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Lorraine


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INTRODUCTION

Chapter 1.     DUKES of LORRAINE 1048-1431 (MATFRIEDE)

GERARD 1048-1070, THIERRY II 1070-1115
SIMON I 1115-1139, MATHIEU I 1138-1176, SIMON II 1176-1206
FERRY I 1206
FERRY II 1206-1213, THIBAUT I 1213-1220, MATHIEU II 1220-1251
FERRY III 1251-1302
THIBAUT II 1302-1312, FERRY IV 1312-1329
RAOUL 1329-1346
JEAN I 1346-1390, CHARLES I 1390-1431, RENE I 1431-1453, JEAN II 1453-1470, NICOLAS 1470-1473
CHARLES I 1390-1431

Chapter 2.     DUKES of LORRAINE 1431-1473 (ANJOU-VALOIS)

RENE I 1431-1453, JEAN II 1453-1470, NICOLAS 1470-1473

 

 

INTRODUCTION

The duchy of Lorraine was the rump of the early medieval duchy of Upper Lotharingia, centred on Nancy.  The difficulty is pinpointing the date when the Lotharingia transformed into Lorraine.  This document sets out the family of the dukes from the accession of the Matfriede dynasty in the mid-11th century.  However, as can be seen below, contemporary sources continue to refer to the duke as "dux Lotharingiæ" until well into the 14th century.  The duchy remained within imperial territory, the dukes being suzerains of the emperor/king of Germany.  However, Lorraine gradually lost status and territory, especially after the rise of the comtes de Bar to the west of the duchy.  Lorraine was even briefly placed under the suzerainty of Bar during the early years of the 13th century[1].  Duke Thibaut I became embroiled in the dispute over the succession to the county of Champagne in between 1216 and 1218, when Friedrich II King of Germany invaded Lorraine and took the duke back to Germany as a prisoner. 

The gradual assimilation of Lorraine into the French sphere of influence started with the reign of Duke Raoul, who succeeded in 1329 and spent most of his reign at the court of Philippe VI King of France.  A significant increase in the number of marriages into French comital families can also be observed from the end of the 13th century.  However, formal French acquisition of Lorraine territory did not accelerate until the mid-17th century, and the duchy was only finally annexed by the kingdom of France in 1766 after the death of Stanislas Leszczinski Duke of Lorraine, who was the father-in-law of King Louis XV. 

 

 

Chapter 1.    DUKES of LORRAINE 1048-1431 (MATFRIEDE)

GERARD 1048-1070, THIERRY II 1070-1115

GERARD, son of GERHARD Graf [von Metz] & his wife Gisela --- (-Remiremont [14 Apr] or 11 Aug [1070]).  The Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ names (in order) "Adalbertus, Gerhardus, Cuonradus, Adalbero, Beatrix, Cuono, Huoda abbatissa, Azelinus, Ida, Adeleth" as children of "Gerhardus comes [et] Gisela"[2].  In an earlier passage, the same source names "Odelrico comite et Gerhardo duce" as sons and successors of "Gerhardus comes marchio [et] cum uxore sua Gisela"[3].  Comte de Metz, Comte de Châtenois.  Emperor Heinrich III appointed him as GERARD Duke of Upper Lotharingia after his brother was killed in battle in Nov 1048.  "Gerardus…Lothariensium dux" donated property to Echternach abbey by charter dated 11 Apr 1067 which names "uxoris mea Hadvidis filiique nostre Theoderici…patris mei Gerhardi matrisque meæ Gislæ"[4].  According to the 14th century chronicle of Jean de Bayon, Duke Gérard was poisoned[5].  The Obituaire de Saint-Mansuy records the death "11 Aug" of "Gerardus dux"[6]

m HEDWIG de Namur, daughter of ALBERT I Comte de Namur & his wife Ermengardis of Lower Lotharingia [Carolingian] ([1005/10]-28 Jan [1080]).  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Hadewidem et Emmam de Los" as the two daughters of "Ermengardis [filiæ Karoli ducis]" and as mother of "Theodericum ducem et Gerardum comitem fratres"[7].  It is likely that Hedwig was born during that latter part of the married life of her parents, given her own death in [1080] and her father's death before 1010.  The Liber Memoriales of Remiremont records the donation of "Haduydis ducissa…consentientibus filiis suis duce Teoderico atque comite Girardo"[8].  "Hadewidis ductrix" founded the abbey of Châtenois by charter dated to after 1075, confirmed "post obitum ductricis Hadewidis" by "dux Theodericus filius eius"[9]

Duke Gérard & his wife had four children: 

1.             THIERRY de Lorraine (-30 Dec 1115).  The Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ records the succession of "dux Theodericus puer parvulus Gerhardi ducis filius"[10], although, considering the estimated birth date range of his mother, Thierry must have been adult when his father died.  He succeeded his father in 1070 as THIERRY II Duke of Lorraine, opposed by his brother to whom he ceded territories which became the county of Vaudémont in Apr 1073 after waging war for two years.  Weakened by this conflict, Louis Comte de Mousson claimed the title duke from Duke Thierry.  "Hadewidis ductrix" founded the abbey of Châtenois by charter dated to after 1075, confirmed "post obitum ductricis Hadewidis" by "dux Theodericus filius eius"[11].  During the investiture crisis, Duke Thierry supported Emperor Heinrich IV who enabled him to take control of Metz after expelling Hermann Bishop of Metz[12].  Emperor Heinrich V granted him the title "Marquis" in [1114][13].  The Obituaire de Saint-Mansuy records the death "30 Dec" of "Theodoricus dux"[14]m firstly ([1080]) as her second husband, HEDWIG von Formbach, widow of GERHARD von Süpplingenburg Graf im Harzgau, daughter of FRIEDRICH Graf von Formbach & his wife Gertrud von Hadmersleben (-[1090/93]).  According to Poull, Duke Thierry unsuccessfully petitioned the Pope in early 1079 to marry Agnès d'Aquitaine, widow of Pierre Comte de Savoie, which if correct means that his first marriage inevitably took place after this[15]m secondly (Han-sur-Lesse 15 Aug 1095) as her second husband, GERTRUDE de Flandre, widow of HENRI III Comte de Louvain, daughter of ROBERT I "Friso" Count of Flanders & his wife Gertrud of Saxony [Billung] (-[1115/26]).  Her parentage and both her marriages are deduced from the Cartulaire de Saint-Bertin in which is named "Gertrude filia Roberti Frisonis, vidua Henrici Bruselensis" mother of "Theodericum" who is in turn named "filium Theoderici ducis de Helsath"[16].  The Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana specifies that "Robertus comes cognomento Frisio" had three daughters "tercia Theoderico comiti Alsatie [nupsit]"[17].  Duke Thierry II & his first wife had three children:

a)             SIMON de Lorraine (-before 1095).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

b)             GERTRUDE [Petronilla] de Lorraine (-23 May 1144, bur Rijnsburg).  The Annales Egmundani name "Petronilla" as widow of "Florentius crassus comes filius Theoderici" but do not give her origin[18].  The Chronologia Johannes de Beke records the marriage of Count Floris and "Petronillam Lotharii cesaris sororem"[19].  The Annales Magdeburgenses name "Gertrudeis comitissa de…Holland…soror Lotherii Saxonis ducis" when recording her rebellion in 1123[20].  Regent of Holland for her son Count Dirk VI during his minority.  She founded the Abbey of Rijnsburg in 1133.  The Annales Egmundani record the death in 1144 of "Petronilla comitissa uxor Florentii crassi comitis" and her burial at "Rinsburch"[21].  The Chronologia Johannes de Beke record that "Petronilla…comitissa" became a nun at Rijnsburg after her husband died, and died and was buried there "X Kal Iun"[22].  Beke's Egmondsch Necrologium records the death "1144 X Kal Iun" of "Petronilla comitissa"[23]m (1113) FLORIS II Count of Holland, son of DIRK V Count [of Holland] & his wife Othelindis --- (-2 Mar 1121). 

c)             SIMON de Lorraine (-13/14 Jan 1139, bur Stürzelbronn).  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Symonem ducem" as son of "Theodericum ducem"[24].  He succeeded his father in 1115 as SIMON I Duke of Lorraine. (below)

Duke Thierry II & his second wife had [five] children:

d)             THIERRY de Lorraine ([1099/1101]-17 Jan 1168).  He is named in the Cartulaire de Saint-Bertin, which also specifies his parentage[25].  He succeeded in 1128 as THIERRY I Count of Flanders.   

-        COUNTS of FLANDERS

e)             [GERARD de Lorraine (-after 1117).  The Passio Karoli Comitis names "Simonis et Gerardi" as sons of "Theodericus dux" & his wife Gertrude[26].  This is the sole reference so far identified to the couple having a son named Gérard.  However, it is possible that "Gerardi" in the source was simply an error for "Theoderici".  Considering the extent to which the role of the future Count Thierry is discussed in later parts of the Passio, it is barely credible that he should have been omitted from the section recounting the family's genealogy.  The inaccuracy of this genealogical section is also demonstrated by Simon being referred to as Gertrude's son which, as demonstrated above, is unlikely to have been correct.] 

f)               HENRI de Lorraine (-6 Jun 1165, bur Toul Cathedral).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the appointment of "Henricus…frater ducis Simonis de Nanceio et illius qui postea fuit comes Flandrensis" as Bishop of Toul in 1126[27]William of Tyre names him brother of Thierry I Count of Flanders when recording his presence with Konrad II King of Germany in Palestine in 1148[28].  Elected Bishop of Toul in Mar 1126, installed at Metz in Jul 1126. 

g)             BAUDOUIN .  The Cartulaire de Saint-Bertin records "Balduinum fratrem Theoderici comitis Flandrie"[29]

h)             ERMENGARDE de Lorraine .  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines in 1193 refers to "soror…comitis Theoderici et ducis Symonis" as wife of "cuidem forti castellano de Burgundia Bernardo", by whom she had "Iosceranum et sorores eius, qui de sorore comitis Cabilonensis genuit Henricum patrem Iosceranni Grossi"[30]m BERNARD [V] "Grossus" Seigneur de Brancion, son of LANDRIC "Grossus" de Brancion Seigneur d'Uxelles & his wife --- (-1148).

i)               [GISELA de Lorraine .  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[31], the wife of Graf Friedrich may have been the daughter of Thierry II Duke of Lorraine, but the basis for this speculation is not know.  The primary source which confirms her two marriages has not yet been identified.  m firstly --- [von Tecklenburg], son of ---.  m secondly FRIEDRICH [I] Graf im Saargau, son of SIGEBERT [I] Graf im Saargau & his wife --- (-before 1135).]

