Make your own free website on Tripod.com

 

Bar


back

 

INTRODUCTION

Chapter 1.            COMTES de MOUSSON

Chapter 2.            COMTES DE BAR

RENAUD I [1106]-1149, RENAUD II 1149-1170, HENRI I 1170-1190
THIBAUT I 1190-1214, HENRI II 1214-1239
THIBAUT II 1239-1291, HENRI III 1291-1302, EDOUARD I 1302-1336
HENRI IV 1336-1344, EDOUARD II 1344-1352, ROBERT I 1352-1354

Chapter 3.            DUKES of BAR

ROBERT I 1354-1411, EDOUARD III 1411-1415, LOUIS 1415-1431

 

 

INTRODUCTION

The county of Bar was part of the territory of the duchy of Upper Lotharingia and as such lay within the territory of the empire, although it was later incorporated into the kingdom of France.  French influence in the area was always strong, as shown by the number of French or Lotharingian marriages of members of the comital family and the correspondingly small number of connections with German noble families.  Otto I King of Germany temporarily ceded the area of Bar to Louis IV "d'Outremer" King of France in 942[1].  It reverted to imperial control in [951/59], maybe forming part of the dowry of Béatrix de France [Capet] when she married Frédéric [Wigeriche] who was installed as duke of Upper Lotharingia by King Otto in 959.  Duke Frédéric constructed the castle of Bar on the banks of the river Ornain opposite the town of Bar.  Its construction triggered protests from King Louis IV to King Otto, the former considering the area within his sphere of influence, and from the Bishop of Toul, who considered that part of the land belonged to one of his churches[2]

The comtes de Mousson inherited the castle of Bar from the family of the dukes of Upper Lotharingia on the marriage in 1038 between Sophie, co-heiress of Frédéric II Duke of Upper Lotharingia, and Louis Comte de Mousson (see Chapter 1).  It was not until the first quarter of the 12th century that the family adopted their name from this castle (see Chapter 2). 

Robert I Comte de Bar was created Marquis de Pont-à-Mousson by imperial order dated 13 Mar 1354.  He adopted the title Duke of Bar around the same time, but this appears to have been a usurpation[3] (see Chapter 3).    

 

 

Chapter 1.    COMTES de MOUSSON

LOUIS, son of RICHWIN Comte de Charpeigne & his wife Mathilde --- (-after 1019).  A charter dated 1019, which records an agreement between Berthold Bishop of Toul and "Olricus miles", is subscribed by "Riquini comitis, Ludovicus comitis patris eius, item Ludovici filii eius, Theodorici fratris eius"[4]same person as…?  LOUIS ([1015]-[29 Aug 1071/1076]).  This co-identity is proposed by Europäische Stammtafeln[5].  It is true that it presents no chronological difficulties, but it is not the only theory which has been proposed to explain the origin of Louis Comte de Mousson.  Comte de Mousson.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comiti Montionis Ludovico" when recording his marriage[6].  The Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon records that "Ludowicus comes" expelled "Reginoldum principem, reginæ Agnetis avunculum, sed Heinrico regi inimicum" (Renaud Comte Palatin de Bourgogne) from "castellum…Mons Piligardæ" (Montbéliard/Mömpelgard)[7].  He had possessions in the south of Alsace and around Hagenau, covering the southern part of the county of Sundgau as far as Basel and including Héricourt, Belfort, Altkirch and Ferrette, as well as the château de Montbéliard temporarily[8].  He was in dispute with Gérard d'Alsace Duke of Lower Lotharingia in 1057 and 1063 over the inheritance of Pope Leo IX, his maternal uncle[9].  "Heinricus…rex" founded a market at "in villa Villach…in comitatu Francisci Ludewici comitis" by charter dated 8 Feb 1060[10].  "Heinricus…rex" granted property "in pagis Cletgowe et Hegowe in comitatibus Gerungi et Lodawici comitis" to "comiti Eberhardo" by charter dated 1067[11].  "Heinricus…rex" donated property "in villa Chambo in pago Einriche in comitatu Lodowici comitis" to St Suitbertsstift at Kaiserswerth by charter dated 1067[12].  He appears to have challenged the succession of Thierry Duke of Lorraine in 1070, claiming the title himself[13].  Comte Louis is last recorded 29 Aug 1071 in a declaration of his son Frederic, but died before 1076 when his widow invested Sigefroi as abbot of Saint-Mihiel[14]

m (1038) SOPHIE of Upper Lotharingia, daughter of FREDERIC II Duke of Upper Lotharingia & his wife Mathilde of Swabia ([1018]-21 Jan 1093).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitissa Barri…Sophia" as wife of "comiti Montionis Ludovico", specifying that she was sister of "Beatrix marchisa" but incorrectly naming "Sigefridi fratris Frederici" as their father[15].  Her share of the succession of her brother consisted of the abbey of Saint-Mihiel and its dependencies, the castles of Bar, Amance and Mousson, the southern part of her family's ancestral lands[16].  She entered into possession of these lands at the time of her marriage[17].  She requested Pibon Bishop of Toul to grant the franchise of the chapel in the château of Amance, the 1076 document specifying that the castle had belonged to her grandfather inherited from Graf Folmar[18].  The Obituaire de Saint-Mansuy records the death "21 Jan" of "Sophia comitissa"[19]

Comte Louis & his wife had seven children, all of whom are named (as deceased) in the 8 Mar 1105 charter of the couple's daughter-in-law Ermentrude de Bourgogne, listed in the following order:

1.             BRUNO (-young).  "Filia Wilelmi comitis de Burgundia Hermentrudis…" founded the Cluniac abbey of Froidefontaine by charter dated 8 Mar 1105 in which she names "suis antecessoribus…Lodewico, Sophia eius uxore, et filiis eorum Brunone, Theoderico, Lodewico, Friderico, filiabus vero Mathilde, Sophia, Beatrice…"[20]

2.             THIERRY ([1045]-1/2 Jan 1103, bur Autun Cathedral).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Theodericum" as son of "comiti Montionis Ludovico" and his wife Sophie[21].  He was invested as Comte de Verdun by Richer Bishop of Verdun.  (bleow)

3.             LOUIS (-after 1080).  "Filia Wilelmi comitis de Burgundia Hermentrudis…" founded the Cluniac abbey of Froidefontaine by charter dated 8 Mar 1105 in which she names "suis antecessoribus…Lodewico, Sophia eius uxore, et filiis eorum Brunone, Theoderico, Lodewico, Friderico, filiabus vero Mathilde, Sophia, Beatrice…"[22].  Seigneur de Commercy.  According to Jean de Bayon, "Ludovicum…Sophiæ veteris filium" was captured by "Gerardus comes frater Theodorici Lotharingiæ ducis germanus" in [1071] and held captive for a long time[23].  Louis witnessed the charter dated 1180 under which his mother Sophie ruled on the dispute between the abbot of Saint-Mihiel and Boson de Viocourt, avoué of Houécourt[24]

4.             FREDERIC (-29 Jun 1091, bur [Canossa]).  "Filia Wilelmi comitis de Burgundia Hermentrudis…" founded the Cluniac abbey of Froidefontaine by charter dated 8 Mar 1105 in which she names "suis antecessoribus…Lodewico, Sophia eius uxore, et filiis eorum Brunone, Theoderico, Lodewico, Friderico, filiabus vero Mathilde, Sophia, Beatrice…"[25].  The mid-12th century Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Theodericum de Monceons et Fredericum, fratres" as sons of "Sofia [filia Friderici ducis]"[26].  His affiliation is mentioned in his subscription to the 29 Aug 1071 donation of his maternal aunt Beatrix Signora di Canossa[27].  The Chronicon of Bernold records that "Frederici comitis" was the son of "domnæ Sophiæ et Ludowici comitis", that he died "1091 III Kal Iul" and was buried "sancti Pauli"[28].  Graf, Herr von Lützelburg und im Hagenau.  He was a powerful lord in Swabia who supported Rudolf von Rheinfelden as anti-king of Germany.  He arrived in Italy in 1070, accompanying his maternal aunt Beatrix Signora di Canossa and her daughter Matilda later Ctss of Tuscany who benefited from his military help during the succeeding years[29].  He was installed [17 Sep1079/May 1080] as Marchese di Susa by his [future] wife's paternal grandmother[30].  This presumably took place after the death in Jan 1080 of his wife's uncle Amédée II Comte de Savoie, who had succeeded his older brother as Marchese di Susa in 1078.  Emperor Heinrich IV captured the marquisate of Tuscany by force in 1092.  m (Turin May 1080) AGNES de Maurienne, daughter of PIERRE I Comte de Savoie & his wife Agnès de Poitou ([1066/70]-after 1110).  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  Her birth date is estimated from the marriage date of her parents, her mother's estimated birth date, and the fact that Agnes herself gave birth to three children before her husband died in 1091. She became a nun after her husband died.  She was still alive in 1100[31].  Rivaz, in his compiled index of Burgundian charters. notes a charter dated 1110 under which Pope Pascal II confirmed a donation by "Agnes de Savoie, fille de Pierre de Savoie marquis d'Italie" to the monastery of Saint-Benigne de Fruttuaria[32].  Marchese Friedrich & his wife had three children:

a)             PIERRE (-before 1140).  He succeeded his father in 1091 as Herr zu Lützelburg.  He succeeded his maternal great-grandmother as Marchese di Susa in Dec 1091[33], as a minor although the identity of his regent has not yet been established.  He was expelled from Susa in 1092 by Emperor Heinrich IV, who claimed the territory by right of his late first wife, who had been Peter's maternal aunt.  The Chronicon of Bernold records that in 1092 "in Longobardia Chounradus filius Henrici regis" captured property of "Adalheidæ Taurinensis comitissæ" which the latter had given to her "nepos filius Frederici comitis", without naming him[34].  He retired to Lützelburg in Alsace.  [m firstly ---.  There is no proof of this first marriage apart from the fact that Renaud is described as Pierre´s only son by his wife named Ita in another source (see below), and that Renaud names Henri as his brother.  It is possible that Henri was illegitimate.]  m [secondly] ITA, daughter of ---.  The Notitia Fundationis Cellæ Sancti Iohannis records a donation of "comes Petrus de Luzelburg, coniuge sua Itha et unico filio Regenhaldo" dated 1126 "in villa Meyenhemswilre"[35].  She was recorded as living with her husband in 1126[36].  Pierre & his [first wife] had one child:

i)               HENRI (-1148).  Renaud, son of Pierre and brother of Henri avoué of Strasbourg, donated Lambach to the church of Saint-Martin[37].  As mentioned above, it is possible that Henri was illegitimate. 

