Mâcon et de Vienne [Bourgogne-Comté] & his second wife Scholastique de Champagne (-1255). 

Ulric [II] & his second wife had five children: 

c)             THIEBAUT (-Basel [4 Dec 1310/7 Feb 1311]).  He succeeded his father in 1275 as Comte de Ferrette

d)             LOUIS (-before 1281).  Seigneur de Florimont.  m GERTRUD von Rappoltstein, daughter of ULRICH [II] Herr von Rappoltstein (-1281 or after).  Louis & his wife had one child: 

i)               ULRIC (-Rhine 21 Dec 1281).  Seigneur de Florimont.  He drowned in the River Rhine[299].

e)             ADELAIDE (-before 1314).  Frau von Balm 1310.  m ULRICH [I] von Regensberg (-before 28 Jul 1281). 

f)               STEPHANIE (-23 Sep 1276, bur Colmar Unterlinden).  The Annales Basilienses record the death "Non Kal Oct 1276…in castro Plixiberg" of "advocatissa Alsatiæ, filia comitis Phiretarum…uxor Conradi Wernheri" and her burial "in cymiterio Sancti Ioannis-sub-thilia in Columbaria"[300]m KONRAD WERNER [III] von Hattstatt (-[1324], bur Colmar Unterlinden). 

g)             S--- . 

4.             LOUIS [III] (-Rieti 1236 after 26 Aug).  Comte de Ferrettem --- (-after 16 Jun 1237). 

5.             BERTHOLD (-10 Dec 1262, bur Basel Münster).  Canon at Basel Cathedral 1230/1233.  Canon at Strasbourg Cathedral 1237/1240.  Provost at Moutier-Grandval 1243/1249.  Coadjutor of Basel 1248.  Bishop of Basel 1249. 

6.             ADALBERT (-1251 or after).  Vogt von Masmünster 1241.  m ---.  Adalbert & his wife had one child: 

a)             ISABELLEm JEAN de Darney Seigneur de Darney et d'Arrentières.  1242/1284. 

7.             STEPHANIE (-29 Jul after 1235).  Nun at Unterlinden, Colmar. 

8.             HEILWIG (-before 1247).  m KONRAD von Horburg .  1227/1259.  Konrad & his wife had two children: 

a)             HEINRICH von Horburg .  The Annales Colmarienses record that "domini de Horburc, filii S, sororis comitis Phirretarum" were reconciled with "cognato suo" and returned to Alsace in 1278[301]

b)             ALBRECHT von Horburg

9.             [ANNA .  Abbess of Secken 1260/1289.] 

10.         [FREDERIC (-after [1245]).  "Stephanus…prior…Cellæ Vilmaris" complained to Cluny that “Fridericus frater domini comitis Firretensis” was claiming the right of appointment over the priory, by charter dated to [1245][302].  It is not certain that Frederic was the son of Frederic [II] Comte de Ferrette.  However, Frederic´s supposed brother Ulric was the ruling comte de Ferrette at the estimated date of this charter.] 

THIEBAUT de Ferrette, son of ULRIC [II] Comte de Ferrette [Pfirt] & his second wife Agnes de Vergy (-Basel [4 Dec 1310/7 Feb 1311]).  He succeeded his father in 1275 as Comte de Ferrette.  The Annales Basilienses record that "dominus episcopus Basiliensis" bought the county of Ferrette in 1276 and confirmed the purchase by letters[303], presumably a confirmation of the purchase in 1271 noted above.  The Annales Colmarienses record that "comes Theobaldus de Phirreto" held "magnam curiam" in 1276 at which the king and queen of Germany, and the duke of Lorraine were present[304].  Châtelain de Rougemont 1295. 

m firstly (before Oct 1273) as her second husband, KATHARINA von Klingen, widow of RUDOLF von Lichtenberg, daughter of WALTHER [III] Herr von Klingen (-1296). 

m secondly ([1304/05]) as her second husband, MARGUERITE de Blamont, widow of JEAN de Bourgogne Seigneur de Montaigu [Bourgogne-Comté], daughter of HENRI [I] Seigneur de Blamont

Thiébaut & his first wife had [six] children: 