2.             GERARD de Lorraine (-1108, bur Belval).  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Theodericum ducem et Gerardum comitem fratres" sons of "Hadewidem [filiam Ermengardis]"[32]He opposed his brother's sole succession in 1071, waged war for two years, the dispute being settled when his brother ceded him the Saintois and other territories, which became the County of Vaudémont, 14 Apr 1073[33]

-        COMTES de VAUDEMONT

3.             GISELE de Lorraine (-after [1114]).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbess of Remiremont and Saint-Pierre at Metz 1070/1114.

4.             BEATRIX de Lorraine (-[1116/17]).  "Stephanus comes Burgundie et dominus de Treva" donated property to Cluny by charter dated [1100] in which he refers to his wife as "filia ducis Lotharingie" but does not name her[34].  The primary source which names her has not yet been identified.  m ([1085/90]) ETIENNE I Comte de Mâcon, son of GUILLAUME I "le Grand" Comte Palatin de Bourgogne & his wife Etiennette --- (-murdered Ascalon 27 May 1102). 

 

SIMON I 1115-1139, MATHIEU I 1138-1176, SIMON II 1176-1206

SIMON de Lorraine, son of THIERRY II Duke of Lorraine & his first wife Hedwig von Formbach (-[13/15] Jan 1139, bur Stürzelbronn).  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Symonem ducem" as son of "Theodericum ducem"[35].  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[36], Duke Simon was the son of his father's first marriage.  Poull[37] refers to several sources which apparently indicate that he was the son of Duke Thierry II's second marriage, including Duke Simon's own act dated 11 Apr 1126 which refers to his deceased "mother Gertrude".  However, Duke Simon married "his stepmother's daughter whom she had by her first husband Graf Heinrich"[38], which is best interpreted as meaning that he married the daughter of Gertrude de Flandre, second wife of Duke Thierry II, by her first husband.  The alternative interpretation, that Duke Simon (assumed for the purposes of this argument to be the son of Gertrude de Flandre) married the daughter of Hedwig von Formbach by an otherwise unknown first husband "Graf Heinrich" presents major chronological difficulties.  Such a daughter could not have been born later than 1072 at the latest.  Considering that Hedwig gave birth to two children by her husband Gerhard von Süpplingenburg who died in 1075, such a birth date appears incompatible with Duke Simon's wife having given birth to at least seven children, even if their marriage took place as early as [1112/13] as suggested by Poull.  Two further sources confirm that Duke Simon was born from his father's first marriage.  Firstly, the Gesta Alberonis Archiepiscopi names "Lotharingiæ ducem Symonem, fratrem regis [=Lothar von Süpplingenburg]" when recording his excommunication 10 Apr 1132[39], Emperor Lothar being Simon's uterine half-brother assuming that Hedwig von Formbach was his mother.  Secondly, "Teodericus dux Lotharingie" donated the church at Nancy to the abbey of Molesme with the consent of "filio suo Simone" by charter dated to [1080/90][40] which, assuming this dating is correct, was before the date of Duke Thierry's second marriage.  He succeeded his father in 1115 as SIMON I Duke of Lorraine.  He founded the Cistercian monastery of Sainte-Marue-au-Bois at Stürzelbronn.  The necrology of Notre-Dame aux Nonnains records the death "15 Jan" of "Symon dux Lotaringeris"[41].  The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "XIX Kal Feb" of "Simon Lotaringorum dux"[42].  The necrology of Gorze records the death "XIX Kal Feb" of "Simon dux Lotharingiæ"[43].  The Obituaire de Saint-Mansuy records the death "14 Jan" of "Sigismundus dux"[44]

m ([1112/13]) ADELAIDE de Louvain, daughter of HENRI III Comte de Louvain & his wife Gertrude de Flandre (before 1095-4 Nov after 1158).  As mentioned above, Duke Simon married "his stepmother's daughter whom she had by her first husband Graf Heinrich"[45].  In light of the chronological difficulties of this having been a daughter of Duke Thierry II's first wife, discussed above, it is likely that Duke Simon's wife was the daughter of the Comte de Louvain whose wife married Duke Thierry as his second wife.  "Judit Romaricensis ecclesie abbatissa" donated property at the request of "Aledis mater ducis Mathei" by charter dated 1155 after 1 Sep[46].  After the death of her husband, Adelaide retired to the Cistercian abbey of Notre-Dame du Tart, near Dijon[47]

Duke Simon I & his wife had [eight] children: 

1.             AGATHE de Lorraine .  The Gesta Friderici of Otto of Freising records the wife of Comte Renaud as "Simonis Lotharingiorum ducis filiam"[48].  Comte Renaud III refers to Agathe as his collateralis in a charter, which Bouchard suggests was a term not generally used to mean wife[49].  1130/48.  She was first cousin once removed of her husband but no mention of a Papal dispensation for the marriage has so far been identified.  m ([1130]) RENAUD III Comte Palatin de Bourgogne, son of ETIENNE I Comte de Mâcon & his wife Beatrix of Lotharingia (-22 Jan 1148 or 20 Jan 1149).

2.             HADWIDE de Lorraine (-[27 Jan, 29 Jan or 23 Feb] ----).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  1128/49.  The Obituaire de Saint-Mansuy records the death "27 Jan" of "Helvydis comitissa", "29 Jan" of "Helvydis comitissa", and "23 Feb" of "Havidis comitissa"[50]m (before mid-1128) FREDERIC [II] Comte de Toul, son of RENIER [III] Comte de Toul & his wife Gisela de Vaudémont (-[1138/42]).  1112/42. 

3.             MATHIEU de Lorraine (-4 Nov [before 1119]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

4.             MATHIEU de Lorraine ([1119]-13 May 1176, bur Abbaye de Clairlieu).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines in 1193 names "dux Matheus et Robertus" as sons of "ducis Symonis"[51].  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Matheum ducem" as son of "Symonem ducem"[52]A "boy [puer]" 5 Aug 1122 when he subscribed a charter of his father's[53].  He succeeded his father in 1138 as MATHIEU I Duke of Lorraine.  "Matheus Lotharingorum dux et marchio" donated property "loco predium de Wulvelingen" to Kloster Stürtzelbronn, with the consent of "coniugis mee Berthe et Balduini fratris mei", for the soul of "progenitoris mei Symonis", by charter dated 13 Jan 1143, which names "Theodericus…comes…cum uxore sua Adelheide et filio suo Gotefrido"[54].  He founded l'Abbaye de l'Etange 1148, and l'Abbaye de Clairlieu 1159.  The necrology of Gorze records the death "III Id Mai" of "Matheus dux"[55].  The Obituaire de Saint-Mansuy records the death "14 May" of "Matthæus dux"[56]m (before 25 Mar 1139) BERTHA [Judith] von Staufen, daughter of FRIEDRICH von Staufen Duke of Swabia & his first wife Judith of Bavaria [Welf] (-[18 Oct 1194/25 Mar 1195], bur Abbaye de Clairlieu).  The Historia Welforum names "Fridericum imperatorem nostrum et uxorem Mathei ducis Lotharingiæ" as the children of "Friderico Suevorum duci" & his wife Judith[57].  The Gesta Friderici of Otto of Freising names "Fridericum…et Iuditham" as the two children of Friedrich Duke of Swabia & his first wife, and Judith's marriage to "Matthaeo Lotharingiorum duci"[58].  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi refers to the wife of "Matheum ducem" as "sorore Friderici imperatoris"[59].  "Matheus Lotharingorum dux et marchio" donated property to Kloster Stürtzelbronn, with the consent of "coniugis mee Berthe et Balduini fratris mei" by charter dated 13 Jan 1143[60].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines in 1193 names "Berta sorore imperatoris Frederici" as wife of "ducis Lotharingie Mathie qui dux Mosellanorum dicebatur"[61].  Duke Mathieu I & his wife had seven children: 

a)             ALIX de Lorraine ([1145]-4 Mar before 1200).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Aaliz filia Mosellanorum ducis Mathei" as wife of "dux Hugo filius ducis Odonis", although he is referring to Duke Hugues II not Duke Hugues III which is clearly incorrect[62].  In a later passage the same source correctly names "Aaliz mater ducis Burgundie Odonis uxor…Hugonis et Iutta mater comitis Stephani avia…Iohannis Cabilonensis" as sisters of "dux Symon et Fredericus de Bites et comes Matheus Tullensis et Theodericus"[63].  The same source also records the repudiation of Alix by her husband[64].  She returned to Lorraine after her repudiation.  The necrology of Cîteaux records the death "IV Non Mar" of "domina Alaydis quondam ducissa Burgundie"[65]m (1165, repudiated 1183) as his first wife, HUGUES III Duke of Burgundy, son of EUDES II Duke of Burgundy & his wife Marie de Blois ([1148]-Acre 7 or 25 Aug 1192, bur Abbaye de Cîteaux). 