Pierre & his [second] wife had one child:

ii)             RENAUD de Lützelbourg (before 1126-after [1150]).  The Notitia Fundationis Cellæ Sancti Iohannis records a donation of "comes Petrus de Luzelburg, coniuge sua Itha et unico filio Regenhaldo" dated 1126 "in villa Meyenhemswilre"[38].  He succeeded his father as Graf und Herr von Lützelburg.  Renaud, son of Pierre and brother of Henri avoué of Strasbourg, donated Lambach to the church of Saint-Martin[39].  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium records that "castrum…Lucelnburch" transferred to Etienne Bishop of Metz "iure hereditario" in [1150] but does not name Renaud[40]

b)             BRUNO ([1086]-).  According to Szabolcs de Vajay[41], he was the prelate "Bruno" who is recorded as having accompanied his [supposed] first cousin Berthe [de Savoie] to Aragon when she married King Pedro I in 1097.  This may appear unlikely considering that Bruno cannot have been born much earlier than [1086] and therefore would have been no more than 10 years old at the most at the time of King Pedro's marriage.  Canon, later doyen at Strasbourg cathedral[42]

c)             SIGEFROI (-after 1119).  Avoué of Strasbourg, he is named in documents dated 1116 and 1119[43].

5.             MATHILDE (-[28 Nov 1091/8 Mar 1105]).  "Filia Wilelmi comitis de Burgundia Hermentrudis…" founded the Cluniac abbey of Froidefontaine by charter dated 8 Mar 1105 in which she names "suis antecessoribus…Lodewico, Sophia eius uxore, et filiis eorum Brunone, Theoderico, Lodewico, Friderico, filiabus vero Mathilde, Sophia, Beatrice…"[44].  She was present with her mother at the château de Bar 28 Nov 1091[45].  Her marriage is confirmed by an undated charter under which she donated property to Sainte-Croix, Wolfenheim in her husband´s memory[46].  She addressed a charter pre-1100 to the abbey of Sainte-Croix, Wolfenheim, in which she names her maternal grandmother[47].  Grosdidier de Matons reports a claim that Mathilde married secondly "Valéran Redon de la maison de Crépy-en-Valois"[48], which is based on a spurious document allegedly dated 20 Aug 1118 in which "Renauldz quenz de Bar et de Monceonz" confirmed an agreement whereby "ma ante madame Mahauz monsigneor Walranz Redon sun mari" received Fontenoy and Nanteuil-le-Haudoin under his wife's inheritance[49].  He highlights the apparent confusion with Clémence, great niece of Mathilde and daughter of Renaud I, who married Thiébaut de Crépy Seigneur de Nanteuil-le-Haudoin and speculates that the document in question was a 17th century copy of a spurious act which was fabricated in 1313 by Renaud de Bar Bishop of Metz to prove a property claim against the king of France[50]m HUGO [VIII] Graf von Dagsburg, son of HEINRICH [I] Graf von Egisheim und Dagsburg & his wife --- (-murdered Strasbourg 5 Sep 1089). 

6.             SOPHIE (-before 8 Mar 1105).  "Filia Wilelmi comitis de Burgundia Hermentrudis…" founded the Cluniac abbey of Froidefontaine by charter dated 8 Mar 1105 in which she names "suis antecessoribus…Lodewico, Sophia eius uxore, et filiis eorum Brunone, Theoderico, Lodewico, Friderico, filiabus vero Mathilde, Sophia, Beatrice…"[51].  Her marriage is recorded in Europäische Stammtafeln[52] but the primary source on which this is based has not yet been identified.  m VOLMAR [I] Graf [von Froburg], son of ---.  1050/76. 

7.             BEATRICE (-26 Oct 1092, bur Toul Cathedral).  "Filia Wilelmi comitis de Burgundia Hermentrudis…" founded the Cluniac abbey of Froidefontaine by charter dated 8 Mar 1105 in which she names "suis antecessoribus…Lodewico, Sophia eius uxore, et filiis eorum Brunone, Theoderico, Lodewico, Friderico, filiabus vero Mathilde, Sophia, Beatrice…"[53].  The Chronicon of Bernold records the death "1092 VII Kal Nov…in civitate Leucorum" of "Beatrix soror Friderici marchionis et uxor quondam Berthaldi ducis" and her burial by the bishop of the same place[54].  No children.  m ([1056]) as his second wife, BERTHOLD von Zähringen Graf im Breisgau, son of BEZZELIN von Villingen & his wife [Luitgard] --- (-Limburg 5/6 Nov 1078, bur Hirsau).  He was appointed BERCHTOLD I "the Bearded" Duke of Carinthia in 1061, deposed 1077.  Marchese di Verona 1066.  He was one of the principal adversaries of Emperor Heinrich IV in the investiture dispute[55]

 

THIERRY de Mousson, son of LOUIS Comte de Mousson & his wife Sophie of Upper Lotharingia ([1045]-1/2 Jan 1103, bur Autun Cathedral).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Theodericum" as son of "comiti Montionis Ludovico" and his wife Sophie[56].  "Filia Wilelmi comitis de Burgundia Hermentrudis…" founded the Cluniac abbey of Froidefontaine by charter dated 8 Mar 1105 in which she names "suis antecessoribus…Lodewico, Sophia eius uxore, et filiis eorum Brunone, Theoderico, Lodewico, Friderico, filiabus vero Mathilde, Sophia, Beatrice…"[57].  On his marriage, he entered into possession of the château and seigneurie de Montbéliard[58].  He succeeded his father in [1071/76] in his territories of Altkirch, Ferrette, and around Hagenau.  He was present at the 1076 enfranchisement of the chapel in the castle of Amance[59].  He inherited the region of the future county of Bar from his mother in 1093.  He had taken a vow to join the First Crusade but was released from it due to illness.  He was invested as Comte de Verdun after 1096 by Richer Bishop of Verdun[60].  He dictated his testament in 1102 at the castle of Altkirch[61].  The Obituaire de Saint-Mansuy records the death "1 Jan" of "Henricus et Theodoricus comites"[62]

m ([1065]) ERMENTRUDE de Bourgogne heiress of Montbéliard, daughter of GUILLAUME I "le Grand" Comte Palatin de Bourgogne & his wife Etiennette --- ([1050/55][63]-1106 or after, bur Autun Cathedral).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Ermentrudem" as wife of "Theodericum [filius comiti Montionis Ludovico]" specifying that she was heiress to Montbéliard[64].  "Filia Wilelmi comitis de Burgundia Hermentrudis et filii sui Fridericus, Raginaudus, Theodericus" founded the Cluniac abbey of Froidefontaine by charter dated 8 Mar 1105 in which she names "suis antecessoribus…Lodewico, Sophia eius uxore, et filiis eorum Brunone, Theoderico, Lodewico, Friderico, filiabus vero Mathilde, Sophia, Beatrice, filiis autem Theoderici atque sue uxoris Hermentrudis, Lodewico, Wilelmo, Hugone", witnessed by "Henricus de Suarca cum genero suo Gerunch, Gotefridus filius avunculi eiusdem comitis [Friderici]"[65].  It is assumed from the expression "suis antecessoribus" that all those so described were deceased at the date of the foundation.  She subscribed her son Renaud's act of sale of the fortress of Commercy to the abbé de Saint-Mihiel in 1106[66]

Comte Thierry & his wife had ten children:

1.             FREDERIC de Mousson ([1174/78]-19 Jul [1160], bur Oelenberg).  "Filia Wilelmi comitis de Burgundia Hermentrudis et filii sui Fridericus, Raginaudus, Theodericus" founded the Cluniac abbey of Froidefontaine by charter dated 8 Mar 1105 in which she names "suis antecessoribus…filiis autem Theoderici atque sue uxoris Hermentrudis, Lodewico, Wilelmo, Hugone"[67].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "Theodoricum de Monte Beliardi, Fredericum de Ferretes…et Renaldum Strabum comitem de Barro Ducis" as the three brothers of Etienne Archbishop of Metz[68].  He succeeded his father in 1103 in his territories of Altkirch and Ferrette.  "Fridericus filius comitis Theoderici de Montebiligardis" donated "Altichilchensis ecclesie…consecrato in honore sancti Cristofori martyris" to Cluny by charter dated 3 Jul 1105 "laudante matre mea Hermentrude"[69].    

-        COMTES de FERRETTE.

2.             RENAUD de Mousson ([1075/77]-1149).  "Filia Wilelmi comitis de Burgundia Hermentrudis et filii sui Fridericus, Raginaudus, Theodericus" founded the Cluniac abbey of Froidefontaine by charter dated 8 Mar 1105 in which she names "suis antecessoribus…filiis autem Theoderici atque sue uxoris Hermentrudis, Lodewico, Wilelmo, Hugone"[70].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Raynaldum comitem filium Theoderici Barrensis"[71]Comte de Bar et de Mousson. 