1.             ULRICH [III] von Pfirt (-Basel 11 Mar 1324, bur Thann Barfusserkirche).  Seigneur de Rougemont 1305/1309.  He succeeded his father in 1311 as Comte de Ferrettem (Betrothed 19 Nov 1295, 1303 before 28 Jul) as her first wife, JEANNE de Bourgogne, daughter of RENAUD de Bourgogne [Comté] Comte de Montbéliard & his wife Guillemette de Neuchâtel Ctss de Montbéliard (-[26 Aug 1347/11 Sep 1349]).  She married secondly (before 23 Feb 1326) Rudolf Hesso Markgraf von Baden.  Ulrich [III] & his wife had two children: 

a)             JEANNE ([1300/1310]-Vienna 15 Nov 1351, bur Kloster Gaming).  Genealogies such as Europäische Stammtafeln[305] state that Jeanne was born in 1300.  This seems unlikely given that her youngest son was born in 1351.  It also does not fit with her parents’ marriage (1303 before 28 Jul), and the birth dates of her mother’s immediate family (younger sister born around 1295).  It is more reasonable to suppose that she was born around 1310.  She succeeded her father as Comtesse de Ferrette [Pfirt] 11 Mar 1324.  The necrology of Gaming records the death "1351 XVII Kal Dec" of "Iohanna ducissa Austria in Phyrt quidam genta hic sepulta"[306].  The necrology of Heiligenkreuz records the death "XVI Kal Oct" of "Iohanna ux ducis Alberti"[307].  This date is not corroborated by other sources and should be viewed with caution in light of the number of inaccuracies noted in this necrology.  m (15 Feb 1324) ALBRECHT of Austria, son of ALBRECHT I King of Germany, Duke of Austria & his wife Elisabeth von Görz-Tirol (Habsburg 12 Dec 1298-Vienna 20 Jul 1358, bur Gaming).  He succeeded his brother in 1330 as ALBRECHT II “der Weise” Duke of Austria and Steiermark, Duke of Carinthia, Krain and South Tirol. 

b)             URSULA (-5 or 15 May after 1367).  Dame de Belfort 1347.  Dame de Rougemont until 1350.  Dame de Dannemarie [Dammerkirche], Traubach and Pfetterhausen [Pfetterhouse] until1351.  The necrology of Augiæ Maioris records the death "III Non Mai" of "Ursula com de Phirt"[308], many members of the family of Montfort (that of her second husband) being recorded in the same necrology.  m firstly ([8 Jun/9 Jul] 1333) HUGO [I] Graf von Hohenberg, son of RUDOLF [I] Graf von Hohenberg [Zollern] & his first wife Agnes von Werdenberg (-26 May 1354).  m secondly (1354) WILHELM [II] Graf von Montfort in Bregenz (-[18 May 1373/14 Jun 1374]).

2.             THIEBAUT (-[9 May 1311/1 Apr 1312], bur Thann Barfüsserkirche).  Seigneur de Rougemont 1295. 

3.             JEAN (-[18 May 1309/1 Apr 1312]).  Seigneur de Rougemont. 

4.             HERZELANDE (-3 Apr 1317, bur Abtei Neuburg bei Hagenau).  m (before 24 Nov 1299) OTTO [V] Herr von Ochsenstein (-19 Oct 1327, bur Abtei Neuburg bei Hagenau).

5.             SOPHIE (-25 Mar 1344, bur Stuttgart Stiftskirche).  m (before 1304, or 1312) ULRICH von Württemberg, son of EBERHARD I "der Erlauchte" Graf von Württemberg & his wife Irmgard von Baden (-murdered Alsace 11 Jul 1344, bur Stuttgart Stiftskirche).  He succeeded his father 1325 as ULRICH III Graf von Württemberg

6.             [ERMENGARDE (-1329).  m EBERHARD [II] Graf von Landau, son of EBERHARD [I] Graf von Grüningen-Landau [Württemberg] & his wife Richenza von Löwenstein [Calw] (-after 1340).  1318/1340.] 

 

 

Chapter 7.    COMTES de SAARWERDEN

FRIEDRICH, son of [GOTTFRIED [I] Graf von Blieskastel & his wife ---].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[309], Friedrich Graf von Saarwerden was the possible son of Gottfried [I] Graf von Blieskastel.  The basis for this is not known, but it is presumably connected with the transmission of the name Folmar into the Saarwerden family.  Graf von Saarwerden.  1111/1131. 

m GERTRUD, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified. 