b)             JUDITH de Lorraine (-19 Mar after 1173).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines in 1193 names "Aaliz mater ducis Burgundie Odonis uxor…Hugonis et Iutta mater comitis Stephani avia…Iohannis Cabilonensis" as sisters of "dux Symon et Fredericus de Bites et comes Matheus Tullensis et Theodericus"[66]"Stephanus comes Burgundie", on leaving for Jerusalem, donated property to Cîteaux with the consent of "frater meus comes Gerardus et comitissa Joeta uxor mea" by charter dated 1170[67]m  (1170 or before) ETIENNE II Comte d'Auxonne, son of GUILLAUME IV Comte d'Auxonne et de Mâcon [Bourgogne-Comté] & his wife Adélaïde de Traves (-[21 Jul/early Sep] 1173).

c)             SIMON de Lorraine (-1 Apr 1206, bur Stürzelbronn).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines in 1193 names "dux Symon et Fredericus de Bites et comes Matheus Tullensis et Theodericus" as the four sons of "ducis Lotharingie Mathie qui dux Mosellanorum dicebatur"[68]The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Symonem ducem…et Fridericum de Bittes" as sons of "Matheum ducem"[69].  He succeeded his father in 1176 as SIMON II Duke of Lorraine.  His succession was challenged by his brother Ferry who captured the château de Bruyères and other lands in the lengthy war between the two brothers which last until [May] 1179[70].  The Liber Memoriales of Remiremont records the donation of "Symon dux Lothariongorum filius ducis Mathei"[71].  The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "II Kal Apr" of "Simon dux Lotharingie"[72]m firstly AGNES von Veldenz, daughter of GERLACH [I] Graf von Veldenz.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  1185.  m secondly (after 1190) as her second husband, IDA de Vienne, widow of HUMBERT [II] Sire de Coligny, daughter of GERAUD I Comte de Mâcon et de Vienne [Bourgogne-Comté] & his wife Guyonne [Maurette] de Salins (-1224).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not so far been identified. 

d)             FERRY de Lorraine (before 1155-7 Apr 1206, bur Stürzelbronn Abbey).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines in 1193 names "dux Symon et Fredericus de Bites et comes Matheus Tullensis et Theodericus" as the four sons of "ducis Lotharingie Mathie qui dux Mosellanorum dicebatur"[73].  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Symonem ducem…et Fridericum de Bittes" as sons of "Matheum ducem"[74].  Herr von Bitsch 1155.  He succeeded his brother in 1206 as FERRY I Duke of Lorraine, but died only a few days later.   (below)

e)             MATHIEU de Lorraine (-before end 1207).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines in 1193 names "dux Symon et Fredericus de Bites et comes Matheus Tullensis et Theodericus" as the four sons of "ducis Lotharingie Mathie qui dux Mosellanorum dicebatur"[75].  Comte de Toul 1180.  Seigneur de Fontenoy, de Charmes, de Mirecourt, de Coussey et de Bleurville.  m (before 1180) BEATRICE de Dampierre-en-Astemois, daughter of RENARD I Comte de Dampierre-en-Astemois & his wife Euphémie-Domenica (-1206).

-        COMTES de TOUL[76]

f)               THIERRY de Lorraine (-1181).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines in 1193 names "dux Symon et Fredericus de Bites et comes Matheus Tullensis et Theodericus" as the four sons of "ducis Lotharingie Mathie qui dux Mosellanorum dicebatur", specifying that Thierry was "electus Metensis ante episcopum Bertrannum"[77].  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium names "filius ducis Lotharingiæ Theodericus, ciuius pater dux Matheus…" when recording his installation as Bishop of Metz[78].  Archdeacon 1163.  Provost of Saint-Dié 1165.  Provost of Saint-Gengoul 1166.  Primicerius at Toul and Archdeacon at Metz 1169.  Elected Bishop of Metz 1174, deposed 1179.

g)             [daughter] de Lorraine (-before 1177, bur Priory of Flavigny).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 

5.             BAUDOUIN de Lorraine (-after 1146).  "Matheus Lotharingorum dux et marchio" donated property to Kloster Stürtzelbronn, with the consent of "coniugis mee Berthe et Balduini fratris mei" by charter dated 13 Jan 1143[79].  Monk 1128/46. 

6.             ROBERT de Lorraine (-before 1208, bur Stürzelbronn Abbey[80]).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines in 1193 names "dux Matheus et Robertus" as sons of "ducis Symonis"[81].  Seigneur à Floranges/Flörchingen 1194. 

-        SEIGNEURS de FLORANGES/FLÖRCHINGEN

7.             JEAN de Lorraine (-after 5 Dec 1148).  He witnessed a charter 5 Dec 1148 as "Johannis frater ducis"[82], although this does not mean inevitably that he was legitimate. 

 

FERRY I 1206

FERRY de Lorraine, son of MATHIEU I Duke of Lorraine & his wife Berta [Judith] von Staufen (before 1155-7 Apr 1206, bur Stürzelbronn Abbey[83]).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines in 1193 names "dux Symon et Fredericus de Bites et comes Matheus Tullensis et Theodericus" as the four sons of "ducis Lotharingie Mathie qui dux Mosellanorum dicebatur"[84].  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Symonem ducem…et Fridericum de Bittes" as sons of "Matheum ducem"[85].  Sire de Bitsch 1155.  He challenged the succession of his brother in 1176, the ensuing war being settled in [May] 1179 when Ferry was granted Gerbéviller and Ormes[86].  He also adopted the title "duke"[87].  He succeeded his brother in 1206 as FERRY I Duke of Lorraine, although it is unclear whether he ever used the title as he died within a few days. 

m ([1167]) WIERCHOSŁAWA LUDMILLA of Poland, daughter of MIESZKO III "Stary/the Old" Prince of Greater Poland & his first wife Erszebet of Hungary (before 1153-in Poland before 1211).  The Chronicon Polono-Silesiacum refers to, but does not name, the daughters of Mieszko III, naming (third in the list) "dux Lothoringie Fredericus, nepos imperatoris" as his son-in-law[88].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Virgotslavia" as one of the sisters of "duces Guenesie Odoiscius…Logeslaus", specifying that she was mother of "ducis de Nanceio"[89].  This marriage was arranged by Ferry's maternal uncle Emperor Friedrich "Barbarossa" during his visit to Poland in 1167.  She returned to Poland after her husband died[90]

Ferry & his wife had eleven children: 

1.             FERRY de Lorraine (-[8/9] Oct 1213, bur Stürzelbronn Abbey).  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Fridericum ducem Lotharingie" as son of "Fridericus…de Bittes"[91].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines in 1193 names "Fredericus filius Frederici de Bites" when recording that he obtained the duchy from "patrui sui ducis Symonis"[92].  Seigneur d'Amance 1198.  He succeeded his father in 1206 as FERRY II Duke of Lorraine. (below)

2.             MATHIEU de Lorraine (-murdered near Nompatelize 16 May 1217).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Canon at Saint-Dié 1178.  Canon at Toul 1178/79.  Archdeacon at Toul and Provost of Saint-Dié 1188.  He was elected Bishop of Toul end-1198.  He was deposed in 1207 for having dissipated the assets of the Bishopric.  He retired to Saint-Dié from where he led a life of brigandage.  He ambushed and murdered his successor Renaud de Senlis Bishop of Toul in Apr 1217, for which his nephew Thibaut Duke of Lorraine murdered him by his own hand[93].  Mathieu had one illegitimate child by ---, nun at the abbey of Epinal

a)              daughter .  She lived with her father at Saint-Dié after his deposition[94]

3.             PHILIPPE de Lorraine (-before Nov 1240).  He witnessed a 30 Jan 1205 document of his brother Duke Ferry.  Seigneur de Gerbéviller [Gebveiler], de Dame-Levrières et de Blainville, under the division of territories agreed on the death of his father[95]m AGNES, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  1236/37.  Philippe & his wife had one child: 

a)             JOATHE [Judith] de Lorraine .  She was named with her father 4 Mar 1226[96]m as his second wife, HUGUES [II] de Bliescastel Comte de Lunéville [Graf von Lützelstein], son of HUGUES [I] de Bliescastel & his wife Kunigund von Kirberg (-after 4 Aug 1246).  He transferred his assets to Mathieu II Duke of Lorraine 4 Aug 1246, receiving in exchange the fief of Bergheim.  He adopted the title Comte de la Petite-Pierre[97]

4.             MATHIEU de Lorraine (-killed Apr 1217).  He witnessed documents of his brother Duke Ferry 30 Jan 1205 and in 1207, and is named in another document with his brother Mathieu Bishop-elect of Toul, proving there were two brothers of the same name[98].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "episcopus Tullensis Renaldus" was killed "1217…IV Id Apr" by his predecessor "episcopo Matheo" who in the same month was killed by his nephew "duce Theobaldo"[99]

5.             HENRI de Lorraine "Lombarta/le Lombard" (-22 Jan before 1261).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Seigneur de Bayon 1250.  m firstly (after 1230) as her second husband, DAMETE de Pesmes, widow of HENRI Seigneur de Fouvent, daughter of ---, sister of JACQUES de la Résie (-before 1256, bur Senones).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified.  m secondly (before 23 Apr 1256) as her second husband, SOPHIE, widow of KONRAD von Riste, daughter of --- (-24 Sep before 1285, bur Abbaye de Beaupré).  The primary source which confirms her two marriages has not yet been identified.  children of first marriage:

-        SEIGNEURS de BAYON[100]

6.             THIERRY de Lorraine "d'Enfer/du Diable" (-[Joinville] before Jun 1244).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Seigneur d'Autigny, under the division of territories agreed on the death of his father[101]Mistress (1): ALIX de Nogent, daughter of ANDRE Seigneur de Nogent-en-Bassigny (-before 1256).  She married (before 1234) SIMON [III] de Parroye (-before 1254).  Thierry had one possible illegitimate son by Mistress (1): 

a)              [FERRY (-before 1296).  There is no proof that Ferry was the son of Thierry Seigneur d'Autigny.  However, his supposed father's seigneurie was in his possession in 1244 and his arms were similar to those of the Dukes of Lorraine[102].  Sire du Châtelet.  Seigneur d'Autigny Jun 1244.] 

