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Thuringia Nobility

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INTRODUCTION

Chapter 1.            GRAFEN von BEICHLINGEN

A.       GRAFEN von BEICHLINGEN (NORTHEIM)

B.       GRAFEN von BEICHLINGEN

Chapter 2.            GRAFEN von GLEICHEN

Chapter 3.            GRAFEN von HENNEBERG

Chapter 4.            GRAFEN von HONSTEIN

Chapter 5.            GRAFEN von ORLAMÜNDE

Chapter 6.            GRAFEN von SCHWARZBURG

Chapter 7.            GRAFEN von WEIMAR

 

INTRODUCTION

Thuringia was the border area which straddled the north-eastern part of the ancient German province of Franconia and the south-west of Saxony, and lay to the west of the eastern March which later developed into the margraviate of Meissen.  The background to the development of the territory is discussed in the Introduction to the companion document THURINGIA.  This document records the families of the principle nobles in Thuringia in the 11th to 13th centuries, the Grafen von Beichlingen, Gleichen, Henneberg, Honstein, Orlamünde, Schwarzburg and Weimar.  These are the principal families whose members subscribed charters in Thuringia during this timeframe. 

The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records the arrival in Thuringia of the earliest recorded Grafen von Gleichen and Grafen von Schwarzburg in 1034[1], although the source does not state where they came from.  As far as the other families set out in this document in this document are concerned, the county of Weimar is the earliest recorded of these Thuringian counties, emerging in the late 10th century in the Visichgau.  The Grafen von Beichlingen, descended from the Northeim dukes of Bavaria, are first recorded in the early 12th century.  The Grafen von Henneberg were recorded as Burggrafen in Würzburg in the late 11th century.  The Grafen von Honstein are first recorded in the later 12th century, linked to the foundation of Ilefeld monastery.  The Grafen von Orlamünde are descended from a younger branch of the Grafen von Ballenstedt, who inherited the county of Weimar in the early 12th century. 

After the 16th century, Thuringia was controlled by the dukes of Saxony, the older branch of the Wettin family of the Markgrafen von Meissen which was deprived of the electorate of Saxony by the emperor in 1547.  It is interesting to note that many of the prominent Thuringian towns which were associated with different branches of the ducal family and which became so familiar in later central European history, Altenburg, Coburg, Eisenach, Gotha, Hildburghausen and Meiningen, cannot trace their origin to any of the original medieval counties in Thuringia. 

 

 

Chapter 1.    GRAFEN von BEICHLINGEN

 

A.      GRAFEN von BEICHLINGEN (NORTHEIM)

KUNO von Northeim, son of OTTO Graf von Northeim Duke of Bavaria & his wife Richenza of Swabia [Ezzonen] (-murdered 1103).  The Annalista Saxo names "Heinricum Crassum comitem…Sifridum de Boumeneburh et Cononem comitem de Bichlinge et tres filias" as children of Otto von Northeim & his wife[2].  The Annales Stadenses name (in order) "Heinricum Crassum…Cononem comitem de Bichilinc…Sifridum de Bomeneburgh" as the three sons of Otto, specifying that Kuno was also killed[3]Graf von Beichlingen.  The Annales Erphesfurdenses record that "Couno comes Bichelingen" was killed in 1104[4]

m (after Nov 1086) as her second husband, KUNIGUNDE von Weimar heiress of Beichlingen, widow of IAROPOLK PIOTR Iziaslavich Prince of Vladimir in Volynia, daughter of OTTO Graf von Weimar, Markgraf von Meissen & his wife Adela de Louvain (-8 Jun 1140).  The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "Odam, Cunigundam, Adelheidam" as the three daughters of Markgraf Otto & his wife, specifying that Kunigunde married firstly "regi Ruzorum", secondly "Cononi comiti de Bichlingge, filio ducis Ottonis de Northeim", and thirdly "Wipertus senior"[5].  She married thirdly (1110) as his second wife, Wiprecht [II] von Groitsch

Graf Kuno & his wife had four children: 

1.             MATHILDE von Beichlingen .  The Annalista Saxo records (but does not name, except for the fourth daughter) the four daughters of Kuno & his wife, one of whom (listed first) married "Heinricus comes de Suitfene"[6].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m HENDRIK Graaf van Zutphen, son of OTTO [II] "der Reiche" Graaf van Zutphen & his wife Judith --- (-after 9 Apr 1138). 

2.             LIUTGARD von Beichlingen .  The Annalista Saxo records (but does not name, except for the fourth daughter) the four daughters of Kuno & his wife, one of whom (listed second) married "Willehelmus comes de Licelenburh"[7].  The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "Lutgardis" as wife of "comitem Guilelmum de Luscelenburg" but does not give her origin[8]m ([1105]) GUILLAUME Comte de Luxembourg, son of CONRAD [I] Comte de Luxembourg & his wife Clémence d'Aquitaine (-[17 Jun 1129/31]). 

3.             ADELA von Beichlingen (-1123).  The Annalista Saxo records (but does not name, except for the fourth daughter) the four daughters of Kuno & his wife, the third of whom married firstly "Thiedericus comes de Katelenburch" and secondly "Helpricus comes de Ploceke"[9].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  m firstly DIETRICH [III] Graf von Katlenburg, son of DIETRICH [II] Graf von Katlenburg [Stade] & his wife Gertrud von Braunschweig (-12 Aug 1106).  m secondly HILPERICH Graf von Plötzkau, son of DIETRICH Graf von Plötzkau & his wife Mathilde von Walbeck (-1118, bur Kakelingen).  He succeeded in 1112 as Markgraf der Nordmark

4.             KUNIGUNDE von Beichlingen .  The Annalista Saxo records (but does not name, except for the fourth daughter) the four daughters of Kuno & his wife, of whom Kunigunde (listed fourth) married firstly "Wiperto iuniori" and secondly "Thieppoldus marchio de Bawaria"[10]m firstly (1110) WIPRECHT [III] von Groitzsch, son of WIPRECHT [II] Graf von Groitzsch [later Markgraf von Meissen] & his first wife Judith of Bohemia (-27 Jan [1116], bur Pegau).  m secondly (after Mar 1127) as his second wife, DIETPOLD [III] Markgraf von Vohburg, son of DIEPOLD [II] von Giengen Markgraf im Nordgau & his wife Liutgarde von Zähringen (-8 Apr 1146). 

 

B.      GRAFEN von BEICHLINGEN

1.             FRIEDRICH [I] von Beichlingen (-before [18 Dec 1169]).  Graf von Beichlingen.  "…Comes Fridericus de Bichelingen…" witnessed the charter dated 16 Jun 1147 under which Heinrich [I] Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the foundation of Ichtershausen convent by "matrona…Frideruna linea nobis sanguinis propinqua et filius eius Marcwardus de Grumbach vir nobilis"[11].  "…Frethericus de Bigalinga comes…" witnessed the charter dated 21 Mar 1148 under which Heinrich [I] Archbishop of Mainz confirmed an exchange of property between the abbots of Disibodenberg and Geroda[12].  Christian Archbishop of Mainz confirmed an exchange of property, naming "Reinbod und Friedrich die Söhne des Grafen von Bichelingen (his avunculus)", by charter dated 18 Dec 1169[13]m HELEBURG von Gleichen, daughter of ERNST [I] Graf von Tonna & his wife ---.  Friedrich [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)             REINBOTO von Beichlingen .  Christian Archbishop of Mainz confirmed an exchange of property, naming "Reinbod und Friedrich die Söhne des Grafen von Bichelingen (his avunculus)", by charter dated 18 Dec 1169[14]Graf von Beichlingen.  "…comes Reinboto de Bichelingen…" witnessed the charter dated 24 Feb [1174/75] under which Christian [I] Archbishop of Mainz confirmed property of Kloster Lippoldsberg[15]

b)             FRIEDRICH [II] von Beichlingen (-Dec 1189).  Christian Archbishop of Mainz confirmed an exchange of property, naming "Reinbod und Friedrich die Söhne des Grafen von Bichelingen (his avunculus)", by charter dated 18 Dec 1169[16]Graf von Beichlingen.  "…Fridericus comes de Bichelinge…" witnessed the charter dated 1184 under which Konrad [I] Archbishop of Mainz exchanged property with Kloster Walkenried[17]m --- von Ballenstedt, daughter of ALBRECHT Graf von Ballenstedt & his wife Adelheid von Meissen.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. 

2.             FRIEDRICH [III] von Beichlingen (-1216).  Graf von Beichlingenm ELISABETH von Henneberg, daughter of POPPO [VI] Graf von Henneberg & his wife Sophia von Andechs-Merano.  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified. 

 

 

Chapter 2.    GRAFEN von GLEICHEN

1.             BISON von Gleichen (-after 1034).  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records that "Bysone de Glychen et Gunthero de Kevernberg comitibus" came to Thuringia at the same time as "Ludwicum dictum Cum-barba" in 1034[18]

 

1.             ERWIN [I] (-1116 or after).  Graf in Thuringia.  Monk at Reinhardsbrun 1116.  m HELEBURG, daughter of --- (-after 1133, bur Volkenrode).  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records that "comes Erwinus de Glichen infirmitate cum uxore sua Heleburga" donated property to Reinhardsbrunn in 1116[19].  She founded Kloster Volkenrode in 1130.  Graf Erwin [I] & his wife had four children: 

a)             ERNST [I] (-29 Dec 1151).  Graf von Tonna 1110.  Graf in Thuringia 1114.  Vogt von Erfurt 1120.  "…Comes Ernustus et frater eius Lambertus…" witnessed a charter dated 7 Jul 1128 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the property of Kloster Jechaburg[20].  Vogt von St Peter, Erfurt 1134.  "…Comites…Ernestus et frater eius Lambertus…" witnessed a charter dated 25 Jul 1139 under which Adalbert [II] Archbishop of Mainz confirmed his predecessor's grants to Kloster Jechaburg[21].  "…Comes Ernustus…" witnessed the charter dated 9 Nov 1141 under which Markolf Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the foundation of Kloster St Blasius at Northeim by "Sigefridi comitis"[22].  Vogt von Kloster Gerode 1142.  Graf von Harburg.  "…Ernest comes de Dunnaha…" witnessed the charter dated 1143 under which Heinrich [I] Archbishop of Mainz donated property to Kloster Disibodenberg "per manum comitis Simsonis advocati ecclesie sancti Disibodi"[23].  "Comites: Ernestus de Thunnaha…" witnessed the charter dated 5 Jul 1144 under which Heinrich [I] Archbishop of Mainz granted rights to Capelle Lauchroeden[24].  "Comites: Ernest de Tunnaha…" witnessed the charter dated 23 Jul 1144 under which "Henricus dux Saxonie" confirmed the privileges of Kloster Bursfeld[25].  "…Comes Ernustus…" witnessed the charter dated 16 Jun 1147 under which Heinrich [I] Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the foundation of Ichtershausen convent by "matrona…Frideruna linea nobis sanguinis propinqua et filius eius Marcwardus de Grumbach vir nobilis"[26].  The Chronicon Laureshamense names "Ludwicus provinciales comes…Lambertus, comes, Ernustus comes…" as lay witnesses to a document dated "1147 III Kal Feb"[27], the inclusion of "Ludwicus provinciales comes" indicating a connection with Thuringia.  The Annales Erphesfurdenses record the death "1152 IV Kal Ian" of "Ernest comes de Thuringia"[28]m ---.  The name of Ernst's wife is not known.  Graf Ernst [I] & his wife had three children: 

i)               ERWIN [II] (-7 Sep 1192, bur Erfurt Peterskloster).  Graf von Gleichen 1162. 

ii)             ERNST [II] (-beheaded 1170).  "…Erwinus comes et frater eius Ernestus…" witnessed the charter dated 1157 under which Arnold Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the privileges of Ichtershausen convent[29].  Graf von Harburg.  Vogt von Gerode.  He founded Kloster Reifenstein in 1162.  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records that "Ernestus comes" was kept in chains by "Ludewico comite [de Thuringia]" and later beheaded[30]m GUDA, daughter of ---.  1152/1191.  Graf Ernst [II] & his wife had [two or more] children: 

(a)          daughters .  1162/1191. 

iii)            HELEBURG .  1188.  m FRIEDRICH [I] Graf von Beichlingen, son of --- (-before [18 Dec 1169]). 

b)             LAMBERT [I] (-Erfurt 13 Oct 1149, bur Volkenrode).  "…Comes Ernustus et frater eius Lambertus…" witnessed a charter dated 7 Jul 1128 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the property of Kloster Jechaburg[31].  Graf von Tonna 1134.  "Lampertus comes…" witnessed the charter dated 1136 under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed a donation to Kloster Lippoldsberg[32].  "…Comites…Ernestus et frater eius Lambertus…" witnessed a charter dated 25 Jul 1139 under which Adalbert [II] Archbishop of Mainz confirmed his predecessor's grants to Kloster Jechaburg[33].  Graf von Berg 1147.  The Chronicon Laureshamense names "Ludwicus provinciales comes…Lambertus, comes, Ernustus comes…" as lay witnesses to a document dated "1147 III Kal Feb"[34], the inclusion of "Ludwicus provinciales comes" indicating a connection with Thuringia.  The Annales Erphesfurdenses record the death "in Folkolderoude III Non Apr" in 1149 of "Bruningus monachus", recording also the death of "frater eius Lampertus comes…in Erlesfurt V Non Oct", the second year after his return from Jerusalem and his burial "in Folcolderode" (although it is unclear from the context whether the last two pieces of information relate to Bruning or his brother)[35].  Heinrich [I] Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the donation of property by "comes Lambertus senior quondam privignam suam…Adelhedim" by charter dated 1151, which also refers to "filio suo Lamberto et…duabus filiabus suis" and clarifies that "comes Lambertus senior" died before the date of the charter[36]m as her second husband, MECHTILD, widow of [--- von Ahr], daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her two marriages has not yet been identified, although the fact that she was a widow when she married Graf Lambert [I] is confirmed by the charter dated 1151 quoted above which names his stepdaughter Adelheid.  1146.  Graf Lambert [I] & his wife had three children: 

i)               LAMBERT [II] .  His existence is confirmed by the charter dated 1151 under which Heinrich [I] Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the donation of property by "comes Lambertus senior quondam privignam suam…Adelhedim", which also refers to "filio suo Lamberto et…duabus filiabus suis"[37]

ii)             daughter .  Her existence is confirmed by the charter dated 1151 under which Heinrich [I] Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the donation of property by "comes Lambertus senior quondam privignam suam…Adelhedim", which also refers to "filio suo Lamberto et…duabus filiabus suis"[38]

iii)            MECHTILD (-[1200]).  Her existence is confirmed by the charter dated 1151 under which Heinrich [I] Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the donation of property by "comes Lambertus senior quondam privignam suam…Adelhedim", which also refers to "filio suo Lamberto et…duabus filiabus suis"[39].  The primary source which confirms her name and her marriage has not yet been identified.  m BURKHARD [II] von Querfurt Burggraf von Magdeburg (-after 4 Oct 1177). 

c)             BRUNO [Bruning] (-Volkenrode 5 Apr 1149, bur Volkenrode).  The Annales Erphesfurdenses record the death "in Folkolderoude III Non Apr" in 1149 of "Bruningus monachus", recording also the death of "frater eius Lampertus comes…in Erlesfurt V Non Oct", the second year after his return from Jerusalem and his burial "in Folcolderode" (although it is unclear from the context whether the last two pieces of information relate to Bruning or his brother)[40].  Canon at Hildesheim cathedral.  Monk at Volkenrode. 

d)             BEATRIX (-1120).  The Annales Pegavienses record the death in 1120 of "Beatrix relicta Poponis de Henninberch"[41]m POPPO [II] Graf von Henneberg, son of POPPO [I] Graf von Henneberg & his wife Hildegard von Thüringen (-20/21 Aug 1118).  1118. 