Graf Friedrich [I] & his wife had one child: 

1.             FOLMAR (-1165 or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Saarwerden.  He took part in the Second Crusade, returning before 10 Aug 1149 when he is recorded at Varangéville[310]m ETIENNETTE de Montbéliard, daughter of THIERRY [II] Comte de Montbéliard & his wife --- (-after 4 Dec 1160).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the second of the two daughters of "Theodoricum de Monte Beliardi" as the mother of "Ludovicus de Salvernia"[311].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  Graf Folmar & his wife had two children: 

a)             LUDWIG [I] (-1200 or after).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the second of the two daughters of "Theodoricum de Monte Beliardi" as the mother of "Ludovicus de Salvernia"[312].  Seigneur de Rougemont et d'Amance-en-Bourgogne.  m GERTRUD von Dachsburg, daughter of HEINRICH [I] Graf von Dachsburg & his wife Lutgardis von Sulzbach.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Graf Ludwig [I] & his wife had six children: 

-        GRAFEN von SAARWERDEN[313].  The Gesta Baldewini de Luczenburch records the death in 1310 of "Dominum Iohannem de Sarwerden Comitem"[314]

b)             LUDWIG [II] (-killed in battle [1176]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

 

 

 

Chapter 8.    GRAFEN von WERDE

HEINRICH SIEGBERT (-13 Feb 1278).  The Annales Colmarienses record the death in 1278 of "comes de Werde", commenting that his mother claimed that he was not her son but "filius molendinarii"[315]

1.             GRAFEN von WERDE.

 