-        SEIGNEURS d’AUTIGNY et du CHÂTELET

7.             JUTTA [Judith] de Lorraine ([1171]-19 Mar after 1245, bur Senones Abbey).  "Henricus comes de Salmis", about to leave on crusade, donated property to the abbey of Haute-Seille with the consent of "uxore mea Joatha et Henrico filio meo et Joatha sponsa eius et filiabus meis Agnete et Lorathe" by charter dated 1189[103].  Richer records that "comite Henrico…dictus…de Salmis…contemporaneus noster" married "sororem Friderici ducis Lotoringie" and had two sons "primogenitum…Henricum et alium…Fridericum"[104].  She and her husband made a foundation at the Abbey of Senones in Mar 1245[105]m (before 1189) HEINRICH von Salm, son of HEINRICH II Graf von Salm & his wife Joathe --- (-Jan 1246, bur Senones Abbey).  He succeeded his father in 1200 as HEINRICH III Graf von Salm

8.             CUNEGONDE de Lorraine (-before 1213).  She and her husband made a donation to the abbey of Fraulautem in 1211 in memory of Ferry II Duke of Lorraine and his wife[106]m as his first wife, WALERAN de Limbourg Seigneur de Montjoie, son of HENDRIK III Duke of Limburg & his wife Sophie von Saarbrücken (-Cremona 2 Jul 1226, bur Rode Abbey).  He succeeded his father in 1221 as WALERAN IV Duke of Limburg

9.             HADWIGE de Lorraine (-after 1228).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m HEINRICH [I] Graf von Zweibrücken, son of SIMON [I] Graf von Saarbrücken & his wife Mechtild --- (-1228). 

10.         daughter (-20 Mar [before 1231]).  As Abbess of Remiremont, she confirmed the donation of her brother Ferry II Duke of Lorraine to the abbey of Autrey dated [1209/33][107]

11.         AGATHE de Lorraine (-12 Jul 1242).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  She was elected Abbess of Remiremont 1232, in succession to Marguerite[108].  Abbess of Bouxières before 1236. 

12.         --- de Lorraine (-after 1198).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  She was elected Abbess of Etanche before 1198[109].

 

FERRY II 1206-1213, THIBAUT I 1213-1220, MATHIEU II 1220-1251

FERRY de Lorraine, son of FERRY I Duke of Lorraine & his wife Wierchosława Ludmilla of Poland (-[8/9] Oct 1213, bur Stürzelbronn Abbey).  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Fridericum ducem Lotharingie" as son of "Fridericus…de Bittes"[110].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines in 1193 names "Fredericus filius Frederici de Bites" when recording that he obtained the duchy from "patrui sui ducis Symonis"[111].  Seigneur d'Amance 1198.  He succeeded his father in 1206 as FERRY II Duke of Lorraine.  He allied himself with Bertram Bishop of Metz against his father-in-law Thibaut Comte de Bar.  The latter attacked Lorraine, captured the castles of Vic and Prény in [1207], and Duke Ferry himself in Feb 1208.  He was released 2 Nov 1208 in return for agreeing a treaty under which Lorraine was placed under the suzerainty of Bar[112].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1213 of "dux Lotharingie Fredericus post festum Sancti Remigii"[113].  The Obituaire de Saint-Mansuy records the death "8 Oct" of "Fridericus dux"[114]

m (before mid-Jul 1189) AGNES de Bar, Dame d'Amance, de Longwy et de Stenay, daughter of THIBAUT Comte de Bar & his first wife Laurette van Looz ([1177]-19 Jun 1226, bur Abbaye de Beaupré).  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Thomascetam" as daughter of "Theobaldus comes de Monceons" & his wife Laurette, and her husband "Friderici ducis Lotharingie"[115].  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium refers to the wife of "Ferrico quondam duce Lothoringie de " as "sorore comitis Barrensis" when recording their son's installation as Bishop of Metz[116].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1226 of "Agnes ducissa Lotharingie" and her burial "in abbatiam Belliprati"[117]

Duke Ferry II & his wife had seven children: 

1.             THIBAUT de Lorraine (-23 Mar ----).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

2.             THIBAUT de Lorraine (-17 Feb or 24 Mar 1220).  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Iacobum Metensum episcopum, Theobaldum et Matheum duces et Regnaldum comitem de Castres" as sons of "Fridericum ducem Lotharingie"[118].  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Iacobum epsicopum Metensem et Theobaldum et Matheum duces Lotharingie" as sons of "Friderici ducis Lotharingie" & his wife[119]He succeeded his father in 1213 as THIBAUT I Duke of Lorraine.  He allied himself with Emperor Otto IV for whom he fought at the battle of Bouvines 27 Jul 1214, but rallied to Friedrich von Hohenstaufen (the future Emperor Friedrich II) when the emperor lost the battle[120].  Graf von Dagsburg [Dabo] und Metz late 1215, following his marriage.  He allied himself with Erard de Brienne, who claimed the county of Champagne by right of his wife Philippine de Champagne, but was defeated by the army of Blanche Ctss de Champagne and excommunicated in Apr 1217.  Supporting the Ctss de Champagne, Friedrich von Hohenstaufen King of Germany invaded Lorraine in Apr 1218, captured Nancy, forced the capitulation of Duke Thibaut at the fortress of Amance and took him to Germany as a prisoner[121].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1220 of "Theobaldus iuvenis dux Lotharingie" without children[122].  It was rumoured that Duke Thibaut was poisoned on the orders of King Friedrich[123]m (betrothed Sep 1206, end 1215) as her first husband, GERTRUD von Dagsburg, daughter of ALBERT [II] Graf von Dagsburg & his wife Gertrud von Baden ([May 1205/mid-1206]-before 19 Mar 1225).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Gertrudam filiam comitis Alberti Dasburgensis" as wife of "dux Theobaldus natus de filia comitis Barri"[124].  The Vitæ Odiliæ names "Gertrudem filiam defuncti comitis [de Moha Albertus]" as wife of "Theobaldus ducis Lotharingie filius"[125].  Richer records that "ducem Lotoringie Theobaldum" was married to "filiam comitis de Daxporc", that he inherited the county through her, that after her first husband died she married "comes…Campanie adhuc adolescens" who in his turn inherited the county, that she was repudiated for sterility by her second husband and married thirdly "comiti de Lignigne", and that after the couple's death soon afterwards there were no heirs to her county which (including "castra…Hernestem et Turquestem, et…opida…Albam et Saleborc") was annexed by "Metensis episcopus Iohannes" but that "frater…dicti comitis defuncti" captured "castrum Daxporc"[126].  Her marriage was arranged by her father to guarantee her inheritance[127].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the second marriage in 1220 of "Gertrudem comitissam de Daburc [relictam Theobaldi iuvenis dux Lotharingie]" and "iuvenis comes Theobaldus Campaniensis" and their separation two years later on grounds of consanguinity[128].  She married secondly (mid-May 1220, repudiated 1222) as his first wife, Thibaut IV "le Grand" Comte de Champagne, who succeeded in 1234 as Teobaldo I King of Navarre, and thirdly (before Sep 1224) Simon von Leiningen (-[1234/36]). 

3.             MATHIEU de Lorraine ([1195]-9 Feb 1251, bur Beaupré Abbey).  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Iacobum Metensum episcopum, Theobaldum et Matheum duces et Regnaldum comitem de Castres" as sons of "Fridericum ducem Lotharingie"[129].  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Iacobum epsicopum Metensem et Theobaldum et Matheum duces Lotharingie" as sons of "Friderici ducis Lotharingie" & his wife[130]The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium names "Mathei ducis Lotharingie, ex patre Ferrico quondam duce Lothoringie de sorore comitis Barrensis" when recording his brother's installation as Bishop of Metz[131].  He succeeded his brother in 1220 as MATHIEU II Duke of Lorraine.  Allied with Emperor Friedrich II, Duke Mathieu helped suppress the revolt of the emperor's son in 1235 and in May 1240 was one of the signatories of a letter to Pope Gregory IX regarding the emperor's excommunication, although he swore 31 May 1247 to help Pope Innocent IV against the emperor[132].  The necrology of Gorze records the death "III Id Feb" of "Matheus Lotharingiæ dux"[133]m (Aug 1225) CATHERINE de Limbourg, daughter of WALERAN IV Duke of Limburg & his second wife Ermesinde Ctss de Luxembourg ([1215]-18 Apr 1255, Beaupré Abbey).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Katharina Lotharingie ducissa" as daughter of "seniori Walerano filio Henrici" & his wife Ermesinde[134].  She was Regent of Lorraine for her son from 1251 until 21 Mar 1255[135].  Duke Mathieu II & his wife had five children: 

a)             ISABELLE de Lorraine ([1231/34][136]-May 1266).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not so far been identified.  She had no children by either marriage.  m firstly (before 6 Jun 1249) as his second wife, GUILLAUME de Vienne, son of GUILLAUME IV Comte de Mâcon et de Vienne [Bourgogne-Comté] & his second wife Scholastique de Champagne (-1255).  m secondly (1257) as his first wife, JEAN de Salins, son of JEAN I "le Sage/l'Antique" Comte de Chalon, later Sire de Salins [Bourgogne-Comté] & his second wife Isabelle de Courtenay (1243-before 10 Nov 1309).  Seigneur de Rochefort 1263. 

b)             LAURE de Lorraine ([1234/37][137]-after 3 May 1288).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified.  m firstly (9 Mar 1250) JEAN de Dampierre Seigneur de Dampierre-sur-Aube et de Saint-Dizier, Vicomte de Troyes, son of GUILLAUME Seigneur de Dampierre & his wife Marguerite II Ctss of Flanders (-1258).  m secondly (after 29 Mar 1266) GUILLAUME [II] de Vergy Sire de Mirebeau et d'Autrey, seneschal of Burgundy, son of HENRI Sire de Vergy & his wife --- (-1272).  

c)             FERRY de Lorraine (early 1240-31 Dec 1303, bur Beaupré Abbey).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  He succeeded his father in 1251 as FERRY III Duke of Lorraine.  (below)

d)             CATHERINE de Lorraine (-after 1279).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m (contract 4 Dec 1255) RICHARD de Montbéliard, son of THIERRY III Comte de Montbéliard [Montfaucon] & his wife Alix de Ferrette [Pfirt] (-1279).

e)             ADELINE de Lorraine (before 1251-before 1278).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m as his first wife, LOUIS de Savoie, son of THOMAS II Conte [Marchese] di Piemonte & his second wife Beatrice Fieschi ([1254]-[10 Jan 1302/27 Apr 1303]).  He was invested as Baron de Vaud in 1286. 