 

ERWIN [II] von Gleichen, son of ERNST [I] Graf von Tonna und Harburg & his wife --- (-7 Sep 1192, bur Erfurt Peterskloster).  Graf von Gleichen.  "…Erwinus comes et frater eius Ernestus…" witnessed the charter dated 1157 under which Arnold Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the privileges of Ichtershausen convent[42].  "…Erwinus comes de Glichem…" witnessed the charter dated 1184 under which Konrad [I] Archbishop of Mainz exchanged property with Kloster Walkenried[43]

m --- (-before 11 Nov 1192, bur Erfurt Peterskloster).  The name of Erwin's wife is not known. 

Graf Erwin [II] & his wife had four children: 

1.             LAMBERT [III] (-14 Sep 1227).  Graf von Erfurt 1191.  Vogt of St Peter Erfurt and of Erfurt 1193.  Graf von Gleichen 1195.  "…comes Lampertus et frater eius Ernestus…" witnessed the charter dated 3 Feb 1195 under which Konrad [I] Archbishop of Mainz confirmed rights of Kloster Georgenthal[44].  "…Lampertus comes de Glichen…" witnessed the charter dated 17 Oct 1196 under which Konrad [I] Archbishop of Mainz donated property to Kloster Ichtershausen before leaving for the Holy Land[45]m SOPHIE von Orlamünde, daughter of SIEGFRIED [III] Graf von Orlamünde & his wife Sophie of Denmark (-3 Sep 1244).  The Annales Erphesfurdenses record the death "1244 III Non Sep" of "Sophia comitissa mater comitis Heinrici"[46].  Graf Lambert [II] & his wife had seven children: 

a)             ERNST [IV] (-Stolp 1277 before 16 May, bur Stolp Kloster).  Graf von Gleichen in Gleichen und Tonna.  "Ernustus de Glichin et Heinricus de Glichenstein fratres comites", with the consent of "avunculi nostri com. Hermanni de Orlamunde", issued a charter dated 2 Aug 1246 relating to a land dispute[47]m firstly INGEBORG Pedersdotter, daughter of PETER Strangesen [Ulfeldt] Herr von Kalundborg & his wife Ingeborg Esbjernsdatter [Hvide].  m secondly ([1252]) as her first husband, MARGARETA Olufsdotter, daughter of OLUF Glug & his wife Margareta --- (-after 1266).  She married secondly Token ---. 

-        GRAFEN von GLEICHEN[48]

b)             ADALBERT (-killed in battle Biederitz 10/11 May 1238).  Canon, Provost of [St Nicolai] 1235.  Provost at Magdeburg cathedral 1236. 

c)             HEINRICH [I] (-20 Jan 1257, bur Erfurt Peterskloster).  Vogt von Erfurt 1234.  Graf von Gleichenstein 1246.  "Ernustus de Glichin et Heinricus de Glichenstein fratres comites", with the consent of "avunculi nostri com. Hermanni de Orlamunde", issued a charter dated 2 Aug 1246 relating to a land dispute[49]m MECHTILD von Schwerin, daughter of HEINRICH [I] Graf von Schwerin & his wife Margareta von Schlawe (-after 1 Jun 1263). 

-        GRAFEN von GLEICHENSTEIN[50]

d)             HERMANN (-[18 Oct 1288/4 Feb 1289], bur Kammin).  Provost of St Cyriani, Brunswick 1242/1249.  Elected Bishop of Hildesheim 1247, resigned 1249.  Elected Bishop of Kammin 1251, installed 1254. 

e)             LAMBERT (-12 Jun 1305).  Provost of St Marien at Erfurt 1248/1303.  Provost of Neumünster 1258.  Archdeacon at Würzburg 1293. 

f)               ADELA (-before 1266).  m LUDWIG [I] Graf von Everstein (-15 Sep 1284). 

g)             SOPHIE (-before 14 Dec 1267). 

2.             ERNST [III] (-1228 or after).  "…comes Lampertus et frater eius Ernestus…" witnessed the charter dated 3 Feb 1195 under which Konrad [I] Archbishop of Mainz confirmed rights of Kloster Georgenthal[51]Graf von Gleichen 1196.  Graf von Velseck 1200.  Vogt von Kloster Reifenstein 1201.  m BERTHA von Lohra, daughter of BERENGER [II] Graf von Stein und Lohra & his wife Bertha von Ammensleben.  1200/after 1211. 

a)             daughters .  1209. 

b)             ADELA (-before 19 Oct 1224).  m BURKHARD Graf von Scharzfeld (-22 Feb [1223/24]). 

3.             daughter .  m (before 11 Nov 1192) POPPO von Wasungen (-[1198]). 

4.             daughter .  m (before 11 Nov 1192) DIETRICH [II] Graf von Berka, son of DIETRICH [I] Graf von Berka & his wife ---.  1192/1225. 

 

 

Chapter 3.    GRAFEN von HENNEBERG

1.             GOTEBOLD [I] (-18 Apr [1091/94]).  Burggraf von Würzburg 1091. 

2.             POPPO [I] (-killed in battle near Melrichstadt 7 Aug 1078).  Graf von Hennebergm as her first husband, HILDEGARD, daughter of LUDWIG "Cum-barba" Graf in Thuringia & his wife Cäcilie von Sangerhausen (-bur Goseck).  The Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ names (in order) "Hildegardis…Uta…Adelheidis" as the three daughters of "Ludewicus Cum-barba" & his wife, specifying that Hildegard married firstly "Bopponi comiti de Hennenberc" and secondly "Timoni de Nordeke"[52].  Graf Poppo [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)             POPPO [II] (-20/21 Aug 1118).  The Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ names (in order) "Bopponem et Goteboldum" as the sons of "Bopponi comiti de Hennenberc" & his wife[53].  "Bobbo comes de Heinnenberc" donated property "in Salzungen" to Fulda by charter dated 1116[54].  The Annales Pegavienses record the death in 1118 of "Boppo de Henninberch"[55]m BEATRIX, daughter of ERWIN [I] Graf [von Tonna] & his wife Heleburg --- (-1120).  The Annales Pegavienses record the death in 1120 of "Beatrix relicta Poponis de Henninberch"[56].  Graf Poppo [II] & his wife had three children: 

i)               POPPO [III] (-1156 or after).  The Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ names (in order) "Bopponem de Irmenoldishausen, Ludewicum de Vrankenstein, Goteboldum de Wasungen" as the three sons of "Boppo iunior"[57].  m ---.  The name of Poppo's wife is not known.  Graf Poppo [III] & his wife had three children: 

(a)          HEINRICH (-1165 or after). 

(b)          POPPO [V] (-1199 or after).  m IRMGARD, daughter of ---.  Graf Poppo [V] & his wife had one child: 

(1)          HEINRICH von Sternburg (-killed in battle Meiningen 6 Dec 1228). 

-         von STERNBURG[58]

(c)          GOTEBOLD [IV] (-1186 or after). 

ii)             LUDWIG [I] (-1164 or after).  The Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ names (in order) "Bopponem de Irmenoldishausen, Ludewicum de Vrankenstein, Goteboldum de Wasungen" as the three sons of "Boppo iunior"[59]

-         HERREN von FRANKENSTEIN[60]

iii)            GOTEBOLD [II] (-1164 or after).  The Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ names (in order) "Bopponem de Irmenoldishausen, Ludewicum de Vrankenstein, Goteboldum de Wasungen" as the three sons of "Boppo iunior"[61]

b)             GOTEBOLD [II] (-6 Feb 1144).  The Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ names (in order) "Bopponem et Goteboldum" as the sons of "Bopponi comiti de Hennenberc" & his wife[62]Graf von Henneberg 1096. 

3.             BILIS (-13 Dec 1076).  Canon at Würzburg 1057. 

 

GOTEBOLD [II] von Henneberg, son of POPPO [I] Graf von Henneberg & his wife Hildegard [von Thüringen] (-6 Feb 1144).  The Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ names (in order) "Bopponem et Goteboldum" as the sons of "Bopponi comiti de Hennenberc" & his wife[63].  Burggraf von Würzburg 1094.  Graf von Henneberg 1096.  He founded Kloster Vessra in [1130/35].  "…Comites…Godeboldus de Henneberg et filii eius Poppo et Bertoldus…" witnessed a charter dated 25 Jul 1139 under which Adalbert [II] Archbishop of Mainz confirmed his predecessor's grants to Kloster Jechaburg[64]

m LIUTGARD von Hohenberg, daughter of BERTHOLD Graf von Hohenberg Vogt von Lorsch & his wife Liutgard --- (-1135 or after). 

Graf Gotebold [II] & his wife had five children: 

1.             POPPO [IV] (-1 Sep 1156, bur Kloster Vessra).  The Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ names (in order) "Bopponem et Bertoldum comites, Gebehardum Wirzeburgensem Guntherum Spirensem episcopus" as the four sons of "Goteboldus"[65].  "…Comites…Godeboldus de Henneberg et filii eius Poppo et Bertoldus…" witnessed a charter dated 25 Jul 1139 under which Adalbert [II] Archbishop of Mainz confirmed his predecessor's grants to Kloster Jechaburg[66].  Burggraf von Würzburg 1144.  The Chronicon Laureshamense names "Ludwicus provinciales comes…Bobbo comes et frater eius Bertholdus…" as lay witnesses to a document dated "1147 III Kal Feb"[67], the inclusion of "Ludwicus provinciales comes" indicating a connection with Thuringia.  m IRMGARD von Stade, daughter of LOTHAR UDO IV Graf von Stade [LOTHAR UDO III Markgraf der Nordmark] & his wife Irmgard von Plötzkau.  The Annalista Saxo records "Heinricum marchionem et duas filias" as the children of Lothar-Udo & his wife[68].  The Annales Stadenses names "Poppo de Hinneberche" as husband of the daughter of "marchio Udo [et] Ermengarda" but does not name her[69].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified. 

2.             BERTHOLD [I] (-18 Oct 1159).  The Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ names (in order) "Bopponem et Bertoldum comites, Gebehardum Wirzeburgensem Guntherum Spirensem episcopus" as the four sons of "Goteboldus"[70].  "…Comites…Godeboldus de Henneberg et filii eius Poppo et Bertoldus…" witnessed a charter dated 25 Jul 1139 under which Adalbert [II] Archbishop of Mainz confirmed his predecessor's grants to Kloster Jechaburg[71].  The Chronicon Laureshamense names "Ludwicus provinciales comes…Bobbo comes et frater eius Bertholdus…" as lay witnesses to a document dated "1147 III Kal Feb"[72], the inclusion of "Ludwicus provinciales comes" indicating a connection with Thuringia.  Graf von Henneberg 1151.  Burggraf von Würzburg 1156.  m BERTHA von Putelendorf, daughter of FRIEDRICH [IV] von Putelendorf Pfalzgraf von Sachsen & his wife Agnes van Limburg (-after 1182, bur Trostadt).  Graf Berthold [I] & his wife had three children: 

a)             POPPO [VI] (-Morgato, Syria 14 Jun [1190]).  The Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ names "Bopponem" as son of "Bertoldus comes", specifying that he died "in Terra Sancta"[73].  Burggraf von Würzburg 1164.  Graf von Henneberg 1182.  

b)             LIUTGARD (-22 Nov 1220, bur Klosterkirche Trostadt).  The Annales Stadenses refers to the wife of "Albertum palatinum [filium Friderici palatine de Somersgenburg]" as "filiam Popponis de Hinnenberch" but does not name her[74].  After her husband's death, she was harassed by Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony and sold her husband's inheritance in the eastern foreland of the Harz mountains to the archbishopric of Magdeburg[75]m (Meiningen 1154) ADALBERT von Sommerschenberg, son of FRIEDRICH [II] Pfalzgraf von Sommerschenberg & his wife Liutgard von Stade (-[15 Jan/17 Mar] 1179). 

c)             IRMGARD (-15 Jul 1197, bur Kloster Schönau bei Heidelberg).  m ([1159]) as his second wife, KONRAD Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, son of FRIEDRICH II Duke of Swabia [Staufen] & his second wife Agnes von Saarbrücken ([1134/36]-8 Nov 1195, bur Kloster Schönau bei Heidelberg). 