-        see below, Chapter 2.  COMTES de BAR

3.             THIERRY de Mousson ([1076/78]-[mid-Jan] 1163).  "Filia Wilelmi comitis de Burgundia Hermentrudis et filii sui Fridericus, Raginaudus, Theodericus" founded the Cluniac abbey of Froidefontaine by charter dated 8 Mar 1105 in which she names "suis antecessoribus…filiis autem Theoderici atque sue uxoris Hermentrudis, Lodewico, Wilelmo, Hugone"[72].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Theodericus" as brother of "Raynaldum…comes Barri et Montionis" specifying that Thierry was expelled in 1113 and retained only the county of Montbéliard[73]

-        COMTES de MONTBELIARD

4.             LOUIS de Mousson ([1077/79]-murdered 1102).  "Filia Wilelmi comitis de Burgundia Hermentrudis et filii sui Fridericus, Raginaudus, Theodericus" founded the Cluniac abbey of Froidefontaine by charter dated 8 Mar 1105 in which she names "suis antecessoribus…filiis autem Theoderici atque sue uxoris Hermentrudis, Lodewico, Wilelmo, Hugone"[74].  It seems unlikely that Louis de Mousson could have been born much later than [1077/79] bearing in mind his active participation in the First Crusade.  He participated in the First Crusade, was present at the siege of Nikaia[75].  William of Tyre names "Ludovicus de Moncons" among those present at the capture of Antioch in 1098[76].  Albert of Aix names "Ludovicus Monzuns filius comitis Tirrici de Muntbiliarht" among those present with Adhémar Bishop of Le Puy on the First Crusade[77].  He returned to Altkirch before 1102, when he was killed by some of his own servants[78].  He was referred to as one of her deceased children in the 8 Mar 1105 document of his mother. 

5.             ETIENNE de Mousson (-Metz 29 Dec 1162, bur Metz Cathedral).  The Consecratio Ecclesiæ Senonensis names "Stephani pater comes Theodericus et avunculus domnus Guido Viennensis archiepiscopus, post urbis Romæ papa" in relation to the consecration of Sens in 1124[79].  The Gesta Alberonis Archiepiscopi names "episcopum Stephanum, fratrem Rainaldi comes de Monzon"[80].  Destined for the church from an early age, he was brought up by his maternal uncle Guy Archbishop of Vienne, later Pope Calixtus II[81].  Archdeacon of Toul.  Bishop of Metz 1120.  He accompanied his brother Renaud on the Second Crusade in 1147[82]

6.             GUILLAUME de Mousson (-before 8 Mar 1105).  The mid-12th century Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names (in order) "Rainaldum, Theodericum, Fridericum, Willelmum et Stephanum episcopum Metensem fratres" as sons of "Theodericus"[83].  "Filia Wilelmi comitis de Burgundia Hermentrudis et filii sui Fridericus, Raginaudus, Theodericus" founded the Cluniac abbey of Froidefontaine by charter dated 8 Mar 1105 in which she names "suis antecessoribus…filiis autem Theoderici atque sue uxoris Hermentrudis, Lodewico, Wilelmo, Hugone"[84].   

7.             HUGUES de Mousson (-before 8 Mar 1105).  "Filia Wilelmi comitis de Burgundia Hermentrudis et filii sui Fridericus, Raginaudus, Theodericus" founded the Cluniac abbey of Froidefontaine by charter dated 8 Mar 1105 in which she names "suis antecessoribus…filiis autem Theoderici atque sue uxoris Hermentrudis, Lodewico, Wilelmo, Hugone"[85]

8.             GUNTHILDE de Mousson (-21 Feb 1131).  Her father founded the abbey of Bibliesheim in 1100 and installed his daughter Gunthilde as first abbess[86].  She was canonised[87]

9.             AGNES de Mousson (-after 1140).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to the sister of "Theodoricum de Monte Beliardi, Fredericum de Ferretes…et Renaldum Strabum comitem de Barro Ducis" as the wife of "Hermanno de Salmis", and their sons "Henricum de Salmis et fratrem eius Theodericum abbatem sancti Pauli Virdunensis"[88].  She is named in the charter dated 1174 under which "Henricus comes de Salmis" confirmed donations to the abbey of Haute-Seille by "patrui mei comitis Hermani aviæque meæ Agnetis"[89].  A further detail is added by the charter dated 1186 under which "Henricus comes de Salmis" confirmed donations to the abbey of Haute-Seille by "Agnetem comitissam de Langesten aviam meam, Henricum patrem meum et Hermanum fratrem eius, consules"[90].  "Agnes comitissa" confirmed donations to the abbey of Saint-Sauveur for the soul of "comitis Godefridi mariti mei"[91], "Godefridi" presumably being a copyist's error for "Hermanni".  m ([1104]) HERMANN Graf von Salm, son of HERMANN Graf von Salm King of Germany & his wife Agnes von Rheineck ([1075]-[1135]).

10.         MATHILDE de Mousson .  Suger records the marriage of "Albertus nobilis comes Morspecensis" and "filiam Theoderici viri clarissimi de Monte Beliardo" who brought her husband various possessions of Saint-Denis "Blitestorp, Tatingum, Sulces, Fardulviler, Fehingas, Viler, Hoenchirche, Torneswile, Pretene" as dowry[92].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m ADALBERT Graf von Mörsberg, son of --- (-before 30 Aug 1125). 

 

 

Chapter 2.    COMTES DE BAR

RENAUD I [1106]-1149, RENAUD II 1149-1170, HENRI I 1170-1190

RENAUD, son of THIERRY de Mousson & his wife Ermentrude de Bourgogne [Comté] ([1075/77]-on ship in the Mediterranean 25 Feb or 10 Mar 1149).  "Filia Wilelmi comitis de Burgundia Hermentrudis et filii sui Fridericus, Raginaudus, Theodericus" founded the Cluniac abbey of Froidefontaine by charter dated 8 Mar 1105 in which she names "suis antecessoribus…filiis autem Theoderici atque sue uxoris Hermentrudis, Lodewico, Wilelmo, Hugone"[93].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Raynaldum comitem filium Theoderici Barrensis"[94]Comte de Bar et de Mousson.  As "comte Renaud", he sold the fortress of Commercy to the abbé de Saint-Mihiel in 1106[95].  During the dispute between Pope Pascal II and Heinrich V King of Germany concerning the election of Richard de Grandpré as Bishop of Verdun, comte Renaud arrested the pope's representative and imprisoned him in the château de Grandpré.  The Bishop-elect confiscated the avouerie of Dieulouard from Renaud and gave it to Guillaume Comte de Luxembourg, in addition investing the latter with the counties of Stenay and Mouzay.  The resulting war lasted from 1111 to 1114, ending with the storming of the château de Bar in Jun 1114 and the Emperor's capture of comte Renaud, who was released in return for a promise of homage.  Comte Renaud reached a compromise with Guillaume de Luxembourg, which included the cession of Stenay and Mouzay.  Comte Renaud also acquired the county of Verdun, although the citizens of the town wounded him while resisting his occupation[96].  Emperor Heinrich V confiscated Verdun in 1120, in revenge for Renaud's military assistance for the installation of Henri de Blois as Bishop of Verdun, and awarded the county to Henri Comte de Grandpré.  Comte Renaud finally made peace at Chalade in 1124 and regained possession of Verdun[97].  "Comes Rainaldus" restored property at Maidières to Liège Saint-Lambert on the advice of "fratris nostri Stephani Metensi episcopi" by charter dated 1128, subscribed by "comes Paganus, comes Folmarus, Hugonellus heres et filius meus"[98].  He claimed the fortress of Bouillon from the Bishop of Liège, as successor to Godefroi de Bouillon [Boulogne] Duke of Lower Lotharingia, to whom he was distantly related through his paternal grandmother, and captured the castle in 1134.  The dispute continued, and the bishop besieged the castle in 1141, the death of his oldest son finally persuading Renaud to relinquish possession 22 Sep 1141[99].  Comte Renaud took part in the Second Crusade in 1147, but died during the return sea voyage[100].  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "V Kal Mar" of "Raynardus comes Barensis"[101]

[Note: uncorroborated first marriage.  According to Poull[102], Comte Renaud married twice.  The author states that this first wife gave birth to a child during the siege of Mousson castle by imperial troops in 1113.  He cites Laurent de Liège, although this source makes no mention of any birth in his detailed description of the siege of the castle[103].  No other indication has been found of this alleged first marriage or the birth of a son in 1113.  Poull dates the alleged first marriage to [1110], although he does not explain the basis for his argument.] 

m (before [1120]) GISELE de Vaudémont, widow of RENIER [III] Comte de Toul, daughter of GERARD Comte de Vaudémont & his wife Helvidis [Helwigis] von Egisheim (-after 1141).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comitem Wanderii Montis Hugonem et sororem eius Gislam" as children of "Gerardum…primus comes Wanderi Montis" & his [second] wife, specifying that Gisela was "comitissa Barri"[104].  Her first marriage is deduced from the same source which records that "comes Raynaldus Barri" became the stepfather ("vitricus") of "comitis Frederici Tullensis et fratrum suorum Theoderici et Wedrici" although without naming his wife[105].  It should be noted that these two texts do not establish beyond doubt that the widow of Renier Comte de Toul was also the daughter of Gérard Comte de Vaudémont.  It is therefore not impossible that Comte Renaud married twice, firstly to Gisèle daughter of Comte Gérard, and secondly to the unnamed widow of Comte Renier.  However, no indication has yet been found in the primary sources to indicate that this is correct. 