4.             JACQUES de Lorraine (-24 Oct 1260, bur Metz Cathedral).  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Iacobum Metensum episcopum, Theobaldum et Matheum duces et Regnaldum comitem de Castres" as sons of "Fridericum ducem Lotharingie"[138].  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Iacobum epsicopum Metensem et Theobaldum et Matheum duces Lotharingie" as sons of "Friderici ducis Lotharingie" & his wife[139]The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium names "Iacobus Metensis episcopus, frater…Mathei ducis Lotharingie, ex patre Ferrico quondam duce Lothoringie de sorore comitis Barrensis" when recording his installation as Bishop of Metz[140].  Canon and primicerius at Metz 1223-1239.  Archdeacon at Trier 1223.  Primicerius at Verdun 1230-1238.  Provost of St Lambert at Liège 1230-1237.  He was elected Bishop of Metz in Apr 1239.

5.             RENAUD de Lorraine (-end 1274).  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Iacobum Metensum episcopum, Theobaldum et Matheum duces et Regnaldum comitem de Castres" as sons of "Fridericum ducem Lotharingie"[141].  Seigneur de Stenay, under the testament of his mother dated 8 Jun 1226[142].  His brother Duke Mathieu installed him as Seigneur de Bitsch in 1238.  Graf von Blieskastel in 1238 by right of his wife.  He accompanied his nephew Ferry III Duke of Lorraine to Spain in 1259[143]m (mid-1238) as her second husband, ELISABETH von Blieskastel, divorced wife of BERTHOLD Graf von Sulz, daughter of HEINRICH Graf von Blieskastel & his wife Agnes von Sayn (-early 1274, bur Graffenthal).  Her second marriage was not recognised by the church, but a dispensation was granted after the death of her first husband[144]

6.             LAURETTE de Lorraine (-after 30 Sep 1226).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m SIMON [III] Graf von Saarbrücken, son of SIMON [II] Graf von Saarbrücken & his wife Luitgard von Leiningen (-[1235/40]).

7.             ALIX [Berta] de Lorraine (-[Apr/29 Sep] 1242, bur Clairlieu).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Aaliz relictam comitis Kyburgensis sororem ducis Lotharingie Mathei" when recording her second marriage to "Galtherus de Vangionis Rivo…filius Galtherius"[145].  Her brother Duke Mathieu I gave her the castle of Ormes in Nov 1229 in return for her renouncing her rights to the succession of their parents[146].  "Galterus dominus Wangionis rivi" made donated property to the abbey of Saint-Etienne de Vignory for "Berte uxoris mee" by charter dated 1290[147]m firstly WERNER Graf von Kyburg, son of ULRICH Graf von Kyburg & his wife Anna von Zähringen (-Acre 1228).  m secondly (before Nov 1229) as his second wife, GAUTIER [II] Sire de Vignory, son of GAUTIER [I] Sire de Vignory & his wife Isabelle de la Ferté-sur-Amance (-before Dec 1262).

 

FERRY III 1251-1302

FERRY de Lorraine, son of MATHIEU II Duke of Lorraine & his wife Catherine de Limbourg (early 1240-31 Dec 1303, bur Beaupré Abbey).  He succeeded his father in 1251 as FERRY III Duke of Lorraine, under the regency of his mother until 21 Mar 1255.  He travelled to Spain 14 Mar 1259, swearing allegiance at Toledo to Alfonso X King of Castile, who had been proclaimed king of Germany by the electors of Saxony and Brandenburg[148].   He opposed the construction of the château de Plombières by the abbey of Remiremont, for which he was excommunicated in 1295[149]

m (contract 6 Jun 1249, 10 Jul 1255) MARGUERITE de Champagne Infanta de Navarra, daughter of THIBAUT IV Comte de Champagne [Teobaldo King of Navarre] & his third wife Marguerite de Bourbon ([1240]-3 Oct 1307, bur Nancy, église des Précheresses).  She renounced her rights over the county of Champagne shortly after her marriage, renewing the declaration 20 Mar 1273[150].  She founded the convent of the Clarissans at Neufchâteau in 1297. 

Mistress (1): ---. 

Duke Ferry III & his wife had seven children: 

1.             THIBAUT de Lorraine (1263-13 May 1312, bur Beaupré Abbey).  He succeeded his father in 1302 as THIBAUT II Duke of Lorraine. (below)

2.             MATHIEU de Lorraine (-drowned 1282, bur Beaupré Abbey).  Seigneur de Beauregard.  He and his wife renounced their respective rights to inherit the Duchy of Lorraine and County of Bar after their marriage[151]m (contract 14 Jun 1278, château de Trognon 16 Jun 1278) ALIX de Bar, daughter of THIBAUT II Comte de Bar & his second wife Jeanne de Toucy (-Abbaye d'Etanches 1307).  She retired to the Abbey of Etanches after 5 Oct 1292[152]

3.             FERRY de Lorraine (-murdered 4 Jun 1299).  Provost of Saint-Dié 1276.  Provost at Toul Cathedral 1277.  He was elected Bishop of Auxerre before 4 Jan 1286.  Bishop of Orléans before 18 Feb 1297[153].  He was assassinated by a soldier whose daughter he had seduced[154]

4.             FERRY de Lorraine (-after 8 Jun 1317).  He was installed by his father as Seigneur de Plombières before May 1289, Seigneur de Romont in May 1289 and Seigneur de Brémoncourt before Jan 1299.  In accordance with his father's testament, the château de Plombières reverted to the Abbey of Remiremont 31 Dec 1303 on the death of Ferry's father.  He is last named in a document dated 8 Jun 1317 when he sold his land at Einvaux and Chaumont to Mathieu de Lorraine[155]m firstly (before Jan 1299) MARGUERITE de Blamont, daughter of HENRI [I] de Blamont [Salm] (-4 Jun 1310).  m secondly ISABELLE de Pulligny, daughter of ---.  She is named in her husband's acts dated 31 May 1317 and 8 Jun 1317[156].  Ferry & his first wife had three children:

a)             JACQUES de Lorraine (-after Jun 1321).  Seigneur de Brémoncourt.  He is named with his father 8 Jun 1317.  He ceded property to his cousin Mathieu de Lorraine in Jan and Jun 1317[157]

b)             GERARD de Lorraine .  He is named with his father 8 Jun 1317[158]same person as …?  GERARD de BrémoncourtAbbé de Beaupré, named in the obituary of the monastery 9 Oct. 

c)             ELISE [Hélisent] de Lorraine (-after 3 Jul 1320).  She names her father 3 Jul 1320 when she and her husband retook from Ferry IV Duke of Lorraine their possessions at Réméréville and Courbessaux[159]m (before 3 Jul 1320) WAUTHIER de Vic-sur-Seille, écuyer.

5.             ISABELLE de Lorraine (1272-11 May 1335, bur Vaudémont).  The primary sources which confirm her parentage, her betrothal and her two marriages have not so far been identified.  m firstly (contract Fraulautern 27 Nov 1287, Mainz 7 Jan 1288) LUDWIG of Bavaria, son of LUDWIG II "der Strenge" Duke of Upper Bavaria, Pfalzgraf am Rhein & his second wife Anna von Glogau [Piast] (13 Sep 1267-Nürnberg 23 Nov 1290, bur Fürstenfeld).  He was killed in a tournament.  Betrothed (Papal dispensation 4o Rieti 6 Dec 1298) to HENRI de Sully, son of ---.  [160]Betrothed (Papal dispensation 13 Aug 1299) to FRIEDRICH IV Burggraf von Nürnberg, son of FRIEDRICH III Bgf von Nürnberg & his second wife Helene von Sachsen ([1287]-19 May 1332, bur Heilsbronn).  m secondly (Feb 1306) HENRI [III] Comte de Vaudémont, son of HENRI [II] Comte de Vaudémont & his wife Hélissent de Vergy (-[30 Aug 1347/21 Jan 1348]).

6.             CATHERINE de Lorraine (-after 13 Mar 1316).  The Annales Colmarienses record the marriage in 1290 of "comes Egyno Friburgensis filio suo" and "filiam ducis Lotharingiæ"[161]The Genealogia Zaringorum names "Cunradum comitem, qui contraxit cum filia ducis Lutoringie…"[162].  Dame de Romont.  m (contract Freiburg 22 Mar 1290, Strasbourg 9 Jul 1290) KONRAD [III] Graf von Freiburg, son of EGINO [II] Graf von Freiburg [Urach] & his wife Katharina von Lichtenberg (-10 Jul 1350).

7.             AGNES de Lorrainem JEAN [II] “le Preux” Sire d'Harcourt (-21 Dec 1302).  Maréchal de France.  Amiral de France. 