3.             GEBHARD (-17 Mar 1159).  The Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ names (in order) "Bopponem et Bertoldum comites, Gebehardum Wirzeburgensem Guntherum Spirensem episcopus" as the four sons of "Goteboldus"[76].  Provost of Stift Haug, until 1150.  Bishop of Würzburg 1150. 

4.             GÜNTHER (-16 Aug 1161, bur Maulbronn).  The Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ names (in order) "Bopponem et Bertoldum comites, Gebehardum Wirzeburgensem Guntherum Spirensem episcopus" as the four sons of "Goteboldus"[77].  Provost of Stift Haug 1137.  Bishop of Speyer 1146. 

5.             HILDEGARD (-24 Feb ----, bur Kloster Lorsch).  m HEINRICH [II] Graf von Katzenelnbogen, son of HEINRICH [I] von Katzenelnbogen & his wife Luccarde von Heimbach.  1124/60. 

 

POPPO [VI] von Henneberg, son of BERTHOLD [I] Graf von Henneberg Burggraf von Würzburg & his wife Bertha von Putelendorf (-Morgato, Syria 14 Jun [1190]).  The Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ names "Bopponem" as son of "Bertoldus comes", specifying that he died "in Terra Sancta"[78].  Burggraf von Würzburg 1164.  Graf von Henneberg 1182. 

m (before 1182) SOPHIA von Andechs-Merano, daughter of BERTHOLD II Graf von Andechs, Marchese di Istria & his first wife Hedwig von Wittelsbach (-[2 Jan 1218]).  The De Fundatoribus Monasterii Diessenses lists (in order) "Poppo summus prepositus Babenberch, Mathildis marchionissa de Hohenburch, Kunigundis comitissa de Eberstein, Sophia comitissa de Hennenberch, Berhtoldus dux et marchio…"[79], increasing the probability that all were children of "Berhtoldus marchio".  The necrology of Diessen records the death "IV Non Jan" of "Sophia com"[80]

Graf Poppo [VI] & his wife had seven children: 

1.             HEINRICH (-1208).  Teutonic Knight. 

2.             OTTO [I] (-[1244], bur Kloster Frauenrod).  Graf von Henneberg zu Botenlauben.  "Otto comes de Hennemberc" donated property to the Teutonic Knights, with the consent of "Beatricis uxoris et filii", by charter dated 30 May 1220 at Acre[81].  He founded Kloster Frauenrod in 1231[82]m (before 1 Oct 1208) as her second husband, BEATRICE de Courtenay, widow of GUILLAUME de Lusignan Seigneur de Valence, daughter of JOSCELIN [III] Count of Edessa & his wife Agnes de Milly ([1176]-after 1245, bur Kloster Frauenrod).  The Lignages d'Outremer name (in order) "Biatris et Annés" as the two daughters of "dou conte Jocelin" & his wife, specifying that Beatrix married "un conte aleman maugré le rei Heymeri" and died without heirs[83].  "Otto comes (de Henneberg)" donated property to the Teutonic Knights at Acre, with the consent of "uxoris Beatricis, filiæ quondam comitis Joscelini", by charter dated Sep 1208[84].  Emperor Friedrich II confirmed rights of the Teutonic Knights in property donated by "Ottone comite de Ennenberch, Beatrice uxore et Ottone filio" by charter dated Jul 1226[85].  Graf Otto [I] & his wife had two children: 

a)             HEINRICH .  Canon at Haug, Würzburg 1235. 

b)             OTTO [II] (-after 1 Feb 1248).  Emperor Friedrich II confirmed rights of the Teutonic Knights in property donated by "Ottone comite de Ennenberch, Beatrice uxore et Ottone filio" by charter dated Jul 1226[86].  Graf von Hildenburg.  He sold the Herrschaften Hildenburg and Lichtenburg in 1230 and the Herrschaft Botenlauben in 1234 to the bishopric of Würzburg[87].  Teutonic Knight 1231.  Monk at Kloster Frauenrod 1247.  m ADELHEID von Hildenburg, daughter of ADALBERT [III] Graf von Hildenburg Vogt von Rohr (-1250 or after).  Nun at St Markus, Würzburg 1231.  Graf Otto [II] & his wife had one child: 

i)               ADALBERT von Hildenburg (-after 1251).  Canon at Würzburg 1234.  Teutonic Knight 1247.  Komtur at Koblenz 1251. 

3.             BERTHOLD [II] (-[1212], bur Vessra),  Burggraf von Würzburg.  Graf von Henneberg.  "…Bertholdus comes de Henneberc…" witnessed the charter dated 15 Nov 1199 under which "Hermannus…lantgravius et Saxonie comes palatinus" confirmed the donation by "familia nostra matrona quedam de Vargla, Hedewiga, vidua Cunimundi" to Kloster Ichtershausen[88]m ---.  The name of Berthold's wife is not known.  Graf Berthold [II] & his wife had one child: 

a)             BERTHOLD [III] (-[before 1220]).  Graf von Henneberg. 

4.             POPPO [VII] (-21 Aug 1245, bur Vessra).  Burggraf von Würzburg.  Graf von Henneberg.  Vogt von Kloster Bildhausen.  m firstly ELISABETH [von Wildburg], daughter of --- (-[1220]).  m secondly (Leipzig 3 Jan 1223) as her second husband, JUTTA von Thüringen, widow of DIETRICH von Meissen Herr zu Weissenfels, daughter of HERMANN I Landgraf of Thuringia ([1183]-Schleusingen 6 Jul 1235).  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Iuditam" as the daughter of "Hermannus tunc comes palatinus Saxonie, postmodem etiam comes provincialis Thuringie" and his wife Sophie, naming her husband "Tiderici marchionis Misnensis et Orientalis, filii Othonis marchionis"[89].  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records the first marriage of "filia prima Iutta" and "Theoderici marchioni Misnensi" and her second marriage to "Bopponem comitem de Hennenberg patruum comitis Bertoldi de Henneberg" as well as her son by her second marriage "Hermannum comitem de Hennenberg" who was father of "Bopponem iuniorem de Hennenberg et Bertoldum episcopum"[90], although "Hermannum" appears to be an error for "Popponem". 

-        GRAFEN von HENNEBERG[91]

5.             KONRAD (-after 1196).  Archdeacon at Würzburg 1189. 

6.             ELISABETHm FRIEDRICH [III] Graf von Beichlingen, son of --- (-1216). 

 

 

Chapter 4.    GRAFEN von HONSTEIN

The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis names "comes Conradus de Honsteyn", son of "Beringerus…Sangirhusen" (of the family of the later Landgrafen of Thuringia), as ancestor of "omnes de Honsteyn"[92].  Graf Konrad was, however, not the patrilineal ancestor of the later Grafen von Honstein according to Europäische Stammtafeln[93].  In addition, the History of Ilefeld Monastery names "filius [Elgeri] Elgerus secundus" as "primus comes in Honstein", specifying that he obtained the castle from "comitissa viuda Remvice" who was widow of Esiko Graf von Honstein[94].  No relationship with Graf Konrad is specified in this source.  It is not impossible that "comitissa…Remvice", whose origin is unspecified, was the daughter or sister of Graf Konrad. 

1.             ESIKO (-28 Sep ----).  The History of Ilefeld Monastery records the death without heirs "IV Kal Oct" of "Heseke comes de Honstein"[95]Graf von Honsteinm REMVICE, daughter of --- (-4 Mar ----, bur Honstein).  The History of Ilefeld Monastery records the death "IV Non Mar" of "comitissa viuda Remvice…quia maritus Heseke comes de Honstein", her burial at Honstein, and her transmission of the castle of Honstein to Adalger [II] von Ilefeld[96].  Graf Esiko & his wife had one child: 

a)             LUTRADIS (-13 Nov ----, bur Ilefeld).  The History of Ilfeld Monastery names "Luttradis filia comitis Heseke…nata de Orlamunde" as wife of "secundus Elgerus", her death "Id Nov" and her burial at Ilfeld[97]m ADALGER [II] Graf von Ilefeld, son of ADALGER [I] Graf von Ilefeld & his wife Bertradis --- (-13 Jan 1190, bur Ilfeld)

 

Two possible brothers, parents not known. 

1.             ADALGER [I] [von Ilefeld] (-18 Feb 1128).  Graf.  The History of Ilefeld Monastery records the death "XII Kal Mar" of "Elgerus" who built "castrem…Yliburgk" and who was born in "Bilstein ubi et pater eius residens mortuus est et sepultus"[98].  Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed a donation of property by "frater Theodoricus canonicus liber iuvenis" for the soul of "comitis Adelgeri", by charter dated 7 Jul 1128[99].  The fact that Adalger [II], son of Adalger [I], outlived his father by more than sixty years suggests that Adalger [I] must have been young when he died.  m BERTRADIS, daughter of --- (-12 Oct ----).  The History of Ilefeld Monastery records the death "IV Id Oct" of "Bertradis" wife of "Elgerus"[100].  Graf Adalger [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)             ADALGER [II] von Ilefeld (-13 Jan 1190, bur Ilefeld).  The History of Ilefeld Monastery names "filius [Elgeri] Elgerus secundus" as "primus comes in Honstein", specifying that he obtained the castle from "comitissa viuda Remvice" and in a later passage that he founded Ilfeld monastery and died "Id Jan"[101].  Graf von Ilefeld.  "…Edelgerus comes de Ilvelt…" witnessed the charter dated 1157 under which Arnold Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the privileges of Ichtershausen convent[102]Graf von Honstein.  "…Edilgerus comes de Honstein et filius eius Edilgerus…" witnessed the charter dated 1184 under which Konrad [I] Archbishop of Mainz exchanged property with Kloster Walkenried[103].  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records the death in 1189 of "Eyligerus comes de Honsteyn fundator cœnobii Ylefeld"[104]m LUTRADIS von Honstein, daughter of ESIKO Graf von Honstein & his wife Remvice --- (-13 Nov ----, bur Ilfeld).  The History of Ilefeld Monastery names "Luttradis filia comitis Heseke…nata de Orlamunde" as wife of "secundus Elgerus", her death "Id Nov" and her burial at Ilfeld[105].  She and her husband founded Kloster Ilefeld.  Graf Adalger [II] & his wife had two children: 

i)               ELGER [Adalger] [III] (-16 Sep 1210).  The History of Ilfeld Monastery names "tercius Elgero" as son and successor of "Elgero fundator secundo" and his death "XVI Kal Oct"[106].  "…Edilgerus comes de Honstein et filius eius Edilgerus…" witnessed the charter dated 1184 under which Konrad [I] Archbishop of Mainz exchanged property with Kloster Walkenried[107]Graf von Honstein.  Vogt von Kloster Ilefeld.  m ODA [von Magdeburg, daughter of BURCHARD [II] Burggraf von Magdeburg] (-8 Jul ----).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.   Graf Elger [III] & his wife had seven children: 

(a)          DIETRICH [I] (-23 Jul 1249).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Honstein.  Vogt von Kloster Homburg bei Langensalza.    

(b)          HEINRICH [I] (-1240 or after).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Teutonic knight. 

(c)          ELGER (-[Frankfurt-am-Main] 14 Oct 1242, bur Eisenach).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Provost of St Simon & St Jude at Goslar.  Dominican prior at Eisenach. 

(d)          ELGER (-[Paris 12 Nov 1237]).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Sub-deacon of St Bonifacius at Halberstadt. 

(e)          LUTRADIS .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Abbess of Drübeck.  1211/1230. 

(f)            daughter .  The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified.  Nun at Rehr 1248. 

(g)          BERTRADIS .  The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.  [1240]/1268.  m BADERICH Graf von Belzig .  1215/48. 

ii)             FRIEDRICH (-before 1201).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf.  m ---.  The name of Friedrich's wife is not known.  Graf Friedrich & his wife had one child: 

(a)          DIETRICH (-13 Aug ----).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Provost of Heiligenkreuz zu Nordhausen. 

2.             [DIETRICH (-after 7 Jul 1128).  Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed a donation of property by "frater Theodoricus canonicus liber iuvenis" for the soul of "comitis Adelgeri", by charter dated 7 Jul 1128[108].  It is not certain that "frater" in this charter indicates a fraternal relationship between "Theodoricus" and "comitis Adelgeri" or whether it is simply a religious epithet.  The reference to "iuvenis" suggests that Dietrich must have been a younger brother, assuming that he and Adalger were brothers.  This would imply that Adalger himself was still relatively young when he died, which appears to be corroborated by his son Adalger [II] outliving his father by more than 60 years (see above).  On balance therefore, it appears to make sense that Dietrich was the brother of Adalger [I], but the question is not beyond doubt.  Canon.] 

 

DIETRICH [I] von Honstein, son of ELGER Graf von Honstein & his wife Oda [von Magdeburg] (-23 Jul 1249).  Graf von Honstein.  Vogt von Kloster Homburg bei Langensalza.  The History of Ilefeld Monastery records the death "pridie Non Sep 1258" of "comitis Theoderici de Honstein"[109]

m (before 1231) HEDWIG von Brehna, daughter of FRIEDRICH [II] Graf von Brehna und Wettin & his wife Judith von Ziegenhain.  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "filiam Hetwigem et filios Othonem et Tidericum" as children of "Fridericus comes iunior" & his wife[110].  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  1242/64.  Gräfin von Altenburg, after her husband's death. 

Graf Dietrich [I] & his wife had four children: 

1.             HEINRICH [II] (-24 Jan [1286]).  Graf von Honsteinm (before 1253) MECHTILDIS von Regenstein, daughter of ULRICH [I] Graf von Regenstein (-21 Oct [1283/84], bur Nordhausen Barfusserkirche).  Graf Heinrich [II] & his wife had eleven children: 

a)             DIETRICH [II] (-[28 May/11 Aug] 1309).  Graf von Honsteinm (before 28 Feb 1282) SOPHIE von Anhalt, daughter of BERNHARD [I] Graf von Anhalt in Bernburg & his wife Sofia of Denmark (-after 20 May 1322). 