Comte Renaud & his wife had seven children:

1.             HUGUES de Bar (-Château de Bouillon 29 Sep 1141, bur Saint-Mihiel).  Laurent de Liège records that "Raynaldi" captured "tribus castellis" in 1134 of which "filius eius Hugo" held "Eventronis-villam" (Watronville)[106].  Reiner's Triumphale records a siege "XVI Kal Sep" in 1141 in which "duo filii Rainaldi, Ugo…natu maior, et Rainaldus iunior" fought[107].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death of "unos de duobus filiis [=comes Barrensis Raynaldus] Hugo" who was "in castro, in insaniam versus"[108]

2.             RENAUD de Bar (-25 Nov 1170, bur Saint-Mihiel).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "alter filius[=comitis Barrensis Raynaldi] Raynaldus minor"[109].  He succeeded his father in 1149 as Comte de Bar.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death "1170…in festo sancti Laurentii" of "comes Barri iunior Raynaldus"[110].  In a later passage the same source records that he was buried "in abbatia sancti Michaelis"[111].  The necrology of Saint-Père-en-Vallée records the death "VII Kal Aug" of "Rainaldus comes Barrensis pater Rainaldi Carnotensis episcopi"[112]m (1155) AGNES de Blois, daughter of THIBAUT IV Comte de Blois et de Troyes & his wife Mathilde von Sponheim (-7 Aug 1207, bur Trois-Fontaines).  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi refers to the wife of "Rainaldus frater Theoderici electi Metensis" as "filia comitis Campanie…soror regine Francie"[113].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Agnes Barri Ducis comitissa" as second of the six daughters of "comes Campanie Theobaldus", and in a later passage names "comitissa Agnes" as wife of "comitis Raynaldi"[114].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines also records that "Agnes [mater comitis Barri Theobaldi]" was buried "in abbatia Trium Fontium"[115].  Dame de Ligny-en-Barrois.  A list of foundations at Troyes records the memory "11 Aug" of "Agnes de Bar fille du comte Thibaut"[116].  The necrology of Chartres cathedral records the death "VII Id Aug" of "Agnes comitissa Montionis"[117].  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "VII Id Aug" of "Agnes comitissa Barensis"[118].  Comte Renaud & his wife had five children: 

a)             JACQUES [Henri] de Bar (1158-killed in battle Acre 14 or 19 Oct 1190).  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Theobaldus comes de Monceons…Henricum comitem de Bar et Rainaldum episcopum Carnotensem" as children of "Rainaldus frater Theoderici electi Metensis" & his wife[119].  He succeeded his father in 1174 as HENRI I Comte de Bar.  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "XIV Kal Nov" of "Heinricus comes Barensis et Ugo frater eius"[120]

b)             JEAN [Thibaut] de Bar ([1160]-12/13 Feb 1214, bur Saint-Mihiel).  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Theobaldus comes de Monceons…Henricum comitem de Bar et Rainaldum episcopum Carnotensem" as children of "Rainaldus frater Theoderici electi Metensis" & his wife[121].  He succeeded his brother in 1190 as THIBAUT I Comte de Bar.  (below)

c)             RENAUD de Bar (-9 Dec 1217).  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Theobaldus comes de Monceons…Henricum comitem de Bar et Rainaldum episcopum Carnotensem" as children of "Rainaldus frater Theoderici electi Metensis" & his wife[122].  Thesaurarius at Saint-Martin de Tours.  Provost at Chartres Cathedral 1181.  Bishop of Chartres 1183.  The necrology of Chartres records the death "V Id Dec" of "Raginaldus huius sanctæ sedis reverendus antistes…comitis Montionis filius"[123]

d)             HUGUES de Bar (-25 Jul 1192).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names (in order) "comes Henricus et comes Theobaldus et quidam Hugo et episcopus Carnotensis Reynaldus" as the four sons of "comes Barri iunior Raynaldus" & his wife[124].  Canon and provost at Chartres Cathedral 1192.  The necrology of Saint-Père-en-Vallée records the death "IV Kal Aug" of "Ugo prepositus B. Marie, frater Rainaldi episcopi Carnotensis"[125].  The necrology of Verdun Saint-Vanne records the death "XIV Kal Nov" of "Heinricus comes Barensis et Ugo frater eius"[126]

e)             HAVIDIS de Bar .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbess of Clairefontaine. 

3.             THIERRY de Bar (-8 Aug 1171, bur Metz Cathedral).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "episcope Theodorici et comitis Reynaldi" as sons of "Renaldum Strabum comitem de Barro Ducis"[127].  The Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium names "Theodericus, fratris sui comitis Barrensis filius" when recording his installation as Bishop of Metz in 1164[128].  Archdeacon at Metz before 1128, primicerius 1137.  Archdeacon at Verdun 1156.  Bishop of Metz 1163.

4.             AGNES de Bar (-after 1185).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Agenete sorore eiusdem comitis [=comes Barri iunior Raymaldus" specifying that she was mother of "episcopus Vidunensis Arnulfus de Cisneio"[129]m ([1140]) ALBERT Comte de Chiny, son of OTTO [II] Comte de Chiny & his second wife Alix de Namur (-29 Sep 1162).

5.             CLEMENCE de Bar ([1123/27]]-after 20 Jan 1183).  The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis refers to the second wife of "comes Rainaldus [de Claromonte]" as "comitissam de Dammartin, filiam comitis Rainaldi de Monzuns"[130], the reference to "comitissam de Dammartin" presumably resulting from confusion with the couple's daughter Mathilde who married Aubry [II] Comte de Dammartin (see below).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to "comites de Claromonte Belvacensi" as descended from "una…sorore eiusdem comitis [=comes Barri iunior Raynaldus]"[131].  Her birth date range is estimated based on the date of her parents' marriage and the marriage date of her supposed eldest son in [1153/55].  The primary sources which confirm her name and her second marriage have not yet been identified.  m firstly ([1140]) as his [second/third] wife, RENAUD Comte de Clermont [en-Beauvaisis], son of HUGUES de Clermont [en-Beauvaisis] dit de Mouchy & his wife Marguerite de Montdidier (-before 1162).  m secondly THIBAUT [III] de Crépy Sire de Nanteuil-le-Haudouin (-before 20 Jan 1183).

6.             MATHILDE de Bar .  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to "comites qui dicuntur Silvestres in Allemanni" as descended from "tertia [sorore eiusdem comitis =comes Barri iunior Raynaldus]"[132].  The primary source which confirms her name and more precisely identifies her husband has not yet been identified.  m KONRAD Wildgraf und Graf von Kyrburg in Schmidtheim .  1128/1170. 

7.             STEPHANIE de Bar (-12 Mar before 1178).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines refers to "quarta [sorore eiusdem comitis =comes Barri iunior Raynaldus]" as mother of "Symon de Commarceio et due sorores illius"[133].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  Dame de Commercy.  m (before 22 Oct 1144) as his first wife, HUGUES [III] Sire de Broyes et de Châteauvillain, son of SIMON [I] Sire de Broyes & his wife Félicité de Brienne (-1199, bur Clairvaux). 

 

THIBAUT I 1190-1214, HENRI II 1214-1239

JEAN [Thibaut] de Bar, son of RENAUD II Comte de Bar & his wife Agnes de Blois ([1160]-12/13 Feb 1214, bur Saint-Mihiel).  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Theobaldus comes de Monceons…Henricum comitem de Bar et Rainaldum episcopum Carnotensem" as children of "Rainaldus frater Theoderici electi Metensis" & his wife[134].  Seigneur de Briey, Steinay et de Longwy.  He succeeded his brother in 1190 as THIBAUT I Comte de Bar.  After his third marriage, he bought Luxembourg, Durbuy and Laroche with the approval of Philipp King of Germany, before besieging Philippe Marquis de Namur in his castle at Namur and forcing the 1199 Treaty of Dinant under which the disputed territories of Luxembourg, Durbuy and Laroche were confirmed to his wife[135].  Comte Thibaut was excommunicated after pillaging property of the bishop of Metz, and joined the Albigensian crusade of Simon de Montfort in southern France as a means of avoiding the penance of a pilgrimage to Palestine[136].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1214 of "comes Barri Theobaldus" and his burial next to his father "in abbatia sancti Michaelis"[137].  The necrology of Gorze records the death "II Id Feb" of "Theobaldus comes Barrensis"[138]

m firstly ([1176]) as her second husband, LAURETTE de Looz, divorced wife of GILLES Comte de Duras, Montaigu et Clermont, daughter of LOUIS I Comte de Looz, Graf von Rieneck, Stadtgraf von Mainz & his wife Agnes von Metz (-before 1184).  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Loreta filia comitis de Los" as wife of "Theobaldus comes de Monceons"[139].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Loretam filiam comitis Ludovici, sororem comitis Geraudi Losensis dyocesis Leodiensis" as first wife of "comes Barri Theobaldus"[140].  The primary source which confirms her first marriage has not yet been identified.  Heiress of Longwy. 

m secondly (1189, divorced [1195]) as her second husband, ERMESINDE de Bar-sur-Seine, widow of ANSEAU [III] Sire de Trainel, daughter of GUY Comte de Bar-sur-Seine [Brienne] & his wife Petronille-Elisabeth de Chacenay (-1211 or after).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Isabellam relictam domini Anselli de Triangulo, sororis comitis de Barro super Sequanam et episcopi Manasse Lingonensis" as second wife of "comes Barri Theobaldus"[141].  The primary source which confirms her name as Ermesinde has not yet been identified. 

m thirdly (1197) as her first husband, ERMENSENDE Ctss de Luxembourg, daughter of HENRI "l'Aveugle" Comte de Luxembourg et de Namur & his second wife Agnes van Geldern (Jul 1186-17 Feb 1247).  The Chronicon Hanoniense records the birth in Jul 1186 of "Ermensendem" daughter of "comes Namurcensis Henricus" and his wife Agnes[142].  The Chronicon Hanoniense records the betrothal in 1187 of "Ermensendis" and "comiti Campanensi Henrico"[143].  Her first betrothal was arranged by Comte Henri in order to guarantee a suitably strong protector for his daughter in light of his dispute with Baudouin V Comte de Hainaut regarding the eventual succession to his counties but the arrangement was discontinued after the 1190 imperial decision in favour of Comte Baudouin[144].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines in 1193 records the marriage of "Theobaldus comes Barrensis" and "filiam Henrici comitis ceci…Ermensendem"[145]Her husband bought the counties of Luxembourg, Durbuy and Laroche, with the approval of Philipp King of Germany, and besieged Philippe Marquis de Namur in his castle at Namur, which forced the negotiation of the 1199 treaty of Dinant[146].  Under the treaty, signed 26 Jul 1199, Baudouin IX Count of Flanders and Hainaut inherited Namur, while Ermesinde retained Luxembourg, Durbuy, Laroche and that part of Namur which lay on the right bank of the river Meuse[147].  She married secondly ([Feb/May] 1214) as his second wife, Waleran de Limbourg, who succeeded in 1221 as Duke of Limburg.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "seniori Walerano filio Henrici" as second husband of "Ermensende filia Henrici ceci comitis Namucensis"[148].  She received Arlon as her jointure on her second marriage[149]

Comte Thibaut I & his first wife had one child:

1.             AGNES de Bar ([1177]-19 Jun 1226, bur Abbaye de Beaupré).  The Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi names "Thomascetam" as daughter of "Theobaldus comes de Monceons" & his wife Laurette, and her husband "Friderici ducis Lotharingie"[150].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Agnetem Lotharingie ducissam" as daughter of "comes Barri Theobaldus" & his first wife[151].  Dame d'Amance, de Longwy et de Stenay.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the death in 1226 of "Agnes ducissa Lotharingie" and her burial "in abbatiam Belliprati"[152]m ([before mid-Jul 1189) FERRY de Lorraine, son of FERRY de Lorraine Seigneur de Bitsch [later FERRY I Duke of Lorraine] & his wife Wierchosława Ludmilla of Poland (-8/9 Oct 1213, bur Stürzelbronn). 