*************************
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[2] Annales Bertiniani III 867. 
[3] MGH LL Capitularia regum Francorum II, p. 194. 
[4] MGH DD Mer (1872), Diplomata Regum Francorum, no. 29, p. 28. 
[5] MGH DD Mer (1872), Diplomata Regum Francorum, no. 26, p. 26.
[6] MGH DD Mer (1872), Diplomata Regum Francorum, no. 28, p. 27. 
[7] MGH DD Mer (1872), Diplomata Regum Francorum, no. 30, p. 29, footnote 42. 
[8] Vita Germani Abbati Grandivallensis 10 and 11, MGH SS rer Merov V, pp. 37-8. 
[9] Passio Leudegarii Episcopi Augustodunensis I, 26, MGH SS rer Merov V, p. 307.
[10] MGH DD Mer (1872), Diplomata Regum Francorum, no. 46, p. 43.
[11] MGH DD Mer (1872), Diplomata Regum Francorum, no. 62, p. 55.
[12] Cronica Hohenburgensis 664, Annales Marbacenses, MGH SS in Usum Scholarum [9], p. 3.
[13] Chronicon Ebersheimense 6, MGH SS XXIII, p. 434.
[14] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau et la famille des ducs d´Alsace au VIII siècle: Vestiges d´un cartulaire perdu´, Francia Band 3 1975 (Munich 1976), p. 17.
[15] Grandidier, P. A. (1900) Annales Murbacenses (Paris) I, p. 7.
[16] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 17.
[17] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 18.
[18] Schoepflin, J. D. (ed.) (1772) Alsatia Diplomatica (Mannheim) Tome I, VI, p. 6.
[19] Alsatia Diplomatica I, XVII, p. 20.
[20] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 18.
[21] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 18.
[22] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 18.
[23] Dronke, E. F. J. (ed.) (1850) Codex Diplomaticus Fuldensis (Cassel) ("Fulda"), 225, p. 118.
[24] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 17.
[25] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 18.
[26] Alsatia Diplomatica I, XV, p. 16.
[27] Alsatia Diplomatica I, XIX, p. 21.
[28] Alsatia Diplomatica I, DCLXXI, p. 473.
[29] Alsatia Diplomatica I, XV, p. 16.
[30] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 18.
[31] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 18.
[32] Alsatia Diplomatica I, XXVI, p. 33.
[33] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 18.
[34] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 18.
[35] Alsatia Diplomatica I, XVIII, p. 21.
[36] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 17.
[37] Alsatia Diplomatica I, VII, p. 6.
[38] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 18.
[39] Alsatia Diplomatica I, VII, p. 6.
[40] Fulda, 82, p. 50.
[41] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 18.
[42] Fulda, 82, p. 50.
[43] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 18.
[44] Alsatia Diplomatica I, VII, p. 6.
[45] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 18.
[46] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 18.
[47] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 18.
[48] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 18.
[49] Cronica Hohenburgensis 664, Annales Marbacenses, MGH SS in Usum Scholarum [9], p. 3.
[50] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 17.
[51] Alsatia Diplomatica, Vol. I, XXIV, p. 28.
[52] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 17.
[53] Grandidier, P. A. (1900) Annales Murbacenses (Paris) I, p. 7.
[54] Traditiones possessionesque Wizenburgenses (Speyer, 1842) (“Traditiones Wizenburgenses“) CLXII, p. 151.
[55] Grandidier, P. A. (1900) Annales Murbacenses (Paris) I, p. 7.
[56] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 17.
[57] Traditiones Wizenburgenses X, p. 18.
[58] Traditiones Wizenburgenses XI, p. 19.
[59] Traditiones Wizenburgenses X, p. 18.
[60] Traditiones Wizenburgenses XI, p. 19.
[61] Chronicon Ebersheimense 12, MGH SS XXIII, p. 437.
[62] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 17.
[63] Annales Murbacenses I, p. 7.
[64] MGH Diplomatum Imperii I, Diplomata Regum Francorum, no. 95, p. 84.
[65] Traditiones Wizenburgenses IX, p. 16.
[66] Annales Alammanici 747, MGH SS I, p. 26.
[67] DD Kar. 1, 17, p. 25.
[68] Annales Murbacenses I, p. 7.
[69] Traditiones Wizenburgenses IX, p. 16.
[70] Annales Murbacenses I, p. 7.
[71] Chronicon Ebersheimense 12, MGH SS XXIII, p. 437.
[72] RHGF VI, CXVIII, p. 535.
[73] Chronicon Ebersheimense 12, MGH SS XXIII, p. 437.
[74] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 17.
[75] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 17.
[76] Wilsdorf, C. ´Le "monasterium Scottorum" de Honau´, p. 17.
[77] Annales Bertiniani III 867.
[78] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 879, MHG SS V, p. 108.
[79] D O III 325, p. 753.
[80] D H II 57, p. 68.
[81] D H II 69, p. 85.
[82] D H II 80, p. 100.
[83] Annalista Saxo 1048.
[84] Traditiones Wizenburgenses LXIX, p. 73.
[85] Gesta quorundam regum Francorum 858, MGH SS I, p. 371.
[86] Annales Fuldensium Pars Secunda, auctore Euodolfo 858, MGH SS I, p. 371.
[87] D Arn 24, p. 35.
[88] D Arn 88, p. 130.
[89] D Arn 130, p. 193.
[90] Vita Sancti Deicoli 12, MGH SS XV.2, p. 677.
[91] Vita Sancti Deicoli 13, MGH SS XV.2, p. 678.
[92] Vita Sancti Deicoli 12, MGH SS XV.2, p. 677.
[93] D LK 20, p. 125.
[94] D LK 76, p. 212.
[95] D K I 2, p. 2.
[96] D K I 13, p. 13.
[97] Vita Sancti Deicoli 14, MGH SS XV.2, p. 678.
[98] Vita Sancti Deicoli 12, MGH SS XV.2, p. 677.
[99] D O I 199, p. 279.
[100] D O II 117, p. 131.
[101] Beyer, H. (ed.) (1860) Urkundenbuch zur Geschichte der, jetzt die Preussischen Regierungsbezirke Coblenz und Trier bildenden Mittelrheinischen Territorien (Coblenz), Vol. I, (“Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch I”), 206, p. 266, consulted at <http:/www.rlb.de/mrHist/> (12 Dec 2007).
[102] Poull, G. (1994) La Maison souveraine et ducale de Bar (Presses Universitaires de Nancy), p. 10.
[103] ES I.2 200B.
[104] Rösch, S. (1977) Caroli Magni Progenies (Verlag Degener & Co, Neustadt an der Aisch), p. 141.
[105] Wegener, W. (1965/67) Genealogischen Tafeln zur mitteleuropäischen Geschichte (Verlag Degener), p. 73.
[106] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1024, MGH SS XXIII, p. 782.
[107] Notitiæ Altorfenses II, MGH SS XV.2, p. 993. 
[108] Vita Sancti Deicoli 12, MGH SS XV.1, p. 677.
[109] D O I 85, p. 166.
[110] D O I 199, p. 279.
[111] Vita Sancti Deicoli 12, MGH SS XV.1, p. 677.
[112] Notitiæ Altorfenses III, MGH SS XV.2, p. 994.
[113] Jackman, D. C. (1997) Criticism and Critique, sidelights on the Konradiner (Oxford Unit for Prosopographical Research), p. 77.
[114] D O I 166, p. 247.
[115] D O I 189, p. 271.
[116] D O I 201, p. 280.
[117]
Iacobi de Guisia Annales Hanoniæ XIV.XXXVI, MGH SS XXX Part 1, p. 183.
[118] Notitiæ Altorfenses II, MGH SS XV.2, p. 993.