-        GRAFEN von HONSTEIN[111]

b)             HEINRICH [III] (-[10 Aug/13 Dec] 1305).  Graf von Honsteinm (before 28 Feb 1282) JUTTA von Ravensburg, daughter of OTTO [III] Graf von Ravensburg & his wife Hedwig zur Lippe (-before 10 Aug 1305). 

-        GRAFEN von HONSTEIN[112]

c)             LUCKARDE .  1254/1279. 

d)             ODA (-before 21 Jul 1312, bur Nordhausen Barfusserkirche). 

e)             HEDWIG .  Nun at Kloster Neuwerk zu Nordhausen 1264. 

f)               MECHTILD .  Nun at Kloster Neuwerk zu Nordhausen 1264. 

g)             ULRICH (-[6 May 1294/23 Dec 1296]).  Canon at Meissen cathedral 1275.  Canon at Würzburg cathedral 1288. 

h)             ELGER (-14 May [1300]).  Provost of Heiligenkreuz, Nordhausen.  Canon at Bremen cathedral 1288.  Canon at Magdeburg cathedral  1289. 

i)               JUTTA .  1289. 

j)               LUTRUDIS .  1269/1282. 

k)             ELGER (-1302 or after).  Teutonic knight. 

2.             JUTTA .  1231/34. 

3.             SOPHIE .  1233/59.  m (before 15 Mar 1247) HEINRICH [III] Graf von Schwarzburg zu Schwarzburg, (-before 1259). 

4.             HEDWIG (-before 28 Sep 1294).  m (Papal dispensation 4o Lyon 24 Apr 1246) FRIEDRICH [IV] Graf von Beichlingen (-1275, bur Frankenhausen). 

 

 

Chapter 5.    GRAFEN von ORLAMÜNDE

The county of Orlamünde was held by the Grafen von Weimar (see below, Chapter 6) in the mid-11th century.  It was transferred to the family of the Grafen von Ballenstedt by the marriage of Adalbert Graf von Ballenstedt to Adelheid, daughter of Otto Graf von Weimar and Markgraf von Meissen, and inherited by the couple's younger son Graf Siegfried.  The county reverted to the senior branch of the Ballenstedt family after the death without children of the sons of Graf Siegfried, and in 1156 was transferred to Hermann, a younger son of Albrecht "der Bär" Markgraf of Brandenburg.  The family appears to have lost the county some time in the late 13th century, but the precise process by which this occurred has not yet been identified.  The primary sources which confirm the parentage and marriages of the members of this family have not yet been identified, unless otherwise stated below. 

SIEGFRIED von Ballenstedt, son of ADALBERT Graf von Ballenstedt [Brandenburg] & his wife Adelheid von Weimar ([1075]-killed in battle 3 Sep 1113, bur Springirsbach).  The Annalista Saxo names "Ottonem comitem et Sigefridum palatinum comitem" as sons of Adalbert & his wife Adelheid[113].  He was adopted by his stepfather Pfalzgraf Heinrich von Laach[114], whom he succeeded in 1095 as SIEGFRIED Pfalzgraf von Lothringen.  Vogt of Trier Cathedral in 1097.  Vogt of Springirsbach and Maria Laach.  He founded Kloster Herrenbreitungen in 1112[115].  He succeeded as Graf von Orlamünde, presumably on the death of his mother in 1100.  "Sifridus…comes palatinus" confirmed the foundation of Kloster Laach by "predecessor et dominus meus Henricus comes palatinus…uxore sua Athelheide…matre mea" by charter dated 1112[116]

m (before 27 Aug 1111) as her first husband, GERTRUD von Northeim, daughter of HEINRICH "dem Fetten" Graf von Northeim & his wife Gertrud von Braunschweig (-[1154/65]).  The Annalista Saxo names "Richenzam postea imperatricem et Gertrudem palatinam comitissam" as the two daughters of Heinrich & his wife Gertrud[117].  Emperor Heinrich V confirmed an exchange of property acquired by Kloster Reinhardsbrunn from, among others, "palatinum comitem Sigifridum eiusque coniugem Gertrudem" by charter dated 27 Aug 1111[118].  The primary source which confirms that Gertrud, wife of Pfalzgraf Siegfried, was the daughter of Markgraf Heinrich has not yet been identified.  Pfalzgräfin 1134.  Heiress of Friesland.  She married secondly ([1115]) Otto von Salm, Graf von Reineck und Bentheim in 1126, Pfalzgraf von Lothringen in 1140.  The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified. 

Graf Siegfried & his wife had three children: 

1.             SIEGFRIED [II] (-19 Mar 1124).  He succeeded his father in 1113 as Graf von Orlamünde.  Vogt of St Maria at Erfurt 1119.  "Palatina comitissa Gerthrude cum filio suo prefate ecclesie advocato Sigefrido" witnessed a charter dated 1119 under which "in partibus Thuringie…nobilis miles…comes Wichmannus" donated property to Erfurt St Maria[119]

2.             WILHELM (-13 Feb 1140, bur Springirsbach).  A document dated Apr 1125 names "Wilhelmum palatinum Sigefridi filium"[120], which indicates that he must have claimed the Pfalzgrafschaft from Pfalzgraf Gottfried several years before 1129, the date suggested in Europäische Stammtafeln.  This is confirmed by the charter dated 15 Jul 1128, witnessed by "Palatinus comes Willelmus, Marchio Adelbertus, comes Herimannus et frater eius Cunradus…", under which Adalbert Archbishop of Mainz confirmed an exchange of property between "heredes comites Rodulfi…marchionis…prefati comitis filius Rodulfus…matre eius religiosa vidua Richarde…et fratre predicti pueri Udone iam milite facto et uxorato…" and the provost of Jechenburg[121].  He succeeded in 1129 as WILHELM Pfalzgraf von Lothringen.  Vogt of Trier Cathedral [1131].  m (before 17 Mar 1130) ADELHEID, daughter of ---. 

3.             ADELA (-10 Aug [1155]).  Heiress of Mörle and Cleeberg.  Wegener refers to a donation to Admont by Konrad Graf von Peilstein with his wife Adela and sons Friedrich, Siegfried and Konrad dated [1147][122].  The necrology of Melk records the death "IV Id Aug" of "Adala com"[123].  The necrology of Admont records the death "IV Id Aug" of "Adala com"[124]m as his second wife, KONRAD Graf von Peilstein, son of FRIEDRICH [II] Graf von Tengling [Sieghardinger] & his wife [Mathilde von Lechsgemünd] (-15/16/17 Mar [1168]). 

 

HERMANN [I] von Brandenburg, son of ALBRECHT "der Bär" Markgraf von Brandenburg [Ballenstedt] & his wife Sophie von Winzenburg (-19 Oct 1176).  A 13th century genealogy names (in order) "Albertum, Berenhardum, Fridericum, Hermannum de Horlamund et Zeifridum Bremensem archiepiscopum" as the five sons of "Albertus de Hanhalde marchio"[125].  Markgraf von Sachsen 1153.  He succeeded in 1156 as Graf von Orlamünde.  "Adelbertus marchio et filius eius Hermannus…" witnessed the charter dated 1157 under which Arnold Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the privileges of Ichtershausen convent[126].  "Alberto Brandenburgensi marchione, Ottone filio eius…Hermanno comite de Horlemunde filio eius, Theoderico comite de Werben filio eius, Alberto comite de Balstede filio eius, Bernardo comite de Anehalt filio eius…" witnessed the charter dated 1170 under which "Cazimerus…Pomeranorum princeps" donated property to the church of Havelberg, with the consent of "fratre nostro Boguzlao"[127].  The Annales Erphesfurdenses record the death in 1176 of "Hermannus comes"[128]

m ERMGARD, daughter of --- (-[31 Jul 1174/1180]).  Her origin has not been traced, although a 13th century genealogy refers to her as "ducis Polonie filiam" when naming her son[129].  From a chronological point of view, she could have been the daughter either of Bolesław III "Krzywousty/Wrymouth" Prince of Poland (by his third marriage) or of Władysław II "Wygnaniec/the Exile" Prince of Krakow and Silesia (eldest son of Prince Bolesław III by his first marriage), assuming that a Polish origin is correct. 

Graf Hermann & his wife had two children: 

1.             SIEGFRIED [III] von Orlamünde (-1206).  A 13th century genealogy names "Seyfridum cum fratribus et sororibus suis" as children of "Hermannus [filius Albertus de Hanhalde marchio]" and "ducis Polonie filiam"[130].  He succeeded his father in 1176 as Graf von Orlamünde.  "…Sifridus comes de Orlamund…" witnessed the charter dated 17 Oct 1196 under which Konrad [I] Archbishop of Mainz donated property to Kloster Ichtershausen before leaving for the Holy Land[131]m (Lübeck 1181) SOPHIE of Denmark, daughter of VALDEMAR I "den Store/the Great" King of Denmark & his wife Sofia Volodarovna of Novgorod [Rurikid] ([1159]-1208).  Her origin is confirmed by the Chronica Godefridi Coloniensis which names "Albertus comes de Urlemunde, filius sororis…regis [Dacie]"[132].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  She became a nun after her husband died.  Graf Siegfried [III] & his wife had six children: 

a)             OTTO (1182-before 10 May 1211).

b)             ALBERT [I] (1183-18 Dec 1244).  The Chronica Godefridi Coloniensis names "Albertus comes de Urlemunde, filius sororis…regis [Dacie]"[133].  He succeeded his father in 1206 as Graf von Orlamünde.  Graf von Nordalbingien 1207-1217.  Graf von Holstein 1208.  Graf von Ratzeburg 1217.  Graf von Wagrien und Stormarn 1223.  He was regent of the kingdom of Denmark 1224-1225[134].  The contract of marriage between “Waldemarus secundus…Danorum Sclavorumque rex…filius noster rex Waldemarus” and “domine A” is dated 25 Jun 1229, subscribed by “filius noster Kanutus dux Estonie, nepos noster Albert comes Orlemunde et dominus Alsie…[135]m (before 10 May 1211) HEDWIG von Thüringen, daughter of HERMANN I Landgraf of Thuringia Pfalzgraf von Sachsen & his first wife Sophie "de Austria" (-1247).  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis names "Hedwigis" as second daughter of "principis Hermanni" and her marriage to "comiti Alberti de Alsacia"[136].  The primary source which confirms the precise origin of her husband has not yet been identified. 

c)             HERMANN [II] von Orlamünde (before 16 Jan 1194-27 Dec 1247).  He succeeded his father in 1206 as Graf von Orlamünde.  

d)             HEINRICH [II] (-27 Dec 1247).  The Annales Erphordenses record the death "1248 VI Kal Jan" of "Heinricus comes de Orlamunde"[137]

e)             IRMGARD .  1196-1210/1222.  m HEINRICH II Graf von Schwarzburg in Schwarzburg, son of GÜNTHER III Graf von Käfernburg und Schwarzburg & his first wife Gertrud von Meissen (-20 Feb 1236).

f)               SOPHIE (-3 Sep 1244).  The Annales Erphesfurdenses record the death "1244 III Non Sep" of "Sophia comitissa mater comitis Heinrici"[138]m LAMBERT [III] Graf von Gleichen, son of ERWIN [II] Graf von Gleichen & his wife --- (-14 Sep 1227).

2.             ALBERT (-1229).  A Franciscan at Erfurt. 

 

HERMANN [II] von Orlamünde, son of SIEGFRIED [III] Graf von Orlamünde & his wife Sophie of Denmark (before 16 Jan 1194-27 Dec 1247).  He succeeded his father in 1206 as Graf von Orlamünde.  After the war of the Thuringian counts (1238-1246), Graf Hermann took the towns of Weimar, Schönwerde and Wendelstein from Friedrich II Markgraf von Meissen by way of compensation.  "Ernustus de Glichin et Heinricus de Glichenstein fratres comites", with the consent of "avunculi nostri com. Hermanni de Orlamunde", issued a charter dated 2 Aug 1246 relating to a land dispute[139].  After his death, Meissen retook control of the towns[140]

m BEATRIX von Andechs-Merano, daughter of OTTO I Duke of Merano, Comte Palatin de Bourgogne [Andechs] & his first wife Beatrix de Bourgogne-Comté (-after 14 Nov 1265).  Her parentage is indicated by the charter dated Apr 1270 under which "Hugo dux Burgundie" requested the abbot of Cluny to recognise the rights of “Ph Sabaudie et Burgundie comiti et A. comitisse uxori sue” in “comitatu Burgundie…cessionis nobis facte a domina B, comitissa Orlemunde, sorore dicte A. comitissa[141].  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  

Graf Hermann [II] & his wife had five children: 

1.             HERMANN [III] (-1283).  He died of the plague[142]m ---.  The name of Hermann's wife is not known.  Graf Hermann [III] & his wife had four children: 

a)             ELISABETH (-before 24 Mar 1333, bur Kloster Reinhardsbrunn).  Heiress of Nordhalben.  m firstly HARTMANN von Lobdeburg-Arnshaugk (-before 20 Feb 1289).  m secondly (before 1 Oct 1290) as his third wife, ALBRECHT "der Entartete" Markgraf von Meissen Landgraf of Thuringia, son of HEINRICH "der Erlauchte" Markgraf von Meissen und Niederlausitz & his first wife Konstanze of Austria [Babenberg] (1240-Erfurt 20 Nov 1314, bur Erfurt St Marien).

b)             HERMANN [V].  1287/1311.  

c)             HEINRICH [III] (-after 26 Mar 1354).  Herr zu Orlamünde und Schauenforst.  m (before 26 Jul 1313) IRMGARD von Schwarzburg, daughter of HEINRICH VI Graf von Schwarzburg Herr zu Blankenberg (-13 Jul 1354).  Heinrich [III] & his wife had four children: 

i)               HEINRICH [IV] (-[1357]).  Herr zu Schauenforst.  m as her first husband, RICHZA von Henneberg, daughter of POPPO [IX] Grf von Henneberg zu Hartenberg .  She married secondly (16 Jul 1358) Johann [II] Graf von Schwarzburg Herr zu Wachsenberg (-May 1407). 

ii)             FRIEDRICH [III] (-after 23 Jul 1379).  Herr zu Droyssig.  m ---.  The name of Friedrich's wife is not known.  Friedrich [III] & his wife had two children: 

(a)          KATHARINA .  1374/79.