Duke Ferry III had four illegitimate children by Mistress (1): 

8.              JEAN de Lorraine dit de Neuviller (-1295, bur Beaupré).  The testament of 'Jean de Toul' dated 1291 names his wife, brother and two sisters.  m CATHERINE, daughter of ---.  1291. 

a)              WAUTHIER de Toul .  1329/33.  m ---.  The name of Wauthier's wife is not known.  Wauthier & his wife had one child: 

i)               HUSSON .  1329/33,

b)              JEAN de Toul (-before Sep 1348).  m ---.  The name of Jean's wife is not known.  Jean & his wife had three children: 

i)               JEAN de Toul .  1348/51.  m ALIENOR, daughter of ---.  Jean & his wife had one child: 

(a)            ALIX de Toul (-before 24 Apr 1384).  m JEAN de Haussonville (-15 Aug 1400).

ii)              PETREMANS de Toul .  1348.

iii)            THIBAUT de Toul (-1359, bur Lunéville).  m ISABELLE le Sauvage, daughter of JEAN le Sauvage.  Thibaut & his wife had one child: 

(a)            MARGUERITE de Toul dite le Sauvage.  m JOFFROI de Nancy Seigneur de Gombervaulx, de Maxéville, de La Ferté-sur-Chiers.  1364/1416. 

9.              COLIN .  He is named in the 1291 testament of his brother Jean de Neuviller[163].

10.           ISABELLE .  He is named in the 1291 testament of her brother Jean de Neuviller163

11.           MARGUERITE .  He is named in the 1291 testament of her brother Jean de Neuviller163.

 

THIBAUT II 1302-1312, FERRY IV 1312-1329

THIBAUT de Lorraine, son of FERRY III Duke of Lorraine & his wife Marguerite de Champagne Infanta de Navarra (1263-13 May 1312, bur Beaupré Abbey).  Sire de Florennes et de Rumigny, de iure uxoris.  He succeeded his father in 1303 as THIBAUT II Duke of Lorraine

m (contract Apr 1270, [Toul] 23 May 1278) as her first husband, ISABELLE de Rumigny Dame de Florennes, de Boves, de Rumigny, de Martigny et d'Aubenton, daughter of HUGUES Sire de Rumigny & his wife Ade de Boves (Jun 1263-after 7 Dec 1325[164], bur Abbaye de Bonnefontaine).  She married secondly (contract Aug 1312) as his third wife, Gaucher de Châtillon-sur-Marne Comte de Porcien, Connétable de France. 

Duke Thibaut II & his wife had seven children: 

1.             FERRY de Lorraine (Château de Gondréville 15 Apr 1282-Paris 21 Apr 1329, bur Beaupré Abbey).  Sire de Florennes et de Rumigny 1310.  He succeeded his father in 1312 as FERRY IV Duke of Lorrainem (contract Saint-Dié 6 Aug 1306, before 18 May 1307) ELISABETH of Austria, daughter of ALBRECHT I King of Germany, Duke of Austria & his wife Elisabeth von Görz-Tirol (-19 May 1352, bur Nancy, transferred to St Paul im Lavanttal, Carinthia).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  She was known as ISABELLE in Lorraine.  Regent of Lorraine 1329 for her son, she was removed from the regency 26 Oct 1331[165]Mistress (1): ---.  Duke Ferry IV & his wife had two children: 

a)             RAOUL de Lorraine ([Mar/Apr] 1320-killed in battle Crécy 26 Aug 1346, bur Beaupré Abbey).  He succeeded his father in 1329 as RAOUL Duke of Lorraine, under the regency of his mother until 1331. (below) 

b)             MARGUERITE (-after 9 Aug 1376).  [166]Betrothed (13 Dec 1337, contract broken 3 Jul 1346) to WENZEL of Bohemia, son of JAN King of Bohemia & his second wife Béatrice de Bourbon (Prague 25 Feb 1337-Luxembourg 8 Dec 1383).  m firstly JEAN de Chalon Seigneur d'Auberive, son of JEAN de Chalon Sire d'Arlay [Bourgogne-Comté] & his first wife Marguerite de Mello (-murdered 1360).  m secondly KONRAD Graf von Freiburg Seigneur de Romont (-before 1362).  m thirdly (before 14 Feb 1364) as his second wife, ULRICH [IV] Herr zu Rappoltstein, son of JOHANN [III] Herr zu Rappoltstein & his wife Elisabeth von Geroldseck-Lahr (-[11 Jul/5 Sep] 1377).

Duke Ferry IV had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1): 

c)              AUBERT bâtard de Lorraine (before 1329-[Sep 1392/3 Apr 1397]).  As "Aubert le bastard mon frère", he was a beneficiary under the 1346 testament of his half-brother Raoul Duke of Lorraine.  Seigneur d'Essay 1367, after buying the property from Odouin de Laveline[167] m firstly (contract 3 Jun 1356) ALIX de Haraucourt, daughter of JEAN de Haraucourt & his wife Jeanne de Paroye (-after 3 Apr 1379).  m secondly AGNES, daughter of ---.  Albert & his first wife had one child:

i)               daughter .  m (before 2 Aug 1389) DIDIER de Rambervillers, son of JEAN de Rambervillers.

2.             MATHIEU de Lorraine (-1330).  His father gave him the château de Varsberg 15 Aug 1303.  Seigneur de Darney, de Boves, de Blainville et de Florennes.  m (contract 7 Mar 1314) MATHILDE de Flandre, daughter of ROBERT III "de Béthune" Count of Flanders & his second wife Yolande de Bourgogne Ctss de Nevers (-after 13 Jan 1331).

3.             HUGUES de Lorraine (-after 20 Mar 1337).  His brother granted him the château de Saurupt 13 Nov 1312 in return for renouncing his rights to Lorraine.  His mother ceded him the château de Rumigny on his marriage[168]m (contract 1 Jul 1317) MARGUERITE de Beaumetz, daughter of ROBERT de Beaumetz Châtelain de Bapaume & his wife Isabelle --- (-after 21 Feb 1218).

4.             MARGUERITE de Lorraine (-[5 Jun 1348/25 Nov 1349], bur [Abbaye d'Orval]).  m firstly (contract Sierck 31 Mar 1311, Papal dispensation 1 May 1311) GUY de Flandre Graf van Zeeland, son of GUY Count of Flanders & his second wife Isabelle de Luxembourg (-Pavia [10/15] Oct 1311).  m secondly ([25 Jan/22 May] 1313) LODEWIJK Graf van Loos en Chiney, son of ARNOUL V Graf van Loos en Chiney (-22 Apr 1336).

5.             ISABELLE de Lorraine (-12 Dec 1353, bur Beaupré Abbey).  m ERARD de Bar Seigneur de Pierrepont, son of THIBAUT II Comte de Bar & his second wife Jeanne de Toucy (-1335).

6.             PHILIPPA de Lorraine .  A nun at Paraclet 6 Jun 1318[169].

7.             MARIE de Lorraine (-after 1344, bur Abbaye d'Igny).  m (1324) GUY de Châtillon-sur-Marne, son of GAUCHER de Châtillon-sur-Marne Comte de Porcien, Connétable de France & his second wife Hélissent de Vergy (-2 Oct 1362, bur Abbaye d'Igny).  Seigneur de La Fère-en-Tardenois 1324.

 

RAOUL 1329-1346

RAOUL de Lorraine, son of FERRY IV Duke of Lorraine & his wife Elisabeth of Austria ([Mar/Apr] 1320-killed in battle Crécy 26 Aug 1346, bur Beaupré Abbey).  He succeeded his father in 1329 as RAOUL Duke of Lorraine, under the regency of his mother until 1331.  He appointed his father-in-law Edouard Comte de Bar as regent 26 Oct 1331, he was declared of age in [Mar/Apr] 1335[170].  An active supporter of the French, he spent most of his reign at the court of Philippe VI King of France, his wife's uncle, or fighting in the French army against the English. 

m firstly (contract 3 Jul 1323, Pont-à-Mousson 25 Jun 1329) ELEONORE de Bar, daughter of EDOUARD I Comte de Bar & his wife Marie de Bourgogne [Capet] (-[15 Sep] 1333, bur Beaupré Abbey). 

m secondly (contract May 1334, dispensation 30 May 1334) as her first husband, MARIE de Châtillon dite de Blois, daughter of GUY de Châtillon Comte de Blois et de Dunois & his wife Marguerite de Valois ([1323]-1363).  She married secondly (1353 before 9 Aug) Friedrich [VII] Graf von Leiningen (-[3 Mar 1376/19 Jan 1378]).  Regent of Lorraine for her son 1346-1361. 

Mistress (1): ---

Duke Raoul & his second wife had three children:

1.             twin daughters (before 31 Jul 1343-young). 

2.             JEAN de Lorraine (early 1346-Paris 23 Sep 1390, bur Nancy Saint-Georges).  He succeeded his father in 1346 as JEAN I Duke of Lorraine, under the regency of his mother until 1361.   (below)

Duke Raoul had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1): 

3.              AUBERT bâtard de Lorraine dit de Prény "le petit Aubert" .  1346/1406.  Seigneur d'Essay, dispensation waiving his illegitimate birth 11 Oct 1345.  m COMTESSE de Prény, daughter of GOUDIN de Prény.  1374.  Aubert & his wife had two children: 

a)              JEAN d'Essay (-after 30 Aug 1388).  Seigneur d'Essay, de Laveline, de Tomblaine et de Pulnoy.  m (before 9 Apr 1381) GILETTE de Laveline, daughter of WAUTHIER de Laveline (-after 26 Feb 1387).  Jean & his wife had [one possible child]: 

i)               [GERARD d'Essay (-[25 Jan/2 May] 1448).  Seigneur d'Essay, de Tomblaine, de Dommartemont et de Saint-Max.  m firstly (before 20 Apr 1417) JACQUETTE de Richardménil, daughter of RENAULT de Nancy dit de Richardménil & Catherine de Herbéviller-Tonnoy (-[16 Aug 1431/1435]).  m secondly CLAUDE, daughter of ---.  1448.  Gérard & his [first/second] wife had two children:

(a)            CATHERINE (-after 26 Feb 1474).  m COLLARD des Armoises Seigneur de Fléville-en-Woévre (-[1459/60]).  Seigneur d'Essay 1448.