[119] D O I 368, p. 505.
[120] Notitiæ Altorfenses III, MGH SS XV.2, p. 994, footnote 11 specifying that all four were sons of Hugo, founder of the monastery.
[121] D O III 27, p. 426.
[122] D O III 325, p. 753.
[123] D H II 353, p. 451.
[124] Notitiæ Altorfenses III, MGH SS XV.2, p. 994.
[125] Notitiæ Altorfenses III, MGH SS XV.2, p. 994, footnote 11 specifying that all four were sons of Hugo, founder of the monastery.
[126] D O III 325, p. 753.
[127] Notitiæ Altorfenses III, MGH SS XV.2, p. 994, footnote 11 specifying that all four were sons of Hugo, founder of the monastery.
[128] D O III 325, p. 753.
[129] Notitiæ Altorfenses III, MGH SS XV.2, p. 994, footnote 11 specifying that all four were sons of Hugo, founder of the monastery.
[130] Thegani Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 28 and 29, MGH SS II, p. 597.
[131] Fulda 279, p. 139.
[132] Thegani Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 28 and 29, MGH SS II, p. 597.
[133] DD Kar. 1, 205, p. 274.
[134] Einhardi Annales 811, MGH SS I, p. 198.
[135] Annales Fuldenses 811 MGH SS I, p. 355.
[136] Gesta quorundam regum Francorum 811, MGH SS I, p. 355.
[137] Thegani Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 36, MGH SS II, p. 597.
[138] Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 41, MGH SS II, p. 630.
[139] Thegani Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 55, MGH SS II, p. 602.
[140] Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 56, MGH SS II, p. 642.
[141] Gesta quorundam regum Francorum 837, MGH SS I, p. 360.
[142] Annales Fuldenses 837, MGH SS I, p. 360.
[143] RHGF XII, p. 317.
[144] Thegani Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 28 and 29, MGH SS II, p. 597.
[145] Annales Xantenses 821, MGH SS II, p. 224.
[146] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 855, MGH SS XXIII, p. 736.
[147] Ex Heirici Miraculis S. Germani 2, MGH SS XIII, p. 401, footnote 1 citing v. Dümmler Ostfr. Reich I, p. 422, as stating her origin.
[148] Walahfridi Strabi Carmen, MGH Poetæ Latini ævi Carolini II, p. 391.
[149] Including ES II 10.
[150] Settipani, C. and Kerrebrouck, P. van (1993) La préhistoire des Capétiens 481-987, 1ère partie, Mérovingiens, Carolingiens et Robertiens (Villeneuve d'Ascq), p. 400.
[151] RHGF XII, p. 317.
[152] Epistola XXLIII, p. 185.
[153] RHGF VIII, CCVII, p. 608.
[154] Chronico Vezeliacensi I, RHGF VII, p. 271.
[155] Obituaires de Lyon I, Eglise primatiale de Lyon, footnote 3 associating the entry with the wife of Gérard Comte de Vienne.
[156] Annales Bertiniani III 862.
[157] Annales Alamannicorum continuation Sangallensis prima 864, MGH SS I, p. 50, alternative text quoted in footnote 1.
[158] Vita Hludowici Imperatoris 57, MGH SS II, p. 642.
[159] Adnuntatio domni Karoli, MGH LL 1, p. 469.
[160] Annales Bertiniani III 862.
[161] Annales Alamannicorum continuation Sangallensis prima 864, MGH SS I, p. 50, alternative text quoted in footnote 1.
[162] RHGF XII, p. 317.
[163] Annales Weingartenses, Veterum Analectorum IV, p. 478.
[164] Annales Bertiniani III 869.
[165] RHGF VIII, p. 413.
[166] Hludowici Germ. et Karoli II Pacto, Aquensis, MGH LL 1, p. 516.
[167] D LD 155, p. 218.
[168] Karoli II Conventus Ticinensis, MGH LL 1, p. 528.
[169] D Arn 94, p. 137.
[170] D Arn 168, p. 256.
[171] D Zw 1, p. 17.
[172] D LK 4, p. 100.
[173] Alsatia Diplomatica I, CXXVIII, p. 100.
[174] D LK 20, p. 125.
[175] Chronicon Laureshamense, MGH SS XXI, p. 385.
[176] D LK 53, p. 178.
[177] D K I 3, p. 3.
[178] D K I 10, p. 10.