Comte Thibaut I & his second wife had three children:

2.             HENRI de Bar (1190-killed in battle Gaza 13 Nov 1239).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "comes Barrensis Henricus" as son of "comes Barri Theobaldus" & his second wife[153].  He succeeded his father in 1210 as HENRI II Comte de Bar.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records that "comitis Barrensis" was captured by "Iohanne Cabilonensi filio comitis Stephani" and "Henrico Viennensi frater Gerardi iam defuncti" in 1225 "ante natale Domini"[154].  He took part in the Crusade of 1239, led by Thibaut de Champagne King of Navarre, and landed at Acre 1 Sep 1239.  He marched south to attack the Egyptian outposts of Ascalon and Gaza, where they were defeated and Comte Henri was killed[155]m (contract 6 Nov 1219, [21/27] Dec 1219) PHILIPPA de Dreux, daughter of ROBERT [II] Comte de Dreux [Capet] & his second wife Yolande de Coucy ([1192]-17 Mar 1242).  Dame de Torcy-en-Brie, de Quincy et de Longueville-en-Tardenois.  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines records the marriage in 1219 of "comes Barri Henricus" and "filiam comitis Roberti de Brana…Philippam", a more precise date being deduced from the same source specifying that her father died during the same week as the marriage[156].  "Henricus comes Barrensis" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Hoïlde, for the soul of "uxoris mee Philippe", by charter dated Apr 1239[157].  "Philippe contesse de Bar et Thiebaus mon fils" confirmed a donation property to the abbey of Sainte-Hoïlde by charter dated 23 Jan 1242[158].  Comte Henri II & his wife had five children: 

a)             THIBAUT de Bar ([1221]-Oct 1291).  "Philippe contesse de Bar et Thiebaus mon fils" confirmed a donation property to the abbey of Sainte-Hoïlde by charter dated 23 Jan 1242[159].  He succeeded his father in 1240 as THIBAUT II Comte de Bar. (below)

b)             HENRI de Bar (-after 3 Sep 1249[160]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. 

c)             RENAUD de Bar (-22 Jul 1271, bur Braux, Church of the Templars).  "Renaulz de Bar chevaliers freires à…Thiebault conte de Bar" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Hoïlde by charter dated 2 Apr 1270, naming "Marie ma feme"[161]m as her first husband, MARIE de Quiévrain, daughter of NICOLAS Sire de Quiévrain & his wife --- (-Jun 1293).  "Renaulz de Bar chevaliers freires à…Thiebault conte de Bar" donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Hoïlde by charter dated 2 Apr 1270, naming "Marie ma feme"[162].  The primary source which confirms her parentage and second marriage has not yet been identified.  Dame d'Ancerville.  She married secondly Jean de Joinville

d)             JEANNE de Bar (-before Aug 1299, bur Orval).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified.  m firstly (before 25 Sep 1242) FREDERIC Seigneur de Blamont [Salm] (-before 1257).  m secondly (before 22 Jul 1257) LOUIS [V] de Looz Comte de Chiny (-[6 Sep/3 Dec] 1299). 

e)             MARGUERITE de Bar (-23 Nov 1273, bur Clairefontaine).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  Her dowry was the seigneurie of Ligny-en-Barrois[163]m (contracts 1230[164] and 4 Jun 1240, 1246) HENRI VI "le Blond" Comte de Luxembourg, son of WALERAN IV Duke of Limburg & his second wife Ermesinde Ctss de Luxembourg ([1216/17]-Mainz 24 Dec 1281, bur Clairefontaine).   

3.             AGNES de Bar (-before 1225).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  m as his first wife, HUGUES Seigneur de Châtillon, son of GAUCHER [III] Seigneur de Châtillon-sur-Marne Comte de Saint-Pol & his wife Elisabeth Ctss de Saint-Pol (-9 Apr 1248).  He succeeded in 1240 as Comte de Saint-Pol. 

4.             MARGUERITE de Bar (-after 1259).  She is named, but her origin not stated, in the charter dated Jan 1221 under which "H comes de Salmis et Joeta uxor mea" consented to the château de Viviers constituting the dower of "Margaretam" on her marriage to "Henrico primogenito nostro"[165].  Richer records that "comite Henrico…dictus…de Salmis…contemporaneus noster" married "sororem Friderici ducis Lotoringie" and had two sons "primogenitum…Henricum et alium…Fridericum", and that "dictus Henricus" married "uxorem de stirpe comitis Barrensis"[166]m (before Aug 1221) HEINRICH von Salm Seigneur de Viviers, son of HEINRICH [II] Graf von Salm & his wife Joathe [Judith] de Lorraine (-after 21 Sep 1228). 

Comte Thibaut I & his third wife had four children:

5.             HENRI de Bar (-before 1214).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Seigneur de Briey, d'Arrancy et de Marville 1211. 

6.             daughter (-Feb 1214).  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. 

7.             ELISABETH de Bar (-[11 Apr/1 Aug] 1262).  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Ysabellam" as daughter of "comes Barri Theobaldus" & his third wife, naming her husband "iunior Walranus longus"[167].  Dame de Poilvache.  m (before Jul 1237) WALERAN [V] Seigneur de Montjoie, son of WALERAN IV Duke of Limburg & his first wife Cunégonde de Lorraine (-[20 Apr/22 Jul] 1242). 

8.             MARGUERITE de Bar (-before Jul 1270).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified.  Frau von Bettingen an der Prüm.  m firstly HUGUES [III] Comte de Vaudémont [Lorraine] (-20 Apr or 4 May 1243).  m secondly (before Feb 1245) HENRI de Dampierre-en-Astenois Seigneur du Bois (-[Apr/May] 1259). 

 

THIBAUT II 1239-1291, HENRI III 1291-1302, EDOUARD I 1302-1336

THIBAUT de Bar, son of HENRI II Comte de Bar & his wife Philippa de Dreux [Capet] dame de Torcy-en-Brie ([1221]-Oct 1291).  "Philippe contesse de Bar et Thiebaus mon fils" confirmed a donation property to the abbey of Sainte-Hoïlde by charter dated 23 Jan 1242[168].  He succeeded his father in 1240 as THIBAUT II Comte de Bar.  He seized Ligny in 1266 and defeated his brother-in-law Henri V Comte de Luxembourg at Preny near Pont-à-Mousson 6 Sep 1266, although Ligny was restored to Luxembourg after the mediation of Louis IX King of France[169]

m firstly (betrothed 3 May 1243, [Mar/31 Aug] 1245) as her second husband, JEANNE de Dampierre, widow of HUGUES [III] Comte de Rethel, daughter of GUILLAUME [II] Seigneur de Dampierre & his wife Marguerite II Ctss of Flanders and Hainaut (-[1245/46], bur Abbaye de Sainte Hoïlde[170]).  The Genealogia Comitum Flandriæ refers to the two (unnamed) daughters of Marguerite & "Willelmo de Danpetra", specifying that one married "comiti de Baeren"[171].  The Iohannis de Thilrode Chronicon records that, of the two daughters of "Marghareta" & "Willelmo de Dampetra", one "nupsit Christo, altera comiti de Baeren"[172]

m secondly (1246) JEANNE de Toucy, daughter of JEAN Sire de Toucy, de Saint-Fargeau et de Puisaye & his wife Emma de Laval (-[Feb/7 Jul] 1317).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not so far been identified.  Dame de Toucy, de Saint-Fargeau et de Puisaye. 

Comte Thibaut II & his second wife had [fifteen] children:

1.             HENRI de Bar (1259-Naples Sep 1302).  He succeeded his father in 1291 as HENRI III Comte de Bar.  He was named Lieutenant General of the Empire by Adolf King of Germany Graf von Nassau in 1295.  m (Bristol 20 Sep 1293) as her second husband, ELEANOR of England, widow of don ALFONSO III "el Liberal" King of Aragon, daughter of EDWARD I King of England & his first wife Infanta doña Leonor de Castilla (Windsor Castle [17 Jun] 1264 or 1269-Ghent 12 Oct 1297, bur Westminster Abbey).  The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the marriage "apud Bristoll vigilia S Matthaæi Apostoli" 20 Sep [1293] of "Alienora regis Angliæ flia primogenita" and "domino Henrico comitis de Baroduc"[173].  Poull gives no death date for Eleanor, but says that she returned to England after her husband died and that 8 May 1304 her father started negotiations for her marriage with Robert, son of Othon Comte Palatin de Bourgogne & his wife Mahaut Ctss d'Artois[74].  This seems unlikely as Robert de Bourgogne was born in 1300, so was over 30 years younger than Eleanor.  Comte Henri III & his wife had three children: 

a)             ELEONORE de Bar .  If the parentage of Eleonore is correct, and if she was the legitimate daughter of her father, she must have been his first child as she gave birth to one known child by her husband who died in 1309.  m LLYWELLYN ap Owen Lord of Iscoed, son of OWEN ap Maredudd & his wife Angharad of Cydewain (-1309). 

b)             EDOUARD de Bar (1296-Famagusta 11 Nov 1336, bur Famagusta).  He succeeded his father in 1302 as EDOUARD I Comte de Bar, minor until 1311.  m (contract Bar-sur-Aube, Aube 13 Jun 1306, château de Montbard 11 Feb 1310) MARIE de Bourgogne, daughter of ROBERT II Duke of Burgundy & his wife Agnes de France (1298-before 1336, bur Bar, église Saint-Maxe).  The primary source which confirms his existence and marriage has not so far been identified.  Comte Edouard I & his wife had three children: 

i)               HENRI de Bar (-Paris, l'hôtel de Cassel 7 or 24 Dec 1344, bur Bar-le-Duc, église collégiale Saint-Maxe).  He succeeded his father in 1337 as HENRI IV Comte de Bar. (below)

ii)             son (-young). 

iii)            ELEONORE de Bar (-[15 Sep] 1333, bur Beaupré Abbey).  m (contract 3 Jul 1323, Pont-à-Mousson 25 Jun 1329) as his first wife, RAOUL Duke of Lorraine, son of FERRY IV Duke of Lorraine & his wife Elisabeth of Austria ([Mar/Apr] 1320-killed in battle Crécy 26 Aug 1346, bur Beaupré Abbey). 

c)             JEANNE de Bar (-31 Aug 1361, bur Bar-le-Duc Saint-Maxe).  The Annales Londonienses record the marriage "VIII Kal Jun" in 1306 of "dominus Johannes de Warenne" and "filiam comitis de Bar et Elianoræ filiæ…regis Edwardi"[175]m (25 May 1306) JOHN de Warenne Earl of Surrey, son of WILLIAM de Warenne & his wife Joan de Vere of Oxford (30 Jun 1286-29 Jun 1347). 