(b)            CLAUDE .  1447.  m GUILLAUME de Lignéville (-before 1447).

b)              ISABELLE dite de Prény (-after 27 Apr 1431).  m JEAN Wysse de Gerbéviller (-13 Feb 1419, bur Beaupré).  Bailli of German Lorraine 1390-1394.  Bailli of Nancy 1401-1404. 

 

JEAN I 1346-1390, CHARLES I 1390-1431, RENE I 1431-1453, JEAN II 1453-1470, NICOLAS 1470-1473

JEAN de Lorraine, son of RAOUL Duke of Lorraine & his second wife Marie de Châtillon dite de Blois (early 1346-Paris 23 Sep 1390, bur Nancy Saint-Georges).  He succeeded his father in 1346 as JEAN I Duke of Lorraine, under the regency of his mother 1346-1361. 

m (Stuttgart 16 Dec 1361) SOPHIE von Württemberg, daughter of EBERHARD II "dem Greiner" Graf von Württemberg & his wife Elisabeth von Henneberg-Schleusingen (1343-Stuttgart 26/27 Jul 1369, bur Stuttgart Stiftskirche). 

Duke Jean I & his wife had three children: 

1.             CHARLES de Lorraine ([1364]-Nancy 25 Jan 1431, bur Nancy Saint-Georges).  He succeeded his father in 1390 as CHARLES I Duke of Lorraine. (below)

2.             FERRY ([1370]-killed in battle Agincourt 25 Oct 1415. bur Joinville).  Seigneur de Rumigny, de Boves et d'Aubenton 1391.  Comte de Vaudémont 1394. 

-        COMTES de VAUDEMONT

3.             ISABELLE (-after 1423).  Dame de Florennes, de Martigny et de Rumigny.  m (contract 26 Feb 1386) as his second wife, ENGUERRAND [VII] Sire de Coucy Earl of Bedford Comte de Soissons (-Venice 18 Feb 1397). 

 

CHARLES I 1390-1431

CHARLES de Lorraine, son of JEAN I Duke of Lorraine & his wife Sophie von Württemberg ([1364]-Nancy 25 Jan 1431, bur Nancy Saint-Georges).  He succeeded his father 1390 as CHARLES I Duke of Lorraine

m (contract Kaiserslautern 5 Feb 1394) MARGARETA Pfalzgräfin, daughter of RUPRECHT III Pfalzgraf bei Rhein King of Germany & his wife Elisabeth von Nürnberg [Hohenzollern] ([1379]-Nancy 26 Aug 1434, bur Nancy Saint-Georges). 

1.             RAOUL (-young, bur Nancy Saint-Georges).

2.             LOUIS (-young, bur Nancy Saint-Georges).

3.             ISABELLE de Lorraine ([1400]-Château d'Angers 28 Feb 1453, bur Angers Cathédrale Saint-Maurice).  She was Lieutenant General of Lorraine for her husband during the latter's imprisonment at Dijon 1435/36.  m (contract Château de Foug, Meurthe-et-Moselle 20 Mar 1420, Nancy 24 Oct 1420) as his first wife, RENE d'Anjou Duc de Bar Comte de Guise, son of LOUIS II Duc d'Anjou Titular King of Sicily and Jerusalem & his wife Infanta doña Violanta de Aragón (Château d'Angers 19 Jan 1409-Aix-en-Provence 10 Aug 1480, bur Angers Cathedral).  He succeeded his father-in-law in 1431 as RENE I Duke of Lorraine, in right of his wife.  Antoine de Vaudémont claimed Lorraine, declared war on René 14 Apr 1431 and, with support from Burgundy, defeated him at Bulgnéville 2 Jul 1431.  The Burgundians took René to Dijon as a prisoner, releasing him 30 May 1432 in return for his two sons as hostages.  René and Antoine agreed the marriage of their children at Brussels 13 Feb 1433 to end their dispute.  Emperor Sigismund confirmed René's rights by imperial judgment at Basel 24 Apr 1434.  After a further period of imprisonment in Dijon 1435/36, René agreed to pay a ransom to the Burgundians under the Treaty of Lille 28 Jan 1437, in return for their recognition of him as Duke of Lorraine et de Bar.  Antoine de Vaudémont formally abandoned his claims at Reims 27 Mar 1441.  He appointed his son Lieutenant General in Lorraine 1445, and retired to Anjou.  Following the death of his first wife, he abdicated as duke of Lorraine 26 Mar 1453 in favour of his son Jean.    (below) 

4.             CATHERINE (1407-Baden 1 Mar 1439, bur Baden).  m (before 25 Jul 1422) JAKOB von Baden, son of BERNHARD I Markgraf von Baden & his second wife Anna von Oettingen (15 Mar 1407-Mühlburg 13 Oct 1453, bur Baden-Baden Stiftskirche).  He succeeded in 1431 as JACOB I Markgraf von Baden und Hachberg.  Graf von Sponheim 1437. 

Duke Charles I had five illegitimate children by Mistress (1):   

Mistress (1): ALISON du May, daughter of --- (-murdered Nancy 25 Jan 1431). 

5.              FERRY bâtard de Lorraine dit d'Einvile (-[1453/56]).  zu Burg Bildstein 1425.  Seigneur de Villacourt, de Vaxoncourt, de Pallegney et de Zincourt.   

-        SEIGNEURS DE FROVILLE

6.              JEAN bâtard de Lorraine dit Pillelipille (-[1460]).  Seigneur de Darnieulles.  m (before 1445) PHILIPPE de Marches, daughter of DIDIER de Saint-Dié alias de Marches & his wife Isabelle de Sampigny (-after 22 Jan 1478).  Jean & his wife had six or more children: 

a)              DIDIER de Darnieulles (-after 1506).  Seigneur de Darnieulles et de Ceintrey 1472.  Bailli of Epinal 1493-1506.  m (before 5 Sep 1477) ISABEAU Fresneau (-after 3 Apr 1510).  Didier & his wife had five children: 

i)               CLAUDE (-before 16 Dec 1529).  Co-Seigneur de Ceintrey.  m CATHERINE Wysse, daughter of JEAN Wysse de Gerbéviller & his wife Isabeau de Craincourt.

ii)              JEAN (-[26 Jan/28 Feb] 1535).  Co-Seigneur de Ceintrey. 

iii)            PHILIPPE (-after 15 Mar 1546).  Canon at Epinal. 

iv)             ANNA .  1512/28.  Canoness at Epinal.

v)              CLAUDINE .  Canoness at Epinal 1512.  [m --- de Barisey]. 

b)              CHARLES .  Prior at Neuviller 1484.

c)              ISABELLE (-after 26 Jul 1480).  m firstly CONRAD Hoberdon (-before 1477).  m secondly GASPARD Buweman (-after 26 Jul 1480).

d)              CLAIRE .  A nun at Epinal. 

e)              daughters .  1478. 

7.              FERRY bâtard de Lorraine dit de Lunéville .  1425.

8.              CATHERINE bâtarde de Lorraine .  1425.

9.              ISABELLE bâtarde de Lorraine (-after 9 Aug 1457).  m (1425) HENRI de Liocourt (-[18 Mar 1451/9 Aug 1457]).

 

 

 Chapter 2.    DUKES of LORRAINE 1431-1473 (ANJOU-VALOIS)

RENE I 1431-1453, JEAN II 1453-1470, NICOLAS 1470-1473

RENE d'Anjou, son of LOUIS II Duc d'Anjou & his wife Infanta doña Violante de Aragón (Château d'Angers 19 Jan 1409-Aix-en-Provence 10 Aug 1480, bur Angers Cathedral).  Called "Monsieur René".  Comte de Guise 1417, in succession to his older brother on the death of his father.  Duc de Bar 3 Aug 1419, by cession of his great uncle Cardinal Louis Duc de Bar.  He succeeded his father-in-law in 1431 as RENE Duke of Lorraine, by right of his wife.  Antoine de Vaudémont claimed Lorraine, declared war on René 14 Apr 1431 and, with support from Burgundy, defeated him at Bulgnéville 2 Jul 1431.  The Burgundians took René to Dijon as a prisoner, releasing him 30 May 1432 in return for his two sons as hostages.  René and Antoine agreed the marriage of their children at Brussels 13 Feb 1433 to end their dispute.  Emperor Sigismund confirmed René's rights by Imperial judgment at Basel 24 Apr 1434.  He succeeded his brother in 1434 as RENE Duc d'Anjou, as well as his brother's rights to inherit the Kingdom of Sicily from Queen Giovanna II.  After a further period of imprisonment in Dijon 1435/36, René agreed to pay a ransom to the Burgundians under the Treaty of Lille 28 Jan 1437, in return for their recognition of him as Duc de Lorraine et de Bar.  Queen Giovanna having died 2 Feb 1435, once René was released he immediately left for Italy to claim his rights.  He entered Naples 22 May 1438 as RENE King of Sicily and Jerusalem, but was expelled by Alfonso V King of Aragon 2 Jun 1442.  Antoine de Vaudémont formally abandoned his claims to Lorraine at Reims 27 Mar 1441.  René appointed his son Lieutenant General in Lorraine 1445, and retired to Anjou.  Following the death of his first wife, he abdicated as duke of Lorraine 26 Mar 1453 in favour of his son Jean.   