[179] Annales Alammanicorum Continuatio Sangallensis altera 916, MGH SS I, p. 56.
[180] Alsatia Diplomatica I, CXXVIII, p. 100.
[181] Alsatia Diplomatica I, CXXVIII, p. 100.
[182] Ekkehardi IV Casus S. Galli 3, MGH SS II, p. 110.
[183] Widukind 1.38, pp. 56-7, quoted in The Chronicon of Thietmar of Merseburg, trans. David A. Warner (Manchester University Press, 2001), p. 79, footnote 47.
[184] Alsatia Diplomatica I, CXXVIII, p. 100.
[185] ES I.2 200A.
[186] ES I.2 200A.
[187] ES I.2 200A.
[188] D O III 27, p. 426.
[189] D O III 325, p. 753.
[190] Hlawitschka, E. (1987) Untersuchungen zu den Thronwechseln der ersten Hälfte des 11. Jahrhunderts und zur Adelsgeschichte Süddeutschlands. Zugleich klärende Forschungen um "Kuno von Öhningen", Vorträge und Forschungen, Sonderband 35 (Sigmaringen), pp. 103-4, cited in Jackman (1997), p. 81.
[191] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.1, MGH SS X, p. 71.  Her origin is discussed in Jackman (1997), p. 81.
[192] Jackman (1997), pp. 84-5.
[193] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.
[194] ES III 440.
[195] ES III 440.
[196] ES III 440.
[197] D H II 499, p. 636.
[198] D K II 42, p. 47.
[199] D H III 219, p. 291.
[200] Jackman (1997), p. 83.
[201] Jackman (1997), pp. 97-8.
[202] Decker-Hauff, H. 'Das Staufische Haus', Die Zeit der Staufer. Geschichte - Kunst - Kultur. Katalog der Ausstelluung Stuttgart 1977, Vol. 3 (Stuttgart, 1977), 339-74, at 344, cited in Jackman (1997), p. 96.
[203] ES I.1 14.
[204] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.1, MGH SS X, p. 71.  Her origin is discussed in Jackman (1997), p. 81.
[205] UB Zürich, vol. 1, no. 223, quoted in Jackman (1997), p. 82. 
[206] Necrologium Zwifaltense, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 240.
[207] Wipo, Gesta Chuonradi II imperatoris 16, 36-7, MGH SS IX, p. 265.
[208] ES XII 77A (Die Grafen von Achalm).
[209] Ortliebi Zwifaltensis Chronicon I.1, MGH SS X, p. 71.
[210] D Zw 6, p. 27, headed "verunechtet?" in the compilation.
[211] D O I 166, p. 247.
[212] D O I 201, p. 280.
[213] D K II 87, p. 118.
[214] D H III 196, p. 248.
[215] Birth date range estimated from the birth of his son Pope Leo in 1002.
[216] Notitiæ Altorfenses III, MGH SS XV.2, p. 994, footnote 11 specifying that all four were sons of Hugo, founder of the monastery.
[217] Watterich, I. M. (1862) Pontificum Romanorum Vitæ I, p. 128, quoted in Hlawitschka, E. (1969) Die Anfänge des Hauses Habsburg-Lothringen, Genealogische Untersuchungen zur Geschichte Lothringens und des Reiches im 9. 10 and 11 Jahrhundert (Saarbrücken), p. 103.
[218] Alsatia diplomatica I, CCVII, p. 163.
[219] ES I.2 200B.
[220] Gesta Episcoporum Tullensium 39, MGH SS VIII, p. 644.
[221] Picard, B. (1707) Histoire ecclésiastique et politique de la ville et du diocèse de Toul, pp. 381-2, cited in Poull (1994), p. 70.
[222] Alsatia diplomatica I, CCVII, p. 163.
[223] Vanderkindere, A. (1902) La formation territoriale des principautés belges au moyen-âge (Brussels) Tome II, p. 154, citing Calmet II, pr. CCLXXXVII.
[224] Vanderkindere II, p. 154, citing Calmet II, pr. CCLXXXVII.
[225] ES I.2 200B.
[226] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1024, MGH SS XXIII, p. 782.
[227] Annales Argentinenses 1002, MGH SS XVII, p. 87.
[228] Annalista Saxo 1048.
[229] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1048, MGH SS XXIII, p. 788. 
[230] Annalista Saxo 1048.
[231] Historia Hirsaugiensis Monasterii, MGH SS XIV, p. 265.
[232] Annales Stadenses 1112, MGH SS XVI, p. 319.
[233] Libro Memoriarum Sancti Blasii, MGH SS XXIV, p. 825.