2.             JEAN de Bar (-[Sep 1311/Oct 1314]).  Seigneur de Puisaye.  m (May 1304) as her second husband, JEANNE de Dreux Ctss de Braine, widow of JEAN [IV] Comte de Roucy Sire de Pierrepont, daughter of ROBERT IV Comte de Dreux [Capet] & his wife Beatrix Ctss de Montfort (-11 Apr 1325). 

3.             CHARLES de Bar (-young). 

4.             THIBAUT de Bar (-killed in battle Rome 26 May 1312, bur Rome St Peter's).  Elected Bishop of Metz 1296.  Bishop of Liège 1302. 

5.             RENAUD de Bar (-4 May 1316, bur Metz Cathedral).  Canon at Reims, Beauvais, Cambrai, Laon and Verdun.  Archdeacon at Brussels and Besançon.  Bishop of Metz 1302.  He was poisoned[176]

6.             ERARD de Bar (-1335).  Monk 1292.  Seigneur de Pierrepont et d'Ancerville 1302.  m ISABELLE of Lorraine, daughter of THIBAUT II Duke of Lorraine & his wife Isabelle de Rumigny (-12 Dec 1353, bur Beaupré Abbey).  Erard & his wife had six children:  

a)             THIBAUT de Bar (-[2 Jul 1353/6 Jul 1354]).  Seigneur de Pierrepont.  m (1340, Papal dispensation 9 Sep 1342) as her second husband, MARIE de Namur, widow of HEINRICH II Graf von Vianden, daughter of JEAN I Comte de Namur [Flandre-Dampierre] & his second wife Marie d'Artois (1322-before 29 Oct 1357).  Thibaut & his wife had two children: 

i)               YOLANDE de Bar (-before [1410]).  Dame d'Ancerville.  m (before 1360) EUDES [VII] Sire de Grancey (-before 1398). 

ii)             ISABELLE de Bar (-Pierrepont after 11 May 1411).  Dame de Pierrepont.  m (before 18 Oct 1360) OTTO Heer van Arkel (-Gorinchem 26 Mar 1396). 

b)             FERRI de Bar (-before 9 Nov 1368).  Seigneur de Norroy.  Canon at Reims Cathedral 1362.  Canon at Liège and Cambrai Cathedrals 1363.  Elected Bishop of Liège 1364. 

c)             MARIE de Bar .  1351/1380.  m JEAN de Dampierre Seigneur de Saint Dizier, son of JEAN de Dampierre Seigneur de Saint-Dizier & his wife Alix de Nesle-Offemont (-[1367/73]).

d)             JEAN de Bar (-1366).  Seigneur de Pierrepont.  Canon of Saint-Denis at Liège.  Canon at Verdun Cathedral 1329.  m (before 1353) CATHERINE de Châtillon-en-Bazois, daughter of ROBERT Sire de Châtillon-en-Bazois (-after 1395).  Dame de Vaux.  Jean & his wife had one child: 

i)               JEANNE de Bar (-after 25 Sep 1361). 

e)             RENAUD de Bar (-[18 Jan 1354/1 Apr 1359]).  Canon at Verdun Cathedral 1323/1340.  Seigneur de Pierrefitte. 

f)               HENRIETTE de Bar (-after 29 Mar 1380).  Dame de Saint-Amand et de Puisaye.  m (before 11 Apr 1359) HEINRICH Graf von Lützelstein .  1359/1399. 

7.             PIERRE de Bar (-[8 Jun 1348/5 Feb 1349], bur Toul, église des Cordeliers).  Seigneur de Pierrefort 1300.  Herr zu Bettingen 1326/1334.  m firstly JEANNE de Vienne, daughter of HUGUES de Vienne Sire de Longwy et de Pagny [Neublans] (-before 1326).  m secondly (Metz [8/20] Aug 1326) ELEONORE de Poitiers-Valentinois, daughter of LOUIS de Poitiers Comte de Valentinois & his wife Marguerite de Vergy Dame de Vadans (-[28 Feb 1362/23 Oct 1365]).  Pierre & his first wife had four children:

a)             HENRI de Bar (-early 1380).  Seigneur de Pierrefort.  Captain of Châlons 1359.  m (contract 15 Apr 1342) ISABELLE de Vergy, daughter of GUILLAUME [III] de Vergy Sire de Mirebeau et de Bourbonne (-[1353/54]).  Henri & his wife had one child: 

i)               PIERRE de Bar (1343-killed in battle near Boucouville 1 Oct 1380).  Seigneur de Pierrefort et de Nonsart. 

b)             HUGUES de Bar (1318-Sinai, Abbey of St Catherine [13 Aug 1361/8 Apr 1362]).  Canon at Verdun Cathedral 1329.  Canon of St Lambert at Liège 1330.  Canon at Auxerre and Metz Cathedrals 1344.  Canon at Langres Cathedral 1344.  Bishop of Verdun 1351. 

c)             GHISLETTE de Bar (-[22 Apr 1356/27 Sep 1362]).  m (before Jan 1334) JOHANN [II] Graf von Saarbrücken [Commercy] (-[Sep 1380/22 Mar 1381]). 

d)             JOHANNETTE de Bar (-after 8 Aug 1356).  m WALRAM [II] Graf von Zweibrücken (-[30 Jun/29 Sep] 1366). 

Pierre had one illegitimate son by an unknown mistress: 

e)              ALBERT de Bar dit de Pierrefort (-1346 or after).  m as her second husband, ISABELLE de Corniéville, widow of COLIN de Sampigny, sister of THOMAS de Corniéville, daughter of ---.  Albert & his wife had [one possible child]: 

i)               [JEAN de Pierrefort .  1355/1360.] 

8.             PHILIPPA de Bar (-after Jun 1283).  m (1263) as his first wife, OTTO de Bourgogne, son of HUGUES de Chalon Comte Palatin de Bourgogne & his wife Alix Ctss Palatine de Bourgogne [Andechs] (before 1248-Melun 17 or 26 Mar 1303, bur Charlieu).  He succeeded his mother in 1279 as OTHON V Comte Palatin de Bourgogne

9.             ALIX de Bar (-Abbaye d'Etanches 1307).  She retired to the Abbey of Etanches after 5 Oct 1292[177]m (contract 14 Jun 1278, château de Trognon 16 Jun 1278) MATHIEU de Lorraine Seigneur de Beauregard, son of FERRY III Duke of Lorraine & his wife Marguerite de Champagne (-drowned 1282, bur Beaupré Abbey).

10.         MARIE de Bar (-after 23 Oct 1346).  m (contract Nov 1295, [Jun] 1306) GOBERT [VIIII] Sire d'Aspremont (-10 Dec 1325, bur Apremont). 

11.         ISABELLE de Bar .  1295/1311. 

12.         YOLANDE de Bar (-after 3 Jul 1265). 

13.         MARGUERITE de Bar (-1304).  Abbess of St Maur. 

14.         [PHILIPPE de Bar .  Archdeacon of Saarburg.  Postulat at Metz 1316.] 

15.         [HENRIETTE de Bar .  1311.] 

 

HENRI IV 1336-1344, EDOUARD II 1344-1352, ROBERT I 1352-1354

HENRI de Bar, son of EDOUARD I Comte de Bar & his wife Marie de Bourgogne (-Paris, l'hôtel de Cassel 7 or 24 Dec 1344, bur Bar-le-Duc, église collégiale Saint-Maxe).  He succeeded his father in 1337 as HENRI IV Comte de Bar

m (dispensation Rome 24 Jun 1339, 1340) as her first husband, YOLANDE de Flandre, daughter of ROBERT de Flandre Comte de Marle & his wife Jeanne de Bretagne (château d'Alluyes, Eure-et-Loir 15 Sep 1326 or 1331-château de Nieppe dit de La Motte-au-Bois, Hazebrouck, Nord 12 Dec 1395, bur Bar-le-Duc, église collégiale Saint-Maxe). 

Comte Henri IV & his wife had two children: 

1.             EDOUARD de Bar (-[2 May/9 Jun] 1352).  He succeeded his father in 1344 as EDOUARD II Comte de Bar

2.             ROBERT de Bar (8 Sep 1344-2 Apr 1411, bur Bar-le-Duc, église collégiale Saint-Maxe).  He succeeded his brother in 1352 as ROBERT I Comte de Bar.  He was created Marquis de Pont-à-Mousson by Imperial Order 13 Mar 1354.  Duke of Bar 1354. 

-        DUKES of BAR

 

 

Chapter 3.    DUKES of BAR

ROBERT I 1354-1411, EDOUARD III 1411-1415, LOUIS 1415-1431

ROBERT de Bar, son of HENRI IV Comte de Bar & his wife Yolande de Flandre (8 Sep 1344-2 Apr 1411, bur Bar-le-Duc, église collégiale Saint-Maxe).  He succeeded his brother in 1352 as ROBERT I Comte de Bar.  He was created Marquis de Pont-à-Mousson by Imperial Order 13 Mar 1354.  Duke of Bar 1354. 

m (contract Bar-le-Duc 4 Jun 1364, 1 Dec 1364) MARIE de France, daughter of JEAN II "le Bon" King of France & his first wife Bonne of Bohemia (Saint Germain-en-Laye 18 Sep 1344-15 Oct 1404, bur Bar-le-Duc, église de Saint-Mesme). 