1.             JEAN d'Anjou (Nancy 2 Aug 1424-Barcelona 16 Dec 1470, bur Barcelona Cathedral).  Marquis de Pont-à-Mousson.  Sent as a hostage to Dijon 1432, together with his younger brother, in return for the release of their father.  Duca di Calabria 1437, as heir to the Kingdom of Sicily.  Appointed Lieutenant General of Lorraine and Bar by his father 1 Jul 1445.  Marquis de Pont[à-Mousson] at Angers Château 21 Nov 1445.  He succeeded on the abdication of his father in 1453 as JEAN II Duke of Lorraine.  Appointed Governor of Genoa at Aix-en-Provence 7 Feb 1458 by Charles VII King of France.  He tried to reconquer the Kingdom of Sicily, defeating Ferrante I King of Sicily at Sarno 7 Jul 1460, but defeated in his turn at Apulia 18 Aug 1462.  His father created him Principe de Girona 1467, when he led the army which unsuccessfully attempted to assert his father's rights as King of Aragon. 

a)             NICOLAS d'Anjou (Nancy [1/7] Jul 1448-Nancy 27 Jul 1473, bur Nancy Saint-Georges).  Marquis de Pont[à-Mousson].  He took the titles Duca di Calabria, Principe de Gerona 1470 on the death of his father.  He succeeded his father in 1470 as NICOLAS Duke of Lorraine, making his official entry at Nancy 7 Aug 1471. 

 

_____________________________
Resources
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[3] Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ I, MGH SS XV.2, p. 978. 
[4] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch 366, p. 423. 
[5] Poull (1991), p. 22. 
[6] Mavot, P. 'L'obituaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Mansuy-lès-Toul', Revue Mabillon XVIII 1928, p. 281. 
[7] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 4, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[8] Liber Memorialis de Remiremont, p. 53. 
[9] Molesme II, 119 and 127, pp. 120 and 126. 
[10] Notitiæ Fundationis Monasterii Bosonis-Villæ I, MGH SS XV.2, p. 978. 
[11] Molesme II, 119 and 127, pp. 120 and 126. 
[12] Poull (1991), p. 23. 
[13] Poull (1991), p. 24. 
[14] Mavot, P. 'L'obituaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Mansuy-lès-Toul', Revue Mabillon XIX 1929, p. 56. 
[15] Poull (1991), p. 25. 
[16] Saint-Bertin II.11, p. 299. 
[17] Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana, Continuatio Leidensis et Divionensis (Cod. Divion. et Cisterc. addunt), MGH SS IX, p. 307, where the second daughter is incorrectly referred to as the wife of Philippe II King of France. 
[18] Annales Egmundani 1121, MGH SS XVI, p. 451. 
[19] Chronologia Johannes de Beke 49a, p. 93. 
[20] Annales Magdeburgenses 1123 18, MGH SS XVI, p. 182. 
[21] Annales Egmundani 1144, MGH SS XVI, p. 456. 
[22] Chronologia Johannes de Beke 51, p. 99. 
[23] Beka's Egmondsch Necrologium, in Oppermann, O. (1933) Fontes Egmundenses (Utrecht), p. 108. 
[24] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 4, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[25] Saint-Bertin II.11, p. 299. 
[26] Galberto, Passio Karoli Comitis 69, MGH SS XII, p. 598. 
[27] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1126, MGH SS XXIII, p. 826. 
[28] WT XVII.I, p. 758. 
[29] Saint-Bertin II.12, p. 303. 
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[31] ES XVIII 147. 
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[33] Poull (1991), p. 23. 
[34] Cluny V.3791, p. 137. 
[35] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 4, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[36] ES I.2 204. 
[37] Poull (1991), p. 28. 
[38] Sächsische Weltchronik, MSH SS, II, p. 277, quoted in Poull (1991), p. 28. 
[39] Gesta Alberonis Archiepiscopi Trevirorum 13, MGH SS VIII, p. 251. 
[40] Molesme II, 64, p. 73. 
[41] Troyes Necrologies, 5 Obituaire de Notre-Dame aux Nonnains, p. 417. 
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[45] Sächsische Weltchronik, MSH SS, II, p. 277, quoted in Poull (1991), p. 28. 
[46] Remiremont 75, p. 166. 
[47] Poull (1991), p. 31. 
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[53] Poull (1991), p. 34. 
[54] Speyer Urkundenbuch 83, p. 91. 
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[57] Historia Welforum Weingartensis 15, MGH SS XXI, p. 463. 
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[60] Speyer Urkundenbuch 83, p. 91. 
[61] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1193, MGH SS XXIII, p. 870. 
[62] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1161, MGH SS XXIII, p. 845. 
[63] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1193, MGH SS XXIII, p. 870. 
[64] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1184, MGH SS XXIII, p. 858. 
[65] Obituaires de Lyon II, Diocèse de Chalon-sur-Saône, Abbaye chef d'ordre de Cîteaux, p. 608. 
[66] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1193, MGH SS XXIII, p. 870. 
[67] Cîteaux 193, p. 156. 
[68] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1193, MGH SS XXIII, p. 870. 
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[70] Poull (1991), p. 40. 
[71] Liber Memorialis de Remiremont, p. 63. 
[72] Obituaires de Sens Tome I.1, Abbaye de Saint-Denis, p. 313. 
[73] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1193, MGH SS XXIII, p. 870. 
[74] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 4, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[75] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1193, MGH SS XXIII, p. 870. 
[76] ES I.2 220. 
[77] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1193, MGH SS XXIII, p. 870. 
[78] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio I) 4, MGH SS X, p. 546. 
[79] Speyer Urkundenbuch 83, p. 91. 
[80] Poull (1991), p. 54. 
[81] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1193, MGH SS XXIII, p. 870. 
[82] Poull (1991), p. 33. 
[83] Poull (1991), p. 54. 
[84] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1193, MGH SS XXIII, p. 870. 
[85] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 4, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[86] Poull (1991), p. 40. 
[87] Poull (1991), p. 44. 
[88] Chronicon Polono-Silesiacum, MGH SS XIX, p. 562. 
[89] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1146, MGH SS XXIII, p. 838. 
[90] Poull (1991), p. 45. 
[91] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 4, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[92] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1193, MGH SS XXIII, p. 870. 
[93] Poull (1991), p. 46. 
[94] Poull (1991), p. 46. 
[95] Poull (1991), p. 46. 
[96] Poull (1991), p. 47. 
[97] Poull (1991), p. 47. 
[98] Poull (1991), p. 46. 
[99] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1217, MGH SS XXIII, p. 906. 
[100] See ES I.2 219. 
[101] Poull (1991), p. 47. 
[102] Poull (1991), p. 47. 
[103] Salm 8, p. 20. 
[104] Richeri Gesta Senoniensis Ecclesiæ IV, 28, MGH SS XXV, p. 316. 
[105] Poull (1991), p. 48. 
[106] Poull (1991), p. 49. 
[107] Poull (1991), p. 50. 
[108] Poull (1991), p. 50. 
[109] Poull (1991), p. 50. 
[110] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 4, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[111] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1193, MGH SS XXIII, p. 870. 
[112] Poull (1991), pp. 52-3. 
[113] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1213, MGH SS XXIII, p. 899. 
[114] Mavot, P. 'L'obituaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Mansuy-lès-Toul', Revue Mabillon XIX 1929, p. 50. 
[115] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 3, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[116] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio II) 3, MGH SS X, p. 549. 
[117] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1226, MGH SS XXIII, p. 918. 
[118] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 4, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[119] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 3, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[120] Poull (1991), p. 59. 
[121] Poull (1991), p. 60. 
[122] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1220, MGH SS XXIII, p. 910. 
[123] Chronique de Richer de Senones, cited in Poull (1991), p. 61. 
[124] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1213, MGH SS XXIII, p. 899. 
[125] Vitæ Odiliæ Liber III De Triumpho Sancti Lamberti in Steppes 1, MGH SS XXV, pp. 172-3. 
[126] Richeri Gesta Senoniensis Ecclesiæ IV, 23, MGH SS XXV, p. 312. 
[127] Poull (1991), p. 62. 
[128] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1220, MGH SS XXIII, p. 910. 
[129] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 4, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[130] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 3, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[131] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio II) 3, MGH SS X, p. 549. 
[132] Poull (1991), pp. 64-5. 
[133] 'Obits mémorables tirés de nécrologes luxembourgeois, rémois et messins', Revue Mabillon VI (1910-1911), p. 267. 
[134] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1214, MGH SS XXIII, p. 899. 
[135] Poull (1991), p. 70. 
[136] Birth date range estimated from the estimated birth date range of her younger sister Laure, shown below. 
[137] Birth date range estimated from her having given birth to her first known child in [1251/53]. 
[138] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 4, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[139] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 3, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[140] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio II) 3, MGH SS X, p. 549. 
[141] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 4, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[142] Poull (1991), p. 55. 
[143] Poull (1991), pp. 55-6. 
[144] Poull (1991), p. 56. 
[145] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1229, MGH SS XXIII, p. 926. 
[146] Poull (1991), p. 57. 
[147] Vignory Saint-Etienne XIX, p. 53. 
[148] Poull (1991), p. 74. 
[149] Poull (1991), p. 75. 
[150] Poull (1991), p. 82. 
[151] Poull (1991), p. 83. 
[152] Poull (1991), p. 83. 
[153] Poull (1991), p. 84. 
[154] Chronique de Guillaume de Nangis, cited in Poull (1991), p. 84. 
[155] Poull (1991), p. 84. 
[156] Poull (1991), p. 85. 
[157] Poull (1991), p. 85. 
[158] Poull (1991), p. 85. 
[159] Poull (1991), p. 85. 
[160] ES I.2 205. 
[161] Annales Colmarienses Maiores 1290, MGH SS XVII, p. 217. 
[162] Genealogica Zaringorum (Continuatio Tennenbacensis), MGH SS XIII, p. 736. 
[163] Poull (1991), p. 86. 
[164] The date of her will. 
[165] Poull (1991), p. 106. 
[166] Poull (1991), p. 102. 
[167] Poull (1991), p. 103. 
[168] Poull (1991), p. 92. 
[169] Poull (1991), p. 94. 
[170] Poull (1991), p. 106.