[234] ES I.2 200B.
[235] ES I.2 200B.
[236] Vanderkindere II, p. 154, citing Calmet II, pr. CCLXXXVII.
[237] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1070, MGH SS XXIII, p. 796.
[238] Alsatia Diplomatica I, CCXLIV, p. 193.
[239] Bernoldi Chronicon 1089, MGH SS V, p. 449.
[240] Bernard, A. and Bruel, A. (eds.) (1878) Recueil des chartes de l'abbaye de Cluny (Paris) Tome V, 3830, p. 190.
[241] Poull (1994), p. 75.
[242] Schoepflin (1772), Tome I, DCLXXX, p. 477.
[243] Viellard Documents Belfort, no. 97, p. 147, cited in Poull (1994), p. 70.
[244] Witte, H. Genealogische Untersuchungen in Iahr., G. L. G. VIII, p. 112, cited in Grosdidier de Matons, M. ´Le Comté de Bar des Origines au Traité de Bruges (vers 950-1301)´, Annuaire de la Société d´Histoire et d´Archéologie de la Lorraine, Tome XXX (Bar-le-Duc, 1921), p. 100 footnote 8.
[245] Natalis de Wailly, M. (1838) Eléments de Paléographie, Vol. I (Paris), p. 159, cited in Grosdidier de Matons, p. 100 footnote 9.
[246] Grosdidier de Matons, p. 101, citing his own article 'La politique de Philippe le Bel dans l'évêché de Metz', Bull. S. L. de Bar-le-Duc 1921.
[247] Vanderkindere II, p. 153, quoting Würdtween Nova Subsidia VII, 96, quoted in Witte, H. 'Genealogische Untersuchungen zur Geschichte Lothringens und des Westrich (II)', Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für lothringische Geschichte und Altertumskunde, VII.1, 1895 (Metz), p. 112.
[248] Vanderkindere II, p. 153, citing Württemberg. Jahrbüch., X, Codex Hirsaugiensis, p. 30.
[249] Vanderkindere II, p. 153, quoting Würdtween Nova Subsidia VII, 96, quoted in Witte, H. 'Genealogische Untersuchungen zur Geschichte Lothringens und des Westrich (II)', Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für lothringische Geschichte und Altertumskunde, VII.1, 1895 (Metz), p. 112.
[250] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch 324, p. 377.
[251] Bloch, H. (ed.) ´Die älteren Urkunden des Klosters S. Vanne zu Verdun´, Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für lothringische Geschichte und Altertumskunde, 14th year, 1901 (“Verdun Saint-Vanne (1902)”), 1902, LXII, p. 86.
[252] Aimond, C. 'Le nécrologe de la cathédrale de Verdun', Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für lothringische Geschichte und Altertumskunde Year 14 (first part) (1902) (“Necrology Verdun Saint-Vanne (1902)”), p. 145.
[253] Vanderkindere II, p. 153, citing Württemberg. Jahrbüch., X, Codex Hirsaugiensis, p. 30.
[254] Vanderkindere II, p. 153, quoting Würdtween Nova Subsidia VII, 96, quoted in Witte, H. 'Genealogische Untersuchungen zur Geschichte Lothringens und des Westrich (II)', Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für lothringische Geschichte und Altertumskunde, VII.1, 1895 (Metz), p. 112.
[255] Verdun Sainte-Vanne (1902), LXXVI, p. 98.
[256] Richard, J. (ed.) (1957) Le cartulaire de Marcigny-sur-Loire 1045-1144 (Dijon) (“Marcigny-sur-Loire”), 176, p. 105.
[257] Necrology Verdun Saint-Vanne, p. 142.
[258] Vanderkindere II, p. 153, quoting Würdtween Nova Subsidia VII, 96, quoted in Witte, H. 'Genealogische Untersuchungen zur Geschichte Lothringens und des Westrich (II)', Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für lothringische Geschichte und Altertumskunde, VII.1, 1895 (Metz), p. 112.
[259] Verdun Sainte-Vanne (1902), LXXVI, p. 98.
[260] Verdun Sainte-Vanne (1902), LXXVI, p. 98.
[261] Verdun Sainte-Vanne (1902), LXXVI, p. 98.