Duke Robert & his wife had eleven children: 

1.             YOLANDE de Bar ([1364[178]]-Barcelona 13 Aug 1431).  She played an active political role at court after her marriage, which brought her into conflict with her father-in-law's fourth wife Sibilla de Fortià before her husband's accession.  In the face of her husband's unwillingness or inability to act in the face of demands for reorganisation of the royal household and other administrative reforms from urban deputies in the Cortes which met at Monzón in Nov 1388, she made compromise proposals which averted the crisis.  m (Montpellier [Perpignan[179]] 2 Feb 1380) as his second wife, Infante don JUAN de Aragón Duque de Gerona, son of don PEDRO IV "el Ceremonioso" King of Aragon & his third wife Eleonora of Sicily [Aragon] (Perpignan 27 Dec 1350-Foixa 19 May 1396).  He succeeded his father in 1387 as JUAN I "el Cazador" King of Aragon and Valencia, Conde de Barcelona. 

2.             HENRI de Bar (Bar-le-Duc [1367]-Treviso Nov 1398, bur Paris, couvent des Celestins).  m (contract Bar-le-Duc 26 Nov 1383) MARIE de Coucy, daughter of ENGUERRAND [VII] Baron de Coucy, Earl of Bedford and Comte de Soissons (-after 3 Mar 1405).  Dame de Coucy et d'Oisy, Ctss de Soissons.  Henri & his wife had two children: 

a)             ENGUERRAND de Bar ([1387]-after 1400). 

b)             ROBERT de Bar ([1390]-killed in battle Agincourt 25 Oct 1415).  He was created Comte de Marle, Comte de Soissons et Sire d'Oisy in France Aug 1413.  m (contract 16 Feb 1409) as her first husband, JEANNE de Béthune Vicomtesse de Meaux, daughter of ROBERT [VIII] de Béthune Vicomte de Meaux (-end 1450).  She married secondly (contract 23 Nov 1418) Jean [III] de Luxembourg Comte de Ligny et de Guise (-Guise 1440).  Robert & his wife had one child: 

i)               JEANNE de Bar (1415-14 May 1462).  Ctss de Marle et de Soissons, Vicomtesse de Meaux.  m (château de Bohain 16 Jul 1435) LOUIS de Luxembourg Comte de Saint-Pol, de Brienne, de Ligny et de Conversano, son of PIERRE de Luxembourg Comte de Saint-Pol & his wife Margherita del Balzo (1418-beheaded Paris 19 Dec 1475).

3.             PHILIPPE de Bar (-after 1404).  He died in prison in Turkey.  m (contract Troyes 3 May 1384) YOLANDE d'Enghien, daughter of LOUIS d'Enghien Comte de Brienne Conte di Conversano & his wife Giovanna di Sanseverino.  Ctss de Brienne. 

4.             CHARLES de Bar (-[1392/93]).  Seigneur de Nogent-le-Rotrou 1391. 

5.             MARIE de Bar (Pont-à-Mousson Mar 1374-before 1393).  m (Namur 2 Aug 1384) as his first wife, GUILLAUME de Namur Seigneur de Béthune, son of GUILLAUME I Comte de Namur & his second wife Catherine de Savoie (22 Jan 1355-10 Jan 1418).  He succeeded in 1391 as GUILLAUME II Comte de Namur

6.             EDOUARD de Bar (-killed in battle Agincourt 25 Oct 1415, bur Bar-le-Duc, église collégiale Saint-Maxe).  Marquis de Pont-à-Mousson, Seigneur de Cassel 1398.  He succeeded his father in 1411 as EDOUARD III Duke of BarBetrothed (1410) to Infanta doña BLANCA de Navarra, daughter of don CARLOS III "el Noble" King of Navarre & his wife Infanta doña Leonor de Castilla (Pamplona 1385-Santa María de Nieva 3 Apr 1441, bur Tudela, église des Cordeliers).  She succeeded her father in 1425 as BLANCA I Queen of Navarre.  Duke Edouard had one illegitimate daughter by JEANNE Lebel, daughter of GERARD Lebel, shopkeeper at Saint-Mihiel: 

a)              BONNE bâtarde de Bar (-[1430]).  m ([1417]) JEAN de Saint-Loup Seigneur de Saint-Julien (-before 6 Apr 1458). 

Duke Edouard had two illegitimate children by an unknown mistress: 

b)              ANNE (-[1420]). 

c)              HENRI bâtard de Bar (-after 22 Mar 1442).  Seigneur de Boursault 1436. 

7.             LOUIS de Bar (-Varennes 23 Jun 1430, bur Verdun Cathedral).  Bishop of Poitiers 1391.  Bishop of Langres, Pair de France and Cardinal 1397.  Deacon at Châlons Cathedral 1405.  Bishop of Porto 1412.  Bishop of Châlons 1413.  He succeeded his brother in 1415 as LOUIS Duke of Bar.  Administrator of the Bishopric of Verdun 1419.  Under the Treaty of Saint-Mihiel 13 Aug 1419, Duke Louis appointed his great nephew Rene d'Anjou, Duke of Lorraine as his successor in Bar[180].

8.             YOLANDE de Bar (-10 Jan 1421).  The Memorienbuch of Düsseldorf St Maria records the death "III Id Jan 1420" of "domine Jolandis de Bare ducisse Montensis conthoralis domini Adolphi ducis de Monte…"[181]m (château de Dun) ADOLF von Berg (-14 Jul 1437).  He succeeded in 1408 as Graf von Berg und Ravensberg.  He succeeded in 1423 as ADOLF Herzog von Jülich

9.             JEAN de Bar (-killed in battle Agincourt 25 Oct 1415).  Seigneur de Puisaye.  Lieutenant-General and Governor of the Dukedom of Bar 1411. 

10.         BONNE de Bar (-after 20 Nov 1400 or 1436 or after, bur Pont-à-Mousson).  m (Saint-Mihiel 2 Jun 1400) as his second wife, VALERAN Comte de Ligny et de Saint-Pol, son of GUY Comte de Ligny [Luxembourg] & his wife Mathilde de Châtillon Ctss de Saint-Pol (1355-château d'Yvoy 22 Apr 1415, bur Yvoy). 

11.         JEANNE de Bar (-15 Jan 1402).  m (1393) as his second wife, TEODORO Marchese di Monferrato, son of GIOVANNI II Marchese di Monferrato & his second wife Infante doña Isabel de Aragón titular Queen of Mallorca ([1364]-18 Aug 1418).

 

________________________________

Resources
[1] Grosdidier de Matons, p. 45, citing Parisot, R. Annales de l'Est 2nd year 1906, pp. 88 and 89. 
[2] Poull (1994), pp. 11 and 12. 
[3] Arnold, p. 110. 
[4] Gallia Christiana XIII, p. 462, quoted in Grosdidier de Matons, p. 77. 
[5] ES I.2 226. 
[6] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1032, MGH SS XXIII, p. 784. 
[7] Herimanni Augiensis Chronicon 1044, MGH SS V, p. 125. 
[8] Poull (1994), pp. 69-70. 
[9] Picard, B. (1707) Histoire ecclésiastique et politique de la ville et du diocèse de Toul, pp. 381-2, cited in Poull (1994), p. 70. 
[10] MGH Diplomata VI.1, D H IV 62, p. 81. 
[11] MGH Diplomata VI.1, D H IV 193, p. 249. 
[12] MGH Diplomata VI.1, D H IV 199, p. 256. 
[13] Poull (1994), p. 71. 
[14] Poull (1994), pp. 72 and 71, respectively. 
[15] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1032, MGH SS XXIII, p. 784. 
[16] Poull (1994), p. 32. 
[17] Poull (1994), p. 69. 
[18] Lesort, A. (1909) Chronique et chartes de l'abbaye de Saint-Mihiel, Mettensia 27 (Paris), no. 39, p. 153, quoted in Poull (1994), p. 20, and no. 43 and 44, pp. 166-71, cited in Poull (1994), p. 76. 
[19] Mavot, P. 'L'obituaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Mansuy-lès-Toul', Revue Mabillon XVIII 1928, p. 98. 
[20] Cluny V.3830, p. 190. 
[21] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1032, MGH SS XXIII, p. 784. 
[22] Cluny V.3830, p. 190. 
[23] Jean de Bayon c. 83, ed. Dom Calmet, II, pr. pp. 77-8, quoted in Grosdidier de Matons, p. 96 footnote 5, although the author doubts the reliability of this source. 
[24] Cartulaire de Saint-Mihiel, no. 41, cited in Grosdidier de Matons, p. 96. 
[25] Cluny V.3830, p. 190. 
[26] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 3, MGH SS XXV, p. 382. 
[27] Memorie della gran Contessa Matilda, restituita alla patria lucchese da Francesco Maria Fiorentini. Seconda edizione da Gian Domenico Mansi (Lucca, 1756), Preuves, p. 89, cited in Poull (1994), p. 73. 
[28] Bernoldi Chronicon 1092, MGH SS V, p. 454. 
[29] Poull, pp. 43 and 47. 
[30] Poull, p. 73. 
[31] De Foras, Amédée Armorial et nobiliaire de Savoie, t. V, p. 433, ad. VI, 1, cited in Szabolcs de Vajay 'Berthe, reine d'Aragon', p. 391 footnote 51. 
[32] Rivaz CXLI, p. 48, citing Guichenon, Histoire de Savoie, pr., p. 24. 
[33] Szabolcs de Vajay 'Berthe reine d'Aragon', p. 391 footnote 52. 
[34] Bernoldi Chronicon 1092, MGH SS V, p. 454. 
[35] Notitia Fundationis Cellæ Sancti Iohannis Prope Tabernas, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1003. 
[36] Poull (1994), p. 74. 
[37] Hanauer, Curiosités d'Alsace, II, p. 368, cited in Grosdidier de Matons, p. 99 footnote 6. 
[38] Notitia Fundationis Cellæ Sancti Iohannis Prope Tabernas, MGH SS XV.2, p. 1003. 
[39] Hanauer, Curiosités d'Alsace, II, p. 368, cited in Grosdidier de Matons, p. 99 footnote 6. 
[40] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium Continuatio 1, MGH SS X, p. 544. 
[41] Szabolcs de Vajay 'Berthe reine d'Aragon', p. 393. 
[42] Grandidier Œuvres inédites, tome II, p. 362, cited in Poull (1994), p. 74. 
[43] Viellard. L. Documents pour servir à l'histoire du territoire de Belfort, pp. 166, 172, 173 and 214, cited in Poull (1994), p. 74. 
[44] Cluny V.3830, p. 190. 
[45] Poull (1994), p. 75. 
[46] Schöpflin Alsatia diplomatica, I, p. 477, cited in Grosdidier de Matons, p. 100 footnote 6. 
[47] Viellard Documents Belfort, no. 97, p. 147, cited in Poull (1994), p. 70. 
[48] Witte, H. Genealogische Untersuchungen in Iahr., G. L. G. VIII, p. 112, cited in Grosdidier de Matons, p. 100 footnote 8. 
[49] Natalis de Wailly, M. (1838) Eléments de Paléographie, Vol. I (Paris), p. 159, cited in Grosdidier de Matons, p. 100 footnote 9. 
[50] Grosdidier de Matons, p. 101, citing his own article 'La politique de Philippe le Bel dans l'évêché de Metz', Bull. S. L. de Bar-le-Duc 1921. 
[51] Cluny V.3830, p. 190.[52] ES I.2 226 and ES XII 113. 
[53] Cluny V.3830, p. 190. 
[54] Bernoldi Chronicon 1092, MGH SS V, p. 455. 
[55] Poull (1994), p. 74. 
[56] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1032, MGH SS XXIII, p. 784. 
[57] Cluny V.3830, p. 190. 
[58] Aubry de Trois-Fontaines Chronique, MGH, SS, tome XXIII, p. 784, quoted in Poull (1994), p. 77. 
[59] Lesort Chronique Saint-Mihiel, no. 39, p. 153, quoted in Poull (1994), p. 20, and no. 43 and 44, pp. 166-71, cited in Poull (1994), p. 76. 
[60] Laurent de Liège Gesta episc. Virdun, MGH, SS, tome X, p. 498, cited in Poull (1994), p. 77. 
[61] Lesort Chronique Saint-Mihiel, no. 59, pp. 202-04, cited in Poull (1994), pp. 77 and 89. 
[62] Mavot, P. 'L'obituaire de l'abbaye de Saint-Mansuy-lès-Toul', Revue Mabillon XVIII 1928, p. 96. 
[63] Estimated on the basis of the likely birth date of her mother. 
[64] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1032, MGH SS XXIII, p. 784. 
[65] Cluny V.3830, p. 190. 
[66] Lesort Chronique Saint-Mihiel, no. 61, pp. 216-18, cited in Poull (1994), p. 78. 
[67] Cluny V.3830, p. 190. 
[68] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1158, MGH SS XXIII, p. 844. 
[69] Cluny V.3835, p. 194. 
[70] Cluny V.3830, p. 190. 
[71] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1107, MGH SS XXIII, p. 818. 
[72] Cluny V.3830, p. 190. 
[73] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1107, MGH SS XXIII, p. 818. 
[74] Cluny V.3830, p. 190. 
[75] Albert d'Aix Historia Hierosolymitana, VI, 45, Public. des Historiens des Croisades, tome IV, p. 317, cited in Poull (1994), p. 82. 
[76] WT VI.XVII, p. 263. 
[77] AA II, pp. 72-3. 
[78] Murray (2000), p. 216-17. 
[79] Antonio Abbate, Consecratio Ecclesiæ Senonensis, MGH SS XV.2, p. 983. 
[80] Gesta Alberonis Archiepiscopi Trevirorum 8, MGH SS VIII, p. 247. 
[81] Poull (1994), p. 83. 
[82] Poull (1994), p. 84. 
[83] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 3, MGH SS XXV, p. 382. 
[84] Cluny V.3830, p. 190. 
[85] Cluny V.3830, p. 190. 
[86] Schoepflin, Alsatia Illustrata, II, p. 449, cited in Grosdidier de Matons, p. 109. 
[87] Poull (1994), p. 84. 
[88] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1158, MGH SS XXIII, p. 844. 
[89] Salm 4, p. 12. 
[90] Salm 7, p. 18. 
[91] Salm 1, p. 7, headed "suspect" in the compilation. 
[92] Suger Chartes de Suger II, p. 323. 
[93] Cluny V.3830, p. 190. 
[94] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1107, MGH SS XXIII, p. 818. 
[95] Lesort Chronique Saint-Mihiel, no. 61, pp. 216-18, cited in Poull (1994), p. 78. 
[96] Poull (1994), p. 90. 
[97] Poull (1994), p. 91. 
[98] Liège Saint-Lambert XXXVI, p. 58. 
[99] Poull (1994), p. 93. 
[100] Poull (1994), pp. 98-9. 
[101] Necrology Verdun Saint-Vanne, p. 137. 
[102] Poull (1994), p. 99. 
[103] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, MGH SS X, p. 509. 
[104] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1070, MGH SS XXIII, p. 796. 
[105] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1142, MGH SS XXIII, p. 836. 
[106] Laurentii Gesta Episcoporum Virdunensium, MGH SS X, p. 509. 
[107] Reineri Triumphale Bulonicum I, MGH SS XX, pp. 585-6. 
[108] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1141, MGH SS XXIII, p. 834. 
[109] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1141, MGH SS XXIII, p. 834. 
[110] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1170, MGH SS XXIII, p. 853. 
[111] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1214, MGH SS XXIII, p. 899. 
[112] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Abbaye de Saint-Père-enVallée, p. 192.       
[113] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 3, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[114] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1152 and 1170, MGH SS XXIII, pp. 841 and 853. 
[115] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1214, MGH SS XXIII, p. 899. 
[116] Troyes Necrologies, 2 Obituaire de Saint-Etienne, III Fondations établies en l'église royale de Troyes, p. 271. 
[117] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Eglise cathédrale de Chartres, Obituaire du xii siècle, p. 81.       
[118] Necrology Verdun Saint-Vanne, p. 143. 
[119] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 3, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[120] Necrology Verdun Saint-Vanne, p. 147. 
[121] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 3, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[122] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 3, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[123] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Eglise cathédrale de Chartres, Obituaire Patin, p. 177.       
[124] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1170, MGH SS XXIII, p. 853. 
[125] Obituaires de Sens Tome II, Abbaye de Saint-Père-enVallée, p. 192.       
[126] Necrology Verdun Saint-Vanne, p. 147. 
[127] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1158, MGH SS XXIII, p. 844. 
[128] Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (Continuatio I) 2, MGH SS X, p. 545. 
[129] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1170, MGH SS XXIII, p. 853. 
[130] Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis 15, MGH SS XIII, p. 255. 
[131] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1170, MGH SS XXIII, p. 853. 
[132] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1170, MGH SS XXIII, p. 853. 
[133] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1170, MGH SS XXIII, p. 853.  
[134] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 3, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[135] Gade, p. 74. 
[136] Gade, p. 75. 
[137] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1214, MGH SS XXIII, p. 899. 
[138] 'Obits mémorables tirés de nécrologes luxembourgeois, rémois et messins', Revue Mabillon VI (1910-1911), p. 269. 
[139] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 3, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[140] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1214, MGH SS XXIII, p. 899. 
[141] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1214, MGH SS XXIII, p. 899. 
[142] Gisleberti Chronicon Hanoniense, MGH SS XXI, p. 550. 
[143] Gisleberti Chronicon Hanoniense, MGH SS XXI, p. 552. 
[144] Gade, pp. 66 and 68. 
[145] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1193, MGH SS XXIII, p. 870. 
[146] Gade, p. 74. 
[147] Gade, p. 74. 
[148] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1214, MGH SS XXIII, p. 899. 
[149] Gade, p. 76. 
[150] Genealogica ex Stirpe Sancti Arnulfi descendentium Mettensis 3, MGH SS XXV, p. 383. 
[151] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1214, MGH SS XXIII, p. 899. 
[152] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1226, MGH SS XXIII, p. 918. 
[153] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1214, MGH SS XXIII, p. 899. 
[154] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1225, MGH SS XXIII, p. 915. 
[155] Runciman, Vol. 3, pp. 212-13. 
[156] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1219, MGH SS XXIII, p. 909. 
[157] Sainte-Hoïlde LXXVIII, p. 67. 
[158] Sainte-Hoïlde XLI, p. 38. 
[159] Sainte-Hoïlde XLI, p. 38. 
[160] The date of his testament, ES I.3 227. 
[161] Sainte-Hoïlde I, p. 1. 
[162] Sainte-Hoïlde I, p. 1. 
[163] Gade, p. 96. 
[164] Gade, p. 96. 
[165] Salm 24, p. 41. 
[166] Richeri Gesta Senoniensis Ecclesiæ IV, 28, MGH SS XXV, p. 316. 
[167] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1214, MGH SS XXIII, p. 899. 
[168] Sainte-Hoïlde XLI, p. 38. 
[169] Gade, p. 98. 
[170] Poull, La Maison de Bar, p. 229. 
[171] Iohannis de Thielrode Genealogia Comitum Flandriæ MGH SS IX, p. 335. 
[172] Iohannis de Thilrode Chronicon 19, MGH SS XXV, p. 574. 
[173] Florentii Wigornensis Monachi Chronicon, Continuatio, p. 268. 
[174] Poull, La Maison de Bar, p. 258. 
[175] Annales Londonienses, p. 146. 
[176] ES I.2 227. 
[177] Poull (1991), p. 83. 
[178] Bisson, p. 122.[179] Bisson, p. 121. 
[180] ES I.2 228. 
[181] Düsseldorf St Maria Memorienbuch, p. 126.