(b)          FRIEDRICH [IV] (-[2 Aug 1402/15 Oct 1405]).  Herr zu Droyssig und Groitzsch.  m (before 2 Aug 1402) KATHARINA von Gleichen, daughter of HEINRICH [V] Graf von Gleichen zu Tonna (-after 28 Jun 1411).  Friedrich [IV] & his wife had two children: 

(1)          MARTIN (-after 15 Oct 1405).  Herr zu Droyssig. 

(2)          HEINRICH [V] (-[28 Jun 1417/3 Aug 1423]).  Herr zu Droyssig. 

iii)            JUTTA [Anna] (-1383).  Abbess of Stadtilm 1357.

iv)           ELISABETH (-after 30 Aug 1372).  m (before 12 Jul 1346) ALBRECHT Burggraf von Kirchberg .  1294/1364. 

d)             ELISABETH (-17 Mar [1319]).  A nun at Weissenfels.

2.             OTTO [III] "der Gewaltige" (-13 May 1285, bur Kloster Himmelkron).  Herr zu Weimar.  Herr zu Rudolstadt 1279.  Herr der Plassenburg. 

3.             ALBRECHT [II] (-1283).  Graf von Weimar 1250.  He died of the plague[143]

4.             SOPHIE (-after 30 Apr 1353).  Heiress of Regnitzland.  m (before 19 Jun 1258) HEINRICH VIII Vogt von Weida (-[17 Oct 1279/1280]).

5.             OTTO .  A canon in Würzburg.  1265/1308. 

 

OTTO [III] "der Gewaltige" von Orlamünde, son of HERMANN [II] Graf von Orlamünde & his wife Beatrix von Andechs-Merano (-1285).  Herr zu Weimar.  Herr zu Rudolstadt 1279.  Herr der Plassenburg. 

m AGNES, daughter of --- (-25 Nov [1300], bur Kloster Himmelkron).  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[144], the wife of Otto [III] was the daughter of Friedrich [II] Graf von Leiningen & his wife Agnes von Eberstein but, from a chronological point of view, this is unlikely to be correct.  She became a Franciscan nun at Lambracht am Pfalz, known as "die Weisse Frau"[145]

Otto [III] & his wife had five children: 

1.             OTTO (-1315).  Canon at Bamberg 1285, at Würzburg 1293.  Scholasticus of Bamberg Cathedral 1289/1308.

2.             HERMANN IV (-[19 Aug/20 Nov] 1319, bur Saalfeld St Johannis).  Herr zu Weimar.  m (before 24 Nov 1290) MECHTILD von Rabenswald, daughter of FRIEDRICH Graf von Rabenswald (-[15 Jan 1329/17 Mar 1338]).  Heiress of Wiehe and Buch.  Hermann [IV] & his wife had nine children: 

a)             HERMANN (-[before 10 Aug 1313). 

b)             FRIEDRICH [I] (-25 Jul 1365, bur Oberweimar).  Herr zu Weimar, Wiehe, Buch und Schönwerde.  m ([30 Jan/31 May] 1322) as her second husband, ELISABETH von Meissen, widow of OTTO II Fürst von Anhalt Graf von Aschersleben, daughter of FRIEDRICH "Clem" Markgraf von Dresden & his wife Jutta von Schwarzburg (-after 2 May 1347).  The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not yet been identified.  Friedrich [I] & his wife had four children: 

i)               MECHTILD (-1355).  m (before 1337) ---.

ii)             ELISABETH (-[before 21 Feb 1385]).  A nun in Oberweimar.

iii)            FRIEDRICH V (-after 24 Mar 1381).  Herr zu Weimar.  m IRMGARD, daughter of ---.

iv)           ANNAm (before 26 Apr 1338) SIEGFRIED Graf von Mansfeld (-[25 Aug 1346/15 Aug 1349]).

c)             MECHTILD (-1340 or after, bur Erfurt Franciscan Monastery).  m firstly (before 11 Aug 1312) DIETRICH [IV] Graf von Honstein (-11 Apr 1317).  m secondly (before 20 Jan 1331) BUSSO von Querfurt (-before 1340).

d)             HERMANN [VI] (-[28 Mar 1372/16 Oct 1373]).  Herr zu Weimar, Wiehe, Buch und Schönwerde.  m (before 29 Sep 1325) KATHARINA von Anhalt, daughter of OTTO II Fürst von Anhalt Graf von Aschersleben & his wife Elisabeth von Meissen (-[10 Dec 1367/15 Apr 1369]).  Hermann [VI] & his wife had two children: 

i)               FRIEDRICH .  1335.

ii)             MECHTILD (-before 23 Jun 1359).  m (before 26 Apr 1338) HEINRICH Graf von Honstein in Klettenberg (-[24 Aug 1305/8 May 1307]).

e)             OTTO [V] (-[14 Jun 1334/12 Mar 1335]).  Herr zu Lauenstein, Gräfenthal, Magdala, Buchfart, Lichtentanne und Lichtenberg.  

f)               SOPHIE .  1320/1354.  m FRIEDRICH [VII] Graf und Herr zu Beichlingen .  1301/1342. 

g)             ELISABETH .  1320. 

h)             JOHANN .  A canon at Weimar.  1320/1359.

i)               AGNES .  Abbess of Himmelkron 1353.

3.             IRMGARD (-bur Cronschwitz).  m (before 27 Mar 1276) HEINRICH [II] Vogt von Gera .  1274/1306. 

4.             AGNES (-after 30 Apr 1353, bur Kloster Himmelkron).  Abbess of Himmelkron.

5.             OTTO [IV] "der Reiche" (1271-[16 May/20 Aug] 1318, bur Kloster Himmelkron).  Herr zu Rudolstadt 1283.  Herr zu Arnstadt.  Herr zu Plassenburg und Kulmbach 1294.  m firstly (before 13 Dec 1295) ADELHEID von Käfernburg, daughter and heiress of GÜNTHER [VII] Graf von Käfernburg Herr zu Arnstadt (-[10 Aug 1304/27 Mar 1305]).  m secondly (before 30 Oct 1308) KATHARINA von Hessen, daughter of HEINRICH I "das Kind" Fürst und Landgraf Herr von Hessen & his second wife Mechtild von Kleve (-1322).  Otto [IV] & his first wife had three children: 

a)             OTTO [VI] (-28 Jul 1340, bur Himmelsthron).  m (before 25 Jun 1321) KUNIGUNDE von Leuchtenberg, daughter of ULRICH [I] Landgraf von Leuchtenberg & his first wife Elisabeth --- (-1382 after 29 Apr, bur Himmelsthron).  She founded Kloster Himmelsthron in 1343, and became third abbess in 1360. 

b)             son .  m PODIKA von Schwamberg, daughter of ---.

c)             ELISABETH (-1362).  m HEINRICH Graf von Schwarzburg (-1336).

 

OTTO [V] von Orlamünde, son of HERMANN [IV] Graf von Orlamünde Herr zu Weimar & his wife Mechtild von Rabenswald (-[14 Jun 1334/12 Mar 1335]).  Herr zu Lauenstein, Gräfenthal, Magdala, Buchfart, Lichtentanne und Lichtenberg. 

m ([1321]) as her first husband, HELENE von Nürnberg, daughter of FRIEDRICH IV Burggraf von Nürnberg & his wife Margareta von Görz (-after 1374).  She married secondly ([Jan 1341/29 Jan 1346) Heinrich [VII] Graf und Herr zu Schwarzburg (-after 15 Jun 1356). 

Otto [V] & his wife had three children: 

1.             OTTO .  Canon at Würzburg 1335.

2.             FRIEDRICH [II] (-[18 Nov 1357/4 Oct 1367]).  Herr zu Lauenstein und Gräfenthal.  m (before 18 Nov 1357) as her first husband, SOPHIE von Schwarzburg, daughter of GÜNTHER [X] Graf von Schwarzburg King of Germany (-after 1 Aug 1388).  She married secondly ([1360], divorced) Georg Graf von Käfernburg, thirdly Heinrich Graf von Stolberg, and fourthly Johann [II] Graf von Schwarzburg Herr zu Wachsenburg.  Friedrich [II] & his wife had two children: 

a)             OTTO [VII] (-[25 Feb 1404/28 Apr 1405]).  Herr zu Lauenstein, Lichtenberg and Magdala.  Herr von Gräfenthal 1387.  Herr von Schauenforst 1394.  m (before 8 Jul 1395) LUKARDIS von Gera, daughter of HEINRICH [V] Vogt von Gera (-[16 May 1399/18 Aug 1415]).  Otto [VII] & his wife had six children: 

i)               WILHELM [I] (-[15 Oct 1450/3 Mar 1460]).  Herr zu Lauenstein 1415.  Herr zu Schauenforst until 1432.  m (before 14 Mar 1427) as her second husband, KATHARINA von Blankenhain Frau von Blankenhain, widow of HEINRICH [V] Graf von Gleichen, daughter and heiress of LUDWIG von Blankenhain.  Wilhelm [I] & his wife had two children: 

(a)          FRIEDRICH [VI] (-after 2 Oct 1486).  m LUKARDIS Reuss von Plauen, daughter of HEINRICH [VII] Reuss von Plauen Hauptmann zu Bernau & his wife Irmgard Burggräfin von Kirchberg.  Friedrich [VI] & his wife had [one] child: 

(1)          [KATHARINA (-[1534/44]).  Nun at Heiligenkreuz, near Salzburg.] 

(b)          WILHELM (-after [1440/41], bur Bamberg).  A canon at Köln and Strasbourg 1440. 

ii)             SIGISMUND (-2 Jul 1447, bur Hof, Franciscan Monastery).  Herr zu Lichtenberg. 

iii)            OTTO [VIII] (-after 30 Mar 1460).  Herr zu Grafenthal und Lichtenanne.  m as her second husband, AGNES von Beichlingen, widow of HEINRICH [V] von Blankenhain, daughter of HEINRICH Graf von Beichlingen in Beichlingen.  Otto [VIII] & his wife had one child: 

(a)          FRIEDRICH [VII] (-before 1460).  Knight of the Teutonic Order at Elbing. 

iv)           ELISABETH (-after 15 Jun 1449).  Frau zu Lauenstein.  m HEINRICH XVIII Graf von Schwarzburg Herr zu Blankenburg (-after 10 Oct 1411).

v)             HELENE .  Abbess of Hof, St Klara 1425/55.

vi)           ANNA .  A nun at Hof, St Klara 1437/55.

b)             HERMANN (-1432).  A canon at Würzburg.

3.             HELENE (-19 Jun 1369).  m (1359) as his first wife, HEINRICH von Brieg, son of LUDWIG I Duke of Brieg [Piast] & his wife Agnes von Glogau und Sagan [Piast] ([1343/45]-11 Jul 1399).  He succeeded in 1398 as HEINRICH VII Duke of Lüben and Brieg

 

 

Chapter 6.    GRAFEN von SCHWARZBURG

The first reconstruction shown below of the earliest generations of ancestors of the Grafen von Schwarzburg is based on the table shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[146].  The second reconstruction, shown afterwards, is based on the Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis which names "primus comes…Gundarus qui fuit gentiles postea ad fidem conversus et baptizatus", his son "Zigerum" who was father of "Siczonem Sygahart dictus" (buried "in Nuenborgensi ecclesia") and father of "Guntherus qui genuit Siczonem qui fundavit abbaciam Vallis Sancti Georgi" in 1161[147].  The Cronica also records that "Bysone de Glychen et Gunthero de Kevernberg comitibus" came to Thuringia at the same time as "Ludwicum dictum Cum-barba" in 1034[148], presumably referring to the first Günther named in this passage.  As noted in the Introduction to the document THURINGIA, there are doubts about the historical accuracy of parts of the Cronica.  However, many of the more precise genealogical details in the Cronica are corroborated by earlier sources.  It is therefore possible that the Reinhardsbrunn monks had at their disposal earlier texts, since disappeared, which they used as the basis for their work.  It would be unwise to dismiss the Cronica completely. 

 

First reconstruction: 

 

1.             SIZZO (-before [1005/12]).  This first reconstruction is based on the table shown in Europäische Stammtafeln[149].  However, apart from the references to the possible Hungarian connection, the primary sources on which it is based have not yet been identified.  m [--- of Hungary, daughter of GÉZA Prince of Hungary & his first wife Sarolt of Transylvania.  Her origin is suggested by her supposed son Günther the monk being shown as nepos of István King of Hungary in Europäische Stammtafeln[150].  According to the late 11th century Vita Guntheri, Günther was (less precisely) "Stephani regis Ungarorum, ipsius venerabilis viri cognati"[151].  According to Kosztolnyik[152], it was after visiting the court of King István that Günther decided to become a hermit, which seems to exclude the possibility that his mother was the king's sister.  It should be remembered that the early 11th century witnessed an influx of foreign monks into Hungary, invited to convert the population to Christianity, a process which may have been favoured by creating propaganda about supposed relationships between these foreigners and the king.]  Sizzo & his wife had [two] children: 

a)             [SIZZO (-before [1047/50]).]  m ---.  The name of Sizzo's wife is not known.  According to Europäische Stammtafeln[153]., Sizzo possible son of Sizzo was the possible father of the person shown below in the second reconstruction as Sizzo [II], but this seems unlikely to be correct from a chronological point of view if the dates shown for both individuals are correct.   

b)             [GÜNTHER (-Rinchnach am Regen 9 Oct 1045, bur Břevnov).  According to the late 11th century Vita Guntheri, Günther was "Stephani regis Ungarorum, ipsius venerabilis viri cognati", without stating the alleged relationship more precisely[154].  Günther was a monk at Hersfeld 1006, later at Einsiedler, he founded the Church of St Johannis at Rinchnach before 1019[155].  According to Kosztolnyik[156], it was after visiting the court of King István that Günther decided to become a hermit.  It should be remembered that the early 11th century witnessed an influx of foreign monks into Hungary, invited to convert the population to Christianity, a process which may have been favoured by creating propaganda about supposed relationships between these foreigners and the king.  The Vita Guntheri records his death "1045 VII Idus Oct"[157].  The Chronica Boemorum records the death "1045 VII Id Oct" of "Gunter monachus"[158].] 

 

Second reconstruction: 

 

1.             GÜNTHER (-after 1034).  This second reconstruction is based on the Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis which names "primus comes…Gundarus qui fuit gentiles postea ad fidem conversus et baptizatus", his son "Zigerum" who was father of "Siczonem Sygahart dictus" (buried "in Nuenborgensi ecclesia") and father of "Guntherus qui genuit Siczonem qui fundavit abbaciam Vallis Sancti Georgi" in 1161[159].  The Cronica also records that "Bysone de Glychen et Gunthero de Kevernberg comitibus" came to Thuringia at the same time as "Ludwicum dictum Cum-barba" in 1034[160], presumably referring to the first Günther named in this passage.  m ---.  The name of Günther's wife is not known.  Graf Günther & his wife had [one] child:

a)             SIZZO [I] .  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records that "primus comes…Gundarus qui fuit gentiles postea ad fidem conversus et baptizatus" was father of "Zigerum", who was in turn father of "Siczonem Sygahart dictus" (buried "in Nuenborgensi ecclesia")[161]m ---.  The name of Sizzo's wife is not known.  Graf Sizzo [I] & his wife had [one] child:

i)               SIZZO [II] [Sieghard] (-1118 or after, bur Nürnberg).  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records that "primus comes…Gundarus qui fuit gentiles postea ad fidem conversus et baptizatus" was father of "Zigerum", who was in turn father of "Siczonem Sygahart dictus" (buried "in Nuenborgensi ecclesia")[162].  Graf im Längwitzgau 1108 and 1114.  m ---.  The name of Sizzo's wife is not known.  Graf Sizzo [II] & his wife had [one] child: 

(a)          GÜNTHER [I] .  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records "Siczonem Sygahart dictus" (buried "in Nuenborgensi ecclesia") was father of "Guntherus qui genuit Siczonem qui fundavit abbaciam Vallis Sancti Georgi" in 1161[163].  Graf [von Käfernburg].  m (after 1087) as her first husband, --- Iaropolkovna, daughter of IAROPOLK PIOTR Iziaslavich Grand Prince of Volynia and Turov & his wife Kunigunde von Weimar-Orlamünde (1076-).  The Annalista Saxo records her parentage, but not her name, specifying that her husband was "nobilis quidam de Thuringia Gunterus nomine"[164].  She married secondly W--- von Giech (-[1125/29] or after).  Graf Günther [I] & his wife had two children: 

(1)          SIZZO [III] (-19 Jun 1160).  The Annalista Saxo names "Sizzonem comitem" and records his parentage[165]Graf von Schwarzburg 1123. 

(2)          ADDAm REGINBOTO Graf von Giech (-[before 1142]).  Vogt of St Jakob, Bamberg. 

 

 

SIZZO [III] von Schwarzburg, son of GÜNTHER [I] Graf von Schwarzburg & his wife --- Iaropolkovna (-19 Jun 1160).  The Annalista Saxo names "Sizzonem comitem" and records his parentage[166].  Vogt von Paulinzella 1114.  Graf von Schwarzburg 1123.  Graf von Käfernburg, Graf im Längwitzgau.  "…Comites Syzho…" witnessed a charter dated 25 Jul 1139 under which Adalbert [II] Archbishop of Mainz confirmed his predecessor's grants to Kloster Jechaburg[167].  "Comes Sitzo…" witnessed the charter dated 9 Nov 1141 under which Markolf Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the foundation of Kloster St Blasius at Northeim by "Sigefridi comitis"[168].  "…Comes Sizzo…" witnessed the charter dated 16 Jun 1147 under which Heinrich [I] Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the foundation of Ichtershausen convent by "matrona…Frideruna linea nobis sanguinis propinqua et filius eius Marcwardus de Grumbach vir nobilis"[169].  He founded Kloster Georgenthal.  "…Sizzo comes et filius eius Henricus…" witnessed the charter dated 1157 under which Arnold Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the privileges of Ichtershausen convent[170].  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records that "Siczonem" son of "Guntherus" founded "abbaciam Vallis Sancti Georgi" in 1161[171], although this date must be incorrect if the following entry concerning Sizzo's death is accurate.  The Annales Erphesfurdenses record the death "1160 XIII Kal Iul" of "Sizzo comes Thuringia"[172]

m GISELA, daughter of --- (-[20 Mar 1142).  

Graf Sizzo [II] & his wife had four children: 

1.             GISELA .  The Chronicon Gozecense records the betrothal of "Fridericus frater eius germanus" to "Sizzonis comitis filia"[173].  The date of this betrothal suggests that Gisela must have been one of Graf Sizzo's older children, maybe even born from an unrecorded earlier marriage.  The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.  Betrothed (after 1126) to FRIEDRICH [V] von Putelendorf, son of FRIEDRICH [IV] von Putelendorf Pfalzgraf von Sachsen & his wife Agnes van Limburg (before 1114-31 Jan 1179). 

2.             HEINRICH [I] von Schwarzburg ([1130-drowned Erfurt 26 Jul 1184).  "…Sizzo comes et filius eius Henricus…" witnessed the charter dated 1157 under which Arnold Archbishop of Mainz confirmed the privileges of Ichtershausen convent[174]Graf von Schwarzburg.  "…com Heinr. de Suarzburc et frater eius com Guntherus de Keverenberc…" witnessed the charter dated 18 Dec 1169 under which Christian Archbishop of Mainz confirmed an exchange of property, naming "Reinbod und Friedrich die Söhne des Grafen von Bichelingen (his avunculus)"[175].  Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony appointed him as regent of the county of Holstein in place of his sister Mechtild Gräfin von Holstein[176].  "…Heinricus comes de Suarzburg qui et vicedomnus…" witnessed the charter dated 1184 under which Konrad [I] Archbishop of Mainz exchanged property with Kloster Walkenried[177]m (1170) as her first husband, --- von Winzenburg, daughter of HERMANN [II] Graf von Winzenburg & his second wife Liutgard von Stade (1149-before 1204).  The Annales Stadenses refers to the three daughters of "Hermanno de Winceburg" & his wife "Lutgardis", specifying that one (unnamed) married firstly "Hinricus…comes de Svarzeburg" (recording that he was drowned in a latrine) and secondly "Olricus de Witin"[178].  She married secondly as his first wife, Ulrich Graf von Wettin.  Graf Heinrich [I] & his wife had one child: 

a)             ELISABETH (-after [1229/33]).  m ([1189]) BURCHARD [I] Graf von Mansfeld (-13 Dec 1229, bur Eisleben St Andreas)

3.             GÜNTHER [III] ([1135]-after 15 Jan 1197).  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis records that "Siczonem genuit Guntherus"[179].  Graf von Käfernburg 1160.  "…com Heinr. de Suarzburc et frater eius com Guntherus de Keverenberc…" witnessed the charter dated 18 Dec 1169 under which Christian Archbishop of Mainz confirmed an exchange of property, naming "Reinbod und Friedrich die Söhne des Grafen von Bichelingen (his avunculus)"[180]Graf von Schwarzburg 1184.  Vogt von Kloster Georgenthal.  "…Guntherus comes de Kervenburc et filius eius Heinricus…" witnessed the charter dated 17 Oct 1196 under which Konrad [I] Archbishop of Mainz donated property to Kloster Ichtershausen before leaving for the Holy Land[181]m firstly AGNES von Saarbrücken, daughter of SIMON [I] Graf von Saarbrücken & his wife Mechtild --- (-before 1180).  m secondly ([1180]) as her second husband, ADELHEID von Hallermund-Loccum, widow of KONRAD Graf von Dassel, daughter of WILBRAND [I] Graf von Loccum und Hallermund & his wife Beatrix von Rheineck (-bur Loccum).  A narrative of the foundation of Loccum names “Burchardus, Ludolfus, Wyllebrandus, Adelheydis, Beatrix” as the three sons and two daughters of “comite Willebrando antiquo de Halremunt”, adding in a later passage that Adelheid was buried at Loccum[182].  Graf Günther [III] & his first wife had four children:  :

a)             LUITGARDm GERHARD von Querfurt Burggraf von Magdeburg (-after 21 Aug 1213).

b)             ALBRECHT [I] ([1170]-15 Oct 1232).  Archbishop of Magdenburg 1206.   

c)             HEINRICH [II] (-20 Feb 1236).  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis names "Guntherum, Heinricum et Willebrandum" as the three sons of Günther[183]Graf von Schwarzburg 1197.  Herr von Blankenburg, Schwarza, Leutenberg, Könitz, Pössneck and Ranis. 

d)             GÜNTHER [III] (-after 31 Mar 1223).  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis names "Guntherum, Heinricum et Willebrandum" as the three sons of Günther, specifying that the younger Günther was father of "Guntherum et Albertum"[184].  Graf von Käfernburg. 

-        GRAFEN von KÄFERNBURG[185]

          Graf Günther [III] & his second wife had three children:

e)             WULBRAND (-5 Apr 1253).  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis names "Guntherum, Heinricum et Willebrandum" as the three sons of Günther, specifying that Wulbrand was "Magdeburgensem episcopum aut prepositum"[186].  Archbishop of Magdenburg 1235.   

f)               LUDOLF (-15 Nov 1255).  Graf von Hallermund 1195.  A narrative of the foundation of Loccum records that “Ludolfus etiam comes in Halremunt pater Rudolfi adhuc superstites comitis in eodem castro suo” was taken to Loccum by his son and buried there “in sepulcro matris sue Adelheydis…1255 XVII Kal Dec[187]

-        GRAFEN von HALLERMUND

g)             ADELHEID (-1244).  Arnold's Chronica Slavorum names "Adelheidem filiam comitisse de Alremund" as wife of "Bernardo…Bernardus filius", recording also her second marriage to "Adolfo comiti de Dasle"[188].  A charter dated to [1196/1200] confirmed the donation by “Adelheidis comitissa de Raceburch” to the church of Ratzeburg for the soul of “sororis sue Fredegundis[189]m firstly BERNHARD [II] Graf von Ratzeburg, son of BERNHARD [I] Graf von Ratzeburg & his wife Margareta [von Pommern] (-1198).  m secondly (1201) ADOLF [I] Graf von Dassel (-1224).

4.             MECHTILD (-[1192], bur Minden Cathedral).  She acted as regent in Holstein for her infant son after the death of her husband, until Heinrich "der Löwe" Duke of Saxony appointed her brother Heinrich Graf von Schwarzburg in her place[190]m (before 1158) ADOLF II Graf von Holstein, son of ADOLF [I] Graf von Holstein & his wife Hildawa --- (-killed in battle near Verchen, Demmin 6 Jul 1164, bur Minden Cathedral).

 

HEINRICH [II] von Schwarzburg, son of GÜNTHER [III] Graf von Käfernburg und Schwarzburg & his first wife Gertrud von Meissen (-20 Feb 1236).  The Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis names "Guntherum, Heinricum et Willebrandum" as the three sons of Günther[191].  "…Guntherus comes de Kervenburc et filius eius Heinricus…" witnessed the charter dated 17 Oct 1196 under which Konrad [I] Archbishop of Mainz donated property to Kloster Ichtershausen before leaving for the Holy Land[192]Graf von Schwarzburg 1197.  Herr von Blankenburg, Schwarza, Leutenberg, Könitz, Pössneck and Ranis.  The Annales Erphordenses record the death "1236 X Kal Mar" of "Heinricus comes de Schwarzburc"[193]

m IRMGARD von Orlamünde, daughter of SIEGFRIED [III] Graf von Orlamünde & his wife Sophie of Denmark.  1196-1210/1222. 

Graf Heinrich [II] & his wife had seven children: 

1.             HEINRICH [III] von Schwarzburg ([1220]-[11 Jun 1258/24 Oct 1259]).  Graf von Schwarzburg in Schwarzburg.  The Annales Erphordenses names "Gunthero de Blanckenburc cum fratre suo Heinrico de Swarzeberc" when recording their capture in 1248[194]m (before 15 Mar 1247) SOPHIE von Honstein, daughter of DIETRICH [II] Graf von Honstein & his wife Hedwig von Brehna [Wettin] (-[1268).  Graf Heinrich [III] & his wife had one child: 

a)             IRMGARD .  1253. 

2.             GÜNTHER [IV] von Schwarzburg (-[19 Sep 1275/25 Sep 1278], bur Kloster Ilm).  Graf von Schwarzburg in Blankenburg.  The Annales Erphordenses names "Gunthero de Blanckenburc cum fratre suo Heinrico de Swarzeberc" when recording their capture in 1248[195]m SOFIA Daniilovna of Galich, daughter of DANIIL Romanovich Prince of Galich & his first wife Anna Mstislavna of Novgorod (-before 28 Jul 1287, bur Kloster Ilm).  Graf Günther [IV] & his wife had nine children: 

a)             GÜNTHER [V] von Schwarburg (-[I Oct 1292/19 Sep 1293], bur Kloster Ilm).  Graf von Schwarburg in Blankenburg.  m firstly IRMGARD, daughter of ---.  1267.  m secondly (Papal dispensation 4o Orvieto 22 Nov 1283) as her first husband, HELENE von Sachsen, daughter of JOHANN I Duke of Saxony & his wife Ingeborg of Sweden (-after 13 Sep 1337, bur Loccum).  She married secondly (14 Feb 1294) Adolf VI Graf von Holstein-Schauenburg in Schaumburg und Pinneberg. 

-        GRAFEN von SCHWARZBURG in LEUTENBERG[196]

b)             HEINRICH [IV] (-before 2 May 1287).  Graf von Schwarzburg in Blankenburg.  m ---.  1267. 

-        GRAFEN von SCHWARZBURG in BLANKENBURG[197]

c)             GÜNTHER (-after 25 Mar 1308). 

d)             ALBRECHT (-after [1259/65]).  Canon at Würzburg cathedral 1265.  

e)             daughter .  m OTTO von Lobdeburg-Arnschaugk .  1252/1289.

f)               SOPHIE (-13 Feb 1279).  m (before 7 Mar 1268) BERTHOLD [IV] Graf von Henneberg (1245-Montpellier 15 Sep 1284).

g)             IRMGARD (-after 1294).  Abbess of the monastery of Ilm. 

h)             CHRISTINAm (before 1282) OTTO [II] Burggraf von Dohna .  1258/1287. 

i)               GÜNTHER (-1309 or after).  Canon at Plauen and Köln.  Teutonic knight. 

3.             ALBRECHT (-after 1278).  Canon at Magdenburg cathedral.  Provost at Bibra.  Küster at Magdeburg cathedral 1258/67. 

4.             SOPHIE (-after 1261).  A nun at Paulinenzell. 

5.             RICHZA (-after 1261).  A nun at Paulinenzell. 

6.             MECHTILD (-after 1261).  A nun at Paulinenzell. 

7.             ERMENGARD (-22 Mar 1274).  m VOLKWIN [III] Graf von Waldeck (-[1249/55]). 

 

 

Chapter 7.    GRAFEN von WEIMAR

WILHELM, son of --- (-16 Apr 963).  Jackman speculates that Wilhelm was the son of Meinwerk [I], Thuringian count, whom he suggests married the sister of Hatheburg, first wife of Heinrich I King of Germany[198].  Graf in Südthüringau 949: "Otto…rex" donated property "in pago Thuringensi in comitatu Willilhelmi comitis…[et] in Gruoningo marcu quod idem Willihelmus comes et Gumberchtus fidelis noster" held previously to Kloster Hersfeld by charter dated 2 Feb 949[199].  "Otto…rex" confirmed previous grants to Kloster Gandersheim including property "in pago Suththuringa in comitatu Uuillihelmi…[et] in pago Nordthuringa…in comitatu Theoderici in loco…Uuanzleua…[et] in Hliuthirithi in comitatu Irmenfridi" by charter dated 21 Apr 956[200].  "Otto…rex" donated property "in Thuringia in comitatu Vuillihelmi" to Kloster Quedlinburg "pro filia nostra Mahthilda" by charter dated 956[201].  Graf im Gau Usiti [Husitin] 958: "Otto…rex" granted property "in locis Vurmerstat, Otunpach, Gozarstat, Haholtestat…in pago Usiti in comitatu comitis Uuillihelmi" to "vasallo comitisque…Billinc" by charter dated 2 Dec 958[202].  Graf im Altgau 961: "Otto…rex" granted property "Asundorf marcam et Dornsteti marcam Liubissa…in pago Hassigeuui in comitatu comitis Sigiuuridi…loco Biscopstat…in pago Altgeuui in comitatu comitis Uuillihelmi" to "vassallo Billing" by charter dated 23 Apr 961[203].  "Otto…rex" granted property "predium quale Huodo in beneficium habet in pago Helmingouue in comitatu Willihelmi comitis…[et] predium quale Adalbertus comes habet in comitatu ipsius in pago Northuringorum" to Magdeburg St Moritz by charter dated 29 Jul 961[204].  The necrology of Fulda records the death "963 XVI Kal Mai" of "Willihelm com"[205]

m ---.  The name of Graf Wilhelm's wife is not known, although onomastics suggest a connection with families in Thuringia who used the name Poppo.  Patze suggests that he married --- [im Grabfeld], daughter of Poppo [II] Duke of Thuringia, Graf im Volkfeld & his wife ---[206].  Jackman comments that "this is chronologically very unlikely"[207].  The source which provides the basis for this suggestion has not been identified, although her naming her supposed son Poppo suggests a connection.  It should be noted that the sons of Poppo [II] were Grafen im Grabfeld (according to Europäische Stammtafeln[208]).  The wife of Graf Wilhelm [I]'s possible son, Graf Wilhelm [II], was the daughter of Otto "Graf von Grabfeld".  This suggests some possible confusion between the wives of the two Grafen Wilhelm. 

Probable children, two brothers: 

1.             [WILHELM [II] "der Grosse" (-24 Dec 1003, bur Naumburg).  The Annalista Saxo records "duo fratres de loco qui Wimmeri dicitur in Thuringia, Willehelmus comes et Poppo ipsius cesaris capellanus", specifying that "frater vero illius Willelhelmus venerabili senectute vivens usque ad tempora Heinrici imperatoris de Bavenberch perduravit"[209].  Graf im Helmegau 965.  Graf im Altgau 967.  Graf in Visichgau [Weimar] 974.  He supported Heinrich "den Zänker" ex-Duke of Bavaria in his rebellion against Otto III King of Germany in 984[210].  Duke in Thuringia 1002.  The necrology of Fulda records the death "1003 IX Kal Ian" of "Willehelmus com"[211]m ---.  The name of Graf Wilhelm [II]'s wife is not known.  Jackman suggests[212], for onomastic reasons only it appears, that she was --- von Grabfeld, daughter of Otto Graf von Grabfeld [Konradiner] & his wife ---.  Graf Wilhelm [II] & his wife had [three] children: 

a)             WILHELM [III] (-16 Apr 1039).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Graf von Weimar.  ["Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property "que Gebehardus comes in beneficium habuit, in comitatu Piligrimi et in pago Matihgowe" to Kloster Fulda by charter dated 30 Dec 1014, with the consent of "Willehelmi comitis et fratris eius Popponis"[213].  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property of "Willihelmus comes et Boppo frater eius in villa Winetre in pago Auelgouue in comitatu Ezzonis comitis" to Kloster St Petrus at Bonn by charter dated 25 Feb 1015[214].  It appears unlikely that these charters refer to Wilhelm [III] Graf von Weimar and his brother Poppo as the latter was already "Markgraf" of Carniola by 1012 and would presumably have been referred to by this title in documentation in subsequent years.  However, no other brothers of these names have yet been identified at that time.]  Graf in Eichsfeld 1022.  m firstly BERTA, daughter of ---.  The primary source which confirms her marriage has not yet been identified.  m secondly as her first husband, ODA der Ostmark, daughter of THIETMAR II Markgraf der Ostmark & his wife --- (-before 1068).  The Annalista Saxo names Oda as wife of "Willehelmus comes de Wimmare" and records her second marriage to "Dedoni marchioni", but does not state her origin[215].  The Genealogica Wettinensis names "Odam matrem Othonis marchionis de Orlamunde" as wife of "secundus filius [comitis Tiderici] Dedo"[216].  She married secondly (after Apr 1039) as his first wife, Dedo II Markgraf der sächsischen Ostmark [Wettin].  Graf Wilhelm [III] & his second wife had four children: 

i)               WILHELM [IV] (-murdered Liège[217] 1062).  The Annalista Saxo names "Willehelmus marchiam" and his father "Willehelmus comes de Wimmare", when recording the former's appointment as Markgraf von Meissen[218]Graf von Weimar.  [Pfalzgraf von Sachsen 1042].  He succeeded in 1047 as WILHELM Markgraf von Meissen.  Graf von Merseburg 1062.

ii)             POPPO (-[1046/56]).  The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "Willehelmus marchio, Otto et Poppo" as the three sons of "Willehelmus comes de Wimmare", when recording the former's appointment as Markgraf von Meissen[219].  Poppo had presumably died before 1056 as he is not mentioned in a later passage of that date with his two brothers[220].  1046.

iii)            OTTO (-early 1067).  The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "Willehelmus marchio, Otto et Poppo" as the three sons of "Willehelmus comes de Wimmare", when recording the former's appointment as Markgraf von Meissen[221].  The Annalista Saxo says in one passage that Otto was "matrimonio inpari, matre scilicet Slavica, natus" but elsewhere that Oda (mother of "Dedo iunior") was "mater Ottonis de Orlagemunde"[222]Graf von Weimar.  He succeeded his brother in 1062 as OTTO Markgraf von Meissen.  Vogt of Merseburg cathedral 1066.  Graf von Orlamünde.  m (before 1060) as her first husband, ADELA de Louvain, daughter of LAMBERT II Comte de Louvain & his wife Uda of Lotharingia (-1083).  The Annalista Saxo records "Adhelam de Brabantia, ex castello quod Lovene dicitur" as wife of Markgraf Otto, and later her second marriage to Otto's stepfather[223].  She married secondly (1069) as his second wife, Dedo II Markgraf der Ostmark [Wettin].   Graf Otto & his wife had three children: 

(a)          ODA (-1111).  The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "Odam, Cunigundam, Adelheidam" as the three daughters of Markgraf Otto & his wife, specifying that Oda married "Ecbertus marchio iunior de Bruneswic et hec sine liberis obit"[224]m (before 1080) EKBERT [II] Graf von Braunschweig Markgraf von Meissen, son of EKBERT [I] Graf von Braunschweig, Markgraf von Meissen & his wife Irmgard [Aemilia/Imula] di Susa (-3 Jul 1090).

(b)          KUNIGUNDE (-8 Jun 1140).  The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "Odam, Cunigundam, Adelheidam" as the three daughters of Markgraf Otto & his wife, specifying that Kunigunde married firstly "regi Ruzorum", secondly "Cononi comiti de Bichlingge, filio ducis Ottonis de Northeim", and thirdly "Wipertus senior"[225].  Heiress of Beichlingen.  m firstly ([1073]) IAROPOLK PIOTR Iziaslavich Prince of Vladimir in Volynia, son of IZIASLAV I Iaroslavich Grand Prince of Kiev & his wife Gertrud of Poland (-murdered 22 Nov 1086).  m secondly KUNO von Northeim Graf von Beichlingen, son of OTTO II Graf von Northeim Duke of Bavaria & his wife Richenza of Swabia [Ezzonen] (-murdered 1103).  m thirdly (1110) as his second wife, WIPRECHT [II] von Groitsch, son of WIPRECHT [I] im Balsamgau & his wife Sigena von [Gross-]Leinungen heiress of Morungen und Gatersleben (-22 May 1124).  Burggraf von Magdeburg 1118.  Markgraf der Lausitz and Markgraf von Meissen 1123. 

(c)          ADELHEID (-28 Mar 1100).  The Annalista Saxo names (in order) "Odam, Cunigundam, Adelheidam" as the three daughters of Markgraf Otto & his wife, specifying that Adelheid married "Adalberto comiti de Ballenstide"[226].  In a later passage, the Annalista Saxo records the death of "Adhela sive Adelheit palatina" in 1100 en route to Rome, repeating her parentage[227].  No other primary source has so far been identified which confirms her second and third marriages.  Heiress of Orlamünde.  m firstly (before 28 Oct 1074) ADALBERT [II] Graf von Ballenstedt, son of ESIKO Graf im Schwabengau und im Gau Serimunt & his wife Mathilde of Swabia (-[1076/83]).  m secondly HERMANN Pfalzgraf von Lotharingen, son of HEINRICH "Furiosus" Pfalzgraf von Lothringen [Ezzonen] & his wife Mathilde of Lotharingia (-20 Sep 1085).  m thirdly (1089) HEINRICH von Laach Pfalzgraf von Lotharingen, son of THIERRY [Wigeriche] & his wife --- (-12 Apr 1095). 

iv)           ARIBO (-murdered 1070).  The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.  Deacon.

b)             POPPO von Weimar (-13 Jul before 1044).  The Annalista Saxo records "Popo" as father of "Odalricum" and as brother of "Willehelmi et Ottonis marchionum"[228], but this is chronologically difficult to sustain.  It is therefore more likely that Poppo was the son of Wilhelm [II] than Wilhelm [III] but the primary source which corroborates this has not so far been identified.  He succeeded in 1012 as POPPO I Marchese of Carniola and Istria, by right of his wife.  ["Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property "que Gebehardus comes in beneficium habuit, in comitatu Piligrimi et in pago Matihgowe" to Kloster Fulda by charter dated 30 Dec 1014, with the consent of "Willehelmi comitis et fratris eius Popponis"[229].  "Heinricus…Romanorum imperator augustus" donated property of "Willihelmus comes et Boppo frater eius in villa Winetre in pago Auelgouue in comitatu Ezzonis comitis" to Kloster St Petrus at Bonn by charter dated 25 Feb 1015[230].  It appears unlikely that these charters refer to Wilhelm [III] Graf von Weimar and his brother Poppo as the latter was already "Markgraf" of Carniola by 1012 and would presumably have been referred to by this title in documentation in subsequent years.  However, no other brothers of these names have yet been identified at that time.]   

-        MARCHESI of CARNIOLA and ISTRIA

c)             AGNES .  The Chronicon Gozecense apparently identifies the correct origin of Agnes when it names "Oudam" as daughter of "comes Fridericus [et] Agnam…de Wimare"[231].  The primary source which confirms her parentage more precisely has not yet been identified.  m FRIEDRICH [I] Graf von Goseck, son of --- (-[1042]).  Pfalzgraf von Sachsen 1040.

2.             [POPPO (-before 973).  The Annalista Saxo records "duo fratres de loco qui Wimmeri dicitur in Thuringia, Willehelmus comes et Poppo ipsius cesaris capellanus"[232].  Thietmar names "Poppo brother of Count William", specifying that he was priest at the imperial court[233].] 

 

 

*************************
[1] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1034, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 517.
[2] Annalista Saxo 1082.
[3] Annales Stadenses 1105, MGH SS XVI, p. 317.
[4] Annales Sancti Petri Erphesfurdenses 1104, MGH SS XVI, p. 17.
[5] Annalista Saxo 1062.
[6] Annalista Saxo 1103.
[7] Annalista Saxo 1103.
[8] Chronica Albrici Monachi Trium Fontium 1168, MGH SS XXIII, p. 851.
[9] Annalista Saxo 1103.
[10] Annalista Saxo 1103.
[11] Stumpf, K. F. (ed.) (1863) Urkunden zur Geschichte des Erzbisthums Mainz im zwölften Jahrhundert (Acta Maguntina Seculi XII) (Innsbruck) (“Mainz Urkunden 12th Century”), 34, p. 37.
[12] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 35, p. 40.
[13] Rein, W. (ed.) (1863) Urkundenbuch, Geschichte und Beschreibung der thüringischen Klöster, I, Ichtershausen (Weimar) (“Ichtershausen”), 9, p. 52 (which notes that the original charter no longer exists).
[14] Ichtershausen 9, p. 52 (which notes that the original charter no longer exists).
[15] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 83, p. 86.
[16] Ichtershausen 9, p. 52 (which notes that the original charter no longer exists).
[17] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 96, p. 100.
[18] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1034, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 517.
[19] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1116, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 530.
[20] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 13, p. 14.
[21] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 21, p. 23.
[22] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 22, p. 24.
[23] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 24, p. 27.
[24] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 27, p. 30.
[25] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 28, p. 31.
[26] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 34, p. 37.
[27] Chronicon Laureshamense, MGH SS XXI, p. 440.
[28] Annales Sancti Petri Erphesfurdenses 1152, MGH SS XVI, p. 20.
[29] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 63, p. 65.
[30] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1170, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 538.
[31] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 13, p. 14.
[32] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 19, p. 21.
[33] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 21, p. 23.
[34] Chronicon Laureshamense, MGH SS XXI, p. 440.
[35] Annales Sancti Petri Erphesfurdenses 1149, MGH SS XVI, p. 20.
[36] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 47, p. 50.
[37] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 47, p. 50.
[38] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 47, p. 50.
[39] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 47, p. 50.
[40] Annales Sancti Petri Erphesfurdenses 1149, MGH SS XVI, p. 20.
[41] Annales Pegavienses 1120, MGH SS XVI, p. 254.
[42] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 63, p. 65.
[43] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 96, p. 100.
[44] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 120, p. 123.
[45] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 126, p. 127.
[46] Annales Sancti Petri Erphesfurdenses 1244, MGH SS XVI, p. 34.
[47] Ichtershausen 50, p. 82.
[48] ES XIX 98-102, extinct in the male line before 1307.
[49] Ichtershausen 50, p. 82.
[50] ES XIX 98, extinct in the male line in 1631.
[51] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 120, p. 123.
[52] Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ 4, MGH SS XXIV, pp. 820-1.
[53] Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ 4, MGH SS XXIV, p. 820.
[54] Dronke, E. F. J. (ed.) Codex Diplomaticus Fuldensis (Cassel, 1850, reprint Aalen 1962) (“Fulda”), 773, p. 376.
[55] Annales Pegavienses 1118, MGH SS XVI, p. 253.
[56] Annales Pegavienses 1120, MGH SS XVI, p. 254.
[57] Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ 4, MGH SS XXIV, p. 820.
[58] ES XVI 144, extinct in the male line in 1287.
[59] Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ 4, MGH SS XXIV, p. 820.
[60] ES XVI 145, extinct in the male line in [1354].
[61] Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ 4, MGH SS XXIV, p. 820.
[62] Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ 4, MGH SS XXIV, p. 820.
[63] Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ 4, MGH SS XXIV, p. 820.
[64] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 21, p. 23.
[65] Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ 4, MGH SS XXIV, p. 820.
[66] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 21, p. 23.
[67] Chronicon Laureshamense, MGH SS XXI, p. 440.
[68] Annalista Saxo 1049.
[69] Annales Stadenses, MGH SS XVI, p. 326.
[70] Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ 4, MGH SS XXIV, p. 820.
[71] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 21, p. 23.
[72] Chronicon Laureshamense, MGH SS XXI, p. 440.
[73] Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ 4, MGH SS XXIV, p. 820.
[74] Annales Stadenses, MGH SS XVI, p. 326.
[75] Jordan, K., trans. Falla, P. S. (1986) Henry the Lion: a Biography (Clarendon Press, Oxford), p. 106.
[76] Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ 4, MGH SS XXIV, p. 820.
[77] Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ 4, MGH SS XXIV, p. 820.
[78] Historia Brevis Principum Thuringiæ 4, MGH SS XXIV, p. 820.
[79] De Fundatoribus Monasterii Diessenses I, MGH SS XVII, p. 328.
[80] Necrologium Diessense, Augsburg Necrologies, p. 7.
[81] Röhricht, R. (ed.) (1893) Regesta Regni Hierosolymitani (Oeniponti), 933, p. 247.
[82] ES XVI 144.
[83] Nielen, M.-A. (ed.) (2003) Lignages d'Outremer (Paris), Marciana Ms Francese 20, CC.LXXXXIII, p. 69.
[84] Röhricht 828, p. 222.
[85] Röhricht 978, p. 257.
[86] Röhricht 978, p. 257.
[87] ES XVI 144.
[88] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 136, p. 139.
[89] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230.
[90] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1200, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 563.
[91] ES XVI 146-149, extinct in the male line in 1583.
[92] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1060, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 521.
[93] ES XVII 91.
[94] Iohannis Capitis Historia Monasterii Ilfeldensis, MGH SS XXV, p. 587.
[95] Iohannis Capitis Historia Monasterii Ilfeldensis, MGH SS XXV, p. 587.
[96] Iohannis Capitis Historia Monasterii Ilfeldensis, MGH SS XXV, p. 587.
[97] Iohannis Capitis Historia Monasterii Ilfeldensis, MGH SS XXV, p. 588.
[98] Iohannis Capitis Historia Monasterii Ilfeldensis, MGH SS XXV, p. 587.
[99] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 13, p. 14.
[100] Iohannis Capitis Historia Monasterii Ilfeldensis, MGH SS XXV, p. 587.
[101] Iohannis Capitis Historia Monasterii Ilfeldensis, MGH SS XXV, p. 587.
[102] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 63, p. 65.
[103] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 96, p. 100.
[104] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1189, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 544.
[105] Iohannis Capitis Historia Monasterii Ilfeldensis, MGH SS XXV, p. 588.
[106] Iohannis Capitis Historia Monasterii Ilfeldensis, MGH SS XXV, p. 587.
[107] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 96, p. 100.
[108] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 13, p. 14.
[109] Iohannis Capitis Historia Monasterii Ilfeldensis, MGH SS XXV, p. 588.
[110] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 230.
[111] ES XVII 92-93, extinct in the male line in 1593.
[112] ES XVII 92, extinct in the male line in 1356.
[113] Annalista Saxo 1062.
[114] ES I.2 182.
[115] ES I.2 182.
[116] Mittelrheinisches Urkundenbuch 425, p. 487.
[117] Annalista Saxo 1101.
[118] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 5, p. 7.
[119] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 144, p. 145.
[120] Conventus Leodiensis, MGH LL 2, p. 77.
[121] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 14, p. 16.
[122] Steierm. UB 1, no. 265, p. 278, cited in Wegener, W. (1965/67) Genealogischen Tafeln zur mitteleuropäischen Geschichte (Verlag Degener), p. 102.
[123] Necrologium Mellicense Antiquissimum, Passau Necrologies (II), p. 522.
[124] Necrologium Michaelburanum, Salzburg Necrologies, p. 212.
[125] Cod Giessensis Nr. 176, fol. 234, included as Genealogiæ Comitum et Marchionum sæc XII et XIII, in MGH SS XXIV, p. 78.
[126] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 63, p. 65.
[127] Codex Brandenburgensis, Erster Haupttheil - Band 3, VII, p. 84.
[128] Annales Sancti Petri Erphesfurdenses 1176, MGH SS XVI, p. 23.
[129] Cod Giessensis Nr. 176, fol. 234, included as Genealogiæ Comitum et Marchionum sæc XII et XIII, in MGH SS XXIV, p. 78.
[130] Cod Giessensis Nr. 176, fol. 234, included as Genealogiæ Comitum et Marchionum sæc XII et XIII, in MGH SS XXIV, p. 78.
[131] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 126, p. 127.
[132] Excerpta ex Chronica Godefridi Coloniensis 1198-1238, Fontes rerum Germanicarum II, p. 356.
[133] Excerpta ex Chronica Godefridi Coloniensis 1198-1238, Fontes rerum Germanicarum II, p. 356.
[134] ES I.2 185.
[135] Layettes du Trésor des Chartes II, 2005, p. 157.
[136] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1200, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 564.
[137] Annales Erphordenses 1248, MGH SS XVI, p. 35.
[138] Annales Sancti Petri Erphesfurdenses 1244, MGH SS XVI, p. 34.
[139] Ichtershausen 50, p. 82.
[140] ES I.2 185.
[141] Bernard, A. and Bruel, A. (eds.) (1876-1903) Recueil des chartes de l'abbaye de Cluny (Paris), Tome VI, 5156, p. 599.
[142] ES I.2 185.
[143] ES I.2 185.
[144] ES I.2 185.
[145] ES I.2 185.
[146] ES I.3 312.
[147] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1193, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 559.
[148] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1034, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 517.
[149] ES I.3 312.
[150] ES II 153.
[151] Vita Guntheri Eremitæ 4, MGHSS XI, p. 277.
[152] Kosztolnyik, Z. J. (2002) Hungary under the Early Árpáds, 890s to 1063 (East European Monographs, Boulder, distributed by Columbia University Press, New York), p. 178.
[153] ES I.3 312.
[154] Vita Guntheri Eremitæ 4, MGHSS XI, p. 277.
[155] ES I.3 312, which makes no mention of his connection with Hungary, but shows his older brother Sizzo (-before [1005/12]) as reputed ancestor of the Grafen (later Fürsten) von Schwarzburg.
[156] Kosztolnyik (2002), p. 178.
[157] Vita Guntheri Eremitæ 13, MGHSS XI, p. 279.
[158] Cosmæ Pragensis Chronica Boemorum II.13, MGH SS IX, p. 75.
[159] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1193, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 559.
[160] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1034, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 517.
[161] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1193, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 559.
[162] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1193, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 559.
[163] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1193, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 559.
[164] Annalista Saxo 1062.
[165] Annalista Saxo 1062.
[166] Annalista Saxo 1062.
[167] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 21, p. 23.
[168] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 22, p. 24.
[169] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 34, p. 37.
[170] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 63, p. 65.
[171] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1193, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 559.
[172] Annales Sancti Petri Erphesfurdenses 1160, MGH SS XVI, p. 22.
[173] Chronicon Gozecense II.16, MGH SS X, p. 154, this undated paragraph following the one recording his father's death and prior to one dealing with events in 1126.
[174] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 63, p. 65.
[175] Ichtershausen 9, p. 52 (which notes that the original charter no longer exists).
[176] Jordan (1986), p. 82.
[177] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 96, p. 100.
[178] Annales Stadenses, MGH SS XVI, p. 327.
[179] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1193, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 559.
[180] Ichtershausen 9, p. 52 (which notes that the original charter no longer exists).
[181] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 126, p. 127.
[182] Hodenberg, W. von (ed.) (1858) Calenberger Urkundenbuch, Dritte Abtheilung (Stift Loccum) (Hannover) (“Calenberger Urkundenbuch III (Stift Loccum)”) I, pp. 2 and 4.
[183] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1193, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 559.
[184] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1193, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 559.
[185] ES I.3 321, extinct in the male line in [1385/86].
[186] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1193, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 559.
[187] Calenberger Urkundenbuch III (Stift Loccum) I, p. 4.
[188] Arnoldi Chronica Slavorum V, 7, MGH SS XXI, p. 183.
[189] Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch, Band I 786-1250 (Schwerin, 1863), 160.
[190] Jordan (1986), p. 82.
[191] Cronica Reinhardsbrunnensis 1193, MGH SS XXX.1, p. 559.
[192] Mainz Urkunden 12th Century, 126, p. 127.
[193] Annales Erphordenses 1236, MGH SS XVI, p. 31.
[194] Annales Erphordenses 1248, MGH SS XVI, p. 35.
[195] Annales Erphordenses 1248, MGH SS XVI, p. 35.
[196] ES I.3 313-314, extinct in the male line in 1564.
[197] ES I.3 315-320, extinct in the male line in 1971.
[198] Jackman, D. C. (1997) Criticism and Critique, sidelights on the Konradiner (Oxford Unit for Prosopographical Research), p. 156.
[199] D O I 109, p. 192.
[200] D O I 180, p. 262.
[201] D O I 185, p. 267.
[202] D O I 198, p. 278.
[203] D O I 223, p. 307.
[204] D O I 232, p. 317.
[205] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123.
[206] Patze, H. (1962) Die Entstehung des Landesherrschaft in Thüringen, Mitteldeutsche Forschungen 22 (Köln-Graz), p. 103, cited in Jackman (1997), p. 157.
[207] Jackman (1997), p. 157.
[208] ES III 54.
[209] Annalista Saxo 965.
[210] Warner, D. A. (trans.) The Chronicon of Thietmar of Merseburg (2001) (Manchester University Press), 4.5, p. 153.
[211] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123.
[212] Jackman (1997), p. 69.
[213] D H II 327, p. 413.
[214] D H II 333, p. 422.
[215] Annalista Saxo 1046.
[216] Genealogica Wettinensis, MGH SS XXIII, p. 227.
[217] Annalista Saxo 1057.
[218] Annalista Saxo 1046.
[219] Annalista Saxo 1046.
[220] Annalista Saxo 1056.
[221] Annalista Saxo 1046.
[222] Annalista Saxo 1057 and 1070.
[223] Annalista Saxo 1062 and 1070.
[224] Annalista Saxo 1062.
[225] Annalista Saxo 1062.
[226] Annalista Saxo 1062.
[227] Annalista Saxo 1100.
[228] Annalista Saxo 1062.
[229] D H II 327, p. 413.
[230] D H II 333, p. 422.
[231] Chronicon Gozecense I.2, MGH SS X, p. 142.
[232] Annalista Saxo 965.
[233]
Thietmar 2.16, p. 103.