[262] Vanderkindere II, p. 153, quoting Würdtween Nova Subsidia VII, 96, quoted in Witte, H. 'Genealogische Untersuchungen zur Geschichte Lothringens und des Westrich (II)', Jahrbuch der Gesellschaft für lothringische Geschichte und Altertumskunde, VII.1, 1895 (Metz), p. 112.
[263] Annales Argentinenses 1162, MGH SS XVII, p. 89.
[264]
Genealogia Ducum Brabantiæ Heredum Franciæ 6, MGH SS XXV, p. 390.
[265] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1211, MGH SS XXIII, p. 893.
[266] Annales Parchenses 1172, MGH SS XVI, p. 606.
[267] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1211, MGH SS XXIII, p. 893.
[268] The date her father died.
[269] ES I.2 200B.
[270] ES I.2 200B.
[271] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1211, MGH SS XXIII, p. 893.
[272] Poull, G. (1991) La Maison ducale de Lorraine (Nancy), p. 62.
[273] Vitæ Odiliæ Liber III De Triumpho Sancti Lamberti in Steppes 1, MGH SS XXV, pp. 172-3.
[274] Richeri Gesta Senoniensis Ecclesiæ IV, 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 312.
[275] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1213, MGH SS XXIII, p. 899.
[276] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1220, MGH SS XXIII, p. 910.
[277] Chronicon Ebersheimense 40, MGH SS XXIII, p. 444.
[278] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1225, MGH SS XXIII, p. 916.
[279] ES IV 92.
[280] Cluny V.3830, p. 190.
[281] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1158, MGH SS XXIII, p. 844.
[282] Viellard Documents Belfort, no. 130, p. 179, cited in Poull (1994), p. 79.
[283] Viellard Documents Belfort, no. 132, p. 180, cited in Poull (1994), p. 79.
[284] Poull (1991), pp. 309-10.
[285] Poull (1994), p. 78.
[286] Viellard Documents Belfort, no. 137, p. 186, cited in Poull (1994), p. 79.
[287] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1158, MGH SS XXIII, p. 844.
[288] Poull (1994), p. 79.
[289] Viellard Documents Belfort, no. 283, pp. 342-3, cited in Poull (1994), p. 79.
[290] Poull (1994), p. 79.
[291] Annales Maurimonesterienses 1197, MGH SS XVII, p. 182.
[292] ES I.2 226.
[293] Annales Colmarienses, Fontes rerum Germanicarum II, p. 2.
[294] ES I.2 226.
[295] Annales Basileenses 1271, MGH SS XVII, p. 194.
[296] Annales Colmarienses, Fontes rerum Germanicarum II, p. 8.
[297] Annales Basileenses 1275, MGH SS XVII, p. 197.
[298] Annales Colmarienses Maiores 1280, MGH SS XVII, p. 207.
[299] ES I.2 226.
[300] Annales Basileenses 1276, MGH SS XVII, p. 200.
[301] Annales Colmarienses Maiores 1278, MGH SS XVII, p. 203, footnote 11 naming them "Heinricus et Albertus".
[302] Cluny VI, 4870, p. 369.
[303] Annales Basileenses 1276, MGH SS XVII, p. 201.
[304] Annales Colmarienses, Fontes rerum Germanicarum II, p. 10.
[305] ES I.1 41 and ES I.2 226.
[306] Notæ de Inclita Stirpe Habsburgica Necrologicæ, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 122.
[307] Necrologium Monasterii S Crucis Recentius, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 112.
[308] Necrologium Augiæ Maioris, Konstanz Necrologies, p. 145.
[309] ES XVIII 152.
[310] Poull (1994), p. 82.
[311] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1158, MGH SS XXIII, p. 844.
[312] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1158, MGH SS XXIII, p. 844.
[313] ES XVIII 155.
[314] Gesta Venerabilis Domini Domini Baldewini de Luczenburch Treverensis Archiepiscopi, Liber 2, IX, Stephani Baluzii Miscellaneorum, Liber I, Collectio Veterum, p. 119.
[315] Annales Colmarienses Maiores 1278, MGH SS XVII, p. 203, footnote 12 naming him "Heinricus Sigebertus comes de Werth landgravius Alsatiæ obit 13 Feb 